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  • GLOBAL UPDATE

    OF MAGNESITE

    RESOURCES

    IAN WILSON OSLO, NORWAY 14th MAY 2013

    SALUDERE ANA DAMAR MINE, TURKEY

  • PROFFESOR WEN LU

    PAWEL TENDERA, DAVID COPLET

    ABEL COPLET ROCKY WU, CHINA

    Natural Resources GP VASILI NICOLETOPOULOS

    CARRIE SHI

    Hüseyin GÜRCAN (General Manager, Nafiz Ozdemir (Marketing), HALIL KÖSE (Mining) (Mining)

    HERMANO GADELHA CEO, DIRECTOR

    ALEX MENEZES, CORPORATE MANAGER

    EMILIO LOBATO COMMERCIAL

    DIRECTOR

    VICTORIA COOPER-SMITH JADE GROVES

    LARRY HUGHES, MANAGING DIRECTOR

    THANKS

    ADITYA JHUNJHUNWALA

    MANAGING DIRECTOR

    ALAN DALEY

    NICOLAS GANGTIA MAG. NAVARRAS S.A.

    EDUARDO JIMENEZ GEN MANAGER

    MAGNESITAS DE RUBIAN

    http://www.asianmetal.com/ http://www.rhi-ag.com/internet_en

  • AGENDA • TYPES OF MAGNESITE • GLOBAL RESOURCES OF MAGNESITE • SPARRY TYPE MAGNESITE DEPOSITS • CRYPTOCRYSTALLINE MAGNESITE DEPOSITS • SUMMARY OF CCM, DBM AND FM OUTPUT • UPDATE OF VARIOUS COMPANIES/NEW PROJECTS

  • MAGNESITE TYPES

  • MAGNESITE CRYSTAL, BRAZIL

  • TYPES OF MAGNESITE DEPOSITS

    1. MACROCYSTALLINE OR SPARRY MAGNESITE HOSTED IN CARBONATE ROCKS 2. CRYPTOCRYSTALLINE MAGNESITE HOSTED IN ULTRAMAFIC ROCKS (PERIDOTITE-SERPENTINITE) 3. CRYPTOCRYSTALLINE MAGNESITE FORMED IN FRESHWATER SEDIMENTS

    MACROCYSTALLINE (OR SPARRY) - LARGE CRYSTALS CRYPTOCRYSTALLINE - SMALL CRYSTALS

  • SMZ Slovakia

    SUNGRI, North Korea

    CEARA, Brazil

    CRYSTALLINE SPARRY MAGNESITE (SM) (Large crystals up to several cms in length)

    HAICHENG, China

  • FORMATION OF MAGNESITE IN EASTERN ALPS, AUSTRIA

    PERMIAN EVAPORITIC BRINESMg 2+ K+ Na+ Br SO4 Others

    -

    Permian rifting

    MAGNESITE MINERALISATION

    WITH DOLOMITE HALOES

    SANDSTONE,DOLOMITES, EVAPORITES

    PERMOSKYTHIAN

    SHALES, CONGLOMERATES

    WESTPHALIAN A – C

    LIMESTONES

    EARLY VISEAN-NAMURIAN

    SHALES, SANDSTONES, LIMESTONES

    EARLY VISEAN

    EVAPORATION

  • HOCHFILZEN MINE, AUSTRIA

  • XIM Deposit, Kosovo UZICE, Serbia

    CRYPTOCRYSTALLINE MAGNESITE (CM) (Amorphous with crystals 1-10 microns)

    MAGNESITE IN SERPENTIINITE STOCKWORK, KUMAS,, TURKEY

  • CRYPTOCRYSTALLINE MAGNESITE FORMATION

  • Dependent on various applications the market is supplied by • MACROCRYSTALLINE NATURAL MAGNESIA low to medium application • CRYPTOCRYSTALLINE NATURAL MAGNESIA low to high application • SYNTHETIC MAGNESIA medium to high application

  • GLOBAL MAGNESITE RESOURCES

    //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/b2/BlankMap-World-Continents.PNG

  • LOCATION OF MAGNESITE DEPOSITS IN THE WORLD

  • COUNTRIES IN EUROPE WITH MAGNESITE DEPOSITS

    BRINES BISCHOFFITE

    PREMIER PERICLASE Sea Water

    MAGNESITE DEPOSITS

    http://www.magnesitasnavarras.es/ingles/bienvenida.htm

  • AUSTRALIA 5%

    BRAZIL 7%

    CHINA 26%

    NORTH KOREA

    23%

    RUSSIA 21%

    SLOVAKIA 10%

    OTHERS 8%

    COUNTRY MT

    AUSTRALIA 628

    BRAZIL 862

    CHINA 3,439

    NORTH KOREA 3,000

    RUSSIA 2,745

    SLOVAKIA 1,240

    OTHERS 1,086

    TOTAL 13,000

    GLOBAL RESOURCES OF MAGNESITE

    13 BILLION TONNES (Five countries - 70%)

  • MAGNESITE RESOURCES OF 13BT BY TYPE (%)

    7%

    93%

    SPARRY CRYPTOCRYSTALLINE

  • GLOBAL PRODUCTION

  • DBM 63%

    CCM 29%

    FM 8%

    MAGNESIA FROM MAGNESITE 10.7 MT IN 2012

    PRODUCT Kt

    DBM 6,777

    CCM 3,051

    FM 872

    TOTAL 10,700

  • DBM 63%

    CCM 29%

    EFM 8%

    MAGNESIA 10.7 MT IN 2012

    GRADE MT % CHINA

    DBM 6.78 52

    CCM 3.05 49

    EFM 0.87 80

    TOTAL 10.70 53

    CHINA ACCOUNTS FOR 5.70 MT ABOVE

    ASIAN METAL REPORTS OUTPUT FOR 2012 FROM CHINA AS 8.67 MT (ALMOST + 3.0 MT)

    % GRADE ROW (MT) CHINA (MT) TOTAL (MT) % CHINA % ROW

    53% DBM 3.27 3.96 7.23 55 45

    35% CCM 1.55 3.25 4.80 68 32

    12% EFM 0.18 1.46 1.64 89 11

    MT/% 5.00 8.67 13.67 63 37

    http://www.asianmetal.com/

  • AUSTRALIA 2%

    AUSTRIA 4% BRAZIL

    5%

    INDIA 3%

    RUSSIA 15%

    SLOVAKIA 7%

    TURKEY 8%

    OTHERS 4%

    CHINA 52%

    (3.50 MT)

    GLOBAL DBM PRODUCTION ESTIMATES FOR 2012 6.77 MT 7.23 MT TOTAL CHINA 3.96 MT 55% OF TOTAL

    http://www.asianmetal.com/

  • GLOBAL CCM PRODUCTION ESTIMATES FOR 2012 3.05 MT

    AUSTRALIA 6% AUSTRIA

    6%

    BRAZIL 4%

    GREECE 4%

    NORTH KOREA 6%

    RUSSIA 6%

    SPAIN 5%

    USA 5%

    OTHERS 9%

    CHINA 49%

    (1.50 MT)

    4.80 MT TOTAL CHINA 3.25 MT 68% OF TOTAL

    http://www.asianmetal.com/

  • MAGNESIA CAPACITY 8.5MT BY TYPE (%)

    85%

    15%

    SPARRY CRYPTOCRYSTALLINE

    MAGNESIA CAPACITY BY TYPE %

  • LOCATION OF MAGNESITE

    DEPOSITS AND

    RESOURCES

  • SPARRY MAGNESITE

    (MACROCRYSTALLINE) Look at some deposits

    and operations

  • MAGNESITE

    . Location of SMZ Jelsava and magnesite deposits, Slovakia

    E:/foto/eng/products/01.jpg

  • JELSAVA

    MgO 42.0% CaO 2.5% Fe2O3 3.6% SiO2 0.3%

    MgO 44.0% CaO 1.0% Fe2O3 2.5% SiO2 1.1%

    MUTNIK

    CHEMISTRY OF MAGNESITES

  • MAGNETTING OF MAGNESIA

    ROTARY KILN HIGHER MgO – MORE MAGNETIC 88 - 89% MgO

    SLOVAKIA

  • NORTH KOREA

    CHINA

  • NORTH KOREA

  • DANCHON

    KIMCHAEK PORT

    CHONGJIN

    RAJIN

    DAEHUNG

    RYONG YANG

    HAMGYON-

    NAMDO

    CHAGANG-DO

    YANG

    GANG-DO

    100km

    NORTH KOREA

    LOCATION OF MAGNESITE DEPOSITS AND MAGNESIA PLANTS

    MAGNESITE DEPOSITS

    MAGNESIA PLANTS

    NAMGYE

    TUMEN

    WHITE ROCK

  • KOREA MAGNESIA CLINKER INDUSTRY GROUP (KMCIG)

    • IN 2011 PRODUCTION OF MAGNESIA WAS 255,000 TONNES WITH 67% CCM, 23% DBM and 10% FM. • IN 2012 OUTPUT IS ESTIMATED BY KMCIG TO HAVE DECREASED BY AROUND 30% TO 178,000 TONNES. • DIFFICULTIES IN SUPPLY OF COAL AND TRANSPORTATION ARE THE MAIN REASONS FOR THIS DECREASE • OF THE 178,000 MT PRODUCTION IN 2012 APPROXIMATELY 100,000 MT WERE EXPORTED AS FOLLOWS (MAINLY TO CHINA):

    • CCM 60,000 TONNES (60%) • DBM 25,000 TONNES (25%) • FM 15,000 TONNES (15%)

    (Source; Korean Magnesia Clinker Industry Group and Rocky Wu, Rocky Mountains) Co. Ltd)

  • TOTAL 48 Hectares LARGE RESOURCE: >100 MT Potential (>70m depth)

    DEVELOPMENT OF NAMGYE MAGNESITE DEPOSIT

    GEOLOGIST

  • NAMGYE MAGNESITE UNDERGROUND MINE

    LEVEL +15m -30m -60m -90m -90m

    % MgO 47.8 48.1 47.4 46.6 48.1

    % LOI 50.9 49.7 51.2 50.7 50.3

    % SiO2 0.55 1.54 0.33 2.39 1.22

    MAGNESITE 98.3 94.5 97.1 97.1 97.9%

  • CHEMISTRY (XRF) Wt.%

    MgO 96.1

    Al2O3 0.35

    SiO2 1.34

    CaO 1.25

    Fe2O3 0.54

    LOI 0.39

    TOTAL 99.97

    MINERALOGY (XRD) Wt.%

    PERICLASE 96.2

    MAGNESITE 0.4

    QUARTZ 0.3

    MONTICELLITE 3.2

    TOTAL 100.1

    KMCIG NORTH KOREA – FM 96

  • LIAONING MAGNESITE

    HAICHENG – DASHIQIAO MAGNESITE BELT

  • 0 30km

    DONGGUANG

    ANLE

    PAILOU HUACHEN

    XIYANG

    HOUYING HUAZIYU

    XIUYAN

    KROSAKI STEEL

    HAICHENG-DASHIQIAO

    MAGNESITE BELT

    NORTHERN XIUYAN

    MAGNESITE AREA

    S.E. XIUYAN

    MAGNESITE AREA

    LARGE DBM PRODUCERS XIUYAN

    ANSHAN

    HAICHENG

    DASHIQIAO

    BAYUQUAN

    YINGKOU

    PORT

    YELLOW

    SEA

    LIA OD

    ON G P

    EN INS

    UL A

  • 3.4 BD Special uses in

    Steel and cement

    98% MgO MagCarb bricks and for ladles

    RHI/JINDING MAGNESITE GP

    DASHIQIAO $50 Million 100,000 TPA

    MEDIUM FEED (ONLY MgO 95) REMOVE SiO2 HIGH QUALITY

    RHI/JINDING UPGRADE QUALITY

    SOURCE: HAMMERER AND KAUFMANN, IM FEB 2008

  • MAGNESITE COMPANIES

    MAGNESITAS