Geologic Orbital Photography - Experience From the Gemini Program

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    Table1

    S-5PhotographyonGeminiFlights

    P

    Flight 3 4 5 6 7 9 10 11 12

    Camera

    Hasselblad500C

    Hasselblad500C

    Hasselblad500C

    Hasselblad500C

    Hasselblad500C

    Hasselblad500C

    HasselbladSWC

    MaurerSpaceCamera

    MaurerSpaceCamera

    HasselbladSWC

    MaurerSpaceCamera

    HasselbladSWC

    MaurerSpaceCamera

    HasselbladSWC

    Film

    Ektachrome

    Ektachrome

    Ektachrome

    SuperAnscochrome

    Ektachrome

    Ektachrome

    EktachromeIR

    Ektachrome

    Ektachrome

    Ektachrome

    Ektachrome

    No.Usable

    Pictures

    7 100

    175

    60

    250 160

    75 102

    160

    LandAreasCovered

    NWSonora,RioGrandeValley,Bermuda

    NWMexico,SWU.S.A.,N.Africa,Ba-

    hamaIslands,ArabianPeninsula

    SWU.S.A.,BahamaIslands,SouthWest

    Africa,Tibet,India,SWAsia,China,

    Australia

    NW,centralandeasternAfrica,Australia,

    NAfrica,ArabianPeninsula,India,Carib-

    CanaryIslands

    beanSeaandadjacentlandareas,

    Brazil,Mexico;infraredfilm:Gulf

    Coast,U.S.A.;northeastBrazil

    beanSea,Mexico

    NAfrica,northernSouthAmerica,Carib-

    NAfrica,China,Taiwan,NE.South

    America

    NAfrica,ArabianPeninsula,SIndia,NW

    SouthAmerica,GulfCoastofU.S.A.

    SouthernU.S.,NMexico,NAfrica,SW

    Asia,ArabianPeninsula

    NOTE:SpacecraftaltitudesinGeminiflightsrangedfromabout100to200statutemiles.OntheGemini11flight,however,theorbitwas

    changedfortworevolutionsfromabout174statutemiles(circular)to174(perigee)and850(apogee)statutemiles.Mostofthe

    picturestakenonGemini11werefromthetwohighrevolutions,ataltitudesofabout400to850miles.OnGeminiX,analtitude

    ofover450statutemileswasachievedonsomerevolutions.

    c

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    Figure1-TypicalGeminiflightpathmap,showingareascoveredduringa24-hourperiod.

    Notelatituderestrictionsandseparationotadjacentflightpathsegments.

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    0

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    t-igure L-Northern Ba ja Califor nia,Mexi co, showing an area about 70 mile s wide (north aAgua Blanca fault zone at lower left, parallel to spacecraft window. Note semi-circularnorth of Agua Blan ca faul t at center. Dark areas are generally mountains, lig ht areas or coast al desert near Gulf of Cal i fornia. Gemini I V photo; original in color.

    This outcrop patte rn is consistent with vertical displacement, but the cirstructure is apparently not offset laterally.

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