Feminism Movement

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<ul><li> 1. The following was written in 1963. Theproblem is taking a far greater tollon the physical and mental health ofour country than any known disease.What was the greatest problem in theU.S. in 1963 that was, taking a fargreater toll on the physical and mentalhealth of the U.S. than any knowndisease? Defend your answer.As you know, the U.S. experienced many socialand political difficulties in the 1960s.</li></ul> <p> 2. The problem that has no name(which is simply the fact thatAmerican women are kept fromgrowing to their full humancapacities) is taking a far greatertoll on the physical and mentalhealth of our country than anyknown disease.- Betty Friedan, The Feminine Mystique 1963. 3. What issues were importantto the Feminism Movementin the U.S., and whatobstacles did the Movementface?Essential Question 4. First Phase (1820s-1920s)Fighting de jure inequalitiesInterbellum (1930s-1950s)Second Phase (1960s-1980s)Fighting de facto inequalitiesThird Phase (1990-present)Fighting global inequalitiesFeminism in the U.S. 5. English Law, 1765In marriage husband and wife are oneperson, and that person is the husband... 6. Massachusetts Bay Colony Womens Legal Position Property and possessions she owned before marriagebecame her husbands and property she inheritedafter her marriage passed directly to her husband. Wages she earned were his. In the event of a divorce, he had custody of theirchildren. She could not sign a business contract. She could not sue anyone. She could not be sued by anyone. Her husband had to pay all her debts. If she committed a crime, she was punished for it. 7. Womens WorkWomen were expectedto do the skilled laborjobs around the home gardening canning cooking cleaning tending children 8. Nineteenth Amendment, 1920Section 1: The right of citizens ofthe United States to vote shall notbe denied or abridged by the UnitedStates or by any State on account ofsex.Section 2: The Congress shall havepower to enforce this article byappropriate legislation.1820s-1920sFirst Wave of FeminismFocused on promotion of equal contract,marriage, parenting, and propertyrights for women 9. Interbellum1930sAt this time members of thefamilies had moretraditional roles wherefathers worked, mothersstayed at home to raise thefamily and children went toschool. 10. The traditional roles changedat the start of the SecondWorld War.InterbellumWorld War II 11. Mainstream America tried toreturn to the traditionalroles.Interbellum1950s 12. The movement for womens rights had many differentnames: the womens liberation movement, thefeminist movement, and the equal rights movement. Core belief of the womens liberation movement wasfeminismthe conviction that women and menshould be equal in society, politics, and economics. Feminists cheered the passage of the Civil Rights Actof 1964, which banned discrimination in employment. Still, fighting gender-based discrimination was givenlow priority.Second Wave of Feminism1960s-1980s 13. Second Wave of Feminism1960s-1980s Betty Friedan- 1963 published The Feminine Mystique- 1966 founded National Organization forWomen (NOW) Gloria Steinem- 1971 founded NationalWomens Political Caucus- 1972 founded Ms. Magazine 14. Reproductive freedom- Availability of birth control- Roe v. Wade 1973- Maternity leaveEqual Opportunities- Employment- Education- AthleticsSecond Wave of Feminism1960s-1980s 15. Effects of the Womens MovementEmploymentThe number ofwomen holdingprofessional jobsincreased, butopportunity andpay are still notequal. 16. 113th Congress (2012)- 17 female Senators- 73 female Representatives in the House- Womens representation in Congress nowequals 16.8%.Overall, women make up just 22.7% of theelected officials in the U.S. today.Effects of the Womens MovementPolitics 17. Perception that the previous Wavesof Feminism only benefitedwealthy white women Realization that women are ofmany colors, ethnicities,nationalities, religions, andcultural backgrounds Embraces diversity and change No all-encompassing single feministideaThird Wave of Feminism1990s-present </p>