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DESCRIPTIONPresented to Bioenergy 101 Presented at Warrensburg, Missouri. Federal Funding Opportunities. Presented by Don Day Extension Associate Energy University of Missouri Compiled by: Dr. James R. Fischer - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
Federal Funding Opportunities Presented toBioenergy 101Presented atWarrensburg, MissouriPresented byDon Day Extension Associate EnergyUniversity of MissouriCompiled by:Dr. James R. FischerSenior Scientific Advisor Undersecretary of Agriculture for Research, Education and EconomicsNovember 2425, 2008
The UrgencyIn a preview of its soon-to-be-released report on global trends, the U.S. National Intelligence Council envisions a world which is reshaped by globalization, battered by climate change, and destabilized by regional upheavals over shortages of food, water, and energy (Global Trends 2025, National Intelligence Council). In a separate report, the National Intelligence Council identifies biofuels and bio-based chemicals as one of six potentially disruptive civil or dual use technologies that could emerge by 2025. The Council defines a disruptive technology as a technology with the potential to cause a noticeable degradation or enhancement in one of the elements of U.S. national power (geopolitical, military, economic, or social cohesion).
U.S. and BioenergyIn the United States, funding for biofuels research has increased, and various Federal and state policies encourage deployment of biofuel technologies. There are currently over 130 ethanol refineries in operation and 77 more new plants or capacity expansions underway. There are also 105 commercial biodiesel refineries in operation. In addition, Federal and private funding is developing and deploying next generation biofuel technologies: fuels made from nonfood feedstocks such as cellulose or algae.
*Brazilian companies to push for cellulosic ethanolSAO PAULO, Oct 14 (Reuters) - A group of Brazilian companies and industrial organizations will set up a joint venture to finance research in cellulosic ethanol, a director at the Sao Paulo Industry Federation (Fiesp) said on Tuesday.The initiative includes Brazil's leading sugar and ethanol producer, Copersucar, the country's Sugar Cane Industry Association, Unica, and the local subsidiary of commodities giant Bunge (BG.N: Quote, Profile, Research, Stock Buzz) . . .Read more at: http://www.reuters.com/article/ rbssFinancial ServicesAndRealEstateNews/idUSN1453616720081014 Bioenergy A Hot Topic in the NewsProducing New U.S. Energy Crops by the Barrel By Don Comis, October 10, 2008 Agricultural Research Service (ARS) scientists in Peoria, Ill., have produced oils of camelina, canola, Cuphea, lesquerella, milkweed and pennycress by the barrelful in their commercial-scale pilot plant.These alternative crops may be able to provide alternative domestic sources of industrial products ranging from soap to biofuels for cars, trucks andin the case of Cupheaeven jet fuel. Plant physiologist Russ Gesch and colleagues at the ARS North Central Soil Conservation Research Laboratory in Morris, Minn., have studied Cuphea since 1999. They work closely with companies such as Procter & Gamble of Cincinnati, Ohio . . .Read more at: http://www.ars.usda.gov/is/pr/2008/ 081010.htmWorld Food Day stresses climate change and bioenergy effects on poorThe poor will suffer most10 October 2008, Rome Climate change and bioenergy are the focus of this years World Food Day activities, expected to involve over 150 countries. FAO celebrates World Food Day each year on 16 October, the day on which the Organization was founded in 1945.Global warming is already underway and adaptation strategies are now a matter of urgency, especially for the most vulnerable poor countries. Hundreds of millions of small-scale farmers, fishers and forest-dependent people will be worst hit by climate change . . .Read more at: http://www.fao.org/newsroom/en/news/2008/ 1000934/index.htmlBig step forward for biodiesel industryTuesday, October 14, 2008, 4:22 PM by Julie HarkerLong awaited fuel specifications for biodiesel blends above B5 have been approved and the announcement came this morning from the National Biodiesel Board technical director Steve Howell who says its a big step forward for the biodiesel industry, Were very happy that after beginning the effort in 1993 we have a set of blended fuel specs that the industry can use moving forward.Howell says the specifications are set on a performance basis for a diesel engine, not on the feedstock or the production process. He says it took the cooperation of engine, petroleum and biodiesel interests as well as government, military, research and academia to come up with these standards . . .Read more at: http://www.brownfieldnetwork.com/gestalt/go. cfm?objectid=FD3C6033-5056-B82A-D06 DAE32439CAAFCRetooled Approach May Make Bio-based Butanol More Competitive with Ethanol By Jan Suszkiw, October 16, 2008 A modified method of producing biobutanol could make the fuel more competitive with ethanol as a clean-burning alternative to gasoline. According to Agricultural Research Service (ARS) chemical engineer Nasib Qureshi, biobutanol offers several advantages. It can be transported in existing pipelines, it's less corrosive, it can be mixed with gasoline or used alone in internal combustion engines, and it packs more energy per gallon than ethanol . . . Read more at: http://www.ars.usda.gov/is/pr/2008/081016.htm
*Unique Time in HistoryIn ways both large and small we find ourselves at a unique time in history:One in which both environmental and energy progress are integrally linked rather than oppositional.One in which clean-energy and carbon-reduction products and services offer the promise ofeconomic development competitiveness.One in which such diverse business, investment, and political luminaries as Al Gore, T. Boone Pickens, Andy Grove, and Arnold Schwarzenegger are calling for seemingly audacious goals to meet increasingly large portions of our energy needs from clean-energy generation and efficiency measures. Willie Nelson, Richard Branson,and Vinod Khosla have been involved in biofuelsresearch and production.
*Scope of Todays PresentationPolicies and Funding to Promote Bioenergy FederalStateClimate Action PlansUSDA Bioenergy ActivitiesStrategic Energy Science Plan BioEnergy Awareness DaysBuilding Partnerships REE Energy Summit on Partnerships National Biofuels Action Plan
*Policies and Funding to Promote Bioenergy FederalStateClimate Action Plans
President George W. Bush 2006 State of the Union AddressKeeping America competitive requires affordable energy. And here we have a serious problem:"America is addicted to oil, which is often imported from unstable parts of the world.""The best way to break this addiction is through technology.. and we are on the threshold of incredible advances. replace more than 75 percent of our oil imports from the Middle East by 2025.Capitol, Tuesday, Jan. 31, 2006White House photo by Eric DraperBy applying the talent and technology of America, this country can dramatically improve our environment, move beyond a petroleum-based economy, and make our dependence on Middle Eastern oil a thing of the past.
Advanced Energy InitiativeChange how we power our automobilesAdvanced battery technologies plug-in hybridsCellulosic ethanol costsHydrogen fuel cells by 2020Change how we power our homes and officesClean CoalNuclear EnergyRenewable Energy
The Biofuels Initiative objective is to foster the production of biofuels to replace more than 75 percent of our oil imports from the Middle East by 2025 (+$53M)Achieving this ambitious goal will require looking at corn and other biomass resources to produce ethanol, including:Agricultural crops & residuesWoody plants & grassesBiomass Program will initiate a major solicitation in FY 2007 to validate near-term ethanol biorefineries in collaboration with industry (1st validation will occur in FY 2009)Benefits (2030): Develop technologies to enable US to displace 2.6 MMbbl/d oil equivalent, keeping $44 billion in the US economy to create jobs at home Biofuels Initiative
Twenty In Ten: Strengthening America's Energy SecurityDuring his 2007 State of the Union Address, President Bush announced the goal of reducing U.S. gasoline usage by 20 Percent In The Next Ten Years Twenty In Ten. Goals include: Increasing the supply of renewable and alternative fuels by setting a mandatory fuels standard to require 35 billion gallons of renewable and alternative fuels in 2017 nearly five times the 2012 target now in law.Reforming and modernizing Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards for cars and extending the current Light Truck rule.
Feds Seek to Ignite Bioenergy ResearchIn June 2007, theDepartment of Energy (DOE)announced it would invest $375 million over the next five years on threenew Bioenergy Research Centers. The three DOE Bioenergy Research Centerslocated in Oak Ridge, Tennessee; Madison, Wisconsin; and near Berkeley, California.These centers bring together multidisciplinary teams of leading scientists to advance research needed to make cellulosic ethanol and other biofuels commercially viable on a national scale, a key part of President Bushs Advanced Energy Initiative Twenty in Ten Plan.
*Federal Policies & BioenergyThe Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA, P.L. 110-140), also known as the 2007 energy bill, significantly expands existing programs to promote biofuels. The Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (P.L. 110-246), also known as the 2008 farm bill, contains a distinct energy title (Title IX) that covers a wide range of energy and agricultural topics with extensive attention to biofuels, including corn-starch based ethanol, cellulosic ethanol, and biodiesel. Included $1 billion in mandatory funding for energy activities.
*Key Biofuels-related Provisions of Energy and Farm BillsReauthorization of biofuels research and development at the U.S. Department of Energy [