Effects of Natural Disasters on Small Islands

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AIMThe aim of this project is to prove whether rising in sea-level and Natural Disasters have anything to do with the size, shape and setting of Qoma Island to date, and to also find out if it has any threats on the Qoma villagers.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTI would like to thank the following persons for their contribution to the accomplishment of this project, for without their assistance, compiling this piece of work would have been unsuccessful:

1. The almighty God for giving me knowledge, wisdom and strength which I was able to complete this paper successfully. 2. My parents for their financial support. 3. The elders in my village who response to the questionnaire which was given to them and also to those who were interviewed.

METHODOLOGYCertain methods were used for the completion of this project: PRIMARY RESEARCH 1. Interviewing elders in the village about the effects of rising sea-level and natural disaster on Qoma Island. 2. Distribution of the Questionnaire to some elders in the village.

SECONDARY RESEARCH

Relevant websites were used to search information on the topic.

DECLARATIONI Meli Salabogi hereby declare that this paper is original and that any borrowed materials are acknowledged in the bibliography.

TABLE OF CONTENTTable of ContentsAIM .......................................................................................................................................................... 3 ACKNOWLEDGEMENT ............................................................................................................................. 4 METHODOLOGY ...................................................................................................................................... 5 DECLARATION ......................................................................................................................................... 6 TABLE OF CONTENT ................................................................................................................................ 7 INTRODUCTION ....................................................................................................................................... 8 BACKGROUND INFORMATION OF QOMA ISLAND ............................................................... 9

THE EFFECTS OF NATURAL DISASTERS ON QOMA ISLAND ................................................................... 12 HURRICANE ....................................................................................................................................... 12 FIRE ................................................................................................................................................... 15 TORNADO .......................................................................................................................................... 17 EARTHQUAKE .................................................................................................................................... 19 THE EFFECTS OF RISING SEA-LEVEL ON QOMA ISLAND ........................................................................ 21 ANALYSIS ............................................................................................................................................... 26 CONCLUSION......................................................................................................................................... 28 BIBLIOGRAPHY ...................................................................................................................................... 29 APPENDIX .............................................................................................................................................. 30 Interview Quetions: .......................................................................................................................... 30 Photos: .............................................................................................................................................. 31

INTRODUCTIONGlobal warming has become a major world issue. Its effect is now being felt all over the world including the Pacific Region, as in recent news, our South Pacific neighbouring islands and Fiji have shown evidence.

The continuous warming up of mother earth due to the depletion or damages of the ozone depletion has lead to the melting of ice bergs from the north and south poles which, contributes tremendously to the amount of sea-level.

With everyday passing by and every wave slowly cutting edges of islands creeping silently inside them, most people are oblivious that someday they may have to vacate their current called paradise and move to higher grounds since their land will be under water.

Many people are sec with sudden attacks of Natural Disaster thus take with them many life and force actions on those who escape death opening their eyes and thoughts to the possible threats they may face everytime one attacks. A very good example would be the 8.0 magnitude earthquake that struck the coast of Japan forcing Tsunami followed by aftershocks which killed thousands of people.

In this project, research, study and analysis will be focused on Qoma Island. Investigations regarding global warming effects will be conducted on the islanders to find if Qoma have so far faced threats of vacating their island.

BACKGROUND INFORMATION OF QOMA ISLANDQoma is a hypsographic a scientific name for island consists of two main piece of land which is now three. Her early settlers known to have come straight from Vuda exploring the Interior of Viti Levu before finally settled on Qoma Island.

From 70 inhabitants in the early 1900s to what now counts to more than 200 inhabitants not including those who have moved out for their special purposes from the island.

The centre of Qoma Island is located latitude 17.63 (173766S) and longitude 178.58(1783460E) or, 381km East (84) of the approximate centre of Fiji and 58 km north (18) from the capital of Suva.

A view of part of Qoma Island taken from the Nukuvuto Foreshore

There is 10 square kilometre area around Qoma Island and has an average elevation of 12 metre above sea-level.

Since Qoma is a very small island, water is one of the main problems but now villagers have been provided with water tanks to aid the 6 springs around the island. On October 2011, a cheque of $13,000 has been readily signed for the reason of installing tap water around the island from a major source.

There has been a huge move in their mode of transportation from traditional Fijian canoes to outboard motors or fibre glass boats and also larger wooden fishing vessels.

From Traditional Bures in the 1970s now Qoma villagers live in high standard of housings, those with wooden buildings, concrete, tin and with full electrical appliances and modern furniture inside them.

The year 2006 marked a very special moment when Qoma was supplied 24hours electricity in which they paid $38,800.00 for that special development.

Qoma Island dwellers are keen to send their children to school and help them go to the very highest level that they can reach and this has been paid off since nowadays, some Qoma people are holding high positions both in government ministries and in companies as well.

As of current, there have been ongoing projects on the Island including: Building a new bridge, with the height increased. Increasing the height of the sea-wall. Mangrove planting project Marine Life Protection Programme. Tap Water Project.

Scholarship Programme. The aim is to complete all these projects in 5 years time.

The Qoma villagers according to the chief, The Turaga Tuinabulebulewa, aims at educating its children to the very best extent, keep improving the standard of living, be law abiding citizen, serve God whole heartedly and to protect their environment.

THE EFFECTS OF NATURAL DISASTERS ON QOMA ISLANDHURRICANEDuring the past century, Qoma Island has greatly suffered from continuous hurricane which, attacks and changes its shape and setting. According to an interview result, Qoma consisted of only two main pieces of whole lands before and not three as what it seems today.

This was how Qoma looked like before, just two main pieces of whole land

Interviews revealed that a hurricane, its name they didnt know struck the Island; this was way before Hurricane Bebe struck. There was no sea wall at the time to protect the edges of the Island until the 1980s when they were constructed. The particular Hurricane caught the island by surprise and since there was no seawall, the tidal waves that came with the hurricane flooded the whole island. Since most part of the island is covered with sand, waves can easily cut through them therefore, during this hurricane the tidal waves starts to separate the two islands, Qoma and Qoma Levu by creating a drain like form on the sand with around a meter wide and half a meter deep.

This was the new look of Qoma created by the hurricane

The situation gotten worse when hurricane Bebe struck as according to interviewees, many people were sick during this hurricane since there were not a lot of Medias then and the technologies might not have been what they are today.

Hurricane Bebe also extends the already created gap uprooting Mulomulo plants and carrying away sands with it. After this hurricane, the gap increased to more than 30 metres but people can still cross over to Qoma Levu during high tide with water reaching up to their knees.

The extended gap created by Hurricane

Elderly on the island sat and talked about the problem and came up with idea of creating the seawall to protect their homes.

Hurricanes continue to struck the island and carrying with them the m

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