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  • Digital Humanities meets

    Information Science

    Gregory Crane

    Alexander von Humboldt Professor of Digital Humanities

    Department of Computer Science

    Universität Leipzig

  • Digital Humanities

  • Digital Humanities

    A niche field, separate from the

    Humanities as a whole….

  • Digital Humanities

    A niche field, separate from the

    Humanities as a whole….

    “Maybe we should hire a

    digital humanist to help the

    real humanists with this new

    technology ….”

  • Digital Humanities

    A niche field, separate from the

    Humanities as a whole….

    “My research depends upon

    building and analyzing corpora

    but I am not doing Digital

    Humanities.” (A Linguist)

  • Digital Humanities

    A niche field, separate from the

    Humanities as a whole….

    “All of our data in Archaeology is

    now digital but we don’t call it

    Digital Humanities.” (multiple

    archaeologists)

  • Digital Humanities

    The term “Digital Humanities”

    reflects, in some measure, the

    reaction of research that is

    grounded in rhetoric and

    resistant to quantification….

  • What might a Computational

    Humanities look like?

  • What might a Computational

    Humanities look like?

  • Here is where you start today …

  • Scalable methods

  • http://books.cs.umass.edu/beta-sprint/Demonstration/Demonstration.html

  • http://books.cs.umass.edu/beta-sprint/Demonstration/Demonstration.html

  • http://books.cs.umass.edu/beta-sprint/Demonstration/Demonstration.html

  • http://books.cs.umass.edu/beta-sprint/Demonstration/Demonstration.html

  • http://books.cs.umass.edu/beta-sprint/Demonstration/Demonstration.html

    Hamlet

    http://www.ccs.neu.edu/home/dasmith/infect-bighum-2013.pdf

  • http://books.cs.umass.edu/beta-sprint/Demonstration/Demonstration.html

    Memoirs of Ulysses S. Grant

  • Text Reuse in Newspapers

    http://www.ccs.neu.edu/home/dasmith/infect-bighum-2013.pdf

  • Text Reuse in Newspapers

    http://www.ccs.neu.edu/home/dasmith/infect-bighum-2013.pdf

  • Polylingual Topic Models from

    Wikipedia Articles

    http://mimno.infosci.cornell.edu/papers/mimno2009polylingual.pdf

  • Polylingual Topic Models from

    Wikipedia Articles

    http://mimno.infosci.cornell.edu/papers/mimno2009polylingual.pdf

  • Polylingual Topic Models from

    Wikipedia Articles

    http://mimno.infosci.cornell.edu/papers/mimno2009polylingual.pdf

  • Polylingual Topic Models from

    Wikipedia Articles

    http://mimno.infosci.cornell.edu/papers/mimno2009polylingual.pdf

  • Computational Historiography: Data

    Mining in a Century of Classics Journals

    http://mimno.infosci.cornell.edu/papers/a3-mimno.pdf

  • Computational Historiography: Data

    Mining in a Century of Classics Journals

    http://mimno.infosci.cornell.edu/papers/a3-mimno.pdf

  • Computational Historiography: Data

    Mining in a Century of Classics Journals

    http://mimno.infosci.cornell.edu/papers/a3-mimno.pdf

  • http://www.lexicalist.com/

    http://mimno.infosci.cornell.edu/papers/a3-mimno.pdf

  • http://www.lexicalist.com/

  • http://www.lexicalist.com/

  • Digital Humanities

    We live in a digital age.

  • Digital Humanities

    We live in a digital age.

  • Digital Humanities

    We live in a digital age.

    How does that affect the way

    that professional humanists

    can advance the intellectual

    life of society?

  • Shift from 20th Century Scholasticism

    to 21st Century Humanism

  • Shift from 20th Century Scholasticism

    to 21st Century Humanism

    • Scholasticism in the popular sense: “academic

    specialists producing for academic specialists

    with active disdain for anyone else.”

  • Shift from 20th Century Scholasticism

    to 21st Century Humanism

    • Scholasticism in the popular sense: “academic

    specialists producing for academic specialists

    with active disdain for anyone else.”

    • Humanism in the popular sense: “value of

    ideas depends upon the impact of those ideas

    in the hearts and brains of human beings.”

  • Shift from 20th Century Scholasticism

    to 21st Century Humanism

    • Scholasticism in the popular sense: “academic

    specialists producing for academic specialists

    with active disdain for anyone else.”

    • Humanism in the popular sense: “value of

    ideas depends upon the impact of those ideas

    in the hearts and brains of human beings.”

  • Shift from 20th Century Scholasticism

    to 21st Century Humanism

    • Scholasticism in the popular sense: “academic

    specialists producing for academic specialists

    with active disdain for anyone else.”

    • Humanism in the popular sense: “value of

    ideas depends upon the impact of those ideas

    in the hearts and brains of human beings.”

    Cognitive Sciences and the Humanities

  • Shift from 20th Century Scholasticism

    to 21st Century Humanism

    • Scholasticism in the popular sense: “academic

    specialists producing for academic specialists

    with active disdain for anyone else.”

    • Humanism in the popular sense: “value of

    ideas depends upon the impact of those ideas

    in the hearts and brains of human beings.”

    Cognitive Sciences and the Humanities

  • Who is your audience?

  • 2.3 billion net users http://www.internetworldstats.com/stats.htm

    Who is your audience?

  • 2.3 billion net users http://www.internetworldstats.com/stats.htm

    Who is your audience?

  • 2iceshs.cyfronet.pl

  • Digital Philology*

  • Digital Philology*

    *Philology in a digital age.**

  • Digital Philology*

    *Philology in a digital age.**

    ** Philology includes analysis of

    any written sources: music, math,

    and natural language

  • Digital Philology*

    *Philology in a digital age.**

    ** Philology includes analysis of

    any written sources: music, math,

    and natural language

  • Itaque ubi, quae et qualis philologia

    meo iudicio sit, quaeritis,

    simplicissima ratione respondeo, si

    non latiore, quae in ipso vocabulo

    inest, potestate accipitur, sed ut solet

    ad antiquas litteras refertur, universae

    antiquitatis cognitionem historicam et

    philosophicam.

    Augustus Boeck, “Oratio nataliciis Friderici

    Guilelmi III.” (1822)

  • Philology is the analysis of the ancient

    world in its entirety, including

    everything in the physical and the

    intellectual world through the use of

    written sources. [paraphrase]

    Augustus Boeck, “Oratio nataliciis Friderici

    Guilelmi III.” (1822)

  • No aspect of human culture is outside

    the purview of the philologist. No

    methodology is out of scope if it

    allows us to draw meaning from the

    words of the past – whether that

    methodology involves archaeological

    digs, irregular verbs, or probability

    theory.

    Augustus Boeck, “Oratio nataliciis Friderici

    Guilelmi III.” (1822)

  • 65

    How do we start here..?

  • 66

    …or here …

  • 67

    …and arrive here?

  • A modest and Eurocentric beginning

    (8 modern * 20 historical languges)

  • Manual solution is not rocket science

  • Manual solution is not rocket science

  • Manual solution is not rocket science

  • Named Entities

  • Named Entities

  • Named Entities

  • Treebanks

  • Treebanks

  • Aligned Translation

  • Aligned Translation

  • Aligned Texts

  • Aligned Texts

  • Aligned Texts

  • Aligned Texts

  • Parallel Text – translation as annotation

  • Alpheios.net

  • Alpheios.net

  • If we are to educate our students

    to think in the present about the

    past to build the future, then we

    need to rethink how we educate

    them from the primary education

    through life-long learning

  • Conclusions

  • Conclu