granada0611 digital humanities

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Presentation at New directions in humanities IX Congress Granada, Spain 11th june, 2011

TRANSCRIPT

jalvarez@fsof.uned.es @alvarezuned

This is a working process document. Please use and quote as tenta=ve and coopera=ve ideas. Tkank you for your observa=ons

Digital Humani=es (Mind)

Coopera=ve Enterprise (Body)

Network Society (World)

Hilary Putnam: The threefold cord: mind, body, and world (Spanish transla=on J. F. lvarez: La cuerda de tres cabos).

Network Society as a Threefold Environment

CYBERCITIZENS, CULTURE AND PUBLIC GOODS,

Network society is provoking drama=c changes in several aspects of our daily life as cultural traits, business and the more disparages spheres of privacy and social life. We must aZend both to freedom of access and to new service genera=on because of the peculiar form public goods are rising in the Net. To supersede individual capability limita=ons and to diuse digital and cultural gaps, electronic government could be a cultural decisive tool in this phase of cibersociety enhancement. Technologies enhanced the human capabili=es, as well as with the social ac=ons and its framework, including cultural produc=on and management. Technologies are also transforming the genera=on, reproduc=on and transmission of (social) knowledge. (J. Francisco lvarez, Arbor, 2009)

A recurrent idea Mano Marks Blog

Thursday, June 2, 2011 Working with People The Humani=es are tradi=onally a lonely profession. While in the hard sciences it's not uncommon to see a long list of names on papers, in Humani=es professions there's liZle reward for mul=ple people working on a project. Tenure was based on ar=cles you wrote, sole project work. One of the reasons I love digital humani=es work is that people are coming together, breaking the restric=ve bonds of solitary work Mano Marks, Geo Developer Advocate at Google hZp://randommarkers.blogspot.com/2011/06/working-with-people.html

The social turn in humani=es

is knocking at the door and it will remain here forever!

@thatcampMadrid 21-22th november 2011

Good News for Humani=es, if .

hZp://madrid2011.thatcamp.org/category/general/ 21th -22th November, 2011

Monitoring trends, promo=ng and strengthening coopera=ve research

Networks and open systems of knowledge management.

Best tradi=ons of archival and documentary prac=ces.

Future research model is based on coopera=on and build on networks and open systems of knowledge management.

DIGITAL HUMANITIES MANIFESTO

DIGITAL HUMANITIES MANIFESTO

hZp://tcp.hypotheses.org/411

Lets see an example Granada 150 years ago

Not only new direc=ons in humani=es, not only some paradigma=c change. We are living in a more radical change.

A new era in humani=es research is coming, but what does it mean?

New tools, new collec=ons, new data: a huge and enormous set of data anybody never thought before are now at our nger=ps.

The online accessibility to a large number of documents in real =me is drama=cally changing our research experience. Thus, lets see a simple but not trivial example: Whilst I was preparing this lecture I asked me: What had happened at

the University of Granada 150 years ago? What documents could I obtain from my desk work?

150 years ago at the University of Granada

new capabili=es Open access Public goods

Now its possible with the support of Google, UCM and HathiTrust collec=on

A Survey of Digital Humani=es Centers in the United States. 2008

Digital humani,es implies humani,es-based research, teaching, and intellectual engagement conducted with digital technologies and resources. The use of these technologies may be prosaic (e.g., using new media to conduct humani=es research or enhance teaching) or transforma=ve (e.g., developing wholly new products and processes that transform exis=ng knowledge and create new scholarship).

Diane M. Zorich. November 2008 A very useful work but the coopera=on perspec=ve must be reforced

SOME OBSTACLES TO INNOVATION IN HUMANITIES

COPYRIGHT: A university that goes too far could end up facing a copyright-infringement lawsuit.

The 8.7-million-volume library pools digital copies of texts that Google scanned from universi=es. John P. Wilkin, its execu=ve director, es=mates that HathiTrust may contain 2.5 million orphan works. HathiTrust publishes the full text of works in the public domain, but not of those that are orphaned. May 29, 2011

Out of Fear, Colleges Lock Books and Images Away From Scholars Marc Parry Chronicle of Higher Educa=on"

What revolu=on? Technological is over

Using informa=on technology to illuminate the human record, and bringing an understanding of the human record to bear on the development and use of informa=on technology. Susan Schreibman, Ray Siemens, and John Unsworth Introduc=on to Digital Humani=es p.16

Today, one hears less and less of it, perhaps because

(as Ess notes) the revolu=on has succeeded: in almost all their poten=al, no longer seem revolu=onary at all p.17

Sociotecnical revolu=on is happening

My thesis is that nowadays other revolu=on is

happening: the socio technical revolu=on in humani=es, facilitated by the presence of ICT. Its no a material or physical tool. Instead, it is at the very social structure that is rising as a basic turn in humani=es' prac=ces and in e-science in general.

Openness, accessibility, how informa=on is used and selected: a new curator, not only new sosware for seman=c webs, now the SOCIAL WEB and its uses are transforming the prac=ce of humani=es.

Welcome to the Shared Digital Future HathiTrust is a bold idea with big plans

TOOLS and RESOURCES

for a new era in humani,es HathiTrust is a partnership of major research ins=tu=ons and libraries working to ensure that the cultural record is preserved and accessible long into the future. There are more

than sy partners in HathiTrust, and membership is open to ins=tu=ons worldwide.

hZp://www.hathitrust.org/about Currently Digi,zed 8,771,712 total volumes ; 4, 789,293 book =tles, 212,672 serial =tles 3,070,099,200 pages 393 terabytes 2,382,779 volumes (~27% of total) in the public domain View visualiza=ons of HathiTrust: hZp://www.hathitrust.org/print/220

Good news Yale University May 11, 2011

hZp://opac.yale.edu/news/ar=cle.aspx?id=8544 New Haven, Conn. Scholars, ar=sts and other individuals around the world will enjoy free access to online images of millions of objects housed in Yales museums, archives, and libraries thanks to a new Open Access policy that the University announced today. Yale is the rst Ivy League university to make its collec=ons accessible in this fashion. Jon Butler Ac=ng University Librarian Yale University

Network Society: new capabili=es As works in these collec=ons become digi=zed, the museums and libraries will make those images that are in the public domain freely accessible. In a departure from established conven=on, no license will be required for the transmission of the images and no limita=ons will be imposed on their use. The result is that scholars, ar=sts, students, and ci=zens the world over will be able to use these collec=ons for study, publica=on, teaching and inspira=on.

(Yale, 10 May 2011)

Globaliza=on and scholarship coopera=on

"Sharing our ar=s=c resources more fully across Yale and well beyond its campus is a top priority," asserts Jock Reynolds, the Henry J. Heinz II Director of the Yale University Art Gallery.

"Through this new university policy, scholars, ar=sts, teachers, and

students worldwide will now be able to more fully engage our collec=ons for ac=ve learning and use in publica=ons, classrooms, and crea=ve projects without incurring any fees whatsoever, elimina=ng what has previously been for many a daun=ng nancial hurdle."

"High costs of reproduc=on rights have tradi=onally limited the ability of scholars, especially ones early in their careers, to publish richly illustrated books and ar=cles in the history of art, architecture, and material and visual culture, according to Marit Westermann, vice president of the Andrew W. Mellon Founda=on. "Yale's new policy provides an important model to follow."

UNESCO 1st June 2011

Execu=ve Summary A report prepared for UNESCOs Division for Freedom of Expression,

Democracy and Peace

--- it is more apparent how freedom can be eroded uninten=onally as various actors strategically pursue their own diverse array of objec=ves. The ndings reinforce the signicance of concerns over freedom of expression and connec=on, while acknowledging countervailing trends and the open future of technology, policy and prac=ce. Freedom of expression is not an inevitable outcome of technological innova=on. It can be diminished or reinforced by the design of technologies, policies and prac=ces some=mes far removed from freedom of expression. This synthesis points out the need to focus systema=c research on this wider ecology shaping the future of expression in the digital age.

In front of the research in solitude or the archivist in The Name of the Rose

The co-building.

A peculiar experience to reect on na=ve digital. There used to be a =me when we would be called nerds or techies. Strange people with a near-obsessive compulsion to embrace new technology, and whod rather communicate with their friends online than oine. People for whom the Internet itself was the ul=mate source of informa=on for solving a