Deckers Creek Watershed Senior Project

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Deckers CreekMonongahela ,West Virginia Parker Schankweiler - Edger Hannibal - Justin Pitsenbarger Mission Statement Our mission is to identify and design a site responsive master plan of diminished locations throughout the Deck-ers Creek watershed. The design will focus on restoring and preserving the existing wildlife, aquatic, and ripar-ian habitat along the corridor. The project will achieve goals that respond to stream rehabilitation efforts and increased access to the stream corridor. Transforming sections of the landscape into an immersive educational gre-enway that demonstrates functional stream restoration applications, green infrastructure techniques, and Acid Mine Drainage treatment systems. Providing a linkage of outdoor learning environments alongside the Deck-er Creek Trail, which encourages the surrounding communities to reconnect and learn about the effects various pollutants can have on a watercourse. The extension and integration of the Deckers Creek Outdoor Learning Park will become an all-encompassing adventure destination, which can be applied to similar tarnished watercourses.GoalEnhance sites along the Deckers Creek corridorObjectives: Incorporate green infrastructure to manage stormwater runoff Highlight and alleviate current Acid Mine Drainage sources Stabilize sections of the streams edge Rejuvenate biodiversity through providing additional habitatGoal Create interpretative trail destinations that integrate the surrounding communities Objectives: Improve pedestrian circulation, stream, and trail access Incorporate parking and informational signage Design areas for community interactions and personal leisure Integrate local and recycled building materials to link the site with its surroundings Stimulate cultural art exhibitsGoalIncorporate environmental learning opportunities Objectives: Create a linkage of environmental learning sites along the Deckers Creek Trail Integrate interpretative areas throughout the stream corridor Provide visitors and residents with access to the streamDeckers Creek1 mileAMD sourceWaterwayWatershed BoundaryRail TrailFODC AMDRemediation ProjectNRCS AMDRemediation Project< Deckers Creek< Dillan Creek< Kanes CreekDeckers Creek >Kingwood 3.4 milesMasontownMonongalia CountyPreston CountyRoute 7Kingwood PikeRoute 7Back Run >Slabcamp Run >Laurel Run >Fairfax PondReedsville5432176Upper Deckers ImpoundmentDrinking Water SupplyUpper Deckers CreekWidlife Management AreaIn order to prevent flooding down-stream,five flood retention ponds werebuilt and five miles of streambed weredredged and straightened. Notice howstraight Deckers Creek is just upstreamfrom the Kingwood Pike.Glady Run >Swamp Run >ACCESS Deckers Creek ows right by thetrailhead in Masontown. From Route 7, ndthe trailhead near mile 13 by turning downDepot Street.WATER QUALITY Masontown usually haslow pH values. It is expected to improvedue to remediation projects by the NaturalResource Conservation Service and FODC.FISH On those occasions when the wateris not acidic, the stream contains manyminnows and a few large sh. Many sur-veys, however, yield no sh aT all becauseof AMD.ACCESS The Kingwood Pike crosses Deck-ers Creek and the Rail-Trail (near mile 17)within approximately 300 feet of eachother.WATER QUALITY Measurements of waterquality vary widely in this area. pH mea-surements range from 4 to above 7. Thechanges in Kanes Creek, 0.6 miles up-stream, account for the changes here.FISH In bad years, there are no sh here.In good years, we nd a few minnows.One or two small bass often blend in withthe other sh.INVERTEBRATES We nd few inverte-brates in the sandy substrate in this area.In the few areas with decent invertebratehabitat, we nd sparse communities withdragony larvae, sowbugs, snails, riebeetles, and other organisms.FISH Creek chub dominate the communi-ties, but bullhead catsh are sometimesfound as well. We caught a crappie hereonce, probably an escapee from a privatepond.INVERTEBRATES Benthic invertebratesare dicult to sample: the streambed isextremely tough to disturb because ofyears of iron deposits and other materials.Netspinner caddisies dominate the com-munity.Dillan Creekat Burke RoadACCESS Route 7 crosses Dillan Creekand intersects Burke Road 1.6 miles southof Masontown. The Deckers Creek Rail-Trail intersects Burke Road just past mile16.WATER QUALITY In its upper reaches,Dillan Creek is severely damaged by AMD.At Burke Road, however, it is close to neu-tral. Bacteria counts are occasionally high.The creek held a thick algal bloom in2005, indicating nutrient enrichment.FISH We nd sh in Dillan Creek everyyear. Creek chub, sunsh, and bullheadcatsh are usually present. They may swiminto Dillan when Deckers has bad water.INVERTEBRATES Like the algae, the in-vertebrates indicate an enriched com-munity. Netspinners are most common,but we also nd many rie beetles. Anaverage of ten varieties of benthic macro-invertebrates appear each year.ACCESS The Rail-Trail bends near the conu-ence of Kanes and Deckers. Upstream, the trailparallels Kanes rather than Deckers. Route 92crosses both trail (near mile 18) and KanesCreek one-half mile from Reedsville.WATER QUALITY Kanes Creek is usually amajor source of AMD to Deckers Creek. Its pHhas been as low as 3. FISH Until recently, the water in Kanes was sobad we did not dare survey sh for fear thebackpack shocker would short-circuit. In 2005,however, six sh were found there. In 2007, wefound 74 sh of eight dierent species.INVERTEBRATES Few invertebrates live in theacid waters. Typically, only four or ve insectsare found even after several kicks in the sedi-ment.ACCESS This site has no easy access. Whenvisiting it, we park next to Kanes Creek onRoute 92, and walk three tenths of a milethrough a eld to Deckers.WATER QUALITY The water here is not acid-ic, but occasionally has low dissolved oxygenand high bacteria counts.FISH In many years, there are more large(>6) sh per acre at this site than at any ot-her site on Deckers Creek. The sh seem tocamp out in the good water just upstreamfrom Kanes Creek and the AMD it carries.INVERTEBRATES The mix of non-acidic wa-ter and the sandy bottom at this site makesfor an unusual community for Deckers: it isdominated by midges, but also containsdamselies, rie beetles, and snails.ACCESS This stretch of the creek can beseen from Route 7 as it crosses the Monon-galia/Preston County line. From the Rail-Trail, walk downhill in the area betweenmiles 11 and 12.WATER QUALITY This reach usually smel-led of sewage before construction of Ma-sontowns sewage treatment plant. It isbetter now, although it still sometimes vi-olates pH standards because it is too acidic.Deckers Creek cuts through snow and ice near thecounty line.FODC VISTA James Nutaitis monitoring Deckers Creekamong the cattails near the Kingwood Pike.INVERTEBRATES Benthic inverte-brates indicate poor water quality. Net-spinners and aquatic earthworms pre-dominate.Creek chubsDragonfly larvaFISH Our rst two annual surveys yieldedvery large (>10) bullhead catsh and large-mouth bass for such a small stream. Morerecently however, only a few small creekchub and sunsh have been found in thepool, which is getting lled in with stonefrom a ford for gas trucks.INVERTEBRATES Netspinners are the mostcommon, but a variety of mayies andstoneies are also present. Craysh seem tolove the large cavities between the stonesfor the ford.Deckers Creek near Zinn Chapel in winter.Deckers Creek AtREedsville Airstrip2 Kanes creek3Deckers Creekat Kingwood Pike45Deckers Creek atthe county line7 Masontown6Clockwise from left: A yellow bullhead catshcollected from Deckers Creek at the Reeds-ville airstrip.The Reedsville Airstrip section, waschannelized and straightened to decreasethe risk of flooding along the creek. Iron deposits from AMD coat Kanes Creek.Cheat RiverWatershedThree Fork Creekof the Tygart RiverWatershedMonongalia CountyPreston CountyMarion CountyKingwoodCheat RiverMonongahelaRiverDeckers CreekWatershedDownstream MapUpstream MapReedsvilleMasontownMonongalia CountyChestnut RidgeMorgantownDeckers CreekChestnut Ridge divides theDeckers Creek watershedinto upper and lower sec-tions. Deckers cuts throughthe ridge in the gorge. About Deckers CreekDeckers Creek starts on Chestnut Ridge near the KingwoodPike in Monongalia County. It ows through the Valley Dis-trict of Preston County to Masontown, where it turns to thenorthwest and cuts a gap back through Chestnut Ridge.After passing through the gorge it has cut in the ridge, itcharges through Morgantown to the Monongahela River.The 23-mile creek drains more than 60 square miles andshould contain many habitats and support a variety of shand other organisms. Unfortunately, acid mine drainage(AMD) and other kinds of pollution completely eliminatedsh from much of the creek and several of its tributaries formuch of the 20th century.Friends of Deckers Creek (FODC) has been studying thewatershed since 1995, and has sampled sh communitiesin various places annually since 2002. Fish can now befound in almost every part of Deckers, and some of thosespots contain enough sh to support enjoyable shing.This brochure will describe the communities of sh andother organisms that are gradually recovering in DeckersCreek, along with the factors that aect which sh appearwhere. You can learn about these communities in threeways. First, read A Trip Down Deckers Creek below; thenread more of the details about each of our sampling sites;nally, visit Deckers Creek at all the points with public ac-cess and discover the communities for yourself, either byshing, catching bugs, or merely sitting and watching.FODC also assesses the creek by studying the chemistryof the water. Based on these data, FODC, along with stateand federal agencies, have brought about many projectsto decrease the damage from AMD. However, much workon AMD and other forms of pollution remains to be done.Read about the water quality issues that impact the Deck-ers Creek watershed below (Water Quality Issues in theWatershed). Contact FODC for more information, and tosee how you can help!Acid Mine Drainage is frequently treated with lime-stone channels and settling ponds. This NaturalResources Conservation Service project treats anAMD discharge just upstream from Masontown.Aquatic earthwormsThe Deckers Creek watershed is part of the Mo-nongahela watershed, which flows into the Ohioand then Mississippi watersheds. Water fromDeckers Creek and its tributaries ultimatelydrains into the Gulf of Mexico at New OrleansACCESS A family graciously allows us toaccess the creek via their driveway. Deck-ers Creek here and upstream has no publicaccess.WATER QUALITY The water is very diluteand only slightly acidic. Acid rain, ratherthan AMD, may be responsible for the alu-minum in the water.Deckers Creekat Zinn Chapel1Route 92Dogtown Roadthewatershed Source to Reedsville Farm Pond:In the headwaters, Deckers Creek is small and so mildly acid-ic it is dicult to distinguish eects of acid rain and AMD. The sh-ery is poor: usually only a few creek chubs are found in this area.Farm Pond to Kanes Creek: Deckers Creek receives acid neutral-izing chemicals and nutrients from the Reedsville Farm, housesand lawns, or some other source. The sh are larger and more di-verse: there are suckers and bullhead catsh along with creekchubs, and a few, small bass. Time and human eort are slow- ly reducing the damage AMD has done to the aquatic communities in Deckers Creekand there are many more sh now than there have been indecades. Additional improvements in Deckers Creek will re-quire careful assessments of many dierent kinds of pollut-ants, and a broad array of experts and resources to addressthose problems. Here is a list of the most damaging waterpollutants in the Deckers Creek watershed. AMD: Pyrite is a mineral which can befound in some coal seams. When expos-ed to air and water, it generates dissolv-ed iron and sulfuric acid. The acid candissolve additional metals from the soil.The polluted water that contains thesechemicals is acid mine drainage. Fishand invertebrates cannot survive instreams containing too much AMD.Stormwater: In undevelopedareas, rain seeps into theground and slowly dischargesthrough the soil to the stream.In developed, especially paved,areas, rain runs into a streamimmediately, carrying every-thing from motor oil to cigar-ette butts. Clean water seepingout of the soil slowly and stead-ily makes better stream habitatthan ashy pulses of watercoming from storm drains androadways.AMD can be identied by low pH (see meter, above), high iron concentrations (iron colorimeter at right) and/or red sediments (yellow-boy) which coat streambeds.Sediment: Solid materials, including grains of sand, rocks,logs and leaves move down stream channels just as waterdoes. Changes to streams and their banks will change howall those objectsthe sedimentmoves. Straightening thechannel in one place can make the stream eat away at astream bank in another place. The sediment from the bank can make the stream shallower, and increase ooding in athird location.Litter: Streams have enoughwork to do without having toclean up trash. Trash is ugly, andshould not be in a stream or in aplace where it might be washedinto a stream! Litter in a streamindicates that watershed resi-dents do not value streams andthe life they contain.FODC has conducted trash cleanups in thewatershed since 1996.Water Quality Issues in the WatershedA Trip Down Deckers CreekWhen Morgantown was built, pipes were laidso heavy rain caused sewage to overflow intoDeckers. The Morgantown Utility Board, state,and federal partners are now working to sep-arate sewer water and stormwater. Kanes Creek to Masontown:Kanes Creek is the rst large AMD source. Until the last few years,Kanes dramatically decreased water quality, and mines in the nextthree miles added even more. Dillan Creek diluted the aciditysomewhat. For many years, no sh were caught at Masontown.The trip continues on the reverse sideLeft: An aerial view of channelizedDeckers Creek. Right: Acid minedrainage can be treated in manyways. The WV DEP built this SAPS(successive alkalinity producingsystem) to treat a small flow ofAMD in the upper watershed.Sewage: The water from drains and toilets in homes andbusinesses contains bacteria that can sicken aquatic crea-tures and humans who come in contact with it. Wastewa-ter also contains chemicals that consume so much oxygenthat there is not enough to support sh.The Deckers Creek watershed covers roughly 64 square miles in Monongalia and Preston Counties, West Virginia. In Monon-galia County, part of the city of Morgantown drains to Deckers Creek. In Preston County, part of Masontown and all of Reeds-ville drain to Deckers Creek. The unincorporated towns of Brookhaven, Richard, Dellslow, Rock Forge, Sturgisson, Greer and Mountain Heights in Monongalia County, and Bretz and Arthurdale in Preston County also lie within the watershed. Deckers Creek rises on Chestnut Ridge, which approximately follows the line between Preston and Monongalia Counties, flows east and then north through a valley that parallels the ridge. This area is the Valley District of Preston County. It then cuts a gorge through that ridge as it flows northwest. Deckers Creek flows into the Monongahela River in Morgantown. The Monongahela flows north to Pittsburgh, where it joins the Allegheny River to form the Ohio River. About Deckers Creek Area AttractionsWatershed ConnectionsHistoric ArthurdaleCheat LakeClass V. WhitewaterBretz Coke OvensMorgantown, WVMonongahela National ForestHorseshoe Run/FishingAppalachian Mountains Coopers Rock State ForestWVU Equestrian CenterAmenitiesPositioned between major population center and outdoor recreation sites19-mile Deckers Creek Rail-Trail Prime birding habitatWhitewater raftingKayakingFishingSkiingHikingZip-LineDeckers Creek Bridge at the mouth of Deckers Creek, MorgantownThe long line of coke ovens along Decker's Creek Trail is still nearly intactWatching birds on the Deckers TrailPrickett's Fort State Park along the Mon River TrailAdministration building of the Arthur-dale planned community, built during the Great Depression of the 1930sCoopers RockWhitewater KayakingFishingMorgantown, WVCLEAN CREEK PROGRAM SAMPLING SITES AND SPONSORS, 2007 Valley Crossing Sabraton County Line Masontown Dillan Creek Reedsville Airstrip Aarons Creek Morgantown Printing & Binding Zinn Chapel Kanes Creek Kingwood Pike Dellslow Tibbs Run The Gorge Heather Christiansen, LLC.- Birth to Three Provider Larry Verbosky, Agent The Atkinson Family WVU National Research Center for Coal & Energy Friends of Deckers Creek (FODC) is a local non-profit watershed group dedicated to improvinf the natural qualities of, increasing public concern for, and promoting the enjoyment of the Deck-ers Creek watershed. The Friends of Deckers Creek have been studying the watershed since 1995, and has sampled fish communities in various places annually since 2002. Fish can now be found in al-most every part of Deckers, and some of those spots contain enough fish to support enjoyable fishing.Friends of Decker CreekLand-use in the Deckers Creek watershedState of the Creek, 2007 Page 39 Creek South Site 3, and Morgan Mine Road. We will be seeking conceptual designs from engineering firms for these remediation projects in the fall of 2008. NRCS has also completed two projects. The Dillan Diversion project consists mainly of an OLC that prevents unpolluted water from entering unconsolidated mining spoil, where it would become acidic. The Goat #2 project consists of OLCs and a limestone-lined settling pond. NRCS expects to construct the Goat #1 site, which will be similar to the Goat #2 site, in 2009. Figure 44. AMD projects in the Deckers Creek watershed. AMD projects in the Deckers Creek WatershedForested land makes up the majority of the watershed. The watershed is most heavily settled in and near Morgantown. There are smaller population centers and some agricultural land in the Pres-ton County portion of the watershed. Unsettled and forested land dominates the portion of the wa-tershed taken up by Chestnut Ridge. In the 1970s, the West Virginia Soil Conservation Agency and the United States Soil Conservation Service implemented measures to protect land in the Preston Coun-ty portion of the watershed from flooding. The measures included seven impoundments, five for flood control and two for waterfowl habitat, and channelization of approximately six miles of streams.1. WATERSHED DESCRIPTION The Deckers Creek watershed covers roughly 64 square miles in Monongalia and Preston Counties, West Virginia. In Monongalia County, part of the city of Morgantown drains to Deckers Creek. In Preston County, part of Masontown and all of Reedsville drain to Deckers Creek (Figure 1). The unincorporated towns of Brookhaven, Richard, Dellslow, Rock Forge, Sturgisson, Greer and Mountain Heights in Monongalia County, and Bretz and Arthurdale in Preston County also lie within the watershed. Deckers Creek rises on Chestnut Ridge, which approximately follows the line between Preston and Monongalia Counties, flows east and then north through a valley that parallels the ridge. This area is the Valley District of Preston County. It then cuts a gorge through that ridge as it flows northwest. Deckers Creek flows into the Monongahela River in Morgantown. The Monongahela flows north to Pittsburgh, where it joins the Allegheny River to form the Ohio River. Forested land makes up the majority of the watershed (Table 1). The watershed is most heavily settled in and near Morgantown. There are smaller population centers and some agricultural land in the Preston County portion of the watershed. Unsettled and forested land dominates the portion of the watershed taken up by Chestnut Ridge. In the 1970s, the West Virginia Soil Conservation Agency and the United States Soil Conservation Service implemented measures to protect land in the Preston County portion of the watershed from flooding. The measures included seven impoundments, five for flood control and two for waterfowl habitat, and channelization of approximately six miles of streams. In this document, streams and subwatersheds (SWSs) within the Deckers Creek watershed are identified in three ways: by name, where one exists, by stream codes (WVDEP, 2005a), and by the SWS numbers used by the Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL) document for the Monongahela River watershed (USEPA, 2002). For example, the stream that flows into Deckers Creek from the north in Sabraton, two miles from its mouth, is Hartman Run or M-8-0.5A, or the stream of SWS149. Impoundments built for flood protection are referred to as Upper Deckers Creek Impoundments (UDCIs) #1 through #7. The most important of these is UDCI #1 (See section 5.1), which serves as a public water supply, distributed by Preston County Public Service District #1. Table 1: Land use classes in the Deckers Creek watershedLand use Acres PercentForest 28,681 71.3Farmland 6,270 15.6Urban land 2,937 7.4Mined land 1,621 4.0Other (water, barren, roads)706 1.7Total 40,251 100.0Source: NRCS, 2000 7INTRODUCTION Purpose This is the final report of the fifth year (January through December, 2007) of Friends of Deckers Creeks Clean Creek Program. This report illustrates the most recent water quality and biological survey results and compares them to earlier data from the Clean Creek Program and other sources. This report also provides context for these data, including information about the geography and geology of Deckers Creek and its watershed and about the groups that are working to solve its pollution problems. At the first sight of the steep sections of Deckers Creek, many people assume that this rugged, rocky stream represents the clean, wild whitewater of West Virginia. Unfortunately, that is not the case. Deckers Creek reflects the impact of extraction of natural resources. In particular, coal mining through most of the 20th century has left Deckers Creek with a legacy of acid mine drainage (AMD) that can be read in its turbid waters, its red rocks, and its impoverished insect and fish communities. About Deckers Creek Geography Deckers Creek flows into the Monongahela River at Morgantown, West Virginia (Figure 1). The features of the creek are becoming more well-known through the popular Deckers Creek Rail-Trail, which runs beside the creek. Deckers Creek, however, is not in a city for its entire 23 miles (Figure 2). It begins on the southeast facing slope of a ridge as a small woodland brook. It sweeps to the north and flows through a long flat valley as a straightened ditch among pastures and fields. It then turns to the northwest and cuts a steep gorge down to Morgantown, plunging over falls and rapids on the way. It also runs strong and fast through Morgantown, but is often constrained by steep walls of either creek-cut bedrock or human-built stone. Its watershed includes most of Valley District in Preston County, including Arthurdale, Reedsville and Masontown, and most of Morgan District in Figure 1: Location of the Deckers Creek watershed. Figure 2: Land-use in the Deckers Creek watershed. Deckers Creek Watershed Natural Resources Farming - WVU farm in the Reedsville AreaUrban - Sabraton Suburban - DellslowIndustrial Areas - Dellslow along Route 7Limestone Mining - Greer Limestone Mining Operation Forestry - Along Deckers Creek Trail in DellslowGreen Space - Areas along trail and sports fields Farmland - foodRivers - recreation, transportation (Monongahela River)Timber - building, heatUnderdeveloped land - recreation, wildlife habitat Land UseUrbanIndustrial and RoadsResidentialForestPasture and Agriculture Coverage (acres) in Deckers Creek6501,2601,33027,6009,640Infiltration Rate5%5%20%75%60%Runoff per acre from 1 inch rain event(gallons)25,69125,69121,6356,76110,817Coal - energy Deckers Creek DischargeWater Quality Issues in the WatershedSediment: Solid materials, including grains of sand, rocks, logs and leaves move down stream channels just as water does. Changes to streams and their banks will change how all those objectsthe sedimentmoves. Straightening the channel in one place can make the stream eat away at a stream bank in another place. The sediment from the bank can make the stream shallower, and increase flooding in a third location.Litter: Streams have enough work to do without having to clean up trash. Trash is ugly, and should not be in a stream or in a place where it might be washed into a stream! Litter in a stream indicates that watershed residents do not value streams and the life they contain. Stormwater: In underdeveloped areas, rain seeps into the ground and slowly discharges through the soil to the stream. In developed, especially paved, areas, rain runs into the stream immediately, carrying everything from motor oil to cigarette butts. Clean water seeping out of the soil slow-ly and steadily makes for better stream habitats than flashy pulses of water coming from storm drains and roadways.Sewage: The water from drains and toilets in homes and business-es contains bacteria that can sicken aquatic creatures and humans who come in contact with it. Wastewater also contains chemicals that consume so much oxygen that there is not enough to support fish. AMD: Pyrite is a mineral, which can be found in many coal seams. When exposed to air and wa-ter, it generates dissolved iron and sulfuric acid. The acid can dissolve additional metals from the soil. The polluted water that contains these chemicals is acid mine drainage. Fish and invertebrates can-not survive in streams contacting too much AMD1235452134Deckers Creek Focus Area4 Mile Section of Deckers CreekArea of 2 Sq mile out of the 64 sq mile watershedRoughly 3%This section of the Creek is heavily con-taminated by various pollutants including AMD, Storm water runoff, sewage, and litter. Sabraton SiteI-68 Interchange SiteRichard Mine SiteAerial perspective showing areas of interest Sabraton SiteDeckers Creek TrailDeckers CreekCirculationPervious SurfacesImpervious SurfacesFlood Plain KEY:Areas of InterestComposite I-68 Interchange SiteRichard Mine Acid Mine Drainage Site 30 -acre previously developed mine site Largest Acid Mine left untreated Heavily contaminates last 5 miles of Deckers Creek Stationed between two Residential developments Opportunity to create an Out Door Learning Office Park 34 -acre Open space Key Threshold to Deckers Creek along I-68 corridor Provides a linkage for Sabraton and Richard Mine Opportunity to aesthetically draw people into the region and experience the history of Deckers Creek 90 -acres of developed commercial land Impervious Surfaces Parallel to Deckers Creek and Trail Office of FODC is located in Sabraton Out Door Learning Park is located here Trail Transitions across Decker Creek Opportunity to demonstrate green infrastructure An open limestone channel is a passive treatment measure to increase the pH of the mine drainage and aerate it as it flows through the limestone. These processes cause the metals in solution to precipitate from the water.Water flows into a settling pond to collect sediment and precipitates before entering Deckers Creek. The pond above is partially complete but functional.Treated discharge of Beulah Chapel 2 is conveyed without recontamination by this Bentonite-sealed open limestone channel on Beulah Chapel Site 1.Rock Sediment Dam at Laurel Run Site 2Beulah Chapel 1, Settling Pond in backgroundOpen Limestone Channel treats AMD while convey-ing it from a limestone pond to a rock sediment dam, Goat Site 1Current Reclamation Projects PROJECT INFO: Mountaineer Contractors Location: Preston County, WVApprox. Value: $1,400,000Client: United States Department of AgricultureStatus: Fall 2010Description:This project covered the closure of two separate abandoned mine sites in the Deckers Creek watershed. There was an extensive amount of rip rap ditches installed (over 30,000 tons) on the project site along with large ponds for the capture and containment of acid mine runoff for treatment. Mines were also sealed, and the entire project site area was reclaimed to the highest govern-ment standards. The project was completed ahead of schedule.Current Reclamation Projects Project Description Location: Preston and Monongalia Counties, West Virginia, First Congressional District Federal Funding: $4,885,000 Sponsor Funding: $0 Size: 40,251 acres (watershed) Start Date: Obligate Phase 1 construction funds: July 2009; Obligate Phase 2 construction funds: November 2009The Deckers Creek Acid Mine Drainage (AMD) Remediation Project will treat acid mine drainage from four mining sites which will include installation of passive treatment measures such as open limestone channels, limestone ponds, and settlement ponds. Erosion and sediment control measures will be applied to all four sites.Partners Monongahela Conservation District West Virginia Department of Environmental Protection office of Abandoned Mine Lands and Reclamation West Virginia Conservation AgencyBenefits Because of the acidic nature of the Upper Freeport coal seam that runs through the area, most of the abandoned deep mines along Deckers Creek produce acid drainage. Water seeps into the abandoned mine workings until the mine pool rises above the level of the creek. Much coal was mined in the watershed and their associated workings abandoned long before the passage of the Clean Water Act and Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act. Water from most of these deep mines flows into Deckers Creek untreated.Inlet ChannelPond Spillway Channel through woodsWingfield Pines has one of eight untreated Abandoned Mine Drainage (AMD) sites along Chartiers Creek. Allegheny Land Trust is working in partnership with other local conservation organizations (PA Department of Environmental Protection, and Hedin En-vironmental Engineering) to build a passive AMD treatment system at Wingfield Pines. This passive treatment system filters metals out of the mine drainage before it enters the creek using natural and sustainable technol-ogy. This project is the first of many AMD remediation projects being considered in the Chartiers Creek Watershed.Solutions to a Cleaner Chartiers CreekThere is a large amount of ferrous iron dis-solved in the mine drainage at Wingfield Pines. When the ferrous iron comes in contact with the air, it turns to rust (ferric/iron oxide). Each year, 43 tons of iron ox-ide are deposited into Chartiers Creek from the AMD discharge at Wingfield Pines. Our plan is to capture these deposits in a series of settling ponds and wetlands before they reach the creek.The Wingfield Pines AMD remediation plan (designed with assistance from Hedin Envi-ronmental) uses passive treatment methods to remove this metal from the water. The drain-age flows freely through a series of four pie-shaped settling ponds that capture the iron sediment. An existing wetland filters out the last of this sediment using native plants. The design also features observation paths that give students, scientists, and visitors a close-up view of how this system treats AMD...with-out getting their feet wet!How the Passive Treatment System WorksIn 1994, Comp, working with Jeanne Gleason and others, brought together what the team scientist humorously named Team SPLASH (Sustainable Partnership of Landscape Architects, Scientists, and Historians). Realizing AMD is more than a purely scientific problem; Comp assembled the team of thinkers artists, scientists, humanists to ex-plore with the community the opportunities for innovative AMD treatment.The Sciences + The Arts + The Humanities = The SolutionThe AMD&ART Park is situated on thirty-five acres of mine-scarred land, once the Vinton Colliery, but abandoned and unused when AMD&ART first looked at the site in 1994.Today, the eastern section is the Acid Mine Drainage Treatment system and Litmus Garden, easily distinguished by the series of treatment cells or ponds. The western portion of the site is the History Wetlands, once the colliery site whose foundations still remain, now a rich wetlands habitat. The lower section of the site, nearest the town, is the active Rec-reation Area still under development by the Borough of Vintondale. AMD&ART complet-ed the access road, the fields and a pavilion, but the Borough Council hopes to bring elec-tricity and much more to this new community asset. Our Education Center, the old Hungar-ian Reformed Church, is the building closest to the western entry of the AMD&ART Park.The entire site, including this site plan, is a work of collaboration between the arts and the sciences. The site also includes three individual installations, again created by collaborative effort. The goal for AMD&ART was to not only treat AMD through our treatment system but to re-create a town center for this small commu-nity, a focal point of energy and hope. With strong ongoing community involvement to create a recreation area and public art pieces that explore and honor community history, Vintondale has a place to celebrate its future.Material PaletteSite Amenities Planting PaletteCommon OatTemporary annualsAnnual RyeRushesSwitch GrassFox SedgeBrown-Eyed SusanSwamp Milk Weed Tall Meadow RueNew England AsterBlazing StarSneezeweedRed Osier DogwoodViburnumsButtonbushAmerican BeechSugar MapleShagbark HickoryBlack WalnutSycamoreLavenderSageThyme Sunflower SmartweedWhite WillowSoy BeanTall Fescue English IvyStaghorn SumacDeckers CreekDeckers CreekConceptual Sketches - Sabraton 11 235 42 34 5Deckers CreekI:68 Conceptual Sketches 14567 892 3428961753Highway Interchange InspirationDeckers CreekRichard Mine Conceptual Sketches 12 3321Deckers CreekSabraton Support DrawingsDeckers CreekSabraton- Master Plan11556688774411111010992233Deckers CreekDeckers CreekExisting Conditions Perspective ( Deckers Creek Trail Entrance)Deckers CreekExisting Conditions Perspective ( Deckers Creek Trail Entrance)This perspective is located at the intersection of Deckers Creek Road and the Deckers Creek Trail. It was chosen to be a main defined trail entrance that incorporates a trail theme that links to the I: 68 In-terchange and Richard Mine Outdoor Environmental Learning Center. The overhead form is con-ceptualized from the arched entry of a coalmine, similar to that of the Richard Mine. These over-head structures integrate materials and textures that can be found through out the region. These trail markers are meant to act as digital interactive informational archways. Providing travelers with historical in-formation about the region and invoking the feeling of entering into a coal mine as they trek along the trail. SubgradeStone Base Deckers Creek trail10Concrete Footer#4 Re-BarsDeckers Creek Trail Arch Section Solar PowerLED LightingOver Head LatticeStone ColumnsRustic Metal TextureInteractive Information Display18Deckers CreekThe overhead form is conceptualized from the arched entry of a coal-mine, similar to that of the Richard Mine.An engineer and an artist at Ohio University team up to create paints made of sludge extracted from streams near abandoned coal mines.To tackle this problem, Riefler, an associate professor of environmental engineering, and his students started to flesh out an idea: they would take this slimy, metal-laden runoff from coal mines and turn it into paint.Toxic runoff from coal mines and commercial red and yellow paints, you see, have a common ingredientferric oxyhydroxides. Once the acidic ground water hits the air, the metals in it oxidize and the once-clear water turns yellow, orange, red or brown. To make paints of these colors, international companies basically mimic this reaction, adding chemicals to water tanks containing scrap metals.Our latest estimate is that one highly productive AMD seep near us would produce over 1 ton of dry pigment per day that could generate sales of $1,100 per day, says RieflerMine Runoff Turned Into Paint-case studyDeckers CreekPerspectives ( Deckers Creek Trail along commercial buildings)Existing Conditions Problems Addressed:Parking Lot Runoff Water Contamination Aesthetics Proposed Solutions:Filter Storm-waterContain RunoffEnhance Visual appeal Deckers CreekExisting Conditions Perspective ( Med - Express Parking Lot Bio - Cell)Deckers CreekDistribution pipeGravel storageGeotextile or impermeable liner5Planting soilContinuous permeable pavement tree trenchSubgradeCurb CutBio-Cell Section0 105This view is showing the Med-Express parking lot located on the North side of the building. It is focused on the current storm drains that capture runoff in a rain event. The perspective is illustrating a method of retrofitting the exist-ing storm water collection system into a more natural approach of treating and maintaining the storm water runoff from the lot. This green infrastructure in-tegration allows the water to infiltrate into the constructed Bio-cells and lim-its the amount of water that would be conveyed straight into Deckers Creek without filtration. This application could also be applied to various other loca-tions through out Sabraton to reduce direct untreated runoff into Decker Creek. Deckers CreekExisting Conditions Under-drain and OutletPonding and Storage AreaPlanting SoilGravel BlanketGeo-textile FabricPerspective ( Med- Express Parking Lot Bio-Cell Buffer)BIO-CELL BUFFERMed x parking lotKNOCKING RUN STREAMSubgradeLive Cuttings2 ft Minimum LayerHeavy-Loose Riprap1 ft Layer of 1/4-3 ofRiver stoneBoulders 3-5 ft MinimumDiameter Rock 6-8 Freeboard Ponding Area3-4 River Stone To Minimize Edge Erosion 3-4 Shredded Hardwood Mulch 24-72 Deep-Engineered Soil Mix: Compost, Loam, And Sand6 Aggregate Storage LayerSheet Flow 3% SlopeCurb CutDomed Overflow10Minimum 1 ft Layer - Loose RiprapLog Root diameter 1.5-2 ft minimumDeckers CreekProblems Addressed:Bank ErosionChannel Constrictions Flow ObstructionsStorm-water runoff Proposed Solutions:Reduce Channel VelocityReduce Stream Bank ErosionMaintain Channel CapacityImproved Aquatic HabitatMitigate Storm-water Concentration1000Knocking Run Stream & Med- Express Parking Lot Bio-Cell Buffer -SectionDeckers CreekExisting Conditions Problems Addressed:Stream Bank Erosion Stream AccessSeatingProposed Solutions:Stabilize Stream EdgeProvide Stream AccessPerspective ( Deckers Creek Seating)Deckers CreekExisting Conditions Perspective ( Deckers Creek Access)Deckers CreekTrailCreek Access Nature Trail Outdoor Seating Deckers CreekOpen SpaceSculptural installationDeckers Creek010 20Deckers Creek Access & Open Space SectionPerspective ( Deckers Creek Trail along commercial buildings)Existing Conditions Deckers CreekProblems Addressed:RunoffViewsAesthetics Proposed Solutions:Contain and Convey RunoffEnhance Visual appeal Screen Commercial Buildings Perspective ( Deckers Creek Trail along commercial buildings)Deckers CreekExisting Conditions This scene is along the Deckers Creek Trail and is a continuation of the Kroger Bio-Swale. This per-spective integrates storm water management and focuses on aesthetics. The green wall runs parallel to the trail and provides an appealing screen form the commercial buildings to the left. The paint graphic on the trail is meant to symbolize acid mine water becoming clearer and turning into cleaner water. The paint can be made by collecting the contaminated water and transforming it into an orange dye. Night Perspective ( Deckers Creek Trail along commercial buildings)Deckers CreekExisting Conditions This perspective gives an idea of how the LED lights on the archway might appear to us-ers on the trail. Each arch would become acti-vated and light up as they are passed through.Deckers CreekExisting Conditions Problems Addressed:Storm-water Runoff Water Contamination Aesthetics Proposed Solutions:Filter Storm-waterContain and Convey RunoffEnhance Visual appeal Perspective ( Kroger Bio-Swale )Deckers CreekExisting Conditions Under-drain and OutletPonding and Storage AreaPlanting SoilGravel BlanketGeo-textile FabricPerspective ( Kroger Bio-Swale )This perspective is showing the proposed solution for the Kroger culvert outlet that directs storm water form the parking lot. This large Bio retention cell will help trap sediment and heavy metals that may be picked up during a storm event. This is located direct-ly across for the Outdoor Learning Park and will complement the space by providing a functional green in-frastructure system that can intro-duce users of the trail to a more sustainable development practice. This will also help expand the ed-ucational program of the park. Deckers CreekExisting Conditions Problems Addressed:Parking Lot Runoff Water Contamination Aesthetics Proposed Solutions:Filter Storm-waterContain and Convey RunoffEnhance Visual AppealHighlight Threshold Perspective ( Kroger Storm Drains )Deckers CreekPerspective ( Kroger Storm Drains )The perspective of the Kroger storm drains demonstrate a method of mitigating the input of direct storm wa-ter into Deckers Creek by diverting the flow of runoff into the Bio Swale of the previous illustrations. Deckers CreekExisting Conditions Problems Addressed:Parking Lot Runoff Water Contamination Aesthetics Proposed Solutions:Filter Storm-waterContain RunoffEnhance Visual appeal Perspective ( Kroger Parking Lot Drain)Deckers CreekExisting Conditions Perspective ( Kroger Parking Lot Drain)This perspective of the Kroger parking lot drain demon-strates how existing storm drains might be retrofitted to better manage runoff. These applications enhance these ar-eas by providing an aesthetically pleasing habitat. They also allow for sediment to be trapped and a buffer of filtration to take place before the water travels into Deckers Creek.Deckers CreekExisting Conditions Perspective ( Vacant Lot Beside Kroger)Deckers CreekExisting Conditions Perspective ( Vacant Lot Beside Kroger)This scene shows how the vacant lot beside Kroger can be transformed into a more functional environment that will foster community recreation and leisure space. This could turn the empty lot into a main attraction located in the heart of Sabraton. Deckers CreekExisting Conditions Perspective (Open Space Vacant Lot)Deckers CreekPerspective (Open Space Vacant Lot)This view shows another vacant lot that runs along Deck-ers Creek that could increase habitat and biodiversity for the area. This space could also provide an area for sculptural installations. Existing Conditions I:68 Interchange Support DrawingsDeckers CreekDeckers CreekI : 68 Interchange - Master Plan1= 1001 2345678910123456 7 8910In support of its educational and developmental mission at West Virginia University, Adventure WV has recently collaborated with the WVU Division of Forestry & Natural Resources to create a canopy tour facility. Believed to be the first university-owned and operated canopy tour in the United States, the Adventure WV Canopy Tour will be used to train practitioners, host research, and to provide fun educational experiences for the WVU community! The canopy tour is comprised of four zip-lines, an aerial bridge, and a tandem rappel station to exit the course. After exiting the course, participants will hike from the base of the final tree back to the starting point on an interpretive nature trail.Throughout the canopy tour experience, participants will learn about the University Research Forest. The canopy tour guides will provide information about the forest, what it is used for, how its managed and what kinds of plants and animals call it home. The canopy tour provides a unique perspective on the forest as well as the individual trees that support the canopy tour itself.Zip-lining is one of the fastest-growing segments of the adventure-tourism market because its accessible to everyoneDeckers CreekAdventure WV Canopy Tour- case study Deckers CreekPerspectives ( I:68 Under Pass Deckers Creek Trail)Existing Conditions Deckers CreekHere is the threshold as you walk into the Interstate 68 site. It is connect-ed to the Sabraton and Richard mine sites through the overhead arch form. This arch represents passing into a coal mine tunnel, using materials and tex-tures found in the region. Under the bridge is a rock wall and zip-line sta-tion that can be used to hold events. Perspectives ( I:68 Under Pass Deckers Creek Trail)Deckers CreekAerial Perspectives ( I:68 Under Pass Overview)Deckers Creek Trail Deckers Creek Trail AccessI:68Earl L Core RdDeckers CreekPerspectives ( I:68 Under Pass Zip-Line) Existing Conditions Deckers CreekPerspectives ( I:68 Under Pass Zip-Line)This perspective is from the trail side un-der the I 68 bridge. Viewing from the zip line platform, you can see the trail, creek, green infrastructure and rock wall stations. Deckers CreekExisting Conditions Perspectives ( I:68 Under Pass Green Infrastructure, Rock Wall and Zip Line)Deckers CreekPerspectives ( I:68 Under Pass Green Infrastructure, Rock Wall and Zip Line)VegetationRiver CobbleSandy SoilSoilGeo-textile FabricSustain TanksClean SoilNative SoilsProblems Addressed:Highway runoff Water Contamination Aesthetics Proposed Solutions:Filter Storm-waterContain RunoffEnhance Visual appeal This view is from under the I 68 bridge, from the Earl L Core road side. Here we created the spiral-ing green rain gutters that have bio-retention plant-ers on them. At the base is a rain garden with an un-derground filter system that releases water directly into Deckers Creek. Also you can experience the rock wall here and watch as people zip line across the creekPerspective ( Earl L Core Road Bioswale )Existing ConditionsDeckers CreekPerspective ( Earl L Core Road Bioswale )Existing ConditionsFrom Earl L Core road you are right next to the bioswale and green downspouts here which helps people realize they have entered the I 68 threshold. The art forms on the bridge also help tie this site to Richard Mine and Sabraton. This bioswale helps clean water as it moves downhill to the main drain in the lower swale.Deckers CreekPerspective ( I 68 Bridge Barriers)Existing ConditionsDeckers CreekPerspective ( I 68 Bridge Barriers)Existing ConditionsImplementing these wind powered road barriers has multiple purposes for the site. First they generate electricity from the passing traffic that creates the winds to move the turbines. Then that electricity can be used on the Deckers Creek Trail to help with lighting and the inter-active boards on the overhead arches. Last the look of the barriers, along with some of the artwork will help drivers understand they are in a special crossing area of the new green infrastructure cleaning the stormwater from this site before it enters into Deckers Creek.Deckers CreekPerspectives ( I:68 Under Pass Green Down Spouts)Existing Conditions Problems Addressed:Highway runoff Water Contamination Aesthetics Proposed Solutions:Filter Storm-waterContain RunoffEnhance Visual appeal These custom downspouts use vegeta-tion to slow and clean the highway runoff as it drains from the above I 68 bridge. These systems clean water before it hits the ground and then before it is released into soils below. Visually these help peo-ple understand that runoff water is being cleaned, and also that the site as a whole is trying to clean the highway runoff water.VegetationRiver CobbleSandy SoilSoilGeo-textile FabricSustain TanksClean SoilNative SoilsPerspective ( Bioswales)Existing ConditionsDeckers CreekPerspective ( Bioswales)Existing ConditionsThese constructed bioswales serve many purposes and are the most visual part of the I 68 site. They are constructed to slow and hold water trying to let it penetrate into the ground instead of getting it into Deckers Creek as fast as possible. They use the re-cycled material bottle walls to hold back the earth to create small holding areas until the water either overflows the front or seeps into the ground. They have art work on them to connect to the other sites, and also to let maintenance know they are there so it won't get damaged while mowing the fields.Deckers CreekPerspective ( Bank Stabilization )Existing ConditionsDeckers CreekPerspective ( Bank Stabilization)Existing ConditionsShown here are the banks along one of the onramps that have been severely eroded from rain. Not only is it an eye sore but it also wash-es a lot of sediment into Deckers Creek. Using spreading and deep rooted plants the bank can be built back up again. Holding back the sediment and also slowing down the water coming off of the hills. Deckers CreekPerspective ( Tributary Stream )Existing ConditionsDeckers CreekPerspective ( Tributary Stream )Existing ConditionsMore than half of the water on the site eventually drains out into this tributary creek. Which is why it is important to have proper vegetation here for slowing and cleaning the water, and also to create a functioning habitat. Deckers CreekPerspective ( Parking Lot Bioswales )Existing ConditionsDeckers CreekPerspective ( Parking Lot Bioswales )Existing ConditionsHere is where water naturally collected so we created a swale system with a boardwalk for people to explore and see how the systems worked. The boardwalk helps you get close and see the plants, with signage and interpretations explaining important information about the I 68 site. The boardwalk leads you to a observation deck that is elevated to see across the road to the site.Deckers CreekRecycled Bioretention Retaining WallsExisting ConditionsFor the design of the Interstate 68 interchange we needed to come up with a ma-terial that would be long lasting and relatively cheap. The solution is constructing retaining walls out of plastic bottles filled with sand, and molding them together with mud or cement. Creating a solid wall that has been proven to be bullet and fire proof. "The United States uses 129.6 million plastic bottles per day which is 47.3 Billion plastic bottles a year. About 80% of those plastic bottles end up in a landfill." The materials can all be gathered locally and can help clean up some of the trash pollution in the area. Also the walls will help create a visual experience to the site.Deckers CreekSoil Amendment- LimestoneOverviewTurf grasses and other ground covers usually do not grow well in highly acid soils, and most soils in West Virginia are acid by nature, so the I68 interchange site will need some soil amendments in order to keep the vegetation alive. The acid conditions can be caused from the leaching of calcium and magnesium, application of fertilizers, use of compost or peat moss and the washing of sulfur from the rain. Acid soils are referred to "sour", measured by the amount of hydrogen ions in the soil ranging from 1 to 14, 7 being neutral. In West Virginia soils range from pH 4.0 and 7.0, soils less than 7 are acid and soils above 7 are alkaline. The target area is between pH 6.5 and 7.0. An acid soil is not infertile but it tells us calcium and magnesium levels are low and need raised. Low pH levels also cause other nutrients to be unavailable to plants, so with a higher acidity in the soil, the more need to add lime. Calcium or calcium and magnesium make up lime, which is referred to as "agricultural lime" or "ground limestone." Three types of lime1. Ground limestone and calcic limestone- Calcium Carbonate (CaCO3) which is finely ground, pure calcium carbonate. Almost all lime used in the United States is calcium carbonate because it is so abundant and cheapest. It is not caustic or disagreeable to handle like the other two kinds of lime. It can contain magnesium carbonate, then it is called dolomitic lime-stone. 2. Burnt lime (CaO) quick lime, caustic lime, breaks down faster than calcium carbonate entering the soils quicker. Gloves have to be used when handling this type. Because it works faster you don't need as much to neutralize.3. Hydrated lime [Ca(OH)2] or slaked lime, is similar to ground limestone but is twice as effective, with a higher price to buy.Functions of Lime1. Corrects soil acidity.2. Furnished important plant nutrients- calcium and magnesium.3. Lowers the solubility and toxicity of aluminum, manganese and iron. Which can reduce plant growth.4. Promotes other available nutrients, the calcium aids in bringing many plant nutrients. Including zinc, copper and mostly phosphorus. 5. Increases bacterial activity and promotes ideal soil structure. The soil becomes more porous, allowing better air circulation and helps absorb moisture.Time of ApplicatoinThe best time to add lime to the lawn is when the soils are being prepared for planting. Adding lime is important in the sub-soil and not just the top soil because it slowly leaches through the ground. It can be added to already growing lawns, working best in the fall, then the winter and last the spring. If you apply to a wet soil then it won't be an even distribution. It has to be spread in an even layer because lime will not spread across the surface on its own. Rate of ApplicationIt is best to get a soil test to determine the type, amount of pH and what type of lime to use. Soils with lots of silt and clay need more lime than light sandy soils. Lime application should be around every three to five years. Over liming can be just as bad as not having it in the first place, and using other favorable conditions for soil and plant growth should be used to aid in having good soil.Deckers CreekWind Powered Highway BarrierExisting ConditionsUsing the energy of wind created from the moving traffic Deckers Creek Rail Trail can have site amentities that use electricity. We already have some solar powered arches that provide light, the electricity from the bridge can be used through those or to light up other areas within the corridor. The double stacked wind turbines spin from the cars driving by at speeds around 70 mph, creating on site energy from the traffic moving through the site. This will also help create a distinction of entering the site, raising the awareness of what is going on and helping people connect with the interchange.Deckers CreekSection- Under I 68 BridgeRail TrailGreen DownSpoutBank Stabalizing PlantsDeckersCreekHighway RunoffInfiltrationSeed MixThe viewpoint of this section is that of someone floating down Deckers Creek in the water. You can view the trail on the left, to the road on the right. Also seeing the rock wall and zip line area. And the green infrastructure of the green downspouts and spiraling vegetation gutters.Not to ScaleDeckers CreekSection- Full SiteBioswaleCascadingSwaleBank Stabalizing PlantsSwale RetentionWallDetention PondBioremediationPlantsWind EnergyBarriersGreen Down SpoutGreenOutflow PipeDetentionPondObservationDeckOutflowCreekRain GardenNot to ScaleHere is a full site section for the Interstate 68 interchange. On the left side starts with the residential area where a bio-swale retention area was created. Moving to the right are some of the green infrastructure techniques used throughout the site. And all the way to the right is the park and ride area that again finishes with more rain gardens and bio-swales. Deckers CreekSection- Park and RideUtilityShedOutflowPipeElevatedBoardwalkMulti Functional Restroom FacilityBioswale ObservationDeckSwale RetentionWallScale 1= 20Here is a view of the park and ride area, located to the south east side of the site. It consists of a park-ing lot, multi-functional bathroom and storage building, and green infrastructure. More than half the site drains through this location where the outflow pipe is. Which is why there is multiple wet-lands and bio-swales in this area. The elevated boardwalk takes the user through these area to see and learn from the systems, with an elevated viewing platform to take a look out to the rest of the site.Deckers CreekI:68 -Plan ViewDeckers CreekPlan View ( Existing and Proposed Contours ) Deckers CreekI: 68 - Full Site PerspectiveDeckers CreekRichard Mine Support DrawingsDeckers CreekRichard Mine- Master PlanDeckers CreekThe Richard Mine Master Plan is based upon acid mine drainage remediation and creating a fun, educational park for the Friends of Deck-ers Creek program. We acheived our goal by creating active and passive treatments to cleanse the polluted water of the underground Richard Mine pool. The treatments are not only effec-tive but also visual to educate the population about the importance of clean streams. The plan also draws upon recreational activity that will improve the over lifestyle of the community, and brings an artistic, innovative approach to enhance the Deckers Creek Trail.114 422336655Deckers CreekPerspective ( Deckers Creek Trail Zipline To Richard Mine)The zipline offers a fun, unique way to enter the site from the Deckers Creek trail. The zipline has an automatic lift that will bring you back up to the trail after riding.0 2040S1S1Richard Mine Site Section- S1Perspective ( Richard Mine Threshold)Deckers CreekProblems Addressed:Undefined Entrance Habitat LossAesthetics Proposed Solutions:Highlight Thresholds Foster New HabitatEnhance Visual Appeal Educational Opportunities Existing Conditions Perspective ( Richard Mine Threshold)Deckers CreekThe entrance to the Richard Mine Site is defined by a large steel pipe arch way that sets a tone of industrial engineering throughout the green space. Treated water leaves the plant and enters a series of settling ponds before being release back into Deckers Creek.Deckers CreekPerspective ( Richard Mine Treatment Facility)Existing Conditions Problems Addressed:Habitat LossAesthetics Proposed Solutions:Foster New HabitatEnhance Visual Appeal Educational Opportunities Perspective ( Richard Mine Treatment Facility)02010Underground PipeDeckers CreekAerobic Oxidation PondAerobic WetlandWater up to 2 ft deepInfluentEffluent to next pondOrganic MatterOrganic MatterLimestone GravelWater Flows Across Organic MatterWater FlowsDown Through Orgainic Matter, Then Through LimestoneWater < 1 ft deepWater < 1 ft deepTerraced Settling Pond DetailDeckers CreekPerspective ( Richard Mine Stream Overlook)Problems Addressed:Habitat LossAesthetics Proposed Solutions:Foster New HabitatEnhance Visual Appeal Educational Opportunities Existing Conditions Deckers CreekPerspective ( Richard Mine Stream Overlook)Richard Mine Site Section-S2Deckers CreekS2S2S1S1Richard Mine Site Section (Steam Overlook) - S202010Deckers CreekFriends of Deckers Creek now has a new office located on this site equipped with a multi-use facility, edible food planting beds, collapsable tent, and playground. Having a new, larger building will give the program the chance to increase its operations and develop more goals for improving the quality of Deckers Creek.Richard Mine Site Section (Friends of Deckers Creek Learning Center) - S2Richard Mine Site Section(Overlook & Creek Access) - S1S1S1S2S202010Deckers CreekPerspective ( Richard Mine Settling Pond)Existing Conditions Problems Addressed:Bare land Aesthetics Proposed Solutions:Enhance Biodiversity Enhance Visual Appeal Implement FunctionsDeckers CreekPerspective ( Richard Mine Settling Pond)Existing Conditions Deckers CreekPerspective ( Richard Mine Discharge)Existing Conditions Problems Addressed:Acid Mine DrainageWater Contamination Aesthetics Proposed Solutions:Filter Acid Mine DrainageContain and Convey DischargeEnhance Visual Appeal Educational Opportunities Deckers CreekPerspective ( Richard Mine Discharge)The Richard Mine extraction pump is visual and effective. Drawing water from nearly 600ft below the surface and sending it down an open lime stone channel be-fore entering the treatment plant. The treated water then leaves the plant and flows through a se-ries of settling ponds before be-ing released back into the creek.


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