Novato Creek Watershed Upper Watershed Restoration Opportunities

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<ul><li><p>Novato Creek WatershedUpper Watershed Restoration Opportunities</p></li><li><p>Anatomy of a WatershedHeadwatersValley FloorEstuaryBayRiparian Forest</p></li><li><p>Largest watershed in eastern Marin</p></li><li><p>Major Novato Creek tributariesNovato Creek-Bowman CanyonVineyard-WarnerWilsonArroyo AvichiCheda CreekArroyo San JosePacheco Creek</p></li><li><p>Upper watershed land use is primarily agriculture and open spaceBowman Canyon</p></li><li><p>Valley floor land use is primarily residential with scattered park lands</p></li><li><p>Beneficial Uses Water QualityWater SupplyWetlandsWildlife ProtectionRecreationAgriculture</p></li><li><p>Restoration underway along the Bay!</p></li><li><p>Hamilton and BMK 5 RestorationScan pdf</p><p>Total Project Conceptual Design2600Acres </p></li><li><p>Flood HistorySignificant flooding in 1955,1982, 1983 1986, 1995, 1998, 2005-06</p></li><li><p>Marin County Flood Control and Water Conservation District Zone 1</p></li><li><p>Deer Island WetlandsAn integrated watershed management project </p></li><li><p>Novato Creek-late 1880sNovato Creek has been navigable since the mid 1870s when 23 ton schooners made weekly trips to San Francisco CaliforniaTidal influence extended through and upstream of Nave Shopping CenterIn 1880 the creek was dredged to keep the wharf openSolferno</p></li><li><p>Novato Creek-1895</p></li><li><p>Today Dredging Conducted for Flood Control</p></li><li><p>Tidal marshlands and sloughs were diked and drained for agriculture around the 1860's</p></li><li><p>The Creek bed is down cutting</p></li><li><p>Unstable Bank Slopes</p></li><li><p>Geomorphic Channel RestorationDesign ConsiderationsMaintain Active Channel WidthConsider Both BanksConsider Upstream &amp; Downstream EffectsRetain Native VegetationModerate to Gradual Bank SlopeIncorporate Native Vegetation into DesignInvasive Species Have Poor Rooting Strength-Replace with Native Plants</p></li><li><p> Anatomy of a Floodplain</p></li><li><p>Biotechnical Bank StabilizationIncorporating Native Plants into the design process</p></li><li><p>Wildlife Protection</p></li><li><p>Creek WildlifeSalt Marsh Harvest MouseRiver OtterMuskratBlue HeronClapper RailJack RabbitSongbirds</p></li><li><p>Steelhead trout </p><p>Novato CreekVineyard CreekBowman Canyon</p></li><li><p>Steelhead DistributionCEMARCEMAR concludes The Novato Watershed has not been sampled adequatelyit appears to offer spawning and rearing habitat despite being the driest of the MC drainages.</p></li><li><p>Best Potential for Steelhead Habitat Restoration</p><p>Novato Creek</p><p>Vineyard Creek</p><p>Bowman Canyon CreekSteelhead young of the year-Vineyard Creek</p></li><li><p>Chinook salmon</p><p>Novato Creek (tidewater areas)likely hatchery strays</p></li><li><p>Novato Creek as a Water SupplyNMWD / Stafford Lake Reservoir</p></li><li><p> Friends Of Novato Creek IntroductionBackground, Challenges and Opportunities</p></li><li><p>Friends of Novato Creek WatershedFounded as a 501c3 Non Profit Corporation in 2001 Received ruling 2006Members of the local communities, FNC members are teachers, engineers, contractors, students, lawyers, biologists, business owners .Monthly meetings, semi annual trainings and events, including storm drain painting , creek cleanups, invasive species removals, water monitoring and creek walks.</p></li><li><p>FNC MissionOrganized for the protection, restoration, and improvement of the Novato Creek Watershed. To build community awareness through programs in partnership with the local community</p></li><li><p>FNC Programs:Public Outreach &amp; EducationSignageCreek CleanupsCitizen Water MonitoringEducational ProgramsResearch ProjectsRiparian Restoration</p></li><li><p>Signage</p></li><li><p>FNC Creek Cleanups </p></li><li><p>Water Quality Historic Monitoring &amp; DataCitizen Water Quality MonitoringConcerns- pesticides, sediment, pathogens</p></li><li><p>Novato Creek Invasive weedsHimalayan BlackberryGiant ReedIvy (German, English, Cape)Pepper weed</p></li><li><p>Citizen Monitoring Benthic MacroinvertebratesFNC has trained 15 volunteers / Conducted 2 trainings2006 - conducted monitoring of 5 sites including water quality, BMI collection, and physical habitatData pending </p></li><li><p>Data CollectionBenthic Macroinvertebrate Monitoring </p></li><li><p>FNC and MCSTOPPP Sampling Stations</p></li><li><p>FNC and MCSTOPPP Sampling Stations</p></li><li><p>FNC-Next StepsIncrease efforts to build awareness of the watershed (literature / sign projectsPresentations in local schools and work with local youth organizationsWork with Marin County &amp; City of Novato Continue to develop water monitoring program </p></li><li><p>Novato Creek ChallengesFloodingWater QualityChannel managementHabitat, sensitive species, and fisheriesBank erosion and stream stabilityIllegal camp sitesGroundwaterInvasive weeds Invasive species-partnered w/ Romberg Tiburon Ctr to monitor Harris Mud Crab</p></li><li><p>Novato Watershed Planning Documents</p><p>City of Novato General PlanDraft Marin Countywide Plan &amp; Watershed Management PlanNBWA Watershed Stewardship Plan and IRWMPMarin County Flood Control and Water Conservation District-Technical StudiesSan Francisco Bay Watershed PlanState of CA Basin Plan-TMDLs &amp; 303d listingsPhase II NPDES Storm Water Permit and MCSTOPPP stormwater management plan</p></li><li><p>For more information about Marin County Creeks and the Novato Watershed go to and</p><p>At the top of the watershed are the headwatersThis is where the creeks begin. Water is typically flowing underground at the higher points, and comes to the surface as the slope is steeper.Has low lying grasses at the top in MarinTransitions to steep slopes and fast moving water.The valley floor is lower down in the watershed.Shallower slopesSlower moving waterLots of critters living thereWhere we build our towns and citiesThe Estuary is the next part of the watershed.Very shallow slopesVery windy creekMixed with sea water from the tides to make brackish waterDifferent types of plants and animals grow and live here due to the different type of waterThe bay is the last part of the watershed.</p><p>This is the grand scheme; only the bottom portion has been approved by Congress as a project of the Corps. The BMKV portion could be added by action in the Water Resources Development Act (WRDA). </p><p>2600 acres total. </p><p>Six different habitat types included. </p><p>Sloop approaching near present day Nave Shopping CenterNovato Creek is trying to adjust to the construction of the Stafford Lake dam and additional development in the watershed area. The creek is attempting to increase cross section in several areas. The bank stabilization measures proposed should not impede the creek from adjusting Data collection by professional lab</p></li></ul>


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