conservation and sustainable use of medicinal plants in arid and semi-arid ecosystems of egypt

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  • Slide 1
  • Conservation and Sustainable Use of Medicinal Plants in Arid and Semi-Arid Ecosystems of Egypt
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  • Saint Katherine Protectorate In 1996, SKP declared as full protected area, 4350 km & World Heritage Site by UNESCO Unique combination of natural resources, especially high altitude ecosystems with diverse fauna and flora.
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  • SKP Globally Significant Endemic MAP Species 472 plant species 44% of the total endemic plant species of Egypt 14 GSMAPs Long history of Bedouin traditional use of MAP resources
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  • SKP Globally Significant MAP Species Unique Eco- geographic settings Climatic conditions Habitat & Micro habitat Diversity
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  • Threats facing MAPs Conservation 1- Feral Donkeys (invasive species) 2- Destructive Harvesting Techniques: 3- Over harvesting 4- Tourists Intrusions 5- Overgrazing 6- Collection for Scientific Research 7- Urbanization and Settlements In addition to Climate Change and drought cycles.
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  • Project Overall Objective & Outcomes The main Objective of the project is the Conservation and sustainable use of globally significant medicinal plant biodiversity in SKP Which will be achieved through the reorganisation and rationalisation of the Projects interventions to achieve 5 Outcomes: Outcome 1: Conservation management of SKP MAP resources strengthened Outcome 2: MAP products market value chain strengthened and sustained Outcome 3: Pressure on target resources reduced by alternatives Outcome 4: MAP conservation and management enabling environment strengthened Outcome 5: Learning, evaluation, and adaptive management increased
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  • Outcome 1: Conservation management of SKP MAP resources strengthened CBNRM (Community Based Natural Resources Management) Rehabilitation & Restoration Program Living Collection & Gene Bank Communication, Education, Participation & Awareness
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  • Community Based Natural Resources Management CBNRM CBNRM Negotiations with community in SK Scenario planning Building trust with Bedouin women MAP collectors Women liaison points Community-based natural resource management (CBNRM) is a systemic approach to conservation that allows those closest to the resource, and who bear the costs of conservation, to manage the resource and benefit from its management and use
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  • Rehabilitation & Restoration Program Rehabilitation sites selection MAPs rehabilitated in the selected sites MAP rehabilitation sites monitoring
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  • Living Collection & Gene Bank MAPs living collectionMAPs seedlings Preservation of MAPs seedsMAPs greenhouses
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  • Educating the Future Community of Saint Katherine 1.The Green School Program 2.Biodiversity Education Activities 3.Drawings From the Environment Program 4.Environmental Awareness Activities & Campaigns Indicators 8 green schools 545 participants at competitions 20 schools involved in EAEP 100 children participated at summer activities Almost 1000 visitors to the greenhouses per annum The green school program Biodiversity Education Environmental Awareness and Education Program (EAEP)
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  • International tourists visitors to MPCP greenhouses Field studies Biodiversity education activities Drawings from the environment programCompetition and Rewards Educating the Future Community of Saint Katherine Environmental Awareness and Education Program (EAEP)
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  • Outcome 2: Developing and strengthening Saint Katherine Medicinal Plants Value Chain The goal of adapting a value chain approach for natural resource management is to motivate the business community to think globally and act locally with respect to biodiversity and sustainable development aspects. Why value chain approach Improve Quality Increase Efficiency Differentiate Products Identify and develop strategic partnerships necessary for the initiatives growth Improving access to markets Identify economies of scale ensuring a more efficient product flow Ensuring that all actors in the chain benefit Meet the requirements for certification and national or international standards Achieve sustainable use, fair-trade and benefit sharing principles
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  • Saint Katherine's Medicinal & Aromatic Plants Value Chain Strengthening the Value Chain
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  • Developing SKP MAP Value Chain 1.Identifying SKP MAP Value Chain Partners 2.Bringing Whole System in Room for First Time 3.Building Relationships 4.Establishing Common Goals 5.Establishing SKP MAP value Chain Action Plan 6.Selecting a Steering Committee 7.Initiating Agreements and Contracts Building relationships Bringing Whole System in Room Establishing common goals and action plan Initiating Agreements
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  • Strengthening the Value Chain 1.Sustainable plant sourcing 2.Improving the Enabling environment 3.Improve quality 4.Vertical &horizontal linkages & cooperation 5.Improve communications and awareness 6.Improve market access Quality control Sustainable plant sourcing Improve market accessCapacity buildingApply international standard
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  • Traditional handicrafts support and product development
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  • The pharmacy Outcome 3:Pressure on target resources reduced by use of alternatives Butane cookers Revenue generation Bee hives for Honey Production Social and economic development Fodder Distribution Outlet
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  • Outcome 4: MAP conservation and management enabling environment strengthened Nationwide surveys & National strategy ABS legislation Meetings with MAP collectorsHerbalists school
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  • Outcome 5: Learning, evaluation, and adaptive management increased MAP database & Digital Herbarium
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  • MPCP websiteGIS and MAPs distribution analysis Outcome 5: Learning, evaluation, and adaptive management increased
  • Slide 22
  • Social and economic benefits of the MPCP Local community economic development i.e. microfinance schemes (more than 100 loans), products development, market access improvement, value chain development, eco-tourism related activities support, CBNRM Revenue generation and business opportunists i.e. bee hives projects, packaging & labeling of medicinal plants, medicinal plants cultivation, traditional crafts support Generation of direct and indirect job opportunities (108 direct job opportunity) Social services i.e. establishment of a pharmacy (serving more than 2500 local citizens), butane cookers, fuel wood Social development i.e. establishment of 2 NGOs, gender equality Cultural support i.e. herbalists school support (15 young herbalists), ABS law Direct and indirect contribution to local and national economy through project expenditures Education and awareness activities i.e. biodiversity education, green school program, summer activities, art classrooms
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  • Strategic Long-term ObjectivesStrategic Programs for GEF-4 MPCP Relevance 1: To catalyze sustainability of protected area (PA) systems 1.Sustainable financing of PA systems at the national level 2. Increasing representation of effectively managed marine PA areas in PA systems 3.Strengthening terrestrial PA networks 2: To mainstream biodiversity in production landscapes/seascapes and sectors 4. Strengthening the policy and regulatory framework for mainstreaming biodiversity 5. Fostering markets for biodiversity goods and services 3: To safeguard biodiversity 6. Building capacity for the implementation of the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety 7. Prevention, control and management of invasive alien species 4: To build capacity on access and benefit sharing 8. Building capacity on access and benefit sharing MPCP relevance to GEF Biodiversity Strategic Long-term Objectives & Strategic Programs for GEF
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  • Project Contribution to the MDGs Goal 1: Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger Micro Finance Production development Marketing Business opportunities Job opportunities Gender empowermentEconomic developmentSocial participation Goal 3: Promote gender equality and empower women CBNRM Promote social participation and involvement Handicrafts program Goal 7: Ensure Environmental Sustainability Conservation & sustainable use of ecosystem goods and services
  • Slide 25
  • Conserving Global Biodiversity By Developing Local ccCommunities Medicinal Plants Conservation Project


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