community school funding

Download Community School Funding

Post on 19-May-2015

413 views

Category:

Education

1 download

Embed Size (px)

DESCRIPTION

Funding community school initiatives is one of the most difficult components of the planning, implementation and scaling up process. This content area highlights how community schools identify revenue streams, allocate resources, and leverage revenue streams to sustain successful community school initiatives. It also explores sources of federal, state and local funding that align with various community school components and have the potential to be leveraged for specific programs and services.

TRANSCRIPT

  • 1. A RESOURCE GUIDE FORUNDERSTANDING COMMUNITY SCHOOLSCommunity School FundingOctober 2012 Prepared by:Iris HemmerichUrban Strategies Council

2. Community School FundingTable of ContentsA Resource Guide for Understanding Community Schools .......................................................................... 2 Updating the Resource Guide ................................................................................................................... 4 Additional Community School Resources ................................................................................................. 4Our Community School work with Oakland Unified School District ............................................................. 5Community School Funding: Literature Review............................................................................................ 6 Introduction .............................................................................................................................................. 6 Review ....................................................................................................................................................... 61.Identifying and Integrating Revenue Streams .............................................................................. 62.Types of Funding and Revenue Streams (with a focus on Federal)............................................... 73.Resource Allocation ....................................................................................................................... 8 Conclusion ................................................................................................................................................. 81.Challenges ..................................................................................................................................... 82.Promising Practices ....................................................................................................................... 93.Concluding Remarks ...................................................................................................................... 9Community School Funding: Annotated Bibliography ................................................................................ 10 1.Strategic Organization and Financing ............................................................................................. 10 2.Federal Funding Programs .............................................................................................................. 14 3.State Funding Programs.................................................................................................................. 21 1Urban Strategies Council, October 2012 3. A Resource Guide for Understanding Community SchoolsINTRODUCTIONUrban Strategies Council has collected and reviewed more than 175 evaluations, case studies,briefs and reports for use by those considering or planning a community school or communityschool district. Our intention is to provide interested individuals and stakeholders theresources they need to better understand the unique structure and core components ofcommunity schools. The promising practices, recommendations, tools and information sharedin this document have been culled from documents representing the last 20 years of researchand documentation of community schools across the United States.We highlighted 11 content areas that we believe to be the most foundational for understandingcommunity schools. Within each of the content areas, you will find: 1. A literature review: The literature reviews for each content area are organizedaround core questions and provide a synthesis of the most commonly identifiedsolutions and responses to each question, as well as highlights, promising practices,challenges and recommendations. 2. An annotated bibliography: We gathered and annotated literature in each of thecontent areas to underscore key themes, some of which include: best practices,exemplary sites, models and tools. The annotations vary by content area in order todraw attention to the most pertinent information. For example, the Evaluations contentarea includes annotations of the evaluation methodology and indicators of success.The 11 content areas include the following: 1. Community School CharacteristicsProvides a general overview of the structure, function, core elements, programs andservices of a community school. 2. Planning and DesignExplores the general planning and design structures for community schools, anddiscusses the initial steps and central components of the planning and design process, aswell as strategies for scaling up community schools. 3. Equity Frameworks and ToolsExamines literature and tools that can be adapted to an equity framework forcommunity schools. We included equity frameworks and tools that exploredisproportionality and the monitoring of disparities and demographic shifts. 4. Collaborative Leadership 2Urban Strategies Council, October 2012 4. Addresses how to build, strengthen and expand the collaborative leadership structure at community schools. Collaborative leadership is a unique governance structure that brings together community partners and stakeholders to coordinate a range of services and opportunities for youth, families and the community.5. Family and Community Engagement Explores how community and family engagement operates as well as the challenges for actualizing it at the site level. Family and community engagement is a unique component of community schools in which the school, families, and community actively work together to create networks of shared responsibility for student success.6. Data Collection and Analysis Addresses the outcomes measured at community schools, methods for collecting data at community schools, and short and long term indicators.7. Assessment Tools Includes tools used to measure outcomes at community schools.8. Community School Evaluations Provides evaluations of community school initiatives with special attention paid to methodology, indicators of success, findings and challenges.9. Community School Funding Explores how to leverage revenue streams and allocate resources at community schools.10. Budget ToolsIncludes tools that support the process of budgeting and fiscal mapping.11. Community School SustainabilityExplores promising practices for creating sustainability plans, partnership developmentand leveraging resources for the future.3 Urban Strategies Council, October 2012 5. UPDATING THE RESOURCE GUIDEUrban Strategies Council will continue its efforts to update the Resource Guide with the mostcurrent information as it becomes available. If you know of topics or resources that are notcurrently included in this guide, please contact Alison Feldman, Education Excellence Program,at alisonf@urbanstrategies.org. We welcome your ideas and feedback for A Resource Guide forUnderstanding Community Schools.ADDITIONAL COMMUNITY SCHOOL RESOURCESNational:The Coalition for Community Schoolshttp://www.communityschools.org/The National Center for Community Schools (Childrens Aid Society)http://nationalcenterforcommunityschools.childrensaidsociety.org/Yale University Center in Child Development and Social Policyhttp://www.yale.edu/21c/training.htmlRegional:The Center for Community School Partnerships, UC Davishttp://education.ucdavis.edu/community-school-partnershipsCenter for Strategic Community Innovationhttp://cscinnovation.org/community-schools-project/about-cscis-community-schools-project/community-school-initiative-services-coaching-and-ta/4 Urban Strategies Council, October 2012 6. Our Community School work with Oakland Unified School DistrictUrban Strategies Council has a long history of working with the Oakland Unified School District(OUSD) to support planning for improved academic achievement. Most recently, we helpeddevelop and support the implementation of OUSDs five-year strategic plan, CommunitySchools, Thriving Students. Adopted by the Board of Education in June 2011, the plan calls forbuilding community schools across the district that ensure high-quality instruction; developsocial, emotional and physical health; and create equitable opportunities for learning. UrbanStrategies Council has worked with the school district, community members and otherstakeholders to support this system reform in several ways: Community Schools Strategic Planning: Urban Strategies Council facilitated six School Board retreats over a 14-month period to help develop the strategic plan. As part of that process, the District created 14 task forces to produce recommendations for the plan, with Urban Strategies Council facilitating one task force and sitting on several others. Full Service Community Schools Task Force: Urban Strategies Council convened and co- facilitated the Full Service Community Schools and District Task Force, which created a structural framework and tools for planning and implementation, and produced a report with a set of recommendations that formed the foundation of the strategic plan. Community Engagement in Planning: Urban Strategies Council partnered with the district to educate and engage more than 900 school and community stakeholders on how community schools could best serve them. Planning for Community Schools Leadership Council: Urban Strategies Council has been working with OUSDs Department of Family, School and Community Partnerships to lay the groundwork for building an interagency, cross-sector partnership body that will provide high-level system oversight and support, and ensure shared responsibility and coordination of resources towards the vision of healthy, thriving children supported through community schools. Convening Workgroups: Urban Strategies Council continues to partner with the District to convene and facilitate several workgroups developing specific structures, processes, and practices supporting community school implement