Community Biodiversity Management - Benefits of Biodiversity

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Case study from Sirsi, Western Ghats in India showcasing the Community Biodiversity Management approach for on-farm conservation; presented during the Tree Diversity Day at the CBD convention in Hydrabad in October 2012

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<ul><li>1.The benefits of native Garcinia andMangifera species in South and SouthEast Asiashowcasing integrated approach for on-farm (in situ)conservation and use in practice Biodiversity and Development COP11 11 October 2012Hugo Lamers &amp; Bhuwon Sthapit</li></ul> <p>2. Outline presentation Importance and benefits of tropical fruit tree diversity Where is diversity found; focus of the project On-farm/in-situ conservation; why and how? CBM approach, methods and tools Garcinia &amp; Mangifera in Western Ghats India Take home message 3. Three type of benefits from TFTdiversity Fundamental source for new seedling materialGlobalthrough open pollination and human &amp; naturalselectionLocal Eco-system services (pollination, lower pest &amp;disease pressure) Risk management (economic, agronomic resilience)Private Source of food items (nutritional diversity) Source of non-food items Source of income 4. Context: Diverse production systemsconserving tree genetic resources!1. Natural forest systems- wild speciesIn-situ2. Buffer zones in protected forests3. Community forestry/economic forestOn-farm4. Home gardens5. Semi-commercial orchards6. Commercial orchards7. Field gene banksEx-situTropical Fruit Tree Diversity 5. Why on-farm/in-situ conservation ofPGR? Allows the evolutionary process to create newdiversity through geneflow and human and naturalGlobalselection Enables interaction with other species and vitalfunctions within agro-ecosystems (provision of eco-Local system services like pollination) Conserves and updates the cultural and traditionalknowledge that is associated with the species orvarieties about its uses, values and characteristics Recognizes farmers rights - farmers as breedersPrivate Fruit tree species are recalcitrant seeds loosegermination power in cold ex-situ storage field genebanks always lack space 6. On-farm/in-situ conservation through use What/which diversity is still there? Why do people maintain diversity/what are thebenefits of TFT for rural communities? Who/what are the driving forces or threats? How is TFT diversity conserved on-farm/in-situ? How to strengthen and support these How to intervene?practices? 7. Community Biodiversity Managementkey outputs, tools , process &amp; outcomesAgricultural &amp;natural biodiversity Knowledge, skills &amp; values ConservationGovernance,CBMFarmRules &amp;strategies &amp;Regulations, Social PovertyactivitiesRecognition Driving force inclusion reduction (SLA) Social &amp;Livelihood institutional benefits &amp;empowermentincome 8. Community Biodiversity ManagementProcess-led approach: Consolidating local institutions and farmers roles 9 steps from site selection to value additionMethods &amp; tools: Four Cell Analysis Fruit Catalogue/CBR Diversity fair Community seed bank Participatory varietyType of Activities: selection/breeding Documenting diversity Identify good practices Creating awareness Identify custodian Set-up local nurseriesfarmers Ok, but how is it done in the Capacity building Diversity Fundfield? Added value activities Rapid Market Appraisal 9. Western Ghats in India one of 34hotspots of biodiversity 1.165 Households Salkani Cluster Kuliveedu Cluster Kumta ClusterIndiaKarnataka StateUttara Kannada dist 10. Mosaic of landscapes: with patches of agricultural land and forests 11. 1. Agricultural biodiversity:Diversity assessment &amp;CBMintroduction of wild species inhome gardens 12. 2. Network of graftingexperts to conserve theCBMknowledge along unique fruittree diversity 13. 3. Social &amp; Institutionalempowerment: Village forest CBMcommittees, betta-land regulationsand the right of harvesting 14. 4. Livelihood benefits &amp; income:Product innovation &amp; sales of traditionalCBMmango pickle and kokum jam by localwomen groups 15. Intermediate outcomes &amp; impact 20121. Diversity and related knowledge assessed and documented; 48 M. indica(mango) varieties, 3 Garcinia species, 11 types taken up for promotion 8pickle mango, 2 table mango and 1 Garcinia species (white kokum).2. Conservation action identified and put in place through grafting experts3. Village forest committees obtained for first time the right to join tender andwon right of harvesting in buffer zone forest in 20124. High demand for mango appe midi saplings by local farming households, justas white type of G. indica4. Women self help groups directly involved in the development and launch ofnew products like jam, pickle, candles, soap &amp; instant powder for kokumjuice 16. Study sites (4 countries; 22 sites; 36 communities; 15,000 HHs)https://maps.google.com/maps/ms?msid=214369556852953217892.00049798000cf458ac970&amp;msa=0 17. producedLocal food culture Side grafting Thailand Thailand PromotingAroi-aroiMalaysia 18. Way forward and take home message Not everywhere - works best in diversity hotspots CBM is challenging &amp; requires shift in paradigm CBM is long-term effort need more research insentinel sites The only holistic &amp; community-based approach to date If implemented successfully, it conserves biodiversitywhile creating multiple benefits such as increasedincomes, lower income &amp; harvest risks, enhance eco-system services, improved nutrition, strengthen localinstitutions, gender equality, recognition ofcustodianship and resilient communities 19. Thank you!Hugo LamersSocio-economics &amp; marketingBioversity InternationalWith many thanks for:Dr. Vasudeva (College of Forestry, Sirsi)www.bioversityinternational.orgMr. Narasimha Hegde (Lifetrust, Sirsi www.fruits4ever.netDr. Gajanana (IIHR, Bangalore) http://tft.atbioversity.net </p>

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