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  • Communications Access Methods for SAS/CONNECT 9.4 and SAS/SHARE 9.4Second Edition

    SAS Documentation

  • The correct bibliographic citation for this manual is as follows: SAS Institute Inc. 2015. Communications Access Methods for SAS/CONNECT 9.4 and SAS/SHARE 9.4, Second Edition. Cary, NC: SAS Institute Inc.

    Communications Access Methods for SAS/CONNECT 9.4 and SAS/SHARE 9.4, Second Edition

    Copyright 2015, SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC, USA

    All rights reserved. Produced in the United States of America.

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    U.S. Government License Rights; Restricted Rights: The Software and its documentation is commercial computer software developed at private expense and is provided with RESTRICTED RIGHTS to the United States Government. Use, duplication or disclosure of the Software by the United States Government is subject to the license terms of this Agreement pursuant to, as applicable, FAR 12.212, DFAR 227.7202-1(a), DFAR 227.7202-3(a) and DFAR 227.7202-4 and, to the extent required under U.S. federal law, the minimum restricted rights as set out in FAR 52.227-19 (DEC 2007). If FAR 52.227-19 is applicable, this provision serves as notice under clause (c) thereof and no other notice is required to be affixed to the Software or documentation. The Government's rights in Software and documentation shall be only those set forth in this Agreement.

    SAS Institute Inc., SAS Campus Drive, Cary, North Carolina 27513-2414.

    July 2015

    SAS and all other SAS Institute Inc. product or service names are registered trademarks or trademarks of SAS Institute Inc. in the USA and other countries. indicates USA registration.

    Other brand and product names are trademarks of their respective companies.

  • Contents

    What's New in Communications Access Methods for SAS/CONNECT 9.4 and SAS/SHARE 9.4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . v

    PART 1 Introduction 1

    Chapter 1 Communication Access Methods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3Communications Access Method: Definition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3Communications Access Methods Supported by SAS/CONNECT and SAS/SHARE . . 3About TCP/IP Internet Protocol (IP) Addressing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4Operating Environments Supported in SAS 9.4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4Finding Information in This Documentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4Accessibility Features in SAS Products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5

    PART 2 Access Methods by Operating Environment 7

    Chapter 2 UNIX: TCP/IP Access Method . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9Prerequisites for Using TCP/IP under UNIX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10SAS/CONNECT Client Tasks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12SAS/CONNECT Server Tasks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17SAS/SHARE Client Tasks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18SAS/SHARE Server Tasks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21

    Chapter 3 Windows: TCP/IP Access Method . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25SAS/SHARE Client Tasks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25SAS/SHARE Server Tasks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28Data Security for SAS/CONNECT or SAS/SHARE Servers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30

    Chapter 4 z/OS: TCP/IP Access Method . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33Prerequisites for Using TCP/IP under z/OS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34SAS/CONNECT Client Tasks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37SAS/CONNECT Server Tasks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41SAS/SHARE Client Tasks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43SAS/SHARE Server Tasks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45System Configuration for TCP/IP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47

    Chapter 5 z/OS: XMS Access Method . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61Prerequisites for Using XMS under z/OS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61SAS/CONNECT Client Tasks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63SAS/CONNECT Server Tasks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65SAS/SHARE Client Tasks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65SAS/SHARE Server Tasks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67System Configuration for the XMS Access Method . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69

  • PART 3 Spawners and Services File 71

    Chapter 6 Introduction to the SAS/CONNECT Spawner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73Spawner Definition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73Benefits of Using a Spawner to Sign On to a Server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74Using SAS Management Console to Administer the SAS/CONNECT Spawner . . . . . 74Using PROC IOMOPERATE to Configure the SAS/CONNECT Spawner . . . . . . . . . 78Operating Environment Support for Spawners . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78Client Connection Using a Spawner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78Spawner Connection Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79

    Chapter 7 Managing the SAS/CONNECT Spawner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83Managing the SAS/CONNECT Spawner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83SAS/CONNECT Spawner in UNIX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84SAS/CONNECT Spawner in Windows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85SAS/CONNECT Spawner in z/OS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86Options for Starting and Managing the SAS/CONNECT Spawner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88

    Chapter 8 TCP/IP SERVICES File . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99Configuring the Services File . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99

    PART 4 Firewalls, Scripts, and Error Messages 101

    Chapter 9 Configuring SAS/CONNECT for Use with a Firewall . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103Firewall Concepts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103Requirements for Using a Firewall . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103Firewall Configurations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104

    Chapter 10 Sign-On Scripts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109Script Rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109Sample Scripts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110

    Chapter 11 Error Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127UNIX: TCP/IP Access Method . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127Windows: TCP/IP Access Method . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128z/OS: TCP/IP Access Method . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 129

    Recommended Reading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131Glossary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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