clash of cultures or ignorance of cultures?

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  • 1. ? Cartoons and Religion: Clash of Cultures or Ignorance of Cultures?
  • 2. Palestinians dress donkey with a Jewish holy Talith The Face of Muhammed - The controversial cartoons of Muhammad, first published in Jyllands-Posten in September 2005.
  • 3. Moslem Cultural Values: No Representation of Allah and Muhammed OR Western Cultural Values: Freedom of Speech Which cultural values are right, which "wrong" ?
  • 4. Frequently, when someone violates a key cultural value, he or she may not even be aware of the violation. Even genuinely small cultural mistakes can have enormous consequences.
  • 5. Culture
      • ENCOMPASSES ALL THAT WE create, learn to do, use, know, and believe
  • 6. Elements of Culture Language (verbal and nonverbal) Religion Values and Attitudes Material Elements Manners and Customs Aesthetics Education Social Institutions
  • 7.
    • Humans and all creatures, have basic biological needs
      • Animals meet these needs through instinct
      • Humans meet these needs through culture
    Culture and Biology Different cultures meet these needs in different ways. The result: many different cultures Self-supporting Little Geese Our Helpless little Son
  • 8. Great Differences in Cultures Who is right, who is "wrong" ?
  • 9. Etiquette in Vorarlberg, Austria. Great Differences in Cultures Who is right, who is "wrong" ?
  • 10.
    • Eating habits
    • Asia - chop sticks
    • Europe knife and fork
    Great Differences in Cultures Who is right, who is "wrong" ?
  • 11. Russia, France = zero USA and U.K. = A-OK Japan = money Greece, Turkey = insult, sexual invitation Great Differences even in the same Gestures
  • 12. Greece = confrontation Canada & USA = stop West Africa = an insult Great Differences even in the same Gestures
  • 13. USA, Hook em horns! fans of the University of Texas Longhorns Norway = symbol of Satanism For many Italians it is the cornuto, signaling, Your spouse is unfaithful . Hawaii = hang loose Great Differences even in the same Gestures
  • 14. Can you guess what the following gesture from Japan means? angry Great Differences even in the same Gestures Anger or hostility Hola! Qu pasa? Can you guess what the following gesture from Malaysia, Argentina, and Mexico means?
  • 15. USA = No. 1 Ancient Rome = allowed to live Bangladesh = taunting Iran = obscenity In Native American, many Asian, and some Hispanic cultures, looking down and avoiding direct eye contact is a sign of respect . Great Differences even in the same Gestures
  • 16.
    • THE UNCOMFORTABLE, ANXIOUS OR DISGUSTING FEELING ONE CAN GET WHEN ENCOUNTERING SURROUNDINGS AND PEOPLE WHO ARE VERY DIFFERENT FROM WHAT ONE IS USED TO EXPERIENCING
    Differences may cause CULTURE SHOCK sundae (stuffed pig intestines)
  • 17.
    • CONSIDERING ONES OWN CULTURE AS SUPERIOR TO OTHERS
      • JUDGING OTHER CULTURES BY THE STANDARDS OF ONES OWN CULTURE. Our culture is right and normal
    Result: Judging other cultures ETHNOCENTRISM The universal tendency for any culture to see its own values and practices as natural and correct.
  • 18.
    • Condemnation of Culture.
    • Christians must require the people to separate from practices which are
    • prohibited in Scripture:
      • idolatry,
      • widow burning,
      • foot-binding
    How Should Christians relate to other Cultures ?
  • 19. Toleration of Culture. Christians will teach against certain practices which violate Christian ideals, although temporarily tolerate them while waiting for the development of a more sensitive conscience on the part of the local people, such as scarification of the body (when done for ornamentation). How Should Christians relate to other Cultures ?
  • 20.
    • Conversion of Culture.
    • Christians may retain certain local patterns and practices while giving them a new content , meaning or purpose--introducing functional substitutes in order to avoid creating a cultural vacuum in the lives of the believers and churches
    • using local songs and stories in worship .
    • SDA vegetarian foods have mostly
    • names of real meat
    How Should Christians relate to other Cultures ?
  • 21.
    • Adoption of Culture.
    • Many cultural patterns and practices are neutral, inoffensive or good and, consequently, are not in conflict with the Gospel.
      • Latin Family bonds
      • Japanese self-effacement
    • Christians, should fully incorporate such cultural elements into the lifestyle of the local church.
    How Should Christians relate to other Cultures ?
  • 22.
    • Enrichment of Culture.
    • This refers to helpful additions from the Gospel. The Good News possesses values which enhance a culture with new meanings, purposes, and ideals:
      • husbands loving their wives , etc.
    How Should Christians relate to other Cultures ?
  • 23.
    • Christ asks us to love all men no matter how
    • different they may be
    • Christ has commissioned us to proclaim the
    • Gospel in all cultures
    • Communication of the Gospel is only possible if
    • recipient understands it through their culture
    • Because we live in a multicultural society and our
    • churches are multicultural
    • We live today in a global age with contacts around
    • the world
    Why should we as Christians understand other cultures ?
  • 24. Why should we as Christians understand other cultures ? {46} "For if you love those who love you, what reward have you? Do not even the tax collectors do the same? {47} "And if you greet your brethren only, what do you do more than others? Do not even the tax collectors do so? (Matthew 5:46-47 NKJV) Because we are called to love those who are different
  • 25. The Apostle Paul said: To the weak I became weak, so that I might win the weak. I have become all things to all people

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