city driving

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Post on 11-Sep-2014

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Learn the basics of driving in the city.

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  • City Driving

  • TRAFFIC

  • 16-BPEDESTRIANS Characteristics Children Schoolchildren Teens Joggers Adults Seniors White cane (guide dog) Hearing impaired Adapting to them Urban Rural

    Yield to them! The most vulnerable of all road users!

  • 5-KPEDESTRIAN SAFETY WIDE VARIETY OF PEOPLEPEDESTRIAN CORRIDORMOST VULNERABLE OF ALL ROAD USERS! DRIVERS MUST LOOK OUT FOR THEM!

  • Traffic

    Bicycles Motorcycles

  • 16-DCYCLISTS Characteristics Children Adults Seniors Roller bladers Skate boarders Adapting to Urban Rural Evasive actionsLook out for them! They are very vulnerable!

  • 16-EMOTORCYCLISTS Characteristics Scooters Mopeds Motorcycles Adapting to them Urban Rural Evasive actionsThey are smaller and less visible with less protection!

  • CYCLIST SAFETY 5-LCyclists are using the HTS in ever increasing numbers. They swerve to avoid storm drains, puddles, potholes, and debris and may move into your path.Check for them before turning, changing lanes, or opening your door when parked. Make cyclists aware of your position and your intentions. Tap the horn from a distance.Be sure to give them plenty of space when passing in the city and even more when in the country.When driving faster, air turbulence may cause cyclists problems.Never pass when there is oncoming traffic.

  • Traffic Other vehicles

  • 16-HEMERGENCY VEHICLES Characteristics Ambulance Fire Trucks Police Adapting to Urban Rural Cooperation THE LAWIt may be a matter of life and death! Give them the right-of-way!

  • 16-GBUS DRIVERS Characteristics Drivers Special bus School bus Passengers - seniors schoolchildren - handicapped Adapting to Urban Rural THE LAWThey have a difficult task under trying conditions!

  • 16-FTRUCK DRIVERS Characteristics No zones Right turn lane squeeze Hills and grades - on the upgrade - on the downgrade - brake failure Adapting to Urban RuralThe largest of the road users, cooperate with them!

  • Traffic Flow Devices Lights

  • Red Light CameraThe tracking camera predicts if a vehicle will run the light based on the speed you are traveling.The signal camera records images of the vehicle approaching and entering the intersection from behind, with a clear view of the light ahead.The enforcement camera records close-up photographs of the rear licence plate on the vehicle after it has entered the intersection.The fine is the same as if you were not to stop at a stop sign.Keeping in mind the red-light camera only records images when a vehicle proceeds into the intersection on a red light.

  • Pavement Markings2-K

  • Blind Spots5-CREALIZING THE EXISTENCE OF THESE BLIND SPOTS:You should check them whenever you manoeuvre avoid driving in the blind spots of others be especially aware of TRUCK NO ZONES.

    Practise until you can check safely, quickly and comfortably!A NEW STRATEGYTHE NEW BGE SETTING: reduces blind spots can check using mirrors retains forward view eliminates glare at night

  • Reading Signs

  • Stop lines

  • Reverse Lane Use Lights

  • 14-MPolice Directing Traffic YOU MUST OBEY AUTHORIZED PERSONS!

  • Right of way

  • Roundabouts5-GProceeding SafelyRoundabouts reduce collisions without reducing traffic volume. Pedestrians cross at pedestrian corridors before the intersection thus removing one risk.Approaching drivers are directed along a curved path which lends itself to speed reduction. You should reduce speed and be prepared to yield to vehicles already in the roundabout. When no traffic is approaching (or far enough away not to be a hazard), you may enter the roundabout (counter clockwise direction) and proceed. Signal your intentions.Once engaged, drivers must be given the right-of-way by any traffic approaching the roundabout.Watch for pedestrians crossing at the pedestrian corridors.

  • OddConfigurations

  • UnsafeWaitPositions

  • One Way

  • Following Distance 5-HYou are automatically at fault if your vehicle rear-ends another vehicle, because you are responsible for keeping a safe following distance one which permits you to stop your vehicle in an emergency.3 SECOND FOLLOWING DISTANCE Permits the driver to steer and avoid a hazard on a dry surface and to apply the brake pedal to prevent a collision. FACTORS FOR INCREASING TIME SPEED (as shown above) DENSITY OF TRAFFIC (space, out) ROAD CONDITIONS (traction) DRIVING EXPERIENCE WEATHER CONDITIONS (visibility)Vehicle ahead passes fixed reference point (the brown sign), count one thousand and one, one thousand and two, etc. Your vehicle should reach the sign, after you say one thousand and four (at least).

  • What else is a following distance good for????Of course to avoid rear end collisonsHelp other vehicles pass youHelps you see around larger objectsGives you more time to react to various situations

  • Scanning is very important. Knowing what is happening ahead (IPDE). Knowing when to start looking for real and potential hazards. You have to be able to avoid collisions, but you wont be able to do that if you dont know when to start looking for these hazards.

  • TurnsFirst things first.Signal: about 2 parking meters away from the corner [roughly 2 houses away], first broken line before solid one, just before you let go of your gas pedalMirror: check your rearview mirror for cars coming behind you or bicyclesShoulder Check: for all right turns for something in your blind spot, before changing into the turning lane (right lane, curb lane)Move: Smoothlyor

  • Something easier.SMSM

  • Right Turns

  • Besides the SMSM..Brake before the corner Move over by the curb (do not look at the curb, look where you want to be positioned, keep your eyes up)Steer into your first available driving lane, not in the parking laneSMOOTH movements!

  • Left TurnsAt a stop sign, make sure to come to a complete stop before the crosswalk, do not use your stop sign as your guide, where the pedestrians walk is where you want to stop. Make sure there are no pedestrians before creeping up into the crosswalk to see the cross traffic better, pull up when safe, check for traffic, if none proceed.LightsRed: stop wait for a green light or green arrow.

    Green arrow: yield to oncoming traffic and pedestrians, proceed when safe.

    Green light:: If you are the first vehicle pull up, not to much (margin of safety) when its clear, proceed with caution. The second vehicle, wait behind the stop line, if the first vehicle goes and your light is still green, pull up and turn if safe to do so.

  • Keep in mind.Right turn on red lights is usually allowed after you stop completely.Pedestrians in the crosswalk or entering into the crosswalk must be allowed to go first.Oncoming cars on left turns must be allowed to clear before you turn.Proceed on a left turn after it is safe!!!

  • Lane Positioning

  • CHANGING LANES 11-GSCAN IDENTIFY PREDICT Check traffic ahead (1.a) Check the lane you wish to enter (1.a) (space, speed of vehicles, obstacles) Check in the mirrors (1.b) (space and speed) Check in the blind spot (1.c) Is the manoeuvre PERMITTED and SAFE?DECIDE Activate the turn signal (2.a) Re-check traffic ahead (2.b) Re-check the mirrors (2.c) Re-check in the blind spot (2.d) (across the entire road multi-lane) Be prepared TO ABORT and start overEXECUTE Aim high (target) at the centre of the intended lane (3.a) Adjust speed (3.b) (accelerate gently if traffic permits) Steer gently (3.c) (ease into the lane) Centre your vehicle in the lane (4.a) by aiming far ahead (4.b) Re-adjust speed (4.c) (to the traffic flow) Cancel the turn signal

  • Intersection CollisionsThe situation:A green car, which has been stationary at a red light, moves off when the light changes to green. An orange car then runs the red light from the other direction and crashes into the green car.Questions: What could have caused the driver of the orange vehicle to run through the red light? What steps could the driver of the orange car have taken to avoid this situation? What could the driver in the green car have done to avoid the crash? When learning to drive what are some situations that you have come across where your safety has been put at risk by others doing the wrong thing? What did you do? Are there situations where you have put other road users at risk? Explain Does 'being in the right' always mean you should go ahead?

  • Driving for the conditions The situation:A country road curves to the right and motorist is driving at 55 km/h. The advisory sign says 55 km/h, but the road is wet. The driver loses control of this vehicle and it slides off the road into a tree.Questions: What are some possible reasons why the crash happened? What is an advisory sign? How does it differ from a posted speed limit? Under what road conditions or circumstances would it be safer to drive below the advisory or posted speed?

  • Overtaking The situation:A driver in a red car has been stuck behind a large truck for some time and is angry and frustrated. The truck driver suddenly waves for the driver to go around.Questions: What could happen in the situation shown - - to the oncoming driver? - to the truck driver? - to the overtaking driver? If you were driving behind a large or slow vehicle - what things might yo

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