Chapter 9 Powerpoint 2 [edited version]

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Tunku Abdul Rahman

The BritishLee Kuan Yew and S Rajaratnam (Raja)

Narrator:Once Upon a time not too long ago, in a land not far away...

a country named Singapore, then a British colony, was fighting for its independence

LKY:*addressing crowd* I amLee Kuan Yew, head of the PAP, a political party in Singapore.

I say we should fight for independence from the British, for decolonisation!

Narrator: Meanwhile, the British had other thoughts..

Brit 1: (in accent)I'd say, Singapore will never make it alone.

What shall we do?

Brit 2:We, sir, should give them a fighting chance.

Maybe they can't survive on their own, but maybe with someone else..... what do you call it? *taps forehead*

Brit 1:A merger.

We'll merge all our Southeast Asian colonies into onegigantic, unifiedfederation!

Singapore shall never have to be alone.*snaps fingers*Problem solved

Brit 2:

By golly! That's what we're to do!

Narrator: Back in Singapore, Lee Kuan Yew, along with his friend S Rajaratnam, were having similar thoughts

LKY: I think the best option for freedom is a merger with Malaya.

They have resources vital for our growth- it will benefit our economy, it will free us from the British, it- I absolutely believe in this idea!

S Rajaratnam (Raja): I agree with you Kuan Yew, but have you asked Rahman about it? Have you come up with any plans?

Tunku: *interupting the conversation* I, Tunku Abdul Rahman, the prime minister of Malaya, should have some say in this conversation here Raja

Raja:Of course.

We were just talking about a merger, between Malaya and Singapore.


That should be fine... wait, no!

LKY & Raja:


Tunku: *rather angrily*

Firstly, Singapore has about one million Chinese.. this will cause racial unbalance in Malaya, too many Chinese dominating the Malays.

And Secondly, Singapore has too many pro-communists! It's not safe for Malaya!

*walks off*


Lee Kuan Yew and S Rajaratnam had to find a way to get the Tunku to agree with them on the merger.


We have to expel the communists, that's what we have to do!


And he did just that.

Additionally, he gave speeches to the local people to garner their support for the merger too.

LKY: *addressing crowd*I tell you, merger is important.

Malaya is important to Singapore. It is the hinterland which produces the rubber and tin that keeps our economy going. It is the base that made Singapore the capital city. Without this economic base, Singapore would not be able to survive. Without merger, without a reunification of out governments and an integratoin of out two economies, our economic position will slowly and steadily get worse. Your livelihood will get worse.The mergerin photos

Creating Greater Malaysia

NLB call number SING 959.505TAN Tai YongInstitute of Southeast Asian Studies

The merger in photos:

Malayan Prime Minister, Tunku Adbul Rahman, addressing the the Foreign Correspondents Association of South-East Asia, where he broached the possibility of bringing the territories of Singapore, North Borneo (present Sabah), Brunei, Sarawak, and the Federation of Malaya closer together in political and economic co-operation. Tunku Abdul Rahman name: Tunku Abdul Rahman Putra Al-Haj ibni Almarhum Sultan Abdul Hamid Halim Shah

Prince, son of the Sultan

Chief Minister of Malaya from 1955

First Prime Minister of Malaysia from 1957 (independence) to 1970

UMNO party leader from 1951 to 1971 merger in photos:

Delegates from the Federation [of Malaya], North Borneo, Sarawak and Singapore coming together for the first meeting of the Malaysia Solidarity Consultative Committee in Singapore (August 1961)The merger in photos:

Lee Kuan Yew addressing a press conference on the Singapore-Malaya merger. On his left is S. Rajaratnam.Lee Kuan Yew

Lee Kuan Yew is a Singaporean statesman and was the first Prime Minister of the Republic of Singapore, governing for three decades.

By the time he chose to step down to enable a stable leadership renewal, he had become teh world's longest-serving Prime Minister,

S. RajaratnamFull name: Sinnathamby Rajaratnam (aka Raja)

One of the founding fathers of Singapore

Co-founder of PAP

Has held many positions in his political career: Minister for Culture (1959 1965) Minister for Foreign Affairs (upon independence 1980) Minister for Labour (1968 1971) Senior Minister (1985 1988) Deputy Prime Minister (1980 1985) (with Goh Keng Swee) merger in photos:

Donald Stephens speaking at the opening ceremony of the Malaysia Solidarity Consultative Committee. On his left is Yusof bin Ishak (the man on our currency!), the second Yang de-Pertuan Negara of SingaporeDonald StephensFull name: Donald Aloysius Marmaduke Stephens(later converted to Islam and changed his name to Tun Haji Mohammad Fuad Stephens)

First Chief Minister of the state of Sabah Led the state of Sabah into the Federation of Malaysia in 1963. merger in photos:

Chairman of the Malaysia Commission of Enquiry, Lord Cobbold arriving in Singapore before leaving for the Borneo Terrorities (February 1962)The merger in photos:

Chief delegates from Sarawak, North Borneo, Brunei, Singapore and Malaya signing the Memorandum for Malaysia in Singapore, in February 1952.The merger in photos:

Lord Cobbold and other members of the Commission of Enquiry at the Singapore Airport after flying in from Kuching.The merger in photos:

Delegates from North Borneo and Sarawak arriving in Singapore to see Tunku Abdul Rahman off for London Talks.The merger in photos:

Tunku Abdul Rahman and Lee Kuan Yew being welcomed at the airport on their return from talks in London (August 1962)The merger in photos:

Lee Kuan Yew speaking at a rally on the merger referendum (August 1962)The merger in photos:

Lee Siew Choh addressing a Barisan Sosialis rally on the Singapore-Malaya merger.Lee Siew Choh Dr. Lee Siew Choh was a politician and a medical doctor.

He was a member of the PAP until he became a leader of the breakaway Barisan Sosialis in 1961.

Lee later stood as a Worker's Party candidate in the 1988 general election and became Singapore's first NCMP (Non-Constituency Member of Parliament)

The merger in photos:

Lee Kuan Yew explaining options to voters during the National Referendum on the Singapore-Malaya merger.The merger in photos:

Lee Siew Choh and David Marshall at a radio Singapore forum on the merger between Malaya and Singapore.David MarshallFull name: David Saul Marshall (12 March 1908 12 December 1995)

the leader of the Singapore Labour Front and

became the first Chief Minister of Singapore in 1955.!DMarshall.jpg merger in photos:

Lee Kuan Yew and [the late] Goh Keng Swee in a radio debate with members of opposition parties on Singapore-Malaya merger.Goh Keng Swee Goh Keng Swee (6 October 1918 14 May 2010)

Second Deputy Prime Minister of Singapore from 1973 to 1984

Member of Parliament for the Kreta Ayer constituency for a quarter of a century (1959 1984)

He has held many titles: Finance Minister (19671970), Minister for Defence (19701979) and Minister for Education (19791980, 19811984).

The merger in photos:

Lee Siew Choh and Lim Chin Siong of the Barisan Sosialis arrive at the Singapore Badminton Hall for the referendum results (September 1962)Lim Chin Siong

He was a member of the PAP, but later left for the Barisan Sosialis

He is infamously known for certain Anti-British and Communists acts, and for being trade union leader.

He is known to be one of the leaders that caused the Hock Lee Bus Riots and the 1956 Chinese School riots, both associated with communist trade unions.The merger in photos:

Lee Kuan Yew on a Thank You tour of his constituency after victory at the National referendum polls.The merger in photos:

Lord Selkirk, Commissioner-General for South-east Asia, in Singapore (February 1963)The merger in photos:

The Malaysian flag being raised on 16 September 1963 at the proclamation ceremony in front of City Hall in Singapore.The merger in photos:Summing upAs we can see, the British were very much involved in this matter of merger Negotiations with London were common and frequent, and also an important aspect.

We can also see that Singapore already had many political leaders at that timeThey represent the local voice and opinion on the merger

Many political leaders from Malaya were also involved.