BELLWORK 1.Which member countries left the League in the 1930’s? Why? 2.Why did disarmament fail? List two reasons! 3.How did the Abyssinian Crisis show.
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Causes of WWII in Europe
BELLWORKWhich member countries left the League in the 1930s? Why?Why did disarmament fail? List two reasons!How did the Abyssinian Crisis show the failure of the League of Nations?List FIVE main reasons the League of Nations failed. Then, rank them from 1 5 (1 is the biggest problem!)THINKER: How did the Japanese invasion of Manchuria and the Italian invasion of Abyssinia effect Hitler and his desire to expand?
Failure of Disarmament
Causes of WWII in EuropeHitlers War
The Alter Hof in Munich: Adolf Hitler (1914)
Hitler in WWI; 1915Rise of HitlerBy 1923, Hitler was the leader of the Nazi Party.When the Depression struck Germany in 1929, the government could not help the 6 million unemployed workers.Hitler took advantage of the discontent to appeal to the German people.He promised to rebuild Germanys economy if they brought him to power. Mein Kampf: Hitlers autobiography which showed his political beliefs (my struggle)Munich (Beer Hall) Putsch; 1923
Nazi Party Election Results
DateVotes%Seats inReichstagBackgroundMay 19241,918,3006.532 Hitler in prisonDec 1924907,3003.014 Hitler is released from prisonMay 1928810,1002.612Sept 19306,409,60018.3107 After the financial crisisJuly 193213,745,80037.4230 After Hitler was candidate for presidencyNovember 193211,737,00033.1196March 193317,277,00043.9288 During Hitler's term as Chancellor of GermanyWhy did people support Hitler?Promised to get Germany out of the Depression and restore hope.Used the Jews as scapegoats, blaming all problems on them.Tear up the Treaty of Versailles to make Germany great again!Farmers higher prices for their produceUnemployed Jobs building public projectsMiddle Class restore profits of small businesses and savings
Hitler in PowerJanuary 1933: Named Chancellor of GermanyFebruary 1933: persuaded German president (Paul von Hindenburg) to suspend civil rightsMarch 1933: using threats, he gained the power to make laws without government consentJune 1934: demanded military swear allegiance to himAugust 1934: Hindenburg dies, Hitler abolishes title of President & declares himself the Fhrer, or supreme leaderHitler is now the totalitarian dictator of GermanyNuremburg Laws (1935): defined German races
Time Magazines Man of the Year - 1939Hitlers AggressionAfter rebuilding Germanys army, Hitler sent troops into the Rhineland.In 1936, Hitler formed an alliance with Italian dictator, Benito Mussolini.This alliance created the Axis Powers.
Video: Over the EdgeTo learn more about Hitlers aggression in Europe leading to WWII, we are going to watch the episode Over the Edge from the series The Century: Americas Time.As you watch, continue with notes/timeline on Hitlers expansion. We will stop throughout the movie to discuss key events!Hitlers AggressionIn March 1938, Hitler proclaimed that Austria was part of GermanySent troops into Austria to make it officialIn September 1938, Hitler occupied the Sudetenland region of Czechoslovakia.The Sudetenland had a large German population and Hitler justified his actions by saying: I was satisfying the wish of all Germans living there to become part of Germany
AppeasementMunich Conference: Britain and France agree to allow Hitlers control of the Sudetenland if he promised to stay out of the rest of Czechoslovakia. Eagar to avoid another war, the leaders of Great Britain and France adopted a policy of appeasement.Appeasement: giving in to the demands of a nation in the hope of maintaining peace.
Hitlers Aggression5 months after the Munich Conference, Hitler broke his promise and invaded Czechoslovakia.STOP VIDEO DAY 1 HERE!!!!In August 1939, Hitler signed the German-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact: neither country would attack the other.They secretly agreed to divide Poland (Germany had short-term agreement w/Poland) By securing his eastern border against Soviet attack, Hitler could focus on the rest of Europe. Could use Poland as a launch pad for an invasion of the USSR
Start of WWIIOn September 1, 1939, Germany invaded Poland.Used blitzkrieg: lightening war attack combining air and land forces. Great Britain and France promised to defend Poland so they declared war on Germany. Allies: Great Britain and France
Hitler Crushes EuropeIn April 1940, Hitler used his powerful fighting tactics to capture Denmark, Norway, Netherlands, Belgium, and Luxembourg. France was surrounded, but protected themselves using the Maginot Line.Maginot Line: armed steel concrete bunkers built after WWI, stretching across the German border. In May 1940, Hitler sent troops around the line.France surrendered and sent their citizens to Britain.
German expansion by 1942Lend-Lease ActPrime Minister Churchill confessed to FDR that Britain was nearly bankrupt and needed more American equipment.FDR provided war supplies to Britain without any payment in return. Lend-Lease Act: The President could aid any nation whose defense was vital to U.S. security.After Germany attacked the Soviet Union, FDR extended the Lend-Lease Act to the Soviets.By the end of WWII, the U.S. had loaned or given away $49 billion of aid to over 40 nations.
Battle of BritainAfter Germanys victories in Eastern Europe & France, there was only one major power left in western Europe to fight.Great Britain.Germany made plans to invade Great Britain.However, Great Britains Royal Air Force engaged German forces in defense of the nation.Battle of Britain- largest air assault in history.German air force bombed British cities & industrial centers.Yet, could not force a surrender. Great Britain held their ground until help came from U.S.