baroque renaissance

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    The Baroque town planning was prevalent in the 17thcentury A.D.

    The Baroque city plan appeared simultaneously with the emergence of strong

    states.

    The strength and importance of the state dictates the need for walls or military

    gracis around baroque cities to protect them from other strong enemies.

    These cities had various spaces pre-allocated for different purposes.

    This seminar would touch upon the following topics :

    1. ZONING

    2. PLANNING3. STUDY OF VENICE

    THE BAROQUE TOWN

    PLANNING

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    ZONING

    Strict zoning

    Land use is divided into several

    functions.

    Public versus private and residential

    versus industrial are common trends in the

    spatial layout.

    The purpose of a baroque layout is to

    display the citys power and strength,

    resulting in the construction of monuments.

    It was also designed to put people in their

    place utilizing hierarchy of space and

    separation of the classes.

    The center, usually public and

    commercial, is the largest and mostimportant section.

    A radial street network extends from the

    center and as a section of the citys

    distance from the focus increases, its

    importance decreases.

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    This decrease in importance is illustrated

    by the decreasing accessibility to the cente

    and its important functions.

    The government district is usually in the

    center square or attached to it; elite

    neighborhoods spring up along the wide

    avenues, while the poorest residential

    sections are forced to the edge of the city.

    Green space and open space are found

    throughout the city and each section is built

    around its own square.

    Squares and parks also display a

    hierarchy of space: as sections are pushed

    farther from the center, the size of the publi

    space decreases.

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    The physical Urban Planning of Venice remains very similar to the layout it acquired

    in the Imperial Age.

    The city sprouted with Doge Sebastiano Ziani creating public space in the Piazza

    San Marco.

    It is from this focal point that the city began to radiate (in a winding fashion), in a

    Baroque city model.

    Venice can be compared to a Baroque city model as long as the scale is kept in

    perspective.

    PLANNING

    The measured hierarchy of space and the impressive symbols of state power were

    confined to limited space.

    Open space, though not abundant because of the citys small size, was set aside asthe six sesteri developed around squares.

    Gardens are also present along the outskirts of the city.

    Land separation is present in the layoutthe Arsenale, home of the ship building

    that was once Venices primary industry, is located on the farthest edge of the island,

    away from the administrative and residential districts.

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    The zoning becomes fuzzy as the city

    converts many areas to tourist functions.

    The focus of the Baroque city can be found

    in the role of San Marco and its Piazza,

    which housed the administrative functions(Doges Palace) of the Baroque era and

    several impressive monuments and

    buildings.

    Although this focus was not in the exact

    center of the city, but on the southern edge,

    hierarchy of space still revolved around it.

    For example, the Ghetto was placed in

    Cannaregio, the northern most district of

    Venice, signifying the inferior status of the

    Jews in relation to the ruling class.

    If thought of as a wide avenue with direct

    access to the center, the Canal Grande

    reflects both the hierarchy of space and the

    separation of classes.

    Lined with palazzos, the main thoroughfare

    was only home to the elite.

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    WINGED LION,Symbol of Venice

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    SAN MARCO,

    Venice

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    A relatively small clearing, the Piazza San

    Marco dominates less than 1,000 square

    meters of Venices surface.

    Still, it is the largest public open space in

    Venice.

    Laid out in Doge Sebastiano Zianis 12th

    century urban renewal plan, the Piazza has

    always been the active focus of the city.

    The square has bustled with merchants and

    natives since its creation.

    Its accessible location on the Canal Grande

    and the waterfront made it a strategic site for

    administrative and trade transactions.

    Grandiose buildings and monuments definethe boundaries of the Piazza.

    Destined to be the social, administrative,

    religious and commercial hub from the time of

    its construction, the square boasts the

    headquarters of these Venetian institutions.

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    N RTISTS IMPRESSION

    OF THE CANAL

    Venice

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    THE SESTERI

    The Historic Center of Venice is divided

    into six sesterior districts, three on each

    side of the Canal Grande : Dorsoduro,

    Santa Croce, San Polo on the East Bankand Cannaregio, Castello, and San Marco

    on the West.

    These districts fulfill mainly residential

    and commercial functions.

    Most of the residential districts are foundin the Eastern section of Venice.

    Wealthy and poor zones are scattered

    throughout these neighborhoods.

    Each district has its own campior

    square, which serves as the local center ofeach sesteri.

    San Marco itself is the focal point of the

    city and therefore the most crowded and

    successful.Traveling away from San

    Marco, the sesteri become quieter, moreresidential, and poorer.

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