ATSI in the Australian Curriculum
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DESCRIPTIONAboriginal Perspectives in the Australian Curriculum
- 2. To be Aboriginal one has to meet all three criteria: Being of Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander descent Identifying as an Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander Being accepted as such by the community in which you live, or formally lived (AIATSIS, 2009)
- 3. Aboriginals are the first Australians, and the only Australians who are spiritually connected to the land through the ever-present dreaming Anthony McKnight UOW lecturer I identify myself by my nations, Im a Dangatti & Gandagarra Woman Denise Darcy, Gandagarra Land Council To be Aboriginal you have to be entwined in the kinship system - Nicole Watson, solicitor Aboriginal people are not a skin colour, we are a community and people by history, spirituality, locations, country, thinking, politics, treatment, laws, cultures and most importantly, our stories. David Towney, Koori Mail Aboriginality is not a question of skin colourit is about our cultural connection to our communities and our history, a history that is alive and thriving.Abigail Burchill To me, Aboriginality is about that shared experience, that shared culture and that shared pride. Amy McQuire, Aboriginal journalist, To be Aboriginal is to to hear the secret and loving stories of the land with understanding, to be independent, to hear and see with feeling that which can not be seen with open eyes J ulie Tommy Walker, Innawonga woman and Aboriginal leader
- 4. Improve educational outcomes of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders students and learners in schools, TAFE and community colleges, so that they excel and achieve in every aspect of their education and training.
- 5. Build everyone's knowledge and understanding of the histories, cultures and experiences of the first people of Australia.
- 6. Activity: Use the language Maps to find what country we are on Find another place significant to you- what is the Aboriginal language group of that local area? Find a capital city Find your totems home
- 7. Australia is made up of many different Aboriginal Nations, Clans or groups, each having their own country, culture, language, beliefs and customs. Country takes in everything within the landscape - landforms, waters, air, trees, rocks, plants, animals, foods, medicines, minerals, stories and special places. Community connections include cultural practices, knowledge, songs, stories and art, as well as all people: past, present and future. People have custodial responsibilities to care for their Country, to ensure that it continues in proper order and provides physical sustenance and spiritual nourishment. These custodial relationships may determine who can speak for particular Country.
- 8. Activity Famous Aboriginal Study Who are they? What are they famous for? Where do they come from? OR Use the Ringbalin App to meet Aboriginal people from different places along the river
- 9. Prior to colonisation the First People of Australia identified themselves by their nation People who identify themselves as Aboriginal range from dark- skinned, broad-nosed to blonde-haired, blue-eyed people. Aboriginal people define Aboriginality not by skin colour but by relationships: http://aso.gov.au/titles/shorts/shifting-sands-my- colour/clip1/ Aboriginal boundary (state) names State Name New South Wales Koori, Goorie, Koorie, Coorie, Murri Victoria Koorie South Australia Nunga, Nyungar, Nyoongah Western Australia Nyungar, Nyoongar Northern Territory Yolngu (top end); Anangu (central) Queensland Murri Tasmania Palawa, Koori
- 10. Activity; Use the Sharing the Dreaming app to learn a bit about Nyoongar Culture
- 11. Culture is the characteristics of a particular group of people, defined by everything from language, religion, cuisine, social habits, music and arts. Culture is shared history and heritage. Aboriginal Culture: Family- Importance of elders/ Kinship Spirituality- Dreaming/ceremony/sacred sites Story Sharing- passing on knowledge Objects- Tools, Toys & Weapons Games- Traditional Indigenous Games Food Medicine Dance Music
- 12. Code Organising ideas Country/Place OI.1 Australia has two distinct Indigenous groups, Aboriginal Peoples and Torres Strait Islander Peoples. OI.2 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities maintain a special connection to and responsibility for Country/Place throughout all of Australia. OI.3 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples have unique belief systems and are spiritually connected to the land, sea, sky and waterways. Culture OI.4 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander societies have many Language Groups. OI.5 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples ways of life are uniquely expressed through ways of being, knowing, thinking and doing. OI.6 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples have lived in Australia for tens of thousands of years and experiences can be viewed through historical, social and political lenses. People OI.7 The broader Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander societies encompass a diversity of nations across Australia. OI.8 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples have sophisticated family and kinship structures. Australia acknowledges the significant contributions of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people
- 13. Country and Place, People, Culture and Identity. Students will have the opportunity to engage with texts that give them experience of the beliefs and value systems of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples. In their study of English, students explore a range of experiences and achievements of Aboriginal peoples in historical and social contexts and the links between cultural expression, language and spirituality.
- 14. Big Rain Coming http://splash.abc.net.au/media/-/m/30177/how-do-you- know-when-rain-is-coming-
- 15. Country and Place, People, Culture and Identity. The study of History in Australia requires a valued engagement in and celebration of the experiences of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples, past and present, as part of the shared history belonging to all Australians. Students examine historical perspectives from Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander viewpoints. For example: Comparing Five Different Historical Sources A contemporary news story: http://aso.gov.au/titles/documentaries/stolen- generations/clip2/ Case Study: http://aso.gov.au/titles/documentaries/case- 442/clip1/ An interview: http://stolengenerationstestimonies.com/index.php/testimo nies/974.html A documentary: http://aso.gov.au/titles/documentaries/first-
- 16. Throughout the study of History, students learn about Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples, as the world's oldest continuous cultures, prior to colonisation by the British, the ensuing contact and its impact. They will examine the interaction between Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples and Europeans, with special emphasis on Aboriginal initiatives and responses to key government policies since their earliest contact with British colonists. Students develop an awareness of the significant roles Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples have played in Australian society and the wider world. This knowledge and understanding will deepen and enable students' capacity to participate in the ongoing development of a just and equitable Australian society that genuinely reconciles with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples.
- 17. Country and Place, People, Culture and Identity. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities have diverse cultures, social structures and a history of unique, complex knowledge systems. The Sci
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