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  • Application Dossierfor nomination as a European and UNESCO GlobalGeopark

    Lavrion - November 2009

    LAVREOTIKI GEOPARK

  • APPLICANTMUNICIPAL PUBLIC BENEFIT AGENCY OF LAVREOTIKI Kostalas Antonios, PresidentKountourioti 1, 19500 Lavrion GREECETelephone: +30 22920 60239, 60772 - Fax: +30 22920 22413E-mail: info@mylavrio.gr - Web: www.mylavrio.grAUTHORSINSTITUTE OF GEOLOGY & MINERAL EXPLORATION OF GREECE, SUPERVISOR Theodosiou Ir., Geologist, D/ment of General Geology & Mapping, coordinatorJanikian Z., Geologist, Department of Economic GeologyPhotiadis A., Geologist, Department of General Geology & MappingENVECO S.A., CONTRACTORPapagrigoriou Sp., Civil EngineerPapadaki A., ArchitectBekiaris Y., Environmental ScientistKatsikas N., Geologist, InterpreterAdamantiadou Sm., Biologist, InterpreterMihas N., Civil - Environmental EngineerTortopidis Ant., EconomistKourouzidis M., Geologist - Seismologist Kotzageorgis G., BiologistSifakis A., Lawyer Haindarlis M., LawyerToris N., Surveying EngineerPatelarou M., ArchitectAlexaki M., ArchaeologistKatselis Y., Mineral Resources EngineerTentes G., Metallurgic EngineerKalligosfyri Ag., EconomistHaralambopoulou M., Chemist

    November 2009

    LAVREOTIKI GEOPARK

    LAVREOTIKI GEOPARKAPPLICATION DOSSIER

    FOR NOMINATION AS A EUROPEAN AND UNESCO GLOBAL GEOPARK

  • CONTENTSA. Definition of the European Geopark territory 5

    B. Scientific description of the European Geopark territor 8

    C. Arguments for nominating the territory as a European Geopark 23

    D. General information on the territory 27

    Enclosures

    A.1 Name of site applying to become a European Geopark 5A.2 Location 5A.3 Surface area and geographic and human elements 5A.4 Organization in charge of the European Geopark zone 5A.5 Enclosures 6

    B.1 Definition of the geographic region in which the territory is located 8B.2 General geological description 9B.3 Listing and description of the geological sites present on the territory of the Geopark 10B.4 Details on the interest of these sites 18B.5 Current or potential pressure on the territory and these sites 19B.6 Current status in terms of protection of the sites 19B.7 Data on the management of these sites 20B.8 Listing and description of non-geological sites present in the territory that may be linked to the sites of geological interest 20

    C.1 Comprehensive analysis of the territory's potential for the development of geotourism 23C.2 Overview of the existing geoinstitution and geo-activities in the region of the Geopark 24C.3 Policies for the protection, enhancement and economic development of the geological heritage present in the territory. Existing policies and those under preparation, existing and future actions. 25C.4 The territory's interest in joining the European Geopark Network 26

    D.1 Economic activity 27D.2 The provisions for the protection of the territory 28 D.3 Brief analysis of the present status 28 D.4 Existing facilities 29 D.5 Future facilities planned 30

    I. Photos of the Geosites in the nominated Lavreotiki Geopark II. Maps of the nominated Lavreotiki Geopark III. Brief presentation of the nominated Lavreotiki Geopark Management Plan IV. Bibliography and references V. Lavreotiki and surrounding area. Pilot geotrails guides in English. Pictures of in situ pilot panels. VI. Self-evaluation and progress evaluation forms for the European Geoparks Network - Global Geoparks NetworkDigital files of the Application Dossier are to be found at the internet sites: http://www.igme.gr and www.mylavrio.gr.

    LAVREOTIKI GEOPARKAPPLICATION DOSSIER

    FOR NOMINATION AS A EUROPEAN AND UNESCO GLOBAL GEOPARK

  • LAVREOTIKI GEOPARKAPPLICATION DOSSIER

    FOR NOMINATION AS A EUROPEAN AND UNESCO GLOBAL GEOPARK

    Introduction

    The area of Lavreotiki is famous worldwide for the exploitation of the mixed sulphide ore deposits (Pb - Zn - Ag) and the abudance and variety of mineralogical specimens. During ancient times, the profit obtained from the exploitation of mines contributed greatly to Greek and European culture development. Nowadays, specialists in the domain of Economic Geology and Mining are impressed by the extremely advanced mining and metallurgical technology applied during antiquity as it is evident from the numerous relevant archeological findings. The significant extent of the ancient mining activity in the area is shown by the abudance of mining and metallurgical wastes constituting geological (ekvolades, plynites) and technological (slag) material.

    The whole area is considered as a geo-technological laboratory; together with other values it comprises a wealth of minerals. Numerous abandoned today galleries are natural mineralogical museums as the rare minerals of Lavrion have been formed due to specific conditions of metallogenesis. Mineral names as Lavrionite, Kamarizite, Ktenasite, Thorikozite, Serpierite originate from this very place; these minerals were discovered here, and are included in the collections of several well known mineralogical museums in a worldwide scale.

    All the above mentioned facts witness the special geological-mineralogical setting and geodiversity of the area under concern. In addition and intimately interconnected with it the archeological and cultural setting is of great interest.

    The biotic environment as well, is of outstanding beauty and value as the area hosts a National Park (Sounio National Park) and two Natura 2000 sites with several types of important habitats.

    The conclusion is that the area of Lavreotiki is considered as a geological, natural and cultural heritage of international significance that can be appreciated through conservation, education and geotourism.

    This precious heritage, highlighted, protected and managed properly, will be enjoyed by people all over the world, who wish to visit it and learn more about it. This can be achieved by joining the European and the Global Geoparks Networks for the sake not only of science and conservation but also of the sustainable development of the area.

  • LAVREOTIKI GEOPARKAPPLICATION DOSSIER

    FOR NOMINATION AS A EUROPEAN AND UNESCO GLOBAL GEOPARK

    A. Definition of the European Geopark territory A.1 Name of site applying to become a European Geopark

    A.2 Location

    A.3 Surface area, geographic and human elements

    Table A-1Population change in the Municipalities/Community

    and Prefecture of the Geopark area

    Source: Greek National Statistical Service (2001)

    The name of the candidate site applying to become a partner of the European Geopark Network is LAVREOTIKI GEOPARK. The candidate Geopark is an exceptional mining area since antiquity. Within the boundaries of the Geopark lies the National Park of Sounio as well as the renowned ancient Temple of Poseidon at Cape Sounio.

    The Geopark is located in Lavreotiki -a peninsula in the SE part of the Prefecture of Attica,

    The territories of two Municipalities (Municipality of Lavreotiki and Municipality of Keratea) and of one Community (Community of Agios Konstantinos) constitute the total of the area of the candidate Geopark, For more details, please consult Maps in Enclosure II.

    2The Geopark covers an area of 175.8 km , with 65 settlements and towns and a population of 2about 22.261 inhabitants (population density 299 inh./km ). From 1991 to 2001 the population

    growth rate was 8,14%, as it can be seen in Table A-1 (Source: Greek National Statistical Service - Census of Population, 2001).

    within a distance of approximately 60 km from Athens - the capital of Greece.

    where 49 geosites have been identified so far.

    The Municipal Public Benefit Agency of Lavreotiki (www.mylavrio.gr) is in charge of the candidate Geopark. The Agency is established and supervised by the Municipality of Lavrion aiming at the development and management of the area of Lavreotiki. It also aims at the development of local economy by supporting small and medium enterprises. Its headquarters are in the town of Lavrion -the largest urban settlement in the whole area of Lavreotiki; its Board consists of 9 members.Through the activities of the Agency, the Municipality of Lavrion operates all of its social and

    A.4 Organization in charge of the European Geopark zone

    5

  • LAVREOTIKI GEOPARKAPPLICATION DOSSIER

    FOR NOMINATION AS A EUROPEAN AND UNESCO GLOBAL GEOPARK

    development projects. For being active for so many years the Agency has gained the trust and the support of the local community and, therefore, consitutes a mature and reliable body to undertake the responsibility of the new Geopark. Within the Municipal Public Benefit Agency of Lavreotiki a new body, named Geopark Coordinating Committee is formed, which will have the responsibility of all actions in relation to the Geopark and of the implementation of its Management Plan.The Geopark Coordinating Committee is composed by one representative from each of the main stak