analyzing the relationship between the ?· categories at savar, dhaka, bangladesh through space...

Download ANALYZING THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE ?· CATEGORIES AT SAVAR, DHAKA, BANGLADESH THROUGH SPACE SYNTAX…

Post on 30-Sep-2018

212 views

Category:

Documents

0 download

Embed Size (px)

TRANSCRIPT

  • International Journal of Scientific Knowledge (Computing and Information Technology)

    Volume 1 Issue 4, Dec 2012 @2012 IJSK & K.J.A. All rights reserved

    www.ijsk.org 1493 -ISSN 2305

    25

    ANALYZING THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE INTEGRATION

    CORE OF DHAKA-ARICHA HIGHWAY AND EXISTING LAND USE

    CATEGORIES AT SAVAR, DHAKA, BANGLADESH THROUGH SPACE

    SYNTAX ANALYSIS

    Saiful Hasan Tariq

    Mahbuba Afroz Jinia

    Stamford University Bangladesh.

    E-Mail: shtariq1757@Yahoo.Com arch_majinia@Yahoo.Com

    Abstract:

    With the accumulation of variety of activities in a city, the issue of land use gets significance in terms of efficient use

    of the spaces and activity. Along with this issue, another unavoidable issue for proper urban development is

    integration or street network. In any area, land use generates whenever movement initiates and the integration is

    given. But different type of agglomeration generates different types of movement, for which an area has different

    types of land use and zoning. The basic relation of spatial configuration an output of street network, and land use

    generation helps to understand a developing area and guide its land use planning. Dhaka-Aricha Highway is one of

    the national highways which connect several districts with Dhaka. This highway ran through several unions in

    Savar upazila. Along its way, different types of land use development took place through the course of time. This

    study intends to find whether there is any significant relationship between the integration core of existing Dhaka-

    Aricha highway and the land use categories in the context of Savar Upazila.

    Key wards: Global Integration, Land Use, axial map, Savar upazila

    mailto:shtariq1757@Yahoo.Commailto:arch_majinia@Yahoo.Com
  • International Journal of Scientific Knowledge (Computing and Information Technology)

    Volume 1 Issue 4, Dec 2012 @2012 IJSK & K.J.A. All rights reserved

    www.ijsk.org 1493 -ISSN 2305

    26

    1. Introduction:

    Land use plan allocates human activities that should

    occur on limited land, and determines the level of

    those activities. With the accumulation of variety of

    activities in an area, the issue of land use gets

    significance in terms of efficient use of the spaces

    and activity. Along with this issue, another

    unavoidable issue for proper urban development is

    integration or street network. In any area, land use

    generates whenever movement initiates and the

    integration is given. But different type of

    agglomeration generates different types of

    movement, for which a city has different types of

    land use and zoning. The basic relation of spatial

    configuration an output of street network, and land

    use generation helps to understand a city and guide

    its land use planning.

    The study on the integration of existing road network

    may define the functionality of the existing land use.

    As the higher integration value means better

    accessibility, the road network and connectivity may

    have significant impact on the land use categories.

    This study intends to find whether there is any

    relationship between the integration core of existing

    Dhaka-Aricha Highway and the land use categories

    along its way in the context of Savar Upazila.

    2. Objectives of the research

    This paper aims to investigate the integration core

    of existing Dhaka-Aricha Highway and the changes

    in integration value due to the change in land-use

    type in order to use the knowledge to make proper

    land use for future development. In short the

    objectives are as follows.

    Review of historical background through secondary resources.

    Understanding the existing land use categories in Savar upazila.

    Finding out the changes in integration value along Dhaka-Aricha Highway in different

    segments

    Understanding the relationship between different integration values and land use.

    Placing analytical comments about the spatial configuration.

    3. Methodology of the research:

    At first, Literature review has been done to make a

    clear conception about the study area and its

    historical background based on secondary data.

    Secondly, the upazila map and the land use map of

    the area (Savar) have been studied to understand the

    land-use in different unions in Savar. Thirdly, Dhaka-

    Aricha Highway has been segmented on the points

    where the union boundaries were crossed by it to

    explain the integration and the land use in the easiest

    way

    Then the axial maps of Savar upazila have been

    prepared on the basis of existing road network and

    the graph analysis has been made to analyze the

    integration values.

    The integration [HH] values of existing road network

    were analyzed by running axial map graph analysis in

    UCL DEPTHMAP v 10. Finally the integration

    value in different segments of Dhaka-Aricha

    Highway along with its land use type in adjacent

    areas has been compared to understand the

    relationship between the integration value and the

    land-use type.

    4. City profile:

    4.1. Location and Geographic information of

    Savar Upazila:

    Savar is an Upazila of Dhaka District. It is

    located at about 24 km from the center of Dhaka city.

    The geographic location of Savar is at 2351.5N

    9016E. According to the 2011 Bangladesh census;

    Savar Upazila had a population of 1,387,426 and it

    has 66,956 units of household. On the north, Savar is

    bounded by Kaliakair and Gazipur Sadar upazilas.

    Keraniganj upazila is on the south. Mirpur,

    Mohammadpur, Pallabi and Uttara thanas of Dhaka

    City are on the east and Dhamrai and Singair upazilas

    on the west. The land of the upazila is composed of

    alluvium soil of the Pleistocene period. The southern

    part of the upazila is composed of the alluvium soil

  • International Journal of Scientific Knowledge (Computing and Information Technology)

    Volume 1 Issue 4, Dec 2012 @2012 IJSK & K.J.A. All rights reserved

    www.ijsk.org 1493 -ISSN 2305

    27

    of the Bangshi and Dhalashwari rivers. Main rivers

    are Bangshi, Turag, Buriganga and Karnatali.

    4.2. Institutes and other infrastructures in Savar:

    Savar is the home of Jahangirnagar University,

    one of the renowned Public University of Bangladesh

    and only University for full student residence

    facilities.

    The 9th Division Army Cantonment is located at

    northern part of Savar. The Military Firm and Govt

    Dairy Firm are just beside Jahangirnagar University.

    The only training centre for the public service

    commissioned officers in Bangladesh, BPATC

    training center (Public Administration Training

    Centre) is situated in Savar. Bangladesh Krira

    Shiksha Pratisthan (BKSP) is also situated in Jirani

    Bazar, Savar. Dhaka Export processing Zone, DEPZ

    is also situated in this upazila.

    4.3. The unions in savar upazila:

    Savar upazila consists of savar paurashava and

    11other unions like Shimulia, Dhamsona, Yearpur,

    Ashulia, Birulia, Bhakurta, Pathalia, Banagram,

    Kaundia, Tetuljhora and Amin Bazar.Dhaka Aricha

    highway runs through Savar paurashava, Pathalia,

    Banagram, Kaundia, Tetuljhora and Amin Bazar. For

    this reason, these unions were taken into account to

    analyze land use types along Dhaka-Aricha highway.

    Lots of infrastructures have been developed along

    this highway in these unions. Jahangir Nagar

    University, National Memorial, Savar Cantonment

    and Savar dairy farm is most notable landmarks in

    Pathalia union at Savar. Military Dairy firm, Radio

    station and bank colony established along Dhaka

    Aricha Highway in Savar Paurashava. But in the

    Banagram, Tetuljhora and Amin Bazar union the

    highway did not put much impact on urban

    development; rather these unions are still

    characterized by agricultural fields and rural

    settlements.

    Fig: 1. Upazila map, Savar, Dhaka, source: Maps of

    Bangladesh blog post

  • International Journal of Scientific Knowledge (Computing and Information Technology)

    Volume 1 Issue 4, Dec 2012 @2012 IJSK & K.J.A. All rights reserved

    www.ijsk.org 1493 -ISSN 2305

    28

    Fig: 2. Land Use map, Savar, Dhaka, [part map] source:

    Rajuk

    4.4. Existing land use category:

    Savar upazila shows distinctive organic growth

    pattern of an area. Dhaka-Aricha road, which is one

    of the main highways that connects several divisions

    in Bangladesh, runs through the urban center of savar

    upazila and serves as the main artery of vehicular

    transport here. In the integrated detailed area plan

    map of Dhaka, the land area of savar area was

    categorized among different land use categories

    based on field and GPS survey. Here is the short

    discussion of the categorized land use of

Recommended

View more >