agile in teaching learning process
Post on 06-May-2015
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DESCRIPTIONDr. Venkatesh Kamat experience of using Agile in the education process. It was presented at the Agile Goa 2008 conf
- 1.Agile: In teaching learning process V. V. Kamat Goa University [email_address]
- Why agile in Education?
- Motivation for Agile framework in Education
- Best practices in teaching-learning process
- Proposed Agile Manifesto in education
- Q & A
3. Software development Game
- Key Actors in the Game
- Programmer / Developer
- Customer / Client
- Collaboration result in Software
Developer Customer Software Collaborate 4. Some Familiar Questions?
- Has developer understood what the real requirement of the client is?
- Is there a collaboration between developer and client?
- What is the quality of the software?
- How reliable is the software quality?
- What is the feedback mechanism?
- How often bugs are fixed?
5. Game teacher-teacher
- Key Actors in the Game
- (All casts chosen are from software industry)
- Cast: programmer / developer
- Cast: software service / product
- Cast: customer / client
6. Where is the Collaboration? Developer Teacher / Institution Employer Customer Software Student Collaborate Collaborate? 7. Ask similar Questions in new Role
- Has teacher/institution understood what the real requirement of the industry is?
- What is the quality of the student?
- How reliable is the student quality?
- What is the feedback mechanism?
- How often changes are made to course content?
- Is there a collaboration between institution and industry?
8. Present Scenario
- In curriculum design, industry inputs are often missing
- Academic programs are rigid and uses waterfall process model in delivery
- Most academic programs are fixed time, fixed cost and fixed scope projects
- Change is a bureaucratic process and on an average cycle time is 3-4 years
9. Present Scenario cont
- Students graduate with little practical skills, no idea of industry expectations
- There is over emphasis on what can be taught than what need to be taught
- There is over compartmentalization of education and no time for integration
- Instead, industry has found its own quick fix solutions
- They dont understand what we want
- They dont know what our problems are
- Confused, eager to join industry only to get more confused
- There is lot of duplication of efforts, waste of time & resources, is anybody listening?
11. Blame Game
- Institutions teach things that are not relevant
- Marks in the exam is no proof of actual skills
- Institutions teach as if all students are going to be researchers
- Institutions are bureaucratic, they are tightly controlled bodies and averse to change
- . . .
12. Blame Game cont
- We teach fundamentals, platform specific skills is not our forte
- We expect industry participation if they want better output
- We are paid peanuts, what better can you expect
- Our environments are not inspiring, come and work here then talk
13. Blame doesnt fix the bug
- Understand the process of education
- Three key processes in education are
- Teaching (Teacher and Support staff )
- Evaluation (Examination and Marking)
- Administration (Infrastructure and systems)
- IT can play a major role in managing these processes, but thats a different topic
- The quality of the education product is directly related to quality of these 3 processes
14. where have we come from and where we want to go
- Its important to understand the current practices if you want to improve
- Are these proverbs making sense?
- If you dont know where you are going, any road will do - Chinese proverb
- If you dont know where you are, map wont help - Humphreys corollary
15. Current Evaluation Practices
- Focus is on scoring marks then knowing
- Essay type questions lack application
- Lack of trust in teacher and the system
- External examiner adds agony to process
- Lack of transparency adds air of suspicion
- Rule based then student friendly
- Everybody suffers but afraid to change
16. Current Teaching Practices
- Engaging class is important but what is taught, how it is taught only students know
- Accountability is often limited to attendance
- Lot of teacher time is spent on mundane jobs, leaving little time to learn new things
- There is no incentive for good teaching or to learn new things
- Chalk & talk has no scope for reusability
17. Current Status of a Teacher
- Teacher is costly but neglected resource
- Teaching career often opted not by choice
- Teacher lacks motivation and suffers from low self-esteem
- Current contract appointments lacks vision
- Good teachers are hard to come by
- Stereo type teacher fails to enthuse
- Lack of opportunities lead to obsolescence
18. Current Administrative Woes
- Procedures are more important then outcome
- Excessive worry about misuse before use
- All assumed guilty till proved innocent
- Accountability at times confused to accounts
- To administration all teachers look the same
- Control mindset disabling than enabling
- Compliance scores over Competence
- System encourages/propagates mediocrity
- System converts assets into liability
19. Current Trend in Education
- Cost of education is rising
- Classroom size is becoming bigger
- Education is being looked as an investment
- Higher education is getting privatized
- Student has become a customer
- Knowledge and skills becoming important
- Quality certification is gaining importance
- Education has become a serious business
20. Current Trend in Business
- Continuous quality improvement
- Better quality at cheaper price
- Life time of a product cycle is shrinking
- Focus is on productivity
- Leaner the better
- Concentrate on core competence and
- Outsource the rest
21. Lessons for Educationist
- Continuously add value to programs
- Balance quality, quantity and cost
- Life time of a degree is shrinking
- Teacher / Student productivity is important
- Establish a niche in specific areas
- Hire few good teachers and admin staff
- Outsource the rest through contracts
22. Is Education going ISO way ?
- Many academic institutions are vying for ISO 2001: 9000 certification
- Many processes (more paper work) are getting introduced into institutions
- Mindless adoption of processes may prove expensive and may not serve the purpose
- Accountability of a teacher is important but it needs to be defined properly
23. Agile Framework
- Can be applied in each of these areas
- What are the best practices?
24. Do not reinvent the wheel
- Use internet resources judiciously
- Download Modify Reuse the content but acknowledge the source
- Content has its own life cycle and it needs to be improved over deliveries
- Overhead projectors are better but LCD projectors are the best
25. Manage classroom time effectively
- Offline preparation of slides gives more time for student interaction
- Distribute slides but avoid dictating notes
- Give teaching & evaluation plan in advance but keep it agi