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  • 7/29/2019 African Union REPORT Sudan and s Sudan

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    Addis

    PEACEA353RDME

    ADDISA25JANU

    R

    AFRICANU

    baba,Ethio

    NDSECURIETING

    ABA,ETHIRY2013

    EPORTOF

    NION

    pia,P.O.Bo

    Email:

    YCOUNCIL

    PIA

    HEAFRICA

    x:3243 T

    situationr

    UNIONHISUDANAN

    el.:(25111

    om@africa

    HLEVELISOUTHSU

    U

    U

    5513822

    union.org

    PLEMENTDAN

    IONAFRIC

    IOAFRIC

    Fax:(251

    PSC/AH

    TIONPANE

    INE

    NA

    1)551932

    G/3.

    (CCCLII

    LFOR

    I)

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    PSC/AHG/3.(CCCLIII)Page1

    REPORTOFTHEAFRICANUNIONHIGHLEVELIMPLEMENTATIONPANELFORSUDANANDSOUTHSUDAN

    I. INTRODUCTION1. ThisreportispreparedpursuanttoCouncilscommuniqusatits319thmeetingon24April, 339

    thmeeting on 24 October and 349

    thmeeting on 14 December 2012, addressing

    outstandingmattersbetween theRepublicofSudan and theRepublicof South Sudan. It

    drawsupontheactivitiesundertakenbytheAfricanUnionHighLevelImplementationPanel

    forSudan(AUHIP)infacilitatingtalksbetweenSudanandSouthSudan,aswellasactivities

    undertaken by the Panel and the Chairof InterGovernmentalAuthority onDevelopment

    (IGAD) to mediate between the Government of Sudan and Sudan Peoples Liberation

    Movement North (SPLMN) during this period. In particular, the report includes the

    outcomes of the Summit meeting of 4 and 5 January 2013, as well as subsequent

    discussionsbetween

    the

    Parties.

    2. Following the outbreak of fighting along the border between Sudan and SouthSudan,Councilconvenedameetingatministeriallevelon24April2012,atwhichitadopted

    acommuniquincorporatingaRoadmapforimplementationbySudanandSouthSudanto

    ease the tensionbetween the twocountries, facilitate the resumptionofnegotiationson

    postsecession relations and outstanding issues in the Comprehensive Peace Agreement

    (CPA),andassistinthenormalizationofrelationsbetweenthetwoStates.Thecommuniqu

    alsoaddressedtheconflictintheTwoAreasofBlueNileandSouthernKordofanstatesin

    theRepublicofSudan.TheRoadmapwasendorsedbytheUNSecurityCouncil,actingunder

    ChapterVIIauthority, inresolution2046(2012)of2May2012.TheAUandUNadopteda

    threemonth

    deadline

    for

    the

    resolution

    of

    the

    issues

    in

    the

    Roadmap.

    3. Subsequently, theAUHIP facilitated negotiations between the Parties, including aSummitmeetingheldbetweenthetwoPresidentsofSudanandSouthSudanfrom22to27

    September2012. TheSummitculminated inthesigningofaCooperationAgreementand

    Agreements on eight other issues, covering security arrangements, oil and transitional

    financialarrangements,thestatusofnationalsofonecountry resident in theother,post

    servicebenefits,trade,banking,borderissuesandcertainothereconomicmatters.

    4. A number of outstanding issues between the two States remainedunresolved.Subsequently,Councilmeton24October2012and,again,on14December2012,

    to

    consider

    reports

    of

    the

    AUHIP

    on

    progress

    made

    by

    the

    Parties

    on

    these

    matters.These

    meetingstookfurtherdecisionsontherelationsbetweenSudanandSouthSudan.

    5. At its 349thmeeting, Council requested theAUHIP to submit a final reporton alloutstandingissuesarisingfromthe24April2012communiquandRoadmap,toameeting

    oftheCouncil inJanuary2013,onthemarginsoftheOrdinarySessionoftheAssemblyof

    theUnion,atthelevelofHeadsofStateandGovernment.

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    PSC/AHG/3.(CCCLIII)Page2

    6. From 4 to 5 January 2013, with the support of the Chair of IGAD, the AUHIPconvenedaSummitmeetingbetween thePresidentsofSouthSudanandSudan, inAddis

    Ababa, toaddressoutstanding issues.ThisSummitagreedon theneed for theexpedited,

    unconditionalandcoordinated implementationofallelementsof the27September2012

    Agreements.

    II. OUTSTANDINGMATTERSARISINGFROMTHE24APRILCOMMUNIQUANDROADMAPOFTHEPEACEANDSECURITYCOUNCIL

    Security7. Inthe24April2012CommuniquandRoadmap,Councilresolvedthatthereshouldbeanunconditionalwithdrawalofallarmedforcestotheirsideoftheborder,inaccordance

    withpreviouslyadoptedagreements.BothPartieshavepubliclyannouncedthattheyhave

    fulfilled their commitments in this regard. This shall be verified by the Joint Border

    VerificationMonitoring

    Mechanism

    (JBVMM).

    8. Council resolved that the twoStatesshouldactivate thenecessarybordersecuritymechanisms,namelytheSafeDemilitarizedBorderZone(SDBZ)andtheJBVMM:

    a. Duringanextraordinarymeetingof the JointPoliticalandSecurityMechanism(JPSM),convenedbytheAUHIP,on19December2012,thePartiesdevelopedan

    implementationmatrix for security issues and adetailed implementationplan

    withtimelines,withtheassistanceoftheUnitedNations InterimSecurityForce

    forAbyei (UNISFA)ForceCommander.From13 to18 January2013, theAUHIP

    convenedasubsequentextraordinarymeetingoftheJPSM.Duringthismeeting,

    theGovernments

    of

    Sudan

    and

    South

    Sudan

    made

    public

    statements

    to

    affirm

    their compliance with the Planning Matrix on implementation of security

    arrangementsagreedon19December2012.They furtheragreedon the time

    bound implementationplan,which includeddetaileddeploymentdates for the

    JBVMMandadditional requirements for forceprotectionand logisticalsupport

    forthebordermonitoringmission.

    b. The Security Agreement of 27 September 2012 stipulated that the SafeDemilitarizedBorderZone (SDBZ)wouldbeoperationalized inaccordancewith

    the AUHIP administrative and security map of November 2011, with special

    arrangements for the 14 Mile Area, which shall include the complete

    demilitarisation

    of

    the

    14

    Mile

    Area.

    At

    the

    JPSM

    meeting

    of

    15

    December

    2012,

    theAUHIPsubmittedtothePartiesageographicaldefinitionofthe14MileArea,

    which was derived from historical maps and agreements, and reflected the

    AUHIPs November 2011 map of the SDBZ. On this matter, the two Parties

    presentedtheirpositionsatthe lastmeetingofthe JPSM.However,they failed

    toagreeonthegeographicaldefinitionofthelengthofthe14MileArea.Theco

    chairsof the JPSM agreed that this issue shouldbe resolved at a forthcoming

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    extraordinarymeetingof the JPSMon,orbefore,13February2013.Theyalso

    agreedtomeetevery45daysthereafter.

    9. CouncilalsocalledonbothPartiestoceaseharbouringandsupportingrebelgroupsagainst

    the

    other

    State.

    It

    further

    urged

    the

    activation

    of

    the

    Ad

    Hoc

    Committee,

    under

    the

    JPSM,toreceiveand investigatecomplaintsandallegationsmadebyonePartyagainstthe

    other:

    a. During the 1318 January JPSMmeeting, the Parties agreed on a process fordealingwithsecurityrelatedcomplaintsandconcernsofeachState.Harbouring

    andsupporttorebelsshallbedealtwiththroughthisprocess.Inthisregard,the

    Parties have tasked the AdHoc Committee and the JBVMM to investigate

    concernsandcomplaintssubmittedtotheJPSMbybothStates.

    10. The Panelrecommends that Council remains seized of thesematters and that itreport

    to

    Council

    on

    progress.

    Abyei11. CouncilrequestedthePartiestoengageeachotheronthematterofthefinalstatusofAbyeiArea:

    a. During the Summit meeting held from 22 to 27 September 2012, theGovernmentof theRepublicof SouthSudanaccepted the21September2012

    AUHIP Proposal on the final resolution of the status of Abyei, while the

    GovernmentoftheRepublicofSudandidnot.ThetwoPresidentsdiscussedthe

    matterin

    the

    Summit

    meeting

    of

    45January

    2013

    and

    agreed

    that

    the

    immediatepriorityshouldbegiventothefullimplementationoftheAgreement

    on TemporaryArrangements for theAdministration and Security of theAbyei

    Area,andthattheywouldresumetheirdiscussiononthefinalstatusofAbyei,

    including matters relevant to the formation of the Abyei Area Referendum

    Commission after theAbyeiAreaAdministration, theAbyeiAreaCounciland

    the Abyei Police Service have been constituted (the Abyei administrative

    bodies).

    b. Asdiscussed inparagraph12below, theoutstandingdifferences regarding theconstitutionof theAbyeiadministrativebodieshavenowbeen referred to the

    two

    Presidents

    and

    will

    serve

    on

    the

    agenda

    of

    their

    next

    meeting,

    with

    the

    facilitationofthePanel.

    c. The Panel is confident that the Presidents will honour their 5th JanuaryundertakingtoproceedtodealwiththematterofthefinalstatusofAbyeiArea,

    as soon as they have resolved the outstanding issues relating to the Abyei

    administrativebodies.

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    d. ThePanel stands ready to support the twoPresidents in theirdeliberations toresolve the final statusofAbyeiArea, in accordancewith thedecisionsof the

    Councilonthismatter.

    12. Council called on the Parties immediately to implement, in its entirety, theAgreementonTemporaryArrangements for theAdministrationandSecurityof theAbyei

    Area:

    a. ThePresidentsofSudanandSouthSudanagreedattheSummitmeetingof45January2013toimplementthetermsoftheagreementwithimmediatelyeffect.

    TheAbyei JointOversight Committee (AJOC)meton12 and