African Union REPORT Sudan and s Sudan

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<ul><li><p>7/29/2019 African Union REPORT Sudan and s Sudan</p><p> 1/10</p><p>Addis</p><p>PEACEA353RDME</p><p>ADDISA25JANU</p><p>R</p><p>AFRICANU</p><p>baba,Ethio</p><p>NDSECURIETING</p><p>ABA,ETHIRY2013</p><p>EPORTOF</p><p>NION</p><p>pia,P.O.Bo</p><p>Email:</p><p>YCOUNCIL</p><p>PIA</p><p>HEAFRICA</p><p>x:3243 T</p><p>situationr</p><p>UNIONHISUDANAN</p><p>el.:(25111</p><p>om@africa</p><p>HLEVELISOUTHSU</p><p>U</p><p>U</p><p>5513822</p><p>union.org</p><p>PLEMENTDAN</p><p>IONAFRIC</p><p>IOAFRIC</p><p>Fax:(251</p><p>PSC/AH</p><p>TIONPANE</p><p>INE</p><p>NA</p><p>1)551932</p><p>G/3.</p><p>(CCCLII</p><p>LFOR</p><p>I)</p></li><li><p>7/29/2019 African Union REPORT Sudan and s Sudan</p><p> 2/10</p><p>PSC/AHG/3.(CCCLIII)Page1</p><p>REPORTOFTHEAFRICANUNIONHIGHLEVELIMPLEMENTATIONPANELFORSUDANANDSOUTHSUDAN</p><p>I. INTRODUCTION1. ThisreportispreparedpursuanttoCouncilscommuniqusatits319thmeetingon24April, 339</p><p>thmeeting on 24 October and 349</p><p>thmeeting on 14 December 2012, addressing</p><p>outstandingmattersbetween theRepublicofSudan and theRepublicof South Sudan. It</p><p>drawsupontheactivitiesundertakenbytheAfricanUnionHighLevelImplementationPanel</p><p>forSudan(AUHIP)infacilitatingtalksbetweenSudanandSouthSudan,aswellasactivities</p><p>undertaken by the Panel and the Chairof InterGovernmentalAuthority onDevelopment</p><p>(IGAD) to mediate between the Government of Sudan and Sudan Peoples Liberation</p><p>Movement North (SPLMN) during this period. In particular, the report includes the</p><p>outcomes of the Summit meeting of 4 and 5 January 2013, as well as subsequent</p><p>discussionsbetween</p><p>the</p><p>Parties.</p><p>2. Following the outbreak of fighting along the border between Sudan and SouthSudan,Councilconvenedameetingatministeriallevelon24April2012,atwhichitadopted</p><p>acommuniquincorporatingaRoadmapforimplementationbySudanandSouthSudanto</p><p>ease the tensionbetween the twocountries, facilitate the resumptionofnegotiationson</p><p>postsecession relations and outstanding issues in the Comprehensive Peace Agreement</p><p>(CPA),andassistinthenormalizationofrelationsbetweenthetwoStates.Thecommuniqu</p><p>alsoaddressedtheconflictintheTwoAreasofBlueNileandSouthernKordofanstatesin</p><p>theRepublicofSudan.TheRoadmapwasendorsedbytheUNSecurityCouncil,actingunder</p><p>ChapterVIIauthority, inresolution2046(2012)of2May2012.TheAUandUNadopteda</p><p>threemonth</p><p>deadline</p><p>for</p><p>the</p><p>resolution</p><p>of</p><p>the</p><p>issues</p><p>in</p><p>the</p><p>Roadmap.</p><p>3. Subsequently, theAUHIP facilitated negotiations between the Parties, including aSummitmeetingheldbetweenthetwoPresidentsofSudanandSouthSudanfrom22to27</p><p>September2012. TheSummitculminated inthesigningofaCooperationAgreementand</p><p>Agreements on eight other issues, covering security arrangements, oil and transitional</p><p>financialarrangements,thestatusofnationalsofonecountry resident in theother,post</p><p>servicebenefits,trade,banking,borderissuesandcertainothereconomicmatters.</p><p>4. A number of outstanding issues between the two States remainedunresolved.Subsequently,Councilmeton24October2012and,again,on14December2012,</p><p>to</p><p>consider</p><p>reports</p><p>of</p><p>the</p><p>AUHIP</p><p>on</p><p>progress</p><p>made</p><p>by</p><p>the</p><p>Parties</p><p>on</p><p>these</p><p>matters.These</p><p>meetingstookfurtherdecisionsontherelationsbetweenSudanandSouthSudan.</p><p>5. At its 349thmeeting, Council requested theAUHIP to submit a final reporton alloutstandingissuesarisingfromthe24April2012communiquandRoadmap,toameeting</p><p>oftheCouncil inJanuary2013,onthemarginsoftheOrdinarySessionoftheAssemblyof</p><p>theUnion,atthelevelofHeadsofStateandGovernment.</p></li><li><p>7/29/2019 African Union REPORT Sudan and s Sudan</p><p> 3/10</p><p>PSC/AHG/3.(CCCLIII)Page2</p><p>6. From 4 to 5 January 2013, with the support of the Chair of IGAD, the AUHIPconvenedaSummitmeetingbetween thePresidentsofSouthSudanandSudan, inAddis</p><p>Ababa, toaddressoutstanding issues.ThisSummitagreedon theneed for theexpedited,</p><p>unconditionalandcoordinated implementationofallelementsof the27September2012</p><p>Agreements.</p><p>II. OUTSTANDINGMATTERSARISINGFROMTHE24APRILCOMMUNIQUANDROADMAPOFTHEPEACEANDSECURITYCOUNCIL</p><p>Security7. Inthe24April2012CommuniquandRoadmap,Councilresolvedthatthereshouldbeanunconditionalwithdrawalofallarmedforcestotheirsideoftheborder,inaccordance</p><p>withpreviouslyadoptedagreements.BothPartieshavepubliclyannouncedthattheyhave</p><p>fulfilled their commitments in this regard. This shall be verified by the Joint Border</p><p>VerificationMonitoring</p><p>Mechanism</p><p>(JBVMM).</p><p>8. Council resolved that the twoStatesshouldactivate thenecessarybordersecuritymechanisms,namelytheSafeDemilitarizedBorderZone(SDBZ)andtheJBVMM:</p><p>a. Duringanextraordinarymeetingof the JointPoliticalandSecurityMechanism(JPSM),convenedbytheAUHIP,on19December2012,thePartiesdevelopedan</p><p>implementationmatrix for security issues and adetailed implementationplan</p><p>withtimelines,withtheassistanceoftheUnitedNations InterimSecurityForce</p><p>forAbyei (UNISFA)ForceCommander.From13 to18 January2013, theAUHIP</p><p>convenedasubsequentextraordinarymeetingoftheJPSM.Duringthismeeting,</p><p>theGovernments</p><p>of</p><p>Sudan</p><p>and</p><p>South</p><p>Sudan</p><p>made</p><p>public</p><p>statements</p><p>to</p><p>affirm</p><p>their compliance with the Planning Matrix on implementation of security</p><p>arrangementsagreedon19December2012.They furtheragreedon the time</p><p>bound implementationplan,which includeddetaileddeploymentdates for the</p><p>JBVMMandadditional requirements for forceprotectionand logisticalsupport</p><p>forthebordermonitoringmission.</p><p>b. The Security Agreement of 27 September 2012 stipulated that the SafeDemilitarizedBorderZone (SDBZ)wouldbeoperationalized inaccordancewith</p><p>the AUHIP administrative and security map of November 2011, with special</p><p>arrangements for the 14 Mile Area, which shall include the complete</p><p>demilitarisation</p><p>of</p><p>the</p><p>14</p><p>Mile</p><p>Area.</p><p>At</p><p>the</p><p>JPSM</p><p>meeting</p><p>of</p><p>15</p><p>December</p><p>2012,</p><p>theAUHIPsubmittedtothePartiesageographicaldefinitionofthe14MileArea,</p><p>which was derived from historical maps and agreements, and reflected the</p><p>AUHIPs November 2011 map of the SDBZ. On this matter, the two Parties</p><p>presentedtheirpositionsatthe lastmeetingofthe JPSM.However,they failed</p><p>toagreeonthegeographicaldefinitionofthelengthofthe14MileArea.Theco</p><p>chairsof the JPSM agreed that this issue shouldbe resolved at a forthcoming</p></li><li><p>7/29/2019 African Union REPORT Sudan and s Sudan</p><p> 4/10</p><p>PSC/AHG/3.(CCCLIII)Page3</p><p>extraordinarymeetingof the JPSMon,orbefore,13February2013.Theyalso</p><p>agreedtomeetevery45daysthereafter.</p><p>9. CouncilalsocalledonbothPartiestoceaseharbouringandsupportingrebelgroupsagainst</p><p>the</p><p>other</p><p>State.</p><p>It</p><p>further</p><p>urged</p><p>the</p><p>activation</p><p>of</p><p>the</p><p>Ad</p><p>Hoc</p><p>Committee,</p><p>under</p><p>the</p><p>JPSM,toreceiveand investigatecomplaintsandallegationsmadebyonePartyagainstthe</p><p>other:</p><p>a. During the 1318 January JPSMmeeting, the Parties agreed on a process fordealingwithsecurityrelatedcomplaintsandconcernsofeachState.Harbouring</p><p>andsupporttorebelsshallbedealtwiththroughthisprocess.Inthisregard,the</p><p>Parties have tasked the AdHoc Committee and the JBVMM to investigate</p><p>concernsandcomplaintssubmittedtotheJPSMbybothStates.</p><p>10. The Panelrecommends that Council remains seized of thesematters and that itreport</p><p>to</p><p>Council</p><p>on</p><p>progress.</p><p>Abyei11. CouncilrequestedthePartiestoengageeachotheronthematterofthefinalstatusofAbyeiArea:</p><p>a. During the Summit meeting held from 22 to 27 September 2012, theGovernmentof theRepublicof SouthSudanaccepted the21September2012</p><p>AUHIP Proposal on the final resolution of the status of Abyei, while the</p><p>GovernmentoftheRepublicofSudandidnot.ThetwoPresidentsdiscussedthe</p><p>matterin</p><p>the</p><p>Summit</p><p>meeting</p><p>of</p><p>45January</p><p>2013</p><p>and</p><p>agreed</p><p>that</p><p>the</p><p>immediatepriorityshouldbegiventothefullimplementationoftheAgreement</p><p>on TemporaryArrangements for theAdministration and Security of theAbyei</p><p>Area,andthattheywouldresumetheirdiscussiononthefinalstatusofAbyei,</p><p>including matters relevant to the formation of the Abyei Area Referendum</p><p>Commission after theAbyeiAreaAdministration, theAbyeiAreaCounciland</p><p>the Abyei Police Service have been constituted (the Abyei administrative</p><p>bodies).</p><p>b. Asdiscussed inparagraph12below, theoutstandingdifferences regarding theconstitutionof theAbyeiadministrativebodieshavenowbeen referred to the</p><p>two</p><p>Presidents</p><p>and</p><p>will</p><p>serve</p><p>on</p><p>the</p><p>agenda</p><p>of</p><p>their</p><p>next</p><p>meeting,</p><p>with</p><p>the</p><p>facilitationofthePanel.</p><p>c. The Panel is confident that the Presidents will honour their 5th JanuaryundertakingtoproceedtodealwiththematterofthefinalstatusofAbyeiArea,</p><p>as soon as they have resolved the outstanding issues relating to the Abyei</p><p>administrativebodies.</p></li><li><p>7/29/2019 African Union REPORT Sudan and s Sudan</p><p> 5/10</p><p>PSC/AHG/3.(CCCLIII)Page4</p><p>d. ThePanel stands ready to support the twoPresidents in theirdeliberations toresolve the final statusofAbyeiArea, in accordancewith thedecisionsof the</p><p>Councilonthismatter.</p><p>12. Council called on the Parties immediately to implement, in its entirety, theAgreementonTemporaryArrangements for theAdministrationandSecurityof theAbyei</p><p>Area:</p><p>a. ThePresidentsofSudanandSouthSudanagreedattheSummitmeetingof45January2013toimplementthetermsoftheagreementwithimmediatelyeffect.</p><p>TheAbyei JointOversight Committee (AJOC)meton12 and 13 January 2013.</p><p>Duringthismeeting,theAJOCconfirmednominationsfortheleadingpositionsof</p><p>theadministrativebodies tobeestablished.However, thesenominationshave</p><p>been held in abeyance until the conclusion of the outstanding issue of the</p><p>numberofpersonseachStatemayappointtotheAbyeiAreaCouncil(AAC).The</p><p>AJOChas</p><p>referred</p><p>this</p><p>issue</p><p>to</p><p>the</p><p>two</p><p>Presidents</p><p>for</p><p>their</p><p>guidance.</p><p>The</p><p>AJOC</p><p>agreedtocontinuetechnicaldiscussionsanddeliberateonproposalsrelatingto</p><p>theestablishmenttheAbyeiPoliceServiceon30January2013.</p><p>b. AlthoughthisoutstandingmatteroftheAACmembershiphasstalledprogressinestablishingtherelevantbodiesinAbyei,asagreedbythetwoPresidentsatthe</p><p>Summitmeeting of 45 January 2013, it ishoped that the two Presidentswill</p><p>resolvetheissueurgently,sothattheprocesscanproceed.</p><p>c. TheAUHIP recommends thatCouncilremainsseizedof thismatterand that itreportstoCouncilonprogressonthesematters.</p><p>DisputedandClaimedBorderAreas13. CouncilcalledonthePartiestoreachagreementontheprocessfortheresolutionofDisputedandClaimedBorderAreas:</p><p>a. The Presidents of Sudan and South Sudan, in their Summit meeting on 45January2013,directedthatthenecessaryandagreedmeasuresshouldbetaken</p><p>withoutfurtherdelaytodemarcatetheagreedsectionsoftheborder,andthat</p><p>theagreementsrelatingtothematterofprocessingthedisputedareasshouldbe</p><p>implemented. They further agreed that, as soon as the twoGovernmentshad</p><p>concluded</p><p>their</p><p>discussions</p><p>on</p><p>the</p><p>Disputed</p><p>Areas</p><p>after</p><p>receiving</p><p>the</p><p>opinion</p><p>of</p><p>theAUTeamofExperts,thePresidentswillmeettodeterminethewayinwhich</p><p>thematterofClaimedAreasshouldbeprocessed.</p><p>b. ThePanelisconcernedthattheJointBorderCommission,theJointDemarcationCommittee and the Joint Technical Teams responsible for overseeing and</p></li><li><p>7/29/2019 African Union REPORT Sudan and s Sudan</p><p> 6/10</p><p>PSC/AHG/3.(CCCLIII)Page5</p><p>implementing the demarcation process have not yet been activated. The two</p><p>Stateshavealreadynominatedrepresentativesforthesebodies.</p><p>c. ThePanelconsidersthatthematteroftheprocessfordealingwiththeDisputedand</p><p>Claimed</p><p>Border</p><p>Areas</p><p>has</p><p>been</p><p>satisfactorily</p><p>dealt</p><p>with.</p><p>The</p><p>Panel</p><p>will</p><p>monitortheimplementationofthePresidentsdecisioninthisregard.Following</p><p>theLeadNegotiatingPanels (LNP)meeting from13 to18 January,mostof the</p><p>sequencinghasbeenagreed,butthequestionofexacttimingstillremainstobe</p><p>referredtotheHeadsofStatefortheirguidance.</p><p>d. Inthesecircumstances,thePaneldoesnotcurrentlyseeanyrequirementfor ittopresentanyproposaltoCouncilonthematteroftheprocessfordetermining</p><p>thefinalstatusoftheDisputedandClaimedBorderAreas.</p><p>e. ThePanelproposesthatCouncilurgethetwoStatestoactivatetheinstitutionsfor</p><p>overseeing</p><p>and</p><p>implementing</p><p>the</p><p>demarcation</p><p>process.</p><p>The</p><p>Panel</p><p>further</p><p>proposes that it report toCouncilon theprocesses fordealingwithDisputedandClaimedBorderAreasasappropriate.</p><p>TheTwoAreas14. Initsmeetingsof24Octoberand14December,CouncilcalledupontheGovernmentofSudanandtheSPLMNtoenterintodirectnegotiationstoseekapoliticalsolutiontothe</p><p>conflictintheTwoAreas:</p><p>a. ThePartieshavenotyetacteduponthesecalls.b. TheAUHIPstressesthatthereisnomilitarysolutiontotheconflictintheTwo</p><p>Areasandthatthere isnoalternativetothePartiessittingat thenegotiatingtable to seek a political settlement. The AUHIP recalls the FrameworkAgreementof28 June2011and theproposedagreement it submitted to thePartieson17September2012,butalsonotesthatitiswillingtoentertainnewideas should the Parties bring them forward. The AUHIP remains ready tofacilitatetheneededpoliticalnegotiations.</p><p>15. Initsmeetingsof24April,24Octoberand14December2012,CouncilcalledontheGovernmentofSudanand theSPLMNtoenableurgenthumanitarianassistancetoreach</p><p>the</p><p>affected</p><p>population</p><p>in</p><p>the</p><p>Two</p><p>Areas,</p><p>and</p><p>additionally</p><p>called</p><p>for</p><p>a</p><p>ceasefire</p><p>for</p><p>these</p><p>purposes.</p><p>a. ThePartieshavenotyetactedonthesecalls.b. The Panel proposes that Council reiterates its call for immediate and</p><p>unconditionalhumanitarianassistanceforthewaraffectedpeopleoftheTwo</p></li><li><p>7/29/2019 African Union REPORT Sudan and s Sudan</p><p> 7/10</p><p>PSC/AHG/3.(CCCLIII)Page6</p><p>Areas.ThePanelfurthernotesthatifeitherofthetwoPartiespersistinfailingtopermitsuchassistance,itwillnotbepossibleforCounciltodiscourageanyothermechanisms forhumanitarianassistance thatarenotnecessarily in fullconformitywiththepreferredprinciplesofimpartialityandtransparency.</p><p>III. RELATED MATTERS ARISING FROM 24 OCTOBER AND 14 DECEMBER 2012COMMUNIQUSOFTHEPEACEANDSECURITYCOUNCIL</p><p>InternationalAssistancetoSudanandSouthSudan16. In its Communiqu of 14 December 2012, Council called on the internationalcommunity to provide political, economic and financial assistance to the Parties as they</p><p>strivetoimplementtheAgreementsreached:</p><p>a. Therehasbeennoprogressonthisactionpoint.b. In the LeadNegotiating Panel (LNP)meeting from13 to 18 January 2013, the</p><p>Parties agreed that, as part of the implementation of the Matrix, the Panel</p><p>should move forward with its commitment to propose modalities for Joint</p><p>Approachtotheinternationalcommunitytoseekeconomicassistance,including</p><p>debtrelief,within30days.</p><p>c. The AUHIP notes the exceptional development and financial needs of bothcountries, and recommends thatCouncil callsupon internationalpartners toprovidescaledupdevelopmentcooperationassistancetoSouthSudan,andtotake expedited steps to lift economic sanctions imposed on Sudan and to</p><p>provideSudan</p><p>with</p><p>debt</p><p>relief.</p><p>InternationalAssistancetoCommunitiesinAbyei17. Councilalsocalledonthe internationalcommunityurgentlytoassistthePartiestoeffect the safe anddignified returnof alldisplacedpersons toAbyei, and requested the</p><p>Commissiontoconveneaninternationalconferencebringingtogetherrelevantstakeholders</p><p>and partners to coordinate assistance for the rehabilitation and reconstruction ofAbyei,</p><p>includingaddressingtheeconomicneedsofthenomadicpopulation:</p><p>a. Such a conference requires the establishment of the Abyei administrativestructures</p><p>to</p><p>convene</p><p>local</p><p>communities</p><p>to</p><p>discuss</p><p>and</p><p>present</p><p>their</p><p>views</p><p>to</p><p>the conference. International partners have indicated their support for the</p><p>conferenceandhavebeenurgedtostandreadytoconveneassoonaspossible.</p><p>b. TheAUHIPnotes that thenormalizationof life inAbyei isaprerequisite forcreating stabilityandgood relationsbetween thedifferent communities thatreside in Abyei and utilize its territory on a seasonal basis. The AUHIP</p></li><li><p>7/29/2019 African Union REPORT Sudan and s Sudan</p><p> 8/10</p><p>PSC/AHG/3.(CCCLIII)Page7</p><p>recommends that Council strongly urge the Parties to establish theadministrativebodiesinAbyeitofacilitatetheconveningoftheconference.</p><p>ImplementationofCooperationAgreementsbetweenSudanandSouthSudan18. In itsmeetingof14December2012,Councilenc...</p></li></ul>