6.1 osmosis and diffusion powerpoint - osmosis and diffusion...  osmosis scenario: the video...

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  • Notes  –  6.1    

    Diffusion and Osmosis

  • 6.1  The  Structure  and  Func5on  of  the   Cell  Membrane  

    •  The  cell  membrane   has  many  func5ons.   –  protec5on   –  obtaining  food   –  ridding  wastes   –  communica5on   –  interac5on  with  other   cells  

    A soap bubble is like a cell membrane.

  • 6.1  The  Structure  and  Func5on  of  the  Cell   Membrane  

    •  The  cell  membrane  is  made  of  several  types  of   molecules.  

  • 6.1  Diffusion   •  Molecules  move  across  the  cell  membrane  by  a  process  called  

    diffusion.   •  Diffusion  is  the  movement  of  molecules  from  areas  of  greater  

    concentra5on  to  areas  of  lesser  concentra5on.  

  • 6.1  Diffusion   •  Molecules  move   into  or  out  of  the   cell  un5l  there  is  an   equal  number  on   both  sides  of  the  cell   membrane.  

  • 6.1  Diffusion   •  Water  molecules  are   small  enough  to  pass   through  the  cell   membrane  by  diffusion.    

    •  Osmosis  is  the  diffusion   of  water  across  the  cell   membrane.  

  • 6.1  Other  types  of  transport   •  Larger  molecules   like  sugars,   starches,  and   proteins   some5mes  diffuse   through  protein   channels.  

  • 6.1  Ac5ve  transport   •  Ac5ve  transport  is  a  process  that  allows  molecules  to  move  

    across  the  cell  membrane  from  lower  to  higher   concentra5ons.  

    •  To  do  this  requires  energy.  

  • 6.1  Other  types  of  transport  

    •  A  cell  can  take  in   large  par5cles  of   food  by  “engulfing”   them.  

  • 6.1  Why  are  cells  so  small?   •  To  understand  why  the  volume  of  a  cell   increases  faster  than  its  surface  area,  let’s   imagine  a  perfectly  square  cell.  

  • 6.1  Why  are  cells  so  small?   •  Which  cell  type  has  a  higher  volume  to   surface  area  ra5o?  

  • Now  watch  Amoeba  Sisters  –     Osmosis  &  Diffusion    

    Do  worksheet      AMOEBA SISTERS: VIDEO RECAP OSMOSIS Amoeba Sisters Video Recap of Osmosis

    1. The below picture represents diffusion of molecules. Place the following labels in the diagram: high concentration, low concentration, and an arrow showing the direction that the molecules would travel before equilibrium is reached.

    2. Osmosis is a type of diffusion, but it involves the movement of water. Similar to diffusion, osmosis is the movement of molecules (water molecules if osmosis) from a high concentration to a low concentration. The video clip explains that you can also look at water as moving to a __________________________________ concentration of solute molecules. Why can it also be viewed this way?

    3. Osmosis Scenario: The video clip mentioned a disaster scenario of a saltwater fish being placed in fresh water. What would occur if, instead, a freshwater fish was placed in saltwater? Your answer needs to have an arrow indicating the direction of water flow in osmosis, a label for “hypertonic,” and a label for “hypotonic.”

    4. Osmosis Scenario: Fluid movement into the brain after traumatic brain injury can result in dangerous brain swelling. One treatment that can be used in some of these cases is adding a ______________________________ saline. You need to decide whether this blank should be the word hypertonic or hypotonic. Remember, you are trying to reduce the excessive fluid in the brain. Explain your answer:

    Time – 9:27