2.05/2.06: reform movements of the antebellum era

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2.05/2.06: Reform Movements of the Antebellum Era. Antebellum Reform : Movements calling for change before the Civil War There were many different reform movements prior to the Civil War. Religious Reforms. When you finish your notes, put the pages in your notebook: - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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2.05/2.06: Reform Movements of the Antebellum Era

Antebellum Reform: Movements calling for change before the Civil War

There were many different reform movements prior to the Civil War2.05/2.06: Reform Movements of the Antebellum EraReligious ReformsWhen you finish your notes, put the pages in your notebook:P. 17: Religious & Other ReformsP18: African American ReformsP19: Women & Labor Reforms

Thenfinish the last section of your G2 study guide2nd Great AwakeningReligious movement emphasizing individual responsibility for salvation

N & S churches split over slavery

RevivalsReligious gatherings with passionate speeches

Increased church membership

Charles Finney: Father of Revivalism

African American ChurchesSlaves were forced to go to their owners church

Sermons are promise of freedom

Church gave slaves a sense of communityActed as the social, cultural & political center for slaves

Other Reform MovementsExperimental groups that tried to create a utopia or perfect placeUtopian Communities

Education ReformHorace Mann: wanted school reform Create teacher training programs

Prison ReformDorothea Dix: Helped get laws passed for prison reforms & help for the mentally ill

African-American Reform Movements

AbolitionReform movement wanting to outlaw slavery

William L. GarrisonRadical white abolitionist

Wrote The LiberatorNewspaper preaching abolition

EmancipationThe immediate freeing of slaves

Slave owners will not be paid

Not all abolitionist supported emancipation!

David WalkerFree African American who urged others to fight for their freedom

Supported the use of violence

15Frederick DouglassBelieved education was the path to freedom

Wrote The North Star & urged others to run away to freedom

Promoted peaceful separation

Political activism was the way to gain freedom

Nat Turners RebellionSlave rebellion that killed 55-60 whites in Virginia

Turner & several others were captured & killed

Southern Response to Nat Turners RebellionMany argued for immediate emancipation avoid more revolts

Revenge was enacted against many blacks most who had nothing to do with the rebellionAbt. 200 blacks were killed

Virginia Debate:State legislature defended slavery & voted against abolition

Gag Rule:Limited the debate on slavery

Slave Codes:Stricter controls placed on slavesCant own gunCant testify in courtCant assembleCant buy alcoholCant get an education

Womens Reform MovementCult of DomesticityTraditional womens workCaring for children, cooking, cleaning

Grimke SistersAngelina Grimke: Wrote An Appeal to Christian Women of the SouthAsked women to overthrow the system of oppression

Effort to prohibit alcohol

Influenced by religion & womens movementTemperance

Few educational opportunitiesSchools were burned down!!

Women were in very poor healthRestrictive clothingLack of bathing!Womens Education & Health

Seneca Falls Convention1st Womens Rights conventionSupported by abolitionists b/c fighting for similar rights

Leaders: Elizabeth Cady StantonLucretia Mott

Sojourner TruthFormer slave who traveled the country speaking for abolition & womens rights

Labor Reform MovementImmigrationIncreased between 1830-1860

Many from Ireland & Germany

Avoided SouthNot needed due to slave labor

Settled in North & worked in factoriesLow wagesUsed as strike breakers

Created more job competitionTrade UnionsWorkers began to organize into unions & wanted better wages & working conditions

Commonwealth v HuntUpheld the rights of workers

Strikes were legal