20100529 meditation

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Buddhism Blue Cliff Record Meditation Koan


<ul><li> 1. Introduction toChn Meditation 2010/5/29 Buddhist Association of Canada Cham Shan Temple</li></ul> <p> 2. Buddhist Association of Canada Cham Shan Temple n m f tu Namo Buddha n m d m Namo Dharma n m sng qi Namo Sangha 3. -3 Prefect Practice Discipline Shila : Greed Meditation Dhyana : Anger Wisdom-Prajna : Ignorance </p> <ul><li><ul><li>: </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>: </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>: </li></ul></li></ul> <p> 4. Dhyana </p> <ul><li>Dhyana is the application of a pure mind to a single object . The nature of meditative concentration (dhyana) is one-pointed concentration (samadhi). </li></ul> <ul><li> , </li></ul> <p> 5. 1 stFour Dhyanas in the Realm of Form </p> <ul><li>First Dhyana: Bliss Born of Separation from the Realm of Desire : </li></ul> <ul><li>Second Dhyana: Bliss Born of Samadhi : </li></ul> <ul><li>Third Dhyana: Wonderful Happiness of Being Apart from Bliss : </li></ul> <ul><li>Fourth Dhyana: Clear Purity of Casting Away Thought : </li></ul> <p> 6. Five Steps of 1 stDhyana </p> <ul><li>1. Awakening </li></ul> <ul><li>Initial attention, application of cognitive thought onto an object. It is likened to a bee hovering about a flower. </li></ul> <ul><li>2. Observation </li></ul> <ul><li>Continuous, sustained observation on an object, entailing a cognitive, analytical scrutiny of it &amp; discernment of reality from falsehood. It is likened to a bee landing on a flower and gathering its pollen </li></ul> <p> 7. Five Steps of 1 stDhyana </p> <ul><li>3. Joy </li></ul> <ul><li>An ecstatic, emotional feeling of knowing, revelation &amp; oneness with an object. It is not a cognitive state but rather an affective and intuitive state of mind. </li></ul> <ul><li>4. Contentment </li></ul> <ul><li>A more sublime affective and intuitive state of knowing and familiarization with an object of meditation. It is a less emotional, more refined state of bliss. </li></ul> <ul><li>5. Concentration </li></ul> <ul><li>Singleness of mind, complete focus, and pure mental concentration </li></ul> <p> 8. Suumary of 1 stDhyana </p> <ul><li>There is no possibility of unwholesome thought; </li></ul> <ul><li>No decision making process is available; </li></ul> <ul><li>There is no perception of time; </li></ul> <ul><li>Consciousness is non-dual, making judgement and comprehension inaccessible; , , </li></ul> <ul><li>One is very, very aware, but only of bliss that doesn't move; and , </li></ul> <ul><li>The five senses are gradually shut off, and only the sixth sense, mind, is in operation. </li></ul> <p> 9. The States of the 2 nd Dhyana Cultivate Beautiful MindfulnessIn the Present Moment The stage of bliss comes from the sublimation (letting go) of the cognitive functions of the mind. There is gradual withdrawal of the cognitive states of mind so that there is only concentration and the affective states of mind. one must remove all will, all doing and all control. 10. The states of the 2 nd Dhyana Initial attention is sublimated, which becomes more subtle. Then, the sustained scrutiny is eliminated.In sublimating the initial attention and the sustained thought one further purifies singleness of mind (Samadhi). One's concentration will continue to be in the affective states of joy and contentment without the cognitive functions.Ten Virtues occur. , 11. Four Steps in the 2 nd Dhyana 1. Inner Purity The applied cognitive thought and the sustained cognitive thought become purified and sublimated. 2. Joy Feelings of ecstasy and revelation.One is able to transcend the verbal &amp; cognitive states into a deeper level of concentration. Ten virtuesgenerated. 12. 10 virtues from 2 nd Dhyana Samadhi Empliness Purity Joy Happiness Wants To Do Good Understanding Release from Suffering Phenomenon by thought calm Empliness Clarity Joy Happiness Want To Do Good Awakening Release from Suffering Ability to Predict Phenomenon/Situation All Rounded and Flexible Mind 13. 4 Steps of the 2 nd Dhyana 3. Contentment New levels of refined bliss 4. Concentration Singleness of mind, pure mental concentration , 14. Summary of the 2 nd Dhyana </p> <ul><li>The subsiding of the "wobble" from the FirstDhyanadue to internal confidence in the stability of the bliss; , </li></ul> <ul><li>Perfect one-pointedness of mind due to full confidence in the bliss. (The perfection ofsamadhi) </li></ul> <ul><li>The supramundane bliss generated by the end of all movement of the mind, , </li></ul> <ul><li>The end of all doing. </li></ul> <ul><li>The cognitive, verbal states of mind are eliminated and consequently there is greater singleness of mind and greater strength of Samadhi. . , </li></ul> <p> 15. </p> <ul><li>The Vajra Prajn Pramit Sutra</li></ul> <p>The Vajra Prajn Pramit Sutra 16. Chapter 1 of Diamond Sutra </p> <ul><li>Chapter 1.The Reasons for the Dharma Assembly</li></ul> <ul><li>Thus I have heard. At one time the Buddha was staying in the Jeta Grove in the Garden of the Benefactor of Orphans and the Solitary together with a gathering of great bhikus, twelve hundred fifty in all. At that time, at meal time, the World Honored One put on his robe, took up his bowl, and entered the great city of Srvast to beg for food. </li></ul> <p> 17. Chapter 1 of Diamond Sutra </p> <ul><li>After he had finished his sequential begging within the city, he returned, ate the food, put away his robe and bowl, washed his feet, arranged his seat, and sat down.</li></ul> <p> 18. Chapter 2 of Diamond Sutra </p> <ul><li>Chapter 2Subhtis Request </li></ul> <ul><li>At that time the Elder Subhti arose from his seat in the assembly, uncovered his right shoulder, placed his right knee on the ground, put his palms together with respect and said to the Buddha: How rare, World Honored One, is the Tathgata who remembers and protects all Bodhisattvas and causes them to be well-endowed. </li></ul> <p> 19. Chaper 2 of Diamond Sutra </p> <ul><li> World Honored One, if a good man, or good woman, resolves his heart on Anuttarasayaksabodhi, how should he dwell, how should he subdue his heart?</li></ul> <ul><li>The Buddha said, Good indeed, good indeed, Subhti, it is as you say. The Tathgata remembers and protects all Bodhisattvas and causes them to be well-endowed. Now listen attentively; I shall tell you. A good man or good woman who resolves his heart on Anuttarasayaksabodhi should thus dwell, should thus subdue his heart.</li></ul> <ul><li> Yes, certainly, World Honored One. I want to hear. I am delighted to listen. </li></ul> <ul><li> : </li></ul> <p> 20. Blue Cliff Record Case 10: Thieving Phony </p> <ul><li>Mu Zhou asked a monk, Where have you just come from?</li></ul> <ul><li>The monk immediately shouted.</li></ul> <ul><li>Mu Zhou said, I've been shouted at by you once. </li></ul> <ul><li>Again the monk shouted. </li></ul> <p> 21. Blue Cliff Record Case 10: Thieving Phony </p> <ul><li>Mu Zhou said, After three or four shouts, then what?</li></ul> <ul><li>The monk had nothing to say. Mu Zhou then hit him and said, What a thieving phony you are! </li></ul> <p> 22. Case 10 Xuedous Verse: Thieving Phony </p> <ul><li>Two shouts and a third shout.</li></ul> <ul><li>Adepts are expert at strategic change.</li></ul> <ul><li>If you call that riding the tigers head.</li></ul> <ul><li>Both would be blind.</li></ul> <ul><li>Who after all is really blind?</li></ul> <ul><li>I bring it out for everyone to see. </li></ul> <p> 23. The Great Matter </p> <ul><li>Muzhou is the disciple and attendant of Huangbo. He was the one who goaded Linji to meet with Master Huangbo. He asked Linji, How long have you been in the monastery?</li></ul> <ul><li>Linji said, Ive been here for three years. And how often do you meet with master Huangbo, asked Muzhou. </li></ul> <ul><li> I havent met him even once. I dont know what to ask. </li></ul> <p> 24. The Great Matter What, said Muzhou, Why not? I m afraid to see him. I hear he s rough with his students. He shouts at them and he beats them with his stick. Don t worry about that, said Muzhou. Huangbo is the Master here and you ve got to get to him. I know, I m his personal attendant. Without meeting with Huangbo you ll never realize anything. I ll tell you what. You go to Huangbo and ask him to tell you what the great matter is. 25. The Great Matter So next time Huangbo allowed students to come to him. Linji went. He entered the room, made his bows and asked Huangbo about the Great Matter and Huangbo immediately hit him with his stick. So Linji returned to Muzhou and told him what happened. Linji was encouraged once again to go to Huangbo. 26. The Great Matter He went and again was hit. Muzhou encouraged Linji again and again he went to Huangbo the 3 rdtimes and again asked his question and again was hit. So Linji told Muzhou that hes had it enough and was going to leave the monastery and go somewhere where they know how to deal with students. Muzhou said: if you leave, you should tell your master at least. Muzhou told Huangbo: Linji is an unsual talent and about to leave. Please give him some instructions. 27. The Great Matter Next day, Linji went to see Huangbo and told him that he is leaving. Huangbo said: You just need to visit Chan Master Dayu at Gao An. He will give you instructions. Linji went to visit Dayu. Dayu said: where do you come from? Linji: I come from Huangbo. 28. The Great Matter Dayu asked again: Did Huangbo tell you anything? Linji: I went to see him three times and ask him about the Great Matter. But I was hitted three times. I dont know if I did anything wrong? Dayu said: Huangbo had a such kind heart. He was so concerned about you and tried to help you to understand. So he sent you here to ask me about what is right and what is wrong? Linji immediately got enlightened and said joyfully: Now I know Huangbo s dharma cant be expressed. 29. </p> <ul><li>www.ChamShanTemple.org </li></ul> <ul><li>www.shengguangshi.blogspot.com </li></ul> <ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul> <ul><li>Shengguang Shi </li></ul> <ul><li>Tom Cheung </li></ul> <ul><li>Kam Cheung </li></ul> <ul><li>Dennis Yap </li></ul> <p>Questions and Comments 30. </p>