Vipashyana Meditation Buddhist Meditation

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<ul><li><p>8/8/2019 Vipashyana Meditation Buddhist Meditation</p><p> 1/23</p><p>AN INSIGHT</p><p>TAOSHOBUDDHA</p></li><li><p>8/8/2019 Vipashyana Meditation Buddhist Meditation</p><p> 2/23</p><p>VIPASHYANA MEDITATION - TAOSHOBUDDH</p><p>Page 2</p><p>MEDITATION LEADS TO ULTIMATE FLOWERING</p><p>VIPASHYANA MEDITATION TECHNI</p><p> 2009, Taoshobuddha</p><p>All rights are reserved. No part of this publica be reproduced, stored in a retrieval sy</p><p>transmitted, in any form or by any means, mephotocopying, recording or otherwise, withwritten permission of the originalTAOSHOBUDDHA MEDITATIONS.</p><p>Printed and Published by:TAOSHOBUDDHA andTAOSHOBUDDHA MEDITATIONS</p><p>Cover design and graphics: Anand Neelam</p><p>A</p><p>UES</p><p>ion maytem or</p><p>chanical,ut priorublisher</p><p>er</p></li><li><p>8/8/2019 Vipashyana Meditation Buddhist Meditation</p><p> 3/23</p><p>VIPASHYANA MEDITATION - TAOSHOBUDDH</p><p>Page 3</p><p>TAOSHOBUDDHA</p><p>The word Taoshobuddha comes from three words,and Buddha. The word Tao was coined by the ChiLau Tzu. It means that which is and cannot be put inis unknown and unknowable. It can only be expenot expressed in words. Its magnanimity cannot beinto finiteness. The word Sho implies, that which is</p><p>sky and deep like an ocean and carries within itreasure. It also means one on whom the existence blessings. And lastly the word Buddha implies theOne; one who has arrived home.</p><p>Thus, TAOSHOBUDDHA implies one who is exiwhom the existence showers its blessings and oarrived home. THE ENLIGHTENED ONE!</p><p>A</p><p>tao, sho,ese master,to words. Itienced andcondensedast like the</p><p>ts womb ashowers itsnlightened</p><p>stential, one who has</p></li><li><p>8/8/2019 Vipashyana Meditation Buddhist Meditation</p><p> 4/23</p><p>VIPASHYANA MEDITATION - TAOSHOBUDDHA</p><p>Page 4</p><p>VIPASHYANAMEDITATIONTECHNIQUES</p><p>WHEN INTELLECT IS UNDULY ACTIVE WE CANNOT ATTAIN THE EMPTINESSOF THE MIND.</p><p>BRIEF HISTORY</p><p>A flower that never knew about the sun and a flowerthat has experienced the sun are not the same. Indeedthey cannot be. Because a flower that has neverwitnessed the rising sun can never feel the rising sunwithin! Such a flower is dead. It has the potentiality butthe potentiality has not attained fruition. It has never</p><p>known its own spirit. However, a flower that haswitnessed the sunrise has also seen something arisewithin itself. It has discovered its own soul. Now thisflower is no more a flower. The flower has known adeep happening within.</p></li><li><p>8/8/2019 Vipashyana Meditation Buddhist Meditation</p><p> 5/23</p><p>VIPASHYANA MEDITATION - TAOSHOBUDDHA</p><p>Page 5</p><p>To create this inner sun of awareness within, Buddhainvented a technique of meditation almost twenty-fivecenturies ago. This technique not only creates the innersun of awareness, but at the same time it also allowsthe awareness to penetrate into every cell of the bodyand then to the entire being. The technique thatBuddha invented is known as Anapana Sati Yoga. This isthe yoga of incoming and outgoing breath awareness. Itis also known as Vipashyana meditation. The word</p><p>Vipashyana has two words put together Vi andPashyana. Vi means neutral and Pashyana means to see.Thus, Vipashyana means to look at everything with aneutral attitude.</p><p>Vipashyana is also known as Insight Meditation. It wasdiscovered by Buddha to unravel the questions arising</p><p>in his mind to know the truth. When Buddha was born,his father was of a well-advanced age. Astrologers werecalled in. One of the younger astrologers said thatBuddha would leave the kingly splendor in search of Truth. While the other astrologers suggested ways tochange the destiny, it was suggested that he bemarried. Also it was made sure that nothing unusual be</p><p>allowed to happen around him as metaphysicalquestions would arise in him seeing the leaves turningyellow and then falling etc. So he was married toYashodhara and around the palace where he was living,all dried leaves were picked up before sunrise. Allarrangements were made so that no unusual questionswould arise in his mind. However, Buddha had not come</p></li><li><p>8/8/2019 Vipashyana Meditation Buddhist Meditation</p><p> 6/23</p><p>VIPASHYANA MEDITATION - TAOSHOBUDDHA</p><p>Page 6</p><p>to rule any kingdom. One night he first saw an old man,then a sick person, and finally a dead body. That was thedestined night. It is said that these three men were theEnlightened masters of the past, who came to guide andpave the path for Buddha. He questioned his charioteerabout these events. He was told that such is the destinyof each human being. Buddha did not return to thepalace that night. He decided to seek the answer tothese questions. So he embraced the life of a wandering</p><p>ascetic.</p><p>Then it was believed that there were two majortechniques of meditation. First of these techniques wasof concentration. This involved experiencing variousstages of meditative absorption. This is called jhana ordhyana . Buddha went to two masters of the time to</p><p>learn this. In the process he attained the highest state of jhana . Yet still he was far from the Truth or Dhamma, sohe asked his teachers if they had anything more tooffer. But they were honest enough to say no. Buddhadid all that was needed to attain the highest spiritualstate and then left.</p><p>Then he came across the other form of meditativepractice which was also used. This was the practice of self-mortification or self-torture. It was believed then,that by tormenting the body the self or ego wouldvanish. This could be accomplished in several ways,including fasting or lying on a bed of nails. Buddha wentthrough all these techniques. For six years he wandered.</p></li><li><p>8/8/2019 Vipashyana Meditation Buddhist Meditation</p><p> 7/23</p><p>VIPASHYANA MEDITATION - TAOSHOBUDDHA</p><p>Page 7</p><p>His last master was Alarkalam. For six months Buddhalived on one grain of rice. He practiced the fastingintensely. Nothing happened!</p><p>After a long period of fasting he became very frail andweak. He had no energy to live. He was lying half unconscious under a banyan tree when he wasdiscovered by a cowherd boy. The young boy realizedthat the recluse must have been fasting for a long time</p><p>and that had weakened his body. But Buddha did notsee the boy. The boy was wise enough to give milk toBuddha but Buddha was so weak that he could not openhis mouth. The boy hesitated to touch Buddha as hebelonged to a lower caste but realizing the situation hedecided that even though it was a sin to touch Buddha,it was more important to save him. He could ask for</p><p>forgiveness afterwards.</p><p>Buddha felt better after drinking the milk and wasfinally able to move. He saw the boy sitting next to himrespectfully, so Buddha enquired who he was. The boysaid that he was a cowherd and asked for forgiveness.Buddha consoled the boy; he told him that he had done</p><p>the right thing and there was no need to ask forforgiveness. Further Buddha said, We are not good orbad simply because we are born in a low or high family.Our goodness depends on our actions.</p><p>So Buddha stayed under the tree. In the evening heheard a song coming from the nearby forest. The song</p></li><li><p>8/8/2019 Vipashyana Meditation Buddhist Meditation</p><p> 8/23</p><p>VIPASHYANA MEDITATION - TAOSHOBUDDHA</p><p>Page 8</p><p>was being sung by a group of girls who were collectingfirewood in the forest. The song meant that if thestrings of the musical instrument were too tight theywould break on being used. Also if the strings were tooloose the instrument would not make the right sound.The strings would have to be neither too tight nor tooloose. Thus, Buddha saw the futility of the extremepaths and also the dangers of attachment to them. Sohe decided to pursue the middle path himself. He</p><p>realized the significance of the middle path. He thenwent to Niranjana River and sat on the bank to meditateand discover the middle path.</p><p>It is said that Buddha wanted to cross the riverNiranjana but he was so weak that he fell into it; it wasa shallow stony river. He held on to the branch of a tree</p><p>leaning from the other shore. He thought about thefutility of his actions of the past few days. He thought,now that I am so weak, what would I be able to doeven if Enlightenment happened? He could not sleep.He remained awake the whole night watching the starsdisappear in the sky. Somehow he came out of theriver! He made a seat of grass under a Bodhi tree and</p><p>sat for meditation. Then a woman came by to offer himsome food as offering of her good fortune. She thoughtthat God had come to her in this human form of a holyman sitting under the Bodhi Tree. She offered Buddhaexcellent food in forty-nine pieces on a beautiful platter.Buddha ate all that was offered and then again began tomeditate without any further need for nourishment. It</p></li><li><p>8/8/2019 Vipashyana Meditation Buddhist Meditation</p><p> 9/23</p><p>VIPASHYANA MEDITATION - TAOSHOBUDDHA</p><p>Page 9</p><p>was now sunset. He decided not to move again untilEnlightenment happened.</p><p>That night, at near about midnight, Buddha was stronglytempted by Mara or Maya or illusion. It is the symbol of all obstructing forces. The three daughters of Mara Desire, Lust, and Aversion came to persuade him toleave the path of meditation and return to the palaceand become the king. This did not affect Buddha who</p><p>was tranquil. This made Mara angry, so he sent hisarmies by land and air to frighten Buddha. He becameafraid; he opened his eyes and raised his hand to wardoff the attack. But then he realized there was no one.They were, in fact, his hallucinations.</p><p>Buddha continued his meditation. He was tranquil and</p><p>restful. He meditated watching his mind until dawnwhen each star in the sky had disappeared. With this,something dawned on him. Buddha got a clear insightand inner understanding of all the phenomena, bothwithin and without. Enlightenment happened at thatvery moment! The thing which Buddha was waiting foryears, happened that precise moment. It was during</p><p>meditation Buddha discovered the technique of Vipashyana or Insight Meditation.</p><p>The meditation is such that it not only creates an innerawareness, but simultaneously allows the awareness topenetrate to the very cells of the body, to the whole of </p></li><li><p>8/8/2019 Vipashyana Meditation Buddhist Meditation</p><p> 10/23</p><p>VIPASHYANA MEDITATION - TAOSHOBUDDHA</p><p>Page10</p><p>ones being. It is also called Anapana Sati Yoga. It is ameditation.</p><p>That brings awareness of incoming and outgoing breath.It is based on constant or attentive awareness. Weattach various meanings to awareness. We have to beclear about its meaning. When Buddha spoke of breathawareness, he meant to look attentively withoutapplying any knowledge or information. It means that</p><p>we simply look with a quiet mind, without making anycomment or applying knowledge, interpretation, orexplanation! The art of neutral observation is not soeasy. By doing so, we can see that the mind can beemptied of its contents. Then we can understand theway the mind works and also examine the contents of the mind. This is the way to meet everything fully with</p><p>the whole being and with all the energy that you have.Then there is no more dissipation of energy. And it canbe directed for looking at what is going on. This islooking beyond appearance. It is significant tounderstand that we are simply looking at and notlooking for. There is a vast difference between lookingat and looking for. When we are looking at there is no</p><p>more expectation, which is an aspect of looking for. If we look for something in meditation and there isexpectation, the disappointment is bound to come. Thiswill lead to clinging, loss of energy, and mentalimbalance. It is important to look attentively andsilently. This will bring clear understanding and insightinto the nature and the contents of the mind. Buddha</p></li><li><p>8/8/2019 Vipashyana Meditation Buddhist Meditation</p><p> 11/23</p><p>VIPASHYANA MEDITATION - TAOSHOBUDDHA</p><p>Page11</p><p>explained the same in Satipatthana Sutra. These sutrasare related to mindfulness. Buddha explained thatawareness is only for intuitive understanding andawareness itself, not for anything else.</p><p>Intuitive insight gradually develops along the path of awareness. We may see that this incorporates threemain factors namely: attention, awareness, andwatchfulness. These three words explain the techniques</p><p>of insight. Insight is developed if we follow this properly,in other words when the meditation is done in the rightway.</p><p>However, in the early stages, insight is closelyconnected with intellect. This is mainly because of conflicts within and the knowledge that we have. But</p><p>with insight, we come to understand what we know;insight gets deeper. And thus is revealed the differencebetween insight itself and the function of intellect. Thetwo go on cooperating in deep meditation. But this isquite different from what we have known originally.Intellect gets still and becomes receptive when insightoperates. Now intellect will pick up the signals given by</p><p>the insight words and concepts.</p><p>We need to allow intellect to be quiet and passive. Thenintellect becomes subservient to insight. It can no moreremain active all the time. When intellect is undulyactive we cannot attain the emptiness of the mind. Wecannot come to total silence. When we attain stillness,</p></li><li><p>8/8/2019 Vipashyana Meditation Buddhist Meditation</p><p> 12/23</p><p>VIPASHYANA MEDITATION - TAOSHOBUDDHA</p><p>Page12</p><p>then we can see without obstruction. This seeing isinsight! And thus the meaning of the method of Vipashyana!</p><p>To begin the process we need to cultivate our attention.And in developing this attention, we need some primaryobject as focus. In Vipashyana we use the rise and fall of breath as the preliminary object. We need not regulatethe breath. Just let it be as it is. Let the breath move in</p><p>and out as naturally as possible without anyinterference of the mind. As the breath moves in andout, observe the rise and fall. This is the first step for themind, to see the nature of the rising and the passingaway in the physical sense of breathing.</p><p>As an individual we go on breathing unconsciously.</p><p>Breath is Prana. Breath is lan vital. Yet still breathing isunconscious. We are unaware of it. And if we were tobe aware of breathing in order to breathe, we woulddie. Sooner or later we would forget. Thus, we cannotremember anything continuously. Breathing establishesa connection between our voluntary and nonvoluntarysystems. We can, however, control our breathing to</p><p>some extent. At times we can even stop breathing for awhile. But no way can we stop breathing permanently.It goes on without any effort on our part. One can be incoma for months, yet still breathing goes on. Breathingis an unconscious mechanism.</p></li><li><p>8/8/2019 Vipashyana Meditation Buddhist Meditation</p><p> 13/23</p><p>VIPASHYANA MEDITATION - TAOSHOBUDDHA</p><p>Page13</p><p>There are two aspects of breathing the Incomingbreath and the Outgoing breath. When you breathe inand pause, there is a gap, and then you breathe out.After you breathe out, there comes another gap, beforeyou start breathing in or inhaling again. Therefore, thereare two gaps. The first one happens within you after thebreath comes in. This creates a Center within. This isknown as your Soul or Inner Center. The other happenswhen the breath is out and waiting to come in. This gap</p><p>is called Parmatman or Cosmic Center. If the breath thathas gone out does not come in, it is referred to as Deathwhile the gap within is called Life.</p><p>Vipashyana</p><p>Buddha...</p></li></ul>