11368_Getting Started With Linux

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<ul><li><p>8/3/2019 11368_Getting Started With Linux</p><p> 1/16</p><p>Getting started with Linux</p></li><li><p>8/3/2019 11368_Getting Started With Linux</p><p> 2/16</p></li><li><p>8/3/2019 11368_Getting Started With Linux</p><p> 3/16</p><p> There are 3 main componentson the desktop: the MenuSystem the Panel theDesktop itself</p><p> The main menu can beaccessed by clicking on theMain Menu button located atthe extreme lower left handcorner of the desktop. Thismay be portrayed by one ofseveral icons depending onthe desktop environment used.Here is Icon of GNOME mainmenu button and Fedora Redhat menu button</p></li><li><p>8/3/2019 11368_Getting Started With Linux</p><p> 4/16</p><p>Main Menu</p><p> Menu System consists of a</p><p>Main Menu panel and sub-</p><p>menu panels. From the</p><p>Menu System you can startmany of the applications</p><p>installed on your Linux</p><p>system</p></li><li><p>8/3/2019 11368_Getting Started With Linux</p><p> 5/16</p><p>Panel</p><p> The long bar across the bottom of the</p><p>desktop screen is called the Panel. The</p><p>Panel contains the Main Menu icon, the</p><p>application launcher icons, a notificationarea and applets.</p></li><li><p>8/3/2019 11368_Getting Started With Linux</p><p> 6/16</p><p> Installed by default are several application launcher icons on the</p><p>Panel. Clicking on one of these will run an application. Commonly</p><p>accessed applications can be added to the Panel and those that are</p><p>less frequently used can be taken off.</p><p> The notification area holds alert icons so that the user</p><p>can be alerted to critical messages.</p><p> Applets are small applications that run on the Panel.These usually perform useful and informative tasks like</p><p>setting the sound level of the soundcard, monitoring</p><p>whether the system software needs an update, etc. By</p><p>default the following applets are run.</p></li><li><p>8/3/2019 11368_Getting Started With Linux</p><p> 7/16</p><p>Workspace Switcher</p><p> The graphical desktop can be regarded as aworkspace drawing an analogy with theworking area on a real physical tabletop.</p><p> Programs are run, documents displayed andfiles opened on the workspace.</p><p> To cut down on workspace clutter and toenable the user to organise his workspacemore efficiently, the graphical desktopenvironment allows the usage of multipleworkspaces.</p><p> Each workspace can be considered as a virtual</p><p>desktop.</p></li><li><p>8/3/2019 11368_Getting Started With Linux</p><p> 8/16</p><p>Taskbar</p><p> The Taskbar applet is located next to the workspace switcher and</p><p>shows the titles of all the running applications in a virtual desktop (a</p><p>workspace)</p><p> The Desktop space refers to the rest of the screen. It</p><p>contains icons which are graphical representations ofshort-cuts to application launchers, file folders, files and</p><p>peripheral devices like floppy disks, CD-ROM drives and</p><p>printers. Double-clicking on an icon representing an</p><p>application will launch or execute the application.Commonly used applications and/or files/folders are</p><p>usually placed on the desktop space.</p></li><li><p>8/3/2019 11368_Getting Started With Linux</p><p> 9/16</p></li><li><p>8/3/2019 11368_Getting Started With Linux</p><p> 10/16</p><p>Titlebar</p><p> When an application is started</p><p>an application window opens</p><p>and a frame is placed around</p><p>the window of the application.</p><p>The top edge of the frame hasa titlebar that contains the title</p><p>of the application</p><p> At the left hand corner of the</p><p>titlebar is theWindow Menu</p><p>button. Clicking on this button</p><p>will open up theWindow Menu</p><p> At the right edge of the titlebar</p><p>there are three buttons which</p><p>allow you to minimise,</p><p>(un)maximise and close the</p><p>window.</p></li><li><p>8/3/2019 11368_Getting Started With Linux</p><p> 11/16</p><p>Desktop Customization</p><p> After running the Help application choose: Desktop --&gt; Basic</p><p>Preferences</p><p> Desktop Background</p><p> The background image displayed on the desktop can be changed by</p><p>running the Background application from the Main Menu</p><p> Main Menu --&gt; Preferences --&gt; Background</p><p> Desktop Themes The theme used by the Desktop can be changed by</p><p>running the Theme application from the Main Menu(this is in the Preferences sub-menu).</p><p> Main Menu --&gt; Preferences --&gt; Theme</p></li><li><p>8/3/2019 11368_Getting Started With Linux</p><p> 12/16</p></li><li><p>8/3/2019 11368_Getting Started With Linux</p><p> 13/16</p><p>Changing Font</p><p> Default Fonts The default fonts used to display</p><p>applications and the desktop</p><p>background can be changed by</p><p>running the Fonts application fromthe Main Menu (this is in the</p><p>Preferences sub-menu).</p><p> Main Menu --&gt; Preferences --&gt;</p><p>Font</p></li><li><p>8/3/2019 11368_Getting Started With Linux</p><p> 14/16</p><p>Menus&amp;toolbars</p><p> Menus and Toolbars The Menus &amp; Toolbars tool is</p><p>used to customise the appearance</p><p>of menus, menubars, and</p><p>toolbars. Again this can be runfrom the Preferences sub-menu in</p><p>the Main Menu.</p><p> Main Menu --&gt; Preferences --&gt;</p><p>Menus &amp; Toolbars</p></li><li><p>8/3/2019 11368_Getting Started With Linux</p><p> 15/16</p><p>Applets</p><p> The Panel houses many useful utilities called applets. Applets are small</p><p>applications that run on the Panel Panel include: Clock, sticky notes, and</p><p>volume control</p><p> To place an applet on the Panel, move the mouse over to an empty space</p><p>on the Panel and right-click it. Select the item "Add to Panel" and from the</p><p>sub-menus select the applet to place on the Panel. To prevent accidental</p><p>removal of an applet, you can lock it on the Panel by right-clicking on its</p><p>icon and selecting "Lock</p><p> Removing an Applet from the PanelTo remove an applet, right-click on</p><p>the applet icon and select "Remove from Panel". If the applet is locked, you</p><p>will have to unlock it first by right-clicking on the icon and selecting "Unlock".</p></li><li><p>8/3/2019 11368_Getting Started With Linux</p><p> 16/16</p><p>Launcher</p><p>Launchers allow the user a quick way to access specific resourceson the system. For example if a user needs to access a specific file</p><p>in one of the folders often, he can create a launcher to run an</p><p>application to open the file and this launcher can be placed it on the</p><p>Desktop</p><p> To create a launcher on the Desktop, right-click on anempty area on the Desktop and select the item "Create</p><p>Launcher". Enter the Name and the Command to run</p><p>and if you want you can select an icon for it by clicking</p><p>on the icon button</p></li></ul>