1 oxford brookes university u08096 project note 5
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- 1 Oxford Brookes University U08096 Project Note 5
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- 2 Supervisor zVincent Ching zEmail email@example.com@6838.info firstname.lastname@example.org@hkucs.org
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- 3 Note 5 zPlagiarism & Referencing
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- 4 Learning Outcomes zCorrectly reference and cite material.
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- 5 Plagiarism zPlagiarism is taking another persons words (written or spoken), ideas, theories, facts (that are not considered general knowledge), statistics, art work, etc. and passing them off as your own. Simply changing the language of the information you are using also constitutes plagiarism if you do not acknowledge your source.
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- 6 Plagiarism Principles zWhen borrowing another persons word, use quotation marks and include a complete reference. zDo not paraphrase another writers words and pass them off as your own. zWhen borrowing another persons ideas (or Internet sources), acknowledge their origins.
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- 7 Citations and References zIt is very important to cite your sources correctly. The University recommends you use the Harvard System - it is simple and comprehensive. You should note that citations and references imply that you have used another authors material in your work. yReference - a general pointer to work similar to your own. yCitation - a direct reference to another authors work, used to support arguments or contentions in your own work.
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- 8 Citations and References zWhether a particular entry in a text is a simple reference or a citation cannot be deduced by the form of reference, and the distinction is only made so that one understands the difference between general references and those that support directly arguments or ideas in your work. The basic form is: yAuthors, (Year of Publication), Name of Article or book, Edition, Place: Publisher.
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- 9 Citations and References zThe following form is used to make reference to work where there are many authors. yFirst use in a text processing structure and gender (Green, 1987, Brown and Blue, 1999) yFor subsequent use we write given that processing structure is contextually defined (Green et al).
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- 10 Citations and References zIf you want to be more precise you can add the relevant page number after the date: yprocessing structure and gender (Green, 1987:234, Brown and Blue, 1999:23) zThe following form is used to make reference to work where there is a single author. y... figures be the instruments of ornament in every language (Puttenham 1589)
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- 11 Citations and References zIf you need to make a specific citation to particular elements or terms in another's work and where the authors name is effectively part of the sentence use the form: y play a role in the learning model advocated by Garlick (1989) y... Lightfoot (1991) suggests that such mission statements are strong linguistic constructs y Garlick and Lightfoot (1994) suggest that: yMission statement are strong linguistic constructs that can only be understood within a given context where a collective meaning has emerged.
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- 12 Inclusions zThis term implies that you have included in your document complete facsimiles of another document or more usually part of another document. Such inclusions will still require full referencing and care must be taken so that copyright law is not infringed. It is hard to give exact rules but typical elements are copies of a glossary, standard lists, diagrams and so on. In most cases such inclusions will be in appendices.
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- 13 Plagiarism Declaration zI confirm that the enclosed assignment including any associated software is entirely my own work except where explicitly stated otherwise. I further declare that when such other work is used it only supports my own work and its inclusion is in accordance with normal scholarly conventions.
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- 14 Harvard System Reference zThe essential guide is found at http://www.cie.uce.ac.uk/essential/harvard/index.html http://www.tvu.ac.uk/lrs/guides/harvard.html
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- 15 Plagiarism Detection Tools zAdvanced Google Search zwww.mydropbox.com http://www.mydropbox.com Lecturers use it for identifying any unduly derivative works.
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- 16 Harvard System Reference References The authors family name and the year of publication are placed (in parentheses) at the end of the sentence or paragraph in which reference to the publication has been made. Citation - This system must be used with a reference list to enable the reader to locate the reference later.
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- 17 Harvard System Reference This is ONLY an example The integration of stand-alone and the existing companys systems become very difficult and most of them require the rewrite of the whole application to suit the new environment. [HAM2002]. The vendor tries to convince the customer to upgrade all their PCs to Office 2000. At end of day, customer takes their advice, and event they spent lots of money to buy Office 2000 from Microsoft.[KUL2001]. Cartwright (1988, p.6) suggests this is the key to business success. From above story, you should well understand why the server/client structure can minimize the software conflicting problem, and dont forget another importance fact, you should have and you can have full control of your client software when you are using server/client structure.[DAV1990]
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- 18 Harvard System Reference (i) World Wide Web Page with Author [HAM2002]Hammond, W.F. 1999, Re: URL in Bibliography Item, [Online], Available: http://nyjm.albany.edu:8800/hm/emj/1999/msg001 08.html Accessed 30 September, 2000.
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- 19 Harvard System Reference (ii) Direct Quote Cartwright (1988, p.6) suggests this is the key to business success. We use the Latin term sic to identify errors in direct quotes. Example: I wont rationalize [sic] this to any man on this earth, as only man [sic] can rule the world! (Smith 1852, p.112).
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- 20 Harvard System Reference (iii) Journal article with author Example [KLU2001]Kluvers, R. 2001, Program Budgeting and Accountability in Local Government, Australian Journal of Public Administration, vol. 60, no. 2, June, pp. 35-43.
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- 21 Harvard System Reference (iv) Newspaper articles should be included in the reference list using the authors surname first. Example: [DAV1990] Davidson, K. 1990, Figures show that the worst may be over. The Age, 30 Nov., p.16.
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- 22 Harvard System Reference (v) Publications Example: Australian Bureau of Statistics 1985a, Domestic Travel and Tourism Survey, Australia, 1973, Cat. No. 9216.0, ABS, Canberra. Ansett Transport Industries Ltd. 2000, Annual Report 1999 2000, ATI, Melbourne.
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