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Studies of Religion Past HSC Exams

Part A Religion and Belief Systems in Australia post-1945

Section 1 Multiple Choice Questions and 5 mark extended response 2015 2007

2015

1. Which of the following is an important aspect of the Dreaming?

a. It arranges events in order of time.

b. It recognises totems as an ancient form of worship.

c. It establishes a moral code that informs and unites all life.

d. It symbolises the secular nature of customs and traditions.

2. Which of the following is true of the Anglican Church?

a. It separated from the Uniting Church in 1987.

b. It is the largest Christian denomination in Australia.

c. It is no longer a member of the NSW Ecumenical Council.

d. It was formerly known as the Church of England in Australia.

3. A selection of churches in Australias current religious landscape is shown.

Baptist Presbyterian Greek Orthodox Uniting Church

How many of these churches are Protestant?

a. 1

b. 2

c. 3

d. 4

4. The main reason why interfaith dialogue is important is that it provides

a. a forum for the discussion of social justice issues.

b. a basis for the future merger of religious traditions.

c. a structural basis for the development of secularism.

d. funding to support the work of the World Council of Churches.

5. Of the following, which is the most common pattern of denominational switching?

a. From Catholic to Uniting

b. From Pentecostal to Anglican

c. From Anglican to Salvation Army

d. From Pentecostal to another Pentecostal

6. Statement 1: The 1992 Mabo decision applied to land lived on continuously by Aboriginal people.

Statement 2: The 1996 Wik decision allowed pastoral leases to extinguish Native Title.

Which of the following is correct?

a. Both statements are true.

b. Both statements are false.

c. Statement 1 is false and statement 2 is true.

d. Statement 1 is true and statement 2 is false.

7. Which of the following led to Aboriginal people being separated from their kinship groups?

a. Assimilation

b. Secularism

c. Self-determination

d. Wik decision

8. According to recent census data, what proportion of people in Australia identify as having no religion?

a. 50% or more

b. Between 40% and 49%

c. Between 30% and 39%

d. Less than 30%

9. Which of the following contributed significantly to the growth of Buddhism in Australia?

a. The aftermath of World War II

b. The aftermath of the Vietnam War

c. An increase in migration from Pakistan

d. An increase in migration from the Philippines

10. What would supporters of ecumenism be likely to reject?

a. Sectarianism

b. Reconciliation

c. Interfaith dialogue

d. Denominational switching

2014

1. Which of the following is a common characteristic of New Age religions?

a. They value ecumenism.

b. They all reject materialism.

c. They focus on the spiritual needs of their adherents.

d. They integrate all non-Christian religions into a common set of beliefs.

2. What aspect of Aboriginal spirituality best relates to this quotation?

a. Art

b. Magic

c. Kinship

d. Dreaming

3. To what was Kevin Rudd referring in this part of the Apology to Australias Indigenous peoples?

a. The ending of the White Australia policy

b. Assimilation policies that had led to injustices

c. The gap in health and education equality between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginalpeoples

d. The empowering of non-Aboriginal people in the decision-making process forReconciliation

4. Which of the following is central to the Dreaming?

a. Law

b. Marriage

c. Assimilation

d. Dispossession

5. Which of the following enabled pastoral leases and Native Title to co-exist?

a. Mabo decision 1992

b. Native Title Act 1993(Cth)

c. Wik decision 1996

d. Native Title Amendment Act 1998(Cth)

6. Since 2001, which of the following churches has been the least affected by denominational switching?

a. Uniting

b. Catholic

c. Anglican

d. Pentecostal

7. Which of the following is true of totemic identity in Aboriginal spirituality?

a. It is a life-force that symbolises relationships

b. It encourages separation from ones country.

c. It identifies a temporary relationship between individuals and their totem.

d. It connects individuals with the wider Australian community.

Statement 1: The Anglican Church is the largest Christian denomination in Australia

Statement 2: The majority of Presbyterians, Methodists and Baptists merged toform the Uniting Church in Australia.

8. Which of the following is correct?

a. Both statements are true.

b. Both statements are false.

c. Statement1 is false and statement2 is true.

d. Statement1 is true and statement2 is false.

9. According to current census data, which religious affiliation is most common among recently-arrived migrants in Australia?

a. Islam

b. Buddhism

c. No religion

d. Christianity

10. Which of the following has been a consequence of immigration since 1945?

a. The Catholic Church has become more multicultural.

b. The number of Christian denominations in Australia has significantly declined.

c. Several New Age religions are now members of the NSW Council of Churches.

d. Hinduism has grown to become the second largest non-Christian religion in Australia.

2013

1. Within Aboriginal spirituality, which of the following was a result of dispossession?

a. Separation from kinship groups

b. The declining importance of missions

c. Racial Discrimination Act, 1975

d. A redefining of the concept of terra nullius

2. Leslie has left the Uniting Church and become a Muslim. Which statement best describes Leslies action?

a. Leslie has become sectarian.

b. Leslie has switched denominations.

c. Leslie has changed religious traditions.

d. Leslie has joined an interfaith organisation.

3. What role does an initiation ceremony have in Aboriginal spirituality?

a. It provides a reliable supply of food.

b. It defines gender during different stages of life.

c. It prepares young Aboriginal people for political life.

d. It teaches young Aboriginal people about their responsibilities.

4. According to recent Australian census data, which of the following is correct?

a. Anglicanism is the largest Christian denomination.

b. The number of people reporting No Religion has decreased.

c. The Uniting Church is the third largest Christian denomination.

d. The number of people reporting a non-Christian faith has decreased.

5. What is the most likely reason for the current rise in secularism in Australia?

a. A perception that the responses of religious traditions to enduring questions are out dated

b. Increasing sectarian rivalry between Christian denominations.

c. Recent trends in denominational switching

d. Growing interest in New Age religions

6. Which of the following best explains why religious traditions are engaged in Aboriginal reconciliation?

a. They support ecumenical dialogue.

b. They recognise injustices of the past.

c. They encourage conversion to their own tradition.(D)They desire to incorporate Aboriginal symbolism into their own tradition.

7. Which of the following lists the next three religious traditions in Australia, after

Christianity, from largest to smallest?

a. Islam, Buddhism, Judaism

b. Buddhism, Hinduism, Islam

c. Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism

d. Buddhism, Islam, Hinduism

8. Which of the following is an important role of interfaith dialogue?

a. It promotes social justice among denominations.

b. It promotes tolerance and religious understanding.

c. It provides a structure for the sharing of resources.

d. It helps people who are considering switching religions.

9. Which of the following is a key focus of the NSW Ecumenical Council?

a. To promote unification among different religious traditions

b. To express a common Christian voice on issues of concern in society

c. To encourage more Christian adherents to undertake active roles in Australian political life

d. To provide a common voice for different religious traditions on refugee and asylum seeker issues

Statement 1: The worship of ancestral beings is central to ceremonial life.

Statement 2: Territorial boundaries form the basis of ritual estates.

10. How do these statements relate to Aboriginal spirituality?

a. Both statements are true.

b. Both statements are false.

c. Statement 1 is false and statement 2 is true.

d. Statement 1 is true and statement 2 is false.

2012

1. What is the basis of the Dreaming?

a. Ceremonial life

b. Kinship

c. Totem

d. Land

2. Which of the following names the three major Christian denominations in Australia in decreasing size?

a. Anglican, Uniting, Catholic

b. Catholic, Anglican, Uniting

c. Anglican, Catholic, Orthodox

d. Catholic, Orthodox, Anglican

3. According to census data, what proportion of people in Australia identify w

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