what is learning
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WHAT IS LEARNING?
WHAT IS LEARNING?Dr. James M. Alo
is acquiring new knowledge, behaviors, skills, values, preferences or understanding, and may involve synthesizing different types of information.
Types of learning
Experiential Learning - is the process of formulating meaning from direct experience. Aristotle once said, "For the things we have to learn before we can do them, we learn by doing them."
2.Simple non-associative learning
Habituation- there is a progressive diminution of behavioral response probability with repetition of a stimulus.
b. Sensitization- progressive amplification of a response follows repeated administrations of a stimulus.
3. Associative learning- element is learned through association with a separate, pre-occurring element.
Operant conditioning- conditioning is the use of consequences to modify the occurrence and form of behavior.
b. Classical conditioning- involves repeatedly pairing an unconditioned stimulus (which unfailingly evokes a particular response) with another previously neutral stimulus (which does not normally evoke the response).
4. Imprinting- learning occurring at a particular age or a particular life stage that is rapid and apparently independent of the consequences of behavior.
5. Observational learning-most characteristic of humans is imitation; one's personal repetition of an observed behavior.
6. Play- generally describes behavior which has no particular end in itself, but improves performance in similar situations in the future.
7. Enculturation- a person learns the requirements of the culture by which he or she is surrounded, and acquires values and behaviors that are appropriate or necessary in that culture.
8. Multimedia learning- learner uses multimedia learning environments.
9. e-Learning and Augmented Learning- learner interacts with the e-learning environment, it's called augmented learning.
10. Rote learning- - focuses on memorizing the material so that it can be recalled by the learner exactly the way it was read or heard.
11. Informal learning- learning occurs through the experience of day-to-day situations.
12. Formal learning- is learning that takes place within a teacher-student relationship, such as in a school system.
13. Non-formal learning- is organized learning outside the formal learning system. For example: learning by coming together with people with similar interests and exchanging viewpoints, in clubs or in (international) youth organizations, workshops.
14.Non-formal learning and combined approaches- The educational system may use a combination of formal, informal, and non-formal learning methods.
15. Tangential Learning- is the process by which some portion of people will self-educate if a topic is exposed to them in something that they already enjoy such as playing an instrument like the guitar or playing the drums.
16. Dialogic Learning- learning based on dialogue.
Domains of learning
Cognitive--such as learning to recall facts, to analyze, and to solve a problem.
2. Psychomotor--such as learning to perform the correct steps in a dance, learning to swim, learning to ride a bicycle, or drive a car; and
3. Affective--such as learning how to like someone, "to hate sin", to love one's country (patriotism), to worship God, or to move on after a failed relationship.
OTHER Types of LearningDidactic learning- Instructive or intended to teach or demonstrate,
2. Experiential education- transactive process between teacher and student involved in direct experience with the learning environment and content.
3. Action learning- focuses on research into action taken and knowledge emerges as a result that should lead to the improvement of skills and performance.
4. Adventure learning- hybrid distance education approach that provides students with opportunities to explore real-world issues through authentic learning experiences within collaborative learning environments.
5. Free-choice learning - Everyone engages in free-choice learning every day.
6. Cooperative learning- learning environments, students interact in purposely structured heterogeneous groups to support the learning of oneself and others in the same group.
7. Service learning- learning as a method of teaching, learning and reflecting that combines academic classroom curriculum with meaningful service.
Thank you.- Dr. James M. Alo