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SUBMITTED TO THE
UNIVERSITY OF LUCKNOW
FOR THE DEGREE OF
DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY
UNIVERSITY OF LUCKNOW
Under the Supervision of :
Department of Physical EducationLucknow Christian College
Retd. Reader & Head
Dr. Gopal Krishna
(M.P.E., M.Phil., Ph.D.)
Retd. Reader and Head,
Dept. Of Physical Education,
Lucknow Christian Post Graduate College,
This to certify that Mr. Vikas Yadav, Physical Instructor, Harcourt
Butler Technological Institute, affiliated to Uttar Pradesh Technical
University, Lucknow has worked under my supervision on
ANALYSIS OF THE ATTITUDE OF ADMINISTRATORS,
PARENTS, STUDENTS AND TEACHERS TOWARDS
PHYSICAL EDUCATION AND SPORTS IN TECHNICAL
INSTITUTIONS OF UTTAR PRADESH for his Ph.D. in
Physical Education. His work is marked by novelty of treatment and
originality of approach.
To the best of my information this thesis has not been submitted for
any degree to any other university.
Dated: (Dr. Gopal Krishna)
I declare that the thesis entitled ANALYSIS OF THE
ATTITUDE OF ADMINISTRATORS, PARENTS, STUDENTS AND
TEACHERS TOWARDS PHYSICAL EDUCATION AND SPORTS IN
TECHNICAL INSTITUTIONS OF UTTAR PRADESH is my own
work, conducted under the supervision of Dr. Gopal Krishna, Retd.
Reader & Head, Department of Physical Education, Lucknow Christian
Post Graduate College, Lucknow, and was approved by research degree
I further declare that to the best of my knowledge, the thesis does
not contain any part of work, which has been submitted for the award of
any degree either in this University or any other university/deemed
university without proper citation.
Dr. Gopal Krishna Vikas Yadav
Supervisor Research Scholar
UNDER GRADUATE SCHOOL ATTENDED:
Kendriya Vidyalaya, O.E.F. No. 1, Cantt., Kanpur, U.P.
Bachelor of Arts, D.A.V. College, 1996, Chandigarh (Punjab University)
Bachelor of Physical Education (Christian College), 1999, Lucknow University, Lucknow,
Master of Physical Education (Bhopal University), 2001, Bhopal, M.P.
Master of Philosophy (Physical Education), 2003, Kurukshetra University,
Kurukshetra , Haryana
Diploma in Sports Coaching from National Institute of Sports, Patiala (Sports Authority of
India Neta Ji Subhash National Institute of Sports), Specialization in Cricket.
Level-1 Cricket Coach, B.C.C.I.,
AREA OF SPECIAL INTREST:
Organisation of Tournaments
Participated in C.K. Naidu National School Cricket Championship held in Pune in the
Participated in Vinoo Manked Trophy National School Cricket Championship held in
Lucknow in the year 1992 and secured Runners up Position.
Participated in Cooch Behar Trophy (Under-19) in the 1994.
Name of author Vikas Yadav
Father Name Shri. N. K. Yadav
Born on July, 10, 1975
Participated in North Zone Inter University Cricket Tournament held in Meerut in the
year 1996-97. Participated in North Zone Inter University Cricket Tournament held in
Delhi in the year 1997-98.
Worked as a cricket coach in Green Park Sports Complex ( International Cricket
Stadium), Kanpur, (Uttar Pradesh Sports Directorate) from 1 Dec. 2002 to 31 Dec.
Worked as a Physical Instructor in P.P.N. Inter College, Kanpur, (U.P.Govt. Aided
College), from 28 Feb.2005 to 2 Feb. 2007.
Working as a Physical Instructor in Harcourt Butler Technological Institute, Kanpur,
from 3 Feb. 2007 to till today.
Working as a cricket coach with Uttar Pradesh Junior Cricket Team from 2003 to
Use of Therapeutic Modalities in Cricket Research Submitted at Netaji Subhash
National Institute of Sports, Sports Authority of India,Patiala-2002
Comparision of Aggression, Anxiety and Achievement Motivation on Batsman and
Bowler in Junior State Level Players, Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra.
Presented a paper on Treating Stress Actively in National level seminar on Physical
Education, Yoga and Sports held at Anand, Gujarat.
To reach at Surmount of a task, it is because of the hard work and
dedication than to the fact that one has been blessed by the Almighty, and
the destiny to be with the individuals who give us a power to complete
the work successfully.
I wish to extend my gratitude to research degree committee, Lucknow
University, Lucknow, for giving me an opportunity to undertake this
I understand that words may not express my feelings, my deep and
everlasting sense of gratitude to Dr. Gopal Krishna Retd. Reader & Head,
Department of Physical Education, Lucknow Christian Post Graduate
College, Lucknow, under whose generous, competent and scholarly
guidance, I could complete the work successfully.
I extend my thanks to Mr. Joseph Singh Assistant Professor, Dr. K.M.
Valsraj Associate Professor, Lucknow Christian Post Graduate College,
Lucknow, Mr. Krishnakant Assistant Professor, H.N.B.G., University,
Srinagar, Uttrakhand for their constructive suggestions and providing
motivation to complete the study.
Thanks are extended to the Library Staff of Lucknow Christian P.G.
College, Lucknow and the Library staff of Laxmibai National Institute of
Physical Education, Gwalior for their assistance.
I wish to extend my thanks to Dr. Sohail Raza Assistant Professor P.P.N.
College Kanpur, Dr. K.M. Mohapatra Head of Humanities Department,
Professor V.K.Tyagi and Assistant Professor Dr. P.K.S.Yadav, Oil &
Paints Department, H.B.T.I., Kanpur for their valuable advice and co-
My sincere thanks to Mr. Ramesh Yadav, Mr. Mandal Physical Instructor
B.I.E.T., Jhansi, Hira Singh Physical Instructor K.N.I.T., Sultanpur, Mr.
Ghanshyam Mall, S.N.D., H.B.T.I., Kanpur and Mr. Zeeshan Ali
computer operator, Alumni office H.B.T.I., Kanpur for their co-operation
in every way.
My heartist thanks and appreciation to all the Administrators, Parents,
Students and Techers in Technical Institute of Uttar Pradesh. Served as
the subject for the study and without whose helps this study could have
not been completed.
It is my proud privilege to express my sincere regards to my beloved
ones, my wife Sunita Yadav, my father Shri. N.K. Yadav, my mother
Smt. Sushma Yadav, who encourage me to do hard work and helped me
in every way for successful completion of this study, my kids, Shivansh
and Satvika whose presence made me cheerful, my brother Vishal Yadav
who supported me and continuously motivated me to complete the work.
Chapter TOPIC PAGE
I. INTRODUCTION 1-12
Statement of the problem 9
Definitions and explanation terms 10
Significance of the study 11
II. REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE 13-27
III. PROCEDURE 28-30
Selection of subjects 28
Criterion measure 29
Collection of data 29
Statistical procedure 30
IV. ANALYSIS OF DATA AND FINDING OF THE
Finding of the study 31
Discussions on findings 96
Discussion on hypothesis 104
V. SUMMARY, CONCLUSIONS AND
LIST OF TABLE
No. TOPIC PAGE
1. If for any reason a few subjects have to be dropped from
the school program, physical education should be one of
the subjects dropped.
2. Physical education activities provide no opportunities for
learning to control the emotions.
3 Physical education is one of the more important subjects
in helping to establish and maintain desirable social
4 Vigorous physical activity works off harmful emotional
5 I would take physical education only if it were required 40
6 Participation in physical education makes no contribution
to the development of poise
7 Because physical skills loom large in importance in
youth, it is essential that a person be helped to acquire
and improve such skills.
8 Calisthenics taken regularly are good for ones general
9 Skill in active games or sports is not necessary for
leading the fullest kind of life
10 Physical education does more harm physically than it
11 Associating with others in some physical education
activity is fun.
12 Physical education classes provide situations for the
formulation of attitudes, w