unit 1 geography activity 1 what is geography about?

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  • Unit 1 Geography Activity 1What is geography about?

  • What kinds of topics are covered in geography?List 10 different topics on your activity sheet. Each member of the group must contribute ideas. Whomever is the oldest in your group will be spokesperson for your group this time.Mr. Poen will list topics on the board.

  • Activity 1 DirectionsMr. P will assign small groups.In your desk racks you will find a geog. resource. Everyone in your group may have a different resource. Thats great!When directed, look through your source noticing what topics are studied in geography.

  • Define GeographyStill in your groups, develop a definition that the group can agree on. Write it on your activity sheet.Each person will turn in their activity sheet.Congratulations for earning your first grade in Social Studies!

  • Notes:Unit 1 GeographyDefinitionGeography isthe study of the earths structure, surface, and place in space.1. It studies the people,their environments, & their resources.

    It includeslandforms, bodiesof water, climate,

  • internal forces, & placein space.People who studyGeography are called:geographersThey ask how thenatural environmentaffects:the way we live and how we affect the environment.

  • How does geographyhelp historians understandthe past.Geography holds clues to past events & cultures.By showing how people and the land are related, geog. helps explain the past and the present.

  • II. Subject AreasThe study ofThe physical features of the planet includinglandforms, and bodiesof water isPhysical Geography

  • B. This is the study of how the

    environment and geog.affects the people:Cultural Geog.

  • This is the study of weather.Meteorology

    D. This is the study of climate (long term weather patterns)Climatology

  • This is the study of the Earths structure:Geology

  • This studies the earths place in space. It also includes othe celestial bodies such as moons, planets, nebula, comets, etc.Astronomy

  • This studies maps and map-making.CartographyThis is the study of the oceans andother large bodiesof salt water:oceanography

  • Think QuestionsWhich subject area of geog does each fit within?1. Mining for coal2. Migration pattern of Arctic herdsmen3. Planning a vacation route4. Storm chasers5. Global warming trends6. Dropping population of some fish speciesin the oceans.

  • III. Five Themes of GeographyTo help show the connection between geography and history, geographers have developed five themes.These are:-Location-Place-Interaction between people & their environment-Movement-Region

  • B. Theme: LocationAnswers /describes: Where did an event happen? Where is this place?

  • 2. Two types: Absolute (exact) and Relative3. Absolute (exact) Location:Tells exactly where something is located.4. Way to show this:Uses latitude and longitude, which are terms used to describe the grid of numbered lines on a map or globe.

  • Relative location:tells the location in relation to something well known.6. Ways to show this:Sometimes it is more useful to know the relative location of a place, or its location in relation to some other place.Is Washington D.C., on the east or west of the United States? Manteno is 30 miles south of Chicago.

  • ReviewExact LocationTells exactly where something is located.Uses latitude and longitudeRelative LocationTells where something is located in relation to another place.

  • C. Themes: Place & RegionGeographers generally describe a place in terms of both physical and human features.

  • 2. The physical features of a place include climate, soil, plant life, animal life, and bodies of water.

  • For example: New England, has a ___ terrain, a ___ coast, and many deep harbors; because of this the region turned to ____ for a living.

  • 3. People help shape the character of a place through their ideas and actions.The human features of a place include: the kinds of houses people build as well as their means of transportation, ways of earning a living, languages, and religions.

  • Think of human features of the American frontier. Major ways of making a living? Building practices?

  • How does Geog. influence the way of life here?

  • What is a region?It is a large geographical area with similar features and characteristics.

  • 5. What are characteristicsof a region?May be physical, such as its climate or landforms.Example: The Great Plains is considered a region because it has fairly level land, very hot summers, very cold winters, and little rainfall.May be human and cultural.Many of the Russian provinces have different languages than the one spoken in the capital.

  • In what physical regiondo we live?Central Plains

  • D. Theme: MovementInvolves the movement of three things:PeopleGoodsIdeas

  • Examples:It occurs because people and resources are scattered unevenly around the globe.To get what they need or want, people travel from place to place.

  • As people move, theymeet other people andexchangeideas, technology,& goods.

  • Theme: How the people and their environment interact. Three ways that humans interact with their environment:Humans adapt to their environmentHumans modify their environmentHumans depend on their environment

  • 1. Examples: Adapt: learning how tofarm in ancient times;-People no longer had to move from place to place in search of food. Cities developed.Modify: Finding ways to irrigate in dry places.-Change unproductive ground into farmland.Building bridges over rivers & roads through mountains

  • Depend: use rivers to transport goods and peopleuse rivers and lakes for water sources for drinking, recreation, and household needs.

  • Due to advanced technology people may alter their environments dramatically bydrilling and miningcutting down forest to build communities Eliminating pests that destroy crops.

  • IV. Maps and Globes Advantages of mapsover globes:-May show a variety of information-population, natural resources-Can zoom in and showgreat detail-Easier to store & carry

  • Advantages of globesover maps:Globes show true landshape, distances, &directions.Maps show distortion more than globes.

  • V. Kinds of MapsWhat do each type show?Political show man-made divisions such as countries and statesPhysical shows what the landforms and water features are like.

  • Special purpose mapsshow a very specific theme such as population density, land use, transportation, trade, etc.

    Tea ProductionLand Use

  • III. The Earth

    What percent of the Earths surface is covered by land?29%; 1/4By water?71%; 3/4C. How many people live on earth?Over 6 1/2 Billion

  • The earths surface is divided into pieces calledTectonic PlatesWhat is the Ring of Fire? The Pacific Plate is one of the most active plates.It surrounds much of the Pacific Ocean. It is the most active earthquake/volcanic area.

  • Convergent Plates(Drawing)

    What is made?Mountains,VolcanoesEarthquake zone

  • Divergent Plates(Drawing)What is made?ocean trenchesearthquake zonevolcanoesTransform Plates(Drawing)What is made?earthquake zoneFaults

  • E. HemispheresHow much of a globe is onehemisphere?How many hemispheres are there?4Northern, Southern,Eastern, and Western

  • 3. What latitude lineseparates the Northern & Southern Hems?Equator

    4. What longitude line separates the Eastern & Western? Prime Meridian

  • 5. In which 2 hems. do we live?Northern & Western

  • Latitude and Longitude SkillsWhat are they for?to show locationLatitude lines arelines that go sideto side but measure distanceNorth/South fromEquator.

  • Starting line:Equator (0 degrees)Lines of latitudeare calledParallelsLongitude lines are lines that goup and down butmeasure distanceeast and west ofthe Prime Meridian

  • The starting line for longitude isthe Prime Meridiano degrees long.Lines of longitude are also calledmeridians

  • F. Great CirclesWhat is a Great Circle?Any line on a map or globe that divides the earth into two equal halves.

  • What latitude line isan example of a GreatCircle?EquatorWhat about longitudelines?All longitude linesare Great CirclesUse of Great Circles?air flight routes

  • Geog. Section 2 The Earths Surfaceis covered by largetectonic plates and is divided intolarge landmasses andbodies of water called:continents and oceans

  • A. Review MapTo the best of yourability, fill in thecontinents and oceans. Try to spell them correctly.

  • Check your answers and correctif needed: SPELLING TOO!AustraliaAsiaEuropeAfricaNorth AmericaSouth AmericaAntarctica

  • OceansPacific OceanAtlantic OceanIndian OceanArctic Ocean

  • II. Common Geog FeaturesMountains and HillsElevation is:the height that theland rises abovesurrounding land.Mt. Rainier has anelevation of 14,410 feet.

  • Relief refers tothe degree towhich land risesfrom the surround-ing land.

  • A mountain isan area that risesat least 2,000 ft.above the surrounding land.Relief-It has moderate tosteep relief.A hill is an area of raisedlandthat


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