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Alexandria,Egypt

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  • Project of the Project of the Construction of an Construction of an

    Underwater Museum in Underwater Museum in Alexandria, EgyptAlexandria, Egypt

    Presentation by Presentation by

    Ulrike Koschtial, UNESCOUlrike Koschtial, UNESCOFocal Point 2001 Convention on Focal Point 2001 Convention on the Protection of the Underwater the Protection of the Underwater Cultural HeritageCultural Heritage

    Alaa El-Din Mahrous Alaa El-Din Mahrous Director of Underwater Director of Underwater Archaeology Department, Archaeology Department, Alexandria, EgyptAlexandria, Egypt

  • The historic The historic backgroundbackground

    Mention of the port of the Pharos Island by Mention of the port of the Pharos Island by HomerHomer

    City founded by Alexander the Great in 331BCCity founded by Alexander the Great in 331BC Place of the lighthouse, the palace of Ptolemy Place of the lighthouse, the palace of Ptolemy

    and Cleopatraand Cleopatra Close-by sunken cities of Abukir Bay Close-by sunken cities of Abukir Bay

    (Canopus, Herakleion, Menouthis) and site of (Canopus, Herakleion, Menouthis) and site of several battles of Napoleonic timesseveral battles of Napoleonic times

    Large amount of underwater cultural heritage Large amount of underwater cultural heritage (2,5 hectars in Alexandria Bay)(2,5 hectars in Alexandria Bay)

  • The submersionThe submersion

    Subsidence most probably Subsidence most probably occurred at two moments: occurred at two moments: tsunami of 21 July, 365AD, tsunami of 21 July, 365AD, around the 8th centuryaround the 8th century

    Also earthquakes in 955, 10th and Also earthquakes in 955, 10th and 14th century (which destroyed 14th century (which destroyed among others the Pharos)among others the Pharos)

  • History of discoveryHistory of discovery First discoveries, mainly in the Western Port, First discoveries, mainly in the Western Port,

    by Gaston Jondet in 1911 to 1915by Gaston Jondet in 1911 to 1915 Recovery of objects from the Eastern Harbour Recovery of objects from the Eastern Harbour

    after discoveries by Kamel Abdul-Saadat in after discoveries by Kamel Abdul-Saadat in 19621962

    First scientific mission, organized by UNESCO First scientific mission, organized by UNESCO (Honor Frost and Vladimir Nesteroff) in 1968 (Honor Frost and Vladimir Nesteroff) in 1968 topography and discovery of artefacts topography and discovery of artefacts

    Archaeological excavations of Pharos and Archaeological excavations of Pharos and Ptolemy palace since 1990ies (Empereur, Ptolemy palace since 1990ies (Empereur, Goddio)Goddio)

  • Lay-out of the submerged royal quarters Lay-out of the submerged royal quarters of Alexandria in the Eastern Portof Alexandria in the Eastern Port

  • Artist's view of the ancient Artist's view of the ancient Portus Magnus of AlexandriaPortus Magnus of Alexandria

  • Discoveries by Jean-Discoveries by Jean-Yves EmpereurYves Empereur

    Topography of Pharos siteTopography of Pharos site monumental doorway in Doric style (Pharos?)monumental doorway in Doric style (Pharos?) 3,000 blocks from Pharos 3,000 blocks from Pharos two monolithic tabernaclestwo monolithic tabernacles an obelisk of Seti Ian obelisk of Seti I a large vasque a large vasque a sarcophagus bathtuba sarcophagus bathtub two papyriform columns of the 19th dynastytwo papyriform columns of the 19th dynasty a Roman era honorific column, numerous sphinxes a Roman era honorific column, numerous sphinxes 9 colossal statues 9 colossal statues

  • Discoveries by Franck Discoveries by Franck Goddio:Goddio: Topography of 'Magnus Portus' , Cape Lochias Topography of 'Magnus Portus' , Cape Lochias

    (kings' palaces and royal port), the peninsula, (kings' palaces and royal port), the peninsula, Poseidon temple and Mark Anthonys Poseidon temple and Mark Anthonys TimoniumTimonium

    Excavations at Antirhodos island (Royal House Excavations at Antirhodos island (Royal House and sanctuary of Isis), finds includedand sanctuary of Isis), finds included statues of Priest of Isis, the god Agathodaimon, a statues of Priest of Isis, the god Agathodaimon, a

    Ptolemy king as Hermes, the heads of Antonia Minor Ptolemy king as Hermes, the heads of Antonia Minor and Augustus, and god Thot-Hermes as an ibisand Augustus, and god Thot-Hermes as an ibis

    two sphinxestwo sphinxes pavement, timber, columnspavement, timber, columns a shipwrecka shipwreck Many other artefactsMany other artefacts

  • The project for an The project for an underwater museumunderwater museum 1997 international meeting and 1997 international meeting and

    1998 scientific mission sponsored 1998 scientific mission sponsored by UNESCO and Egyptian by UNESCO and Egyptian authorities proposal for authorities proposal for underwater museumunderwater museum

    2006 International workshop 2006 International workshop recommends construction of recommends construction of museum including underwater partsmuseum including underwater parts

  • The different playersThe different players Egyptian Authorities main contractor Egyptian Authorities main contractor

    and overviewand overview Jacques Rougerie Leading architect of Jacques Rougerie Leading architect of

    the team undertaking the feasibility the team undertaking the feasibility studystudy

    UNESCO establishes International UNESCO establishes International Scientific Advisory Committee (incl. Scientific Advisory Committee (incl. archaeologists Empereur and Goddio)archaeologists Empereur and Goddio)

    Frank Goddio and Hilti Foundation Frank Goddio and Hilti Foundation financing of feasibility study from financing of feasibility study from benefits of Alexandria expositionbenefits of Alexandria exposition

  • Current statusCurrent status

    January 2009: start of the January 2009: start of the feasibility studyfeasibility study

    Spring 2009: First session of the Spring 2009: First session of the international UNESCO Committeeinternational UNESCO Committee

    January 2010: Finalization of January 2010: Finalization of Feasibility StudyFeasibility Study

  • PProblemsroblems Strong pollution in BayStrong pollution in Bay Need for integration of the project Need for integration of the project

    into the development of the whole into the development of the whole of Alexandriaof Alexandria

    Issue of Integrity of SiteIssue of Integrity of Site Problem of FinancingProblem of Financing Problems of soil stability, earthquake Problems of soil stability, earthquake

    security, uplift of water, security etc.security, uplift of water, security etc.

  • Description by Rougerie Architecte: Contracting authority : Egyptian Government

    Depth: 7 meters Diameter: 40meters Area: 22 000 m Capacity : 3 millions of visitors per year

    An underwater voyage to the sunken cities of Alexandria. From the lagoon, 3 celestial harps should rise up. An underwater tunnel will lead to a land stela where the monumental statues saved from the waters are exhibited.

  • Thank youThank you

    Slide 1Slide 2Slide 3Slide 4Slide 5Slide 6Slide 7Slide 8Slide 9Slide 10Slide 11Slide 12Slide 13Slide 14Slide 15Slide 16Slide 17

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