understanding atrial fibrillation

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Understanding Atrial Fibrillation

Understanding Atrial Fibrillation Elizabeth MorseOhio University

What Is Atrial Fibrillation?Atrial fibrillation (also called AFib or AF) is a quivering or irregular heartbeat (arrhythmia)Can lead to blood clots,stroke, heart failure and other heart-related complications.At least 2.7 million Americans are living with AFib.

What happens during AFib?Normally, your heart contracts and relaxes to a regular beat. In atrial fibrillation, the upper chambers of the heart (the atria) beat irregularly (quiver) instead of beating effectively to move blood into the ventricles.

Symptoms

Rapid and irregular heartbeatPalpitationsFluttering or Thumping in the ChestShortness of Breath and AnxietyDizziness, Faintness, or ConfusionChest Pain or Pressure

What Causes AFib?

Management Restoring the heart to a normal rhythm Reducing an overly high heart rate Preventing blood clotsManaging risk factors for Stroke

Preventing Clots with Medication Antiplatelets AnticoagulantsHeart Rate Controlling Medications Beta BlockersCalcium Channel BlockersDigoxinHeart Rhythm Controlling MedicationsPotassium Channel BlockersSodium Channel Blockers

Non-Surgical Treatment Options

Electrical cardioversion The Rhythm ResetCatheter Ablation

Surgical Treatment Options

PacemakerOpen Heart Maze Procedure

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