undergradute architecture portfolio: spring, sophmore year

Download Undergradute Architecture Portfolio: Spring, Sophmore Year

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Andrew Delle Bovi, University At Buffalo, School of Architecture and Planning. This Portfolio was based on the designing of a mosque. The final task of the semester was to design a mosque near a college campus. There were two projects before the final, which was to design a society of rooms ( 4 rooms, different volumes, and no program or function) and the other was a genealogical research of different mosque types.

TRANSCRIPT

  • T r a n s i t i o n

    A n d r e w D e l l e B o v i

  • C o n t e n t

    Class: Arc 202Professor: Narea Feliz

    Contact:Andrew Delle Bovi(914) - 227 -0636addelleb@buffalo.edu

  • H o r i z o n t a l i t yS o c i e t y o f R o o m s

    G e n o l o g y R e s e a r c h

    M o s q u e D e s i g n

    V e r t i c a l i t y

    T r a n s i t i o n

  • H o r i z o n t a l i t yG o a l : Design Four empty rooms that are simply meant to enclose space. These four rooms are not designed for a specific program, but rather to promote a specific feeling.The four rooms should be designed so that they allow for a variety of connections defining the society of rooms.

    Design: In this project the main feeling is a transition from an introvertive (inward) feeling to an extrovertive (outward) one. In my society of rooms both frosted glass and corrugated mirrored walls are used in order to obtain the experience. The circulation is of an oscilating pattern in order to exaggerate the experience. As one passes through each cube a different feeling is evoked. The experience is solely in the horizontal dimension.

    S o c i e t y o f R o o m s

  • H o r i z o n t a l i t y

  • Largest Module Exploded Smallest Module Exploded

    99% Frosted Glass

    88% 77%

    Wall Condition10/10 Reflective0/10 Glass

    9/10 Reflective1/10 Glass

    8/10 Reflective2/10 Glass

    66% 55%

    44% 33%

    4/10 Reflective6/10 Glass

    5/10 Reflective5/10 Glass

    6/10 Reflective4/10 Glass

    7/10 Reflective3/10 Glass

    22% 0%11%

    0/10 Reflective10/10 Glass

    2/10 Reflective8/10 Glass

    3/10 Reflective7/10 Glass

    Materiality

  • Largest Module Exploded Smallest Module Exploded

    99% Frosted Glass

    88% 77%

    Wall Condition10/10 Reflective0/10 Glass

    9/10 Reflective1/10 Glass

    8/10 Reflective2/10 Glass

    66% 55%

    44% 33%

    4/10 Reflective6/10 Glass

    5/10 Reflective5/10 Glass

    6/10 Reflective4/10 Glass

    7/10 Reflective3/10 Glass

    22% 0%11%

    0/10 Reflective10/10 Glass

    2/10 Reflective8/10 Glass

    3/10 Reflective7/10 Glass

  • Largest Room

    2nd Smallest Room

    Smallest Room

    2nd Largest Room

    Society of Rooms

    Rooms

  • V e r t i c a l i t yG o a l : The objective of this research is to describe the spatial relationships that constitute the mosque typology. As a follow up to the first exercise, students should be particularly interested in the definition of rooms and their groupings defined by the mosque typology. Stu-dents were aksed to research three mosque conditions, architectural, atmospherical, and Cultural.

    Design: During our group reasearch we decided to begin our studies by looking at patterns seen in Mosques. Architecturally we looked at the mosiacs on the domes. Atmospherically we looked at the patterns found in the lighting conditions. Culturally we looked at the patterns of the rugs. The rugs were related to the dimensions of a single praying space. After studying them together we began to make the connections between them. Our conclusion and mosque typology was simplicity to complexity from ground to sky. This conclusion is experienced in the vertical dimension.

    G e n o l o g y R e s e a r c h

  • V e r t i c a l i t y

    Rustem Pasa MosqueIstanbul, Turkey

  • 1m

    2m

    Great Mosque of Kairouan

    Rustem MosqueSehzade Mosque Suleymaniye Mosque

    Hagia SophiaFatih Mosque Mumhad Mosque

    Sokullu Mosque

    A: Rug and Tile Patterns

    B: Windows and Chandelier Patterns

    C: Dome Mosaics

    Plans

    Plans

    Conclusions

    Simplicity Transitional Complexity

    F H

    H

    MK

    Se So Su R

    H

    H

    K

    K K

    F

    F

    F

    M

    M

    M

    Se

    Se

    Se

    So

    So

    SoSu

    Su

    Su

    RR

    R

    Distorted Courtyard Central Axial Rug Segmented Courtyard

    Centralized layout

    Linear layout

    Axial Growth layout

    Radial Mosaic Pattern

    Linear Mosaic Pattern

    Single Dome Mosaic Pattern

    Genology: Pattern Study

  • 1m

    2m

    Great Mosque of Kairouan

    Rustem MosqueSehzade Mosque Suleymaniye Mosque

    Hagia SophiaFatih Mosque Mumhad Mosque

    Sokullu Mosque

    A: Rug and Tile Patterns

    B: Windows and Chandelier Patterns

    C: Dome Mosaics

    Plans

    Plans

    Conclusions

    Simplicity Transitional Complexity

    F H

    H

    MK

    Se So Su R

    H

    H

    K

    K K

    F

    F

    F

    M

    M

    M

    Se

    Se

    Se

    So

    So

    SoSu

    Su

    Su

    RR

    R

    Distorted Courtyard Central Axial Rug Segmented Courtyard

    Centralized layout

    Linear layout

    Axial Growth layout

    Radial Mosaic Pattern

    Linear Mosaic Pattern

    Single Dome Mosaic Pattern

  • Layered Axonometrics

    F

    H M

    K

    SeSo

    Su

    R

    Typology

    Least Succesful Most Succesful

    Genology: Typology

  • Layered Axonometrics

    F

    H M

    K

    SeSo

    Su

    R

    Typology

    Least Succesful Most Succesful

    Complexity

    Transitional

    Simplicity

  • T r a n s i t i o nM o s q u e

  • Using the Design Speculation from the Society of Rooms and Genealogical Research of the Mosque Typology as a point of departure, I designed an Islamic Center for the city of Buffalo. The design includes a prayer hall, a multifunction room, an outdoor courtyard, a reading room, and a parking lot/garage. Ancillary spaces are also provided: shoe room, kitchen, restrooms (men, women), and alution rooms (men, women)

    T r a n s i t i o n

  • 41

    2

    Complexity

    Transitional

    Simplicity

    Genology to Mosque: Simplicity to Complexity

    Transfering our genological conclusion to my own Mosque design allowed for me to come up with a simple pattern. I could use this pattern to achieve my goal for both the society and genology. The pattern starts with the rug and splits into two lines forming a triangular shape. That shape then splits into four lines on the ceiling and creates a complex pattern on the roof.

  • Typology

  • ExtrovertiveIntrovertiveExperience

    Reading

    Campus

    Banquet Room

    Lecture Hall

    Prayer Hall

    Highway

    Society to Mosque: Horizontal Experience

    In order to obtain my goal of a transition from extrovertive feeling to an introvertive experience I chose to apply the feeling in the horizontal direction. The experience starts from the edge of the campus and ends at the highway. This creates openess towards the campus and enclosure towards the highway. The grid in which I achieve this is based off the rug pattern. Once the pattern moves away from the mosque it spreads out which creating larger openings

    IntrovertiveExperience

    Extrovertive

  • Prayer Hall

    Reading Room

    The pattern is very segmented limiting views but allowing for light. The structure is thick which ob-structs views outside and inside.

    The pattern is very large allowing for views looking outwards.It is also the highest building for maximum views

  • Extrovertive

    Introvertive

    Experience

    Program and Circulation Organization

    CirculationIntrovertive

    Extrovertive

    Experience

    The program is ordered in a way to exagerate the horizontal experience. The oscilatting pattern in the society was taken into account when designing the mosque. The program is arranged to enforce an oscilating circulation. The courtyard has become the central circulation zone. Also the zone in which one would have the greatest expereince horizontally and vertically

    Introvertive

    Introvertive

    Extrovertive

    Extrovertive

    Experience

    Experience

    Lecture Hall

    Banquet Hall

    Rest RoomsKitchen

    Ablution Rooms

    Rest Rooms

    Reading Room

    Parki

    ng

    Prayer Hall

    Courtyard

  • The pattern no longer stays flat but rotates upwards and sideways in order to increase complexity and for atmospherical conditions. By Slanting the roof it allows for rain and snow runoff. For each of the rooms each element rotates more drastically, the closer the elements get to center, the greater the distance they rotate. The triangular beams add thickness for diffused light and structure.

    Pattern becomes 3D

  • Site Analysis

    18

    17

    7

    3

    -1

    11

    3

    -2

    17

    1513

    11

    9

    16

    15

    14

    13

    12

    11

    10

    9

    8

    5.7

    4.4

    -0.3

    1.4

    1/12

    1/20

    One of the factors that effected the design was the constant slope of the site. The way in which it was used by my design was through four terreced levels. Each level containing one of the four programs. This helped to exagerate the courtyard condition. Pedstrians may access the builing from various entrys at the top of the slope. The vehicular traffic, often comming for praying has di-rect access to the prayer hall from the parking lot.

    B

    C

    D

    A

  • Access Routes

    PedestrianVehicular

    Existing Buildings

    B

    C

    D

    A

  • AA

    C B

    N

    Section Cut B

    Plans

  • The Courtyard

    This is the view that one would experience when entering the mosque through the courtyard. The sloping ramps are designed in bands which align with the struc