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    Tropical Peatland Restoration Report: the Indonesian case

    Technical Report · February 2018

    DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.30049.40808





    2 authors, including:

    Some of the authors of this publication are also working on these related projects:

    (MCA-Indonesia funded) Berbak Green Prosperity Program in Jambi View project

    EMRP Master Plan for the Rehabilitation and Rehabilitation of the Ex-Mega Rice Project Area in

    Central Kalimantan View project

    Wim Giesen

    Euroconsult Mott MacDonald



    All content following this page was uploaded by Wim Giesen on 10 March 2018.

    The user has requested enhancement of the downloaded file.

  • Tropical Peatland Restoration Report: The Indonesian Case

    Berbak Green Prosperity Partnership/ Kemitraan Kesejatheraan Hijau (Kehijau Berbak)

    Millennium Challenge Account Indonesia

    Contract No. 2015/Grant/010

    Euroconsult Mott MacDonald in association with: - Universitas Jambi - Mitra Aksi Foundation - Perkumpulan Gita Buana - Perkumpulan Walestra

    5 February 2018

  • Euroconsult Mott MacDonald Graha CIMB Niaga, 16th Floor, Jl. Jenderal Sudirman Kav. 58, Jakarta 12190 T +62 (21) 252 6588 – Ext. 111; +62 (21) 2985 0012 Mott MacDonald, Amsterdamseweg 15, 6814 CM Arnhem, PO Box 441, 6800 AK, Arnhem, Netherlands T +31 (0)26 3577 111 F +31 (0)26 3577 577 W

    Tropical Peatland Restoration Report: the Indonesian Case Berbak Green Prosperity Partnership Kemitraan Kesejatheraan Hijau (Kehijau Berbak)

    5 February 2018

    Millennium Challenge Account – Indonesia MR21 Building, 11th Floor

    Jl. Menteng Raya 21 Jakarta Pusat – 10340 Indonesia

    Co-Financers: Vendors: - Financial Access - ISCC / Meo Carbon - ProSympac - Akvo

    - SNV - Deltares - Forest Carbon - Financial Access - ProSympac - Meo Carbon - Akvo

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  • Tropical Peatland Restoration Report: Indonesian Case

    T +31 (0)26 3577 111 F +31 (0)26 3577 577 W

    Issue and revision record

    Revision Date Originator Checker Approver Description 01 8 September 2017 Wim Giesen Eli Nur Nirmala Sari

    Rens Verstappen Hero Heering First draft do for BRG

    02 31 October 2017 Wim Giesen Eli Nur Nirmala Sari

    Rens Verstappen Hero Heering Revised draft, with gaps

    03 18 November 2017 Wim Giesen Rens Verstappen Eli Nur Nirmala Sari

    Hero Heering Final draft

    04 20 December 2017 Wim Giesen Eli Nur Nirmala Sari

    BRG working groups & deputy directors

    Rens Verstappen

    Hero Heering Final

    05 5 February 2018 Wim Giesen

    Eli Nur Nirmala Sari

    Rens Verstappen Hero Heering Revised final, after comments

    received from D4 on 31 January 2018

  • Tropical Peatland Restoration Report: Indonesian Case

    T +31 (0)26 3577 111 F +31 (0)26 3577 577 W

    This document is issued for the party which commissioned it and for specific purposes connected with the above-captioned project only. It should not be relied upon by any other party or used for any other purpose.

    We accept no responsibility for the consequences of this document being relied upon by any other party, or being used for any other purpose, or containing any error or omission which is due to an error or omission in data supplied to us by other parties

    This document contains confidential information and proprietary intellectual property. It should not be shown to other parties without consent from us and from the party which commissioned it.

  • Tropical Peatland Restoration Report: Indonesian Case




    List of Abbreviations iv

    Foreword vi

    Executive Summary viii

    1. Introduction 1

    2. Rewetting 5

    2.1 Common pitfalls re rewetting ____________________________________________________ 5 2.2 Drainage & subsidence ________________________________________________________ 7 2.3 Flooding in peatland _________________________________________________________ 10 2.4 Carbon emissions in drained peat (without fires) ___________________________________ 12 2.5 Fires, peat loss & carbon emissions _____________________________________________ 13 2.6 Rewetting to curb peat loss ____________________________________________________ 14 2.7 Approaches to rewetting ______________________________________________________ 16

    2.7.1 Canal blocking and infilling ______________________________________________ 16 2.7.2 Deep well establishment ________________________________________________ 22

    2.8 Knowledge gaps ____________________________________________________________ 22

    3. Revegetation 24

    3.1 Types of Revegetation ________________________________________________________ 24 3.2 Paludiculture _______________________________________________________________ 28

    3.2.1 Misunderstanding about paludiculture in Indonesia ___________________________ 28 3.2.2 Potential for paludiculture in Indonesia _____________________________________ 30 3.2.3 Cases of paludiculture in Indonesia _______________________________________ 32 3.2.4 Mycorrhizae & PSF species _____________________________________________ 37 3.2.5 Regulatory obstacles for paludiculture in Indonesia ___________________________ 37 3.2.6 Paludiculture and degree of flooding ______________________________________ 38 3.2.7 Knowledge gaps re paludiculture _________________________________________ 38

    3.3 Ecological restoration ____


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