Thomas Jefferson Jefferson Alters the Nation’s Course

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<ul><li> Slide 1 </li> <li> Thomas Jefferson Jefferson Alters the Nations Course </li> <li> Slide 2 </li> <li> Election of 1800 Thomas Jefferson (D-R) vs. President John Adams (F) Jefferson defeats Adams by 8 electoral votes but is tied with running mate, Aaron Burr House of Representatives called upon to choose Alexander Hamilton steps in to persuade House to select Jefferson Leads to the creation of the Twelfth Amendment- Pres and VP run on the same ticket Referred to as constituting another revolution the party in power (Federalist) stepped down after losing the election </li> <li> Slide 3 </li> <li> Jeffersons Presidency Jeffersons philosophy=decentralized power so what does he do when he steps into office? Size of the military reduced Lowered Government Expenses, Cut Taxes Free Trade w/o Government Control Reduced the size of the National Bank National debt decreased Increased number of federal employees </li> <li> Slide 4 </li> <li> Jeffersons Presidency Repeals the Alien and Sedition Acts- why? Increased the power of Agricultural South. Many Federalists refused to participate in political campaigns because they did not want to appeal to the common people Farmers tended to vote D-R because they represented agricultural interests </li> <li> Slide 5 </li> <li> The Midnight Judges Judiciary Act of 1801- increased the number of federal judges to 16 Adams filled all the open positions with Federalist judges to try to leave a lasting influence in government Right before he leaves office he tries to fill all the positions = Midnight Judges. This leads to major issues.. Since not all the paperwork was delivered before TJ took office, he declared the appointments were invalid William Marbury is one of these judges </li> <li> Slide 6 </li> <li> Marbury vs. Madison James Madison, Jeffersons Secretary of State, was responsible for delivering papers Judiciary Act of 1789 required the Supreme Court to order the delivery of papers Marbury sues over disputeMarbury vs. Madison John Marshall, chief justice of the Supreme Court, hands down one of the Supreme Courts most important decisions and leads to..JUDICIAL REVIEW </li> <li> Slide 7 </li> <li> Marbury vs. Madison So what happens?? Read the courts decision and John Marshalls ruling and answer these questions: What was Marbury suing over? What did Supreme Court rule? Why did they make this decision? What lasting effects did this ruling have? </li> <li> Slide 8 </li> <li> The Courts Decision Supreme court rules against Marbury! Why?? Jefferson was going to ignore the appointment &amp; therefore ignore the Supreme Court. SoThe Supreme Court protects their power keeping judicial review. Judicial Review- Gives the SC the power to decide which laws are Constitutional. </li> </ul>