the grain drain kari ikemoto and ruth sullivan keene state college dietetic interns

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  • Slide 1
  • The Grain Drain Kari Ikemoto and Ruth Sullivan Keene State College Dietetic Interns
  • Slide 2
  • Diets Through History: Guess the Decade
  • Slide 3
  • Raw Foods Diet 2000
  • Slide 4
  • Fletcherizing 1903
  • Slide 5
  • Vinegar and Water Diet 1820
  • Slide 6
  • Cigarette Diet 1925
  • Slide 7
  • Grapefruit/Hollywood Diet 1950
  • Slide 8
  • The Atkins Diet 1994
  • Slide 9
  • Creation of Weight Watchers 1963
  • Slide 10
  • Brillat Savarin 1825
  • Slide 11
  • Diet Trends Timeline 1820- Vinegar and water diet- lord byron 1825- First low carb diet Jean Brillat Savarin (Has a luscious triple cream cheese names after him) 1903 Fletcherizing: Chew Food 32 times 1925: Cigarette diet: Reach for a Lucky Instead of a Sweet 1950: Hollywood or grapefruit diet 1963 Weight watchers founded 1994: Atkins Diet (High protein, low carb) 2000 Raw Foods Diet- uncooked, unprocessed organic foods
  • Slide 12
  • Objectives Pros and cons of three popular grain-free diets Differences between whole & processed grains Gluten free diets, food marketing & food trends Health benefits of whole grains Role of grains in a whole foods diet
  • Slide 13
  • Current Diet Trends The number one diet trend for 2014 is grain free Anti-wheat sentiment. Consumers will continue to lean on wheat- deprived diet plans like the Paleo diet, gluten-free or "wheat belly" in 2014. Avoiding certain nutrients in diets goes in cycles Fat Sugar Saturate fat Carbohydrates
  • Slide 14
  • Gluten Free Diets The gluten free diet excludes wheat, barley, rye, and triticale. It is found in the endosperm of the grain kernel and consists of the proteins gliadin and glutenin It allows the free use of amaranth, arrowroot, beans, lentils, cassava, buckwheat, hominy, millet, nut flours, quinoa, soy, rice, sorghum, wild rice.
  • Slide 15
  • Pros and Cons Pros Help with bloating Weight loss Energy Healthy improvement (celiac disease, gluten sensitivity) Cons Expensive Highly processed Missing nutrients
  • Slide 16
  • Gluten Free Diet Trends MD supports Dr. Perlmutter- Grain Brain Dr. William Davis- Wheat Belly Dr. Oz Weight loss, helping with osteoporosis, anemia, and diabetes What have you heard?
  • Slide 17
  • Gluten Free-Who Needs It? People with gluten allergies or sensitivities should avoid consuming gluten to prevent the negative digestive consequences of its consumption Celiac disease is an autoimmune disorder where the microvilli of the gut are damaged and cant absorb nutrients Only 1.8 million Americans have celiac disease, 18 million are believed to have sensitivity
  • Slide 18
  • Gluten Free Food Trends Gluten free is a consumer driven trend Eleven percent of households report purchasing GF products (2013) Sales of GF products reached $10.5 billion. Projections estimate they will reach $15 billion in 2016
  • Slide 19
  • TRUE or FALSE Amaranth, millet, and quinoa are all gluten free whole grains Celiac disease is an autoimmune disorder where the microvilli of the gut are damaged
  • Slide 20
  • Paleo- The Caveman Diet It outlines a way of eating that removes the "westernization" of diet, namely removal of cereals, refined sugars, salty processed foods, legumes, and dairy. The 6 main ground rules are: 1) All the lean meats, fish, and seafood you can eat 2) All the fruits and nonstarchy vegetables you can eat 3) No cereals 4) No legumes 5) No dairy products 6) No processed foods. Robb Wolf, Dr. Loren Cordain, Dr. Oz
  • Slide 21
  • Pros and Cons PROS Whole foods based Reduced consumption of processed foods Proponents say improvements in energy, skin CONS Not sustainable Can be expensive Can be high in saturated fat, calories Missing nutrients
  • Slide 22
  • Slide 23
  • True or False The paleo diet claims that we should eat bugs like the early hunter- gatherers did?
  • Slide 24
  • What did our paleolithic ancestors eat? Mainly vegetarian diet What paleo diet should we eat? 12,000 years ago? 100,000 years ago? Fruits, nuts, vegetables, insects, some meat Foraging for food
  • Slide 25
  • Ketogenic Diets Very low carbohydrate: 20-60 grams per day Restricts starchy vegetables, beans, fruit, flours, gluten containing grains, all added sugars Body burns fat instead of carbs for energy Originally used to treat epilepsy
  • Slide 26
  • Ketogenic Diets Discussion What are examples of ketogenic, low carb diets out there?
  • Slide 27
  • True or False Ketogenic diets are very low carbohydrate diets. Ketogenic diets make the body burn carbohydrates for energy instead of fat.
  • Slide 28
  • Pros and Cons No refined grains Removes gluten Low glycemic index Removes added sugars Not sustainable Expensive High saturated fat May be missing nutrients
  • Slide 29
  • BREAK
  • Slide 30
  • What is a carbohydrate?
  • Slide 31
  • List as many carbs as you can! Take 30 seconds Write down all the carbohydrate products you can think of.. Go!
  • Slide 32
  • Carbohydrate A carbohydrate is the major source of energy or fuel in the body Found in a wide variety of foods, both healthy and unhealthy Healthy sources include whole grains, vegetables, fruits, and beans Unhealthier sources of carbohydrates include white bread, pastries, soda, candy and other highly refined foods
  • Slide 33
  • What happens when I eat a carbohydrate? 1. Carbohydrate begins digestion in the mouth 2. Travels to the stomach where it continues to be broken down. It is NOT absorbed in the stomach! 3. It is then transported to the small intestine where absorption and transportation begins. 4. From the small intestine it will go to the circulation and to the liver where the glucose molecule can then be used/stored for energy
  • Slide 34
  • True or False Carbohydrates are not a source of energy or fuel in the body Carbohydrates are absorbed in the stomach
  • Slide 35
  • Whole Grains What parts contain: Fiber B Vitamins Protein Minerals Healthy Oils Starch
  • Slide 36
  • List Whole Grains Take 30 seconds Write down all the whole grains and whole grain food products you can think of.. Go!
  • Slide 37
  • Digestion of Whole Grains More protein and nutrients Fiber and protein Slows digestion of starch Helps moderate blood sugar spikes Feel fuller Lower cholesterol
  • Slide 38
  • True or False Whole grains are digested and absorbed more quickly than refined starches.
  • Slide 39
  • Gluten Free Whole Grains 30 seconds List gluten free whole grains Go!
  • Slide 40
  • Refined or Processed Grains What is a refined grain? What are some refined grain products? What do you think effects would be?
  • Slide 41
  • What is a whole foods diet? Principles Foods as close to natural state as possible Less processed and packaged food Cook more from scratch Foods Rely on rainbow of vegetables & fruits Healthy fats Legumes Whole grains Lean protein
  • Slide 42
  • Whole Foods Diet Pros Less expensive Nutrient rich Can tailor to your own needs Cons Time consuming Comfortable in kitchen
  • Slide 43
  • The Place of Whole Grains
  • Slide 44
  • Putting in all together Personal choice Medical decision Varies from person to person Are the health benefits related to decreased intake in carbohydrates and grains OR is it related to decreased intake of less processed foods or decreased sugar intake?
  • Slide 45
  • Questions? Thank you!