syrian arab republic ministry of agriculture and agrarian ... arab republic ministry of agriculture
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Syrian Arab RepublicMinistry of Agriculture and Agrarian Reform
Directorate of Animal Health Directorate Of Extension
Veterinary Extension in SyriaOman 20 21 April 2010
By:Dr. Ziad Namour - Dr. Mohammad Abdullah
Background Information: At the administrative level, Syria is divided into 14 provinces.
In each province, there is a department for animal health services and Department of Extension.
The contribution of livestock production in the total agriculture production value is more than 28% .
The animal wealth population according to the latest statistics is as follows:
UnitTotal No.SpeciesNo.Head1.1 millionCattle1
Milk production is about 1.9 million tons, and about 35% of it is freshly consumed, while the red meat production is about 280 thousand tons yearly. Animal production in Syria covers 80% of the need of meat, and 85% of milk . The average number of exported sheep is about 1- 1.5 million heads annually.
The production of poultry sector has developed . produces about 175 thousand tons of chicken and broiler meat, while the
eggs production is about 4 billions.
Structure of Ministry of Agriculture and Agrarian Reform
Ministry of Agricultureand Agrarian Reform
Directorate of AgricultureIn provinces
Central Directorates . . . . .
Directorate ofAgriculture Extension
Directorate ofAnimal Health
Departments of AgricultureIn Districts
Extension Uniteat villages
The main departments of the Directorate of Animal Healthare:
. Contagious Diseases and Epidemic Studies Department
. Veterinary Quarantine Department
. Zoonosis diseases Department
. Veterinary Clinics Department
. Veterinary labs Department
. Poultry Diseases Department
. Vaccines Production Department
No Communication and Extension Department. !
Communication and reporting system
According to the national legislations, veterinarians (private and public sector)must notify to the veterinary services authority regarding the animal disease outbreaks.
There is monthly report system adopted by veterinary services.it includes the animal health situation and activities from village level up to central directorate in ministry of agriculture.
14 monthly reports are received from the provinces, and these monthly reports include:
- Veterinary Quarantine Report that includes type and number of imported, exported and transit live animals and animal products.- Animal diseases outbreaks... - Slaughterhouses report.
- Governmental and private veterinary clinics report.- Prophylactic vaccines report.- Poultry situation report.
The contingency plans for main diseases such as:Avian Influenza, FMD, Brucellosis , etc are usually communicated to the relevant partners (private and public ) at national level.
Veterinary ExtensionExtension services has been provided at the farmers level through : more than 11000 Extension personnel (Vet.& Agro.)
working in: 111 Supporting Extension Units 1075 Extension Units at Village levels.
Qualifying the Extension Workers There is annual plan including several
T. C as follows:
Training of trainers on extension contents ( the contents of extension messages )
Training of trainers on extension methodology.
Training of extension workers (Vet. & Eng.) on contents and methodology.
Distribution of Exten. Units in Syria
1- Participatory Approach : Through/ 3/ Extension Programs
(livestock , sheep and bees) planned and implemented at Village level by Village Extension officers in participatory approach with representatives of farmers and other stakeholders.
With financial support from the Minstry and technical support from SMS (subject matter specialists).
veterinary extension works with tow principles :
Extension UnitFarmers Group
Farmers repres SMSResearchers
Univs. Agril. Chamber
Relevant partners (Farmers Union, SMSResearchers,
Univs. Agril. Chamber
Planning of Extension Programs
2- SPECIALISED Extensionthrough 111 Support Extension Units with SMS in different specializations provided by all extension materials and instruments to provide technical and logistic support to the extension units to implement their plans.
These Support units work with Full linkages with RESARCH stations
Methods of communication:Direct communication. Like field visit
Field days and symposiums
- Weekly TV Extension programme Using different types of mass media- Daily Radio programs- Daily official newspapers- TV strip in Emergency cases
Extension publicationsFolders, Pesters, Letters, leaflets.
Publishing of Agriculture Magazine
field farmers school (FFS) and farmers compotation
Syrian Arab RepublicMinistry of Agriculture and Agrarian ReformDirectorate of Animal Health Directorate Of ExtensionVeterinary Extension in Syria Oman 20 21 April 2010By:Dr. Ziad Namour - Dr. Mohammad AbdullahSlide Number 2Slide Number 3Structure of Ministry of Agriculture and Agrarian ReformSlide Number 5 Slide Number 7Veterinary ExtensionQualifying the Extension Workers Slide Number 10Slide Number 11Slide Number 12Slide Number 13Slide Number 142- SPECIALISED Extension through 111 Support Extension Units with SMS in different specializations provided by all extension materials and instruments to provide technical and logistic support to the extension units to implement their plans. Methods of communication: Direct communication. Like field visitSlide Number 17Field days and symposiumsIndirect CommunicationExtension publicationsPublishing of Agriculture MagazineMobil theater field farmers school (FFS) and farmers compotationSlide Number 24