Spring 2013 Academic Portfolio

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Spring 2013 Architectural Academic Portfolio

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Julie Grismanauskas // Architectural PortfolioSECTION 2 -2SCALE 1 - 401Museum // Dormitory // UniversityJimenez Lai & Dan Wheeler, Fall 2011 & Spring 2012Chicago Housing DevelopmentXavier Vendrell, Spring 2012Studio Berlin PavilionJohn Manaves, Summer 2012Smart Plant LabsSean Lally, Fall 2012IncusionAndrew Zago, Fall 20122 // Museum // Dormitory // UniversityChoose your home!All models starting atMore than 50 models to chose from!$9,999DO SOMETHING CULTURALLIVE IN A MUSEUM!The premise of the studio was to develop a complex program on an urban site creating a new type of public interior urbanism. The program was to combine a museum and an art school including galleries, dormitories, auditoriums, restaurants and classrooms. The site was located on the North-East corner or Lake and Canal, just went of the Loop in Chicago. This site brought up issues on how to address the river as well as the Metra train running through the middle of the footprint.The design challenge was to have a 1,000,000 sf building that was 33% culture, 33% making, and 33% living.The concept for Stacked Worlds emerged through this idea of living inside a museum. It is designed in a way that the school and the museum are on separate alternating floors, with no knowledge of the others existence. The dorms project from the school floors into the museum floors and display art on the outer walls. The only way in and out of the dorms is through the school floors. While keeping the school and museum completely separate, there is a cryptic type of interaction between the students and the museum goers.Museum // Dormitory // UniversityMuseum // Dormitory // University // 3AuditoriumMurals Photography Instillations CeramicsRetail Stores RestaurantsStudiosClassroomsFilmMuseum AdministrationSupport Art School AdministrationStudent Health CenterBike ParkingFashionPerformance Music Artifacts Sculpture Drawing/Painting DanceLibraryStudentCenterSports Center Bowling/Pool Hall/GamingCinemaThe program was divided into two, the art school and the art museum. The school floors become a type of super floor with the undulating dorms while the museum floors act as the in between.4 // Museum // Dormitory // UniversityMuralsPhotographyInstillationsCeramicsFilmFashionPerformanceMusicArtifactsSculptureDrawing/PaintingDanceMuseum // Dormitory // University // 5+ =SCULPTUREPHOTOGRAPHYARTIFACTSMUSICLOBBYMURALSFASHIONEach floor of the museum displays a different type of art. The dorms were designed to accommodate that type of art. Each museum floor is completely white, including the exterior of the dorms, allowing the art to act as the main attraction inside the architecture.The concepts for the design of the museum as well as the skin, program placement and circulation are all displayed through these simple diagrams6 // Museum // Dormitory // UniversityMuseum // Dormitory // University // 78 // Museum // Dormitory // UniversityMuseum // Dormitory // University // 910 // Museum // Dormitory // UniversityOnce the design portion of the studio ended, the project was run through a technology studio adding practical elements to the museum. A mechanical and lighting system was designed as well as a new circulation core. The dorms were redistributed to the exterior for natural light and the building was given an orange glazed skin making it appear to glow. The museum floors remain white with walls blocking the natural light and orange glazing while the school floors embrace the glow from the tinted skin.Museum // Dormitory // University // 1112 // Chicago Housing DevelopmentThis studio was a housing development in a busy north side neighborhood in Chicago. The building was to stand on the corner of Milwaukee, Division and Ashland, a very busy and demanding intersection. Between 35 and 40 units were required of four different sizes. The first floor of the building was zoned as commercial while the rest of the building had a height maximum of 60 feet. This meant the units needed to be organized as efficiently as possible to assure the unit requirement. The design motivation for this project was to keep the units themselves as efficient as possible using movable walls to make one space turn into multiple. Each unit has an elevated exterior patio to the side of the unit with storage underneath. This allows the room next to the patio to be a bedroom with a rolling bed at night with the walls closed and a living room during the day with the walls open. The building has two opposing cores as well as exterior stairs along the circulation path and 16 water walls.Chicago Housing DevelopmentChicago Housing Development // 13The exterior of the development is simple concrete throughout the units while a metal curtain wall encloses the exterior circulation sides. This allows wind and views to remain flowing through the patio openings along the building. 14 // Chicago Housing Development1720 SF.1100 SF.900 SF.500 SF.Three units sizes were required for the development. 1720 sf was the largest unit size containing four possible bedrooms, a kitchen, two bathrooms, two floors and plenty of extra space. The next largest unit is 1100 sf with two bedrooms, one bath, a kitchen and an extra room. The next unit size is 900 sf with two optional bedrooms, a kitchen, a bath, and a large room in the middle. The smallest unit was 500 sf with two bedrooms, a bath, and a kitchen right off one bedroom.Chicago Housing Development // 15UPUPUPUPDOWNDOWNUPUP16 // Chicago Housing DevelopmentChicago Housing Development // 1718 // Studio Berlin PavilionStudio Berlin is a summer architecture course at the University of Illinois at Chicago where a group of students travel to Berlin, Germany to design and build a small pavilion. The course is five weeks long and the site and client is different each year. Studio Berlin 2012 focused on a group of urban farmers who claimed land in a local airport turned into a public park. The ground was unsafe for plants so the gardens were built up using local, used materials. The garden space was carefully zoned per gardener but each was allowed to use his or her own space as desired. The goal for Studio Berlin was to create some type of pavilion for the gardeners to use as they wished. This meant the program of the pavilion needed to be as flexible as possible while also having a purpose for potential use. The materials used needed to be cost efficient and relatable to the gardens where they would soon be located. The finished design was built next to the site and then redistributed among the gardens for the patrons to use. The concept of the design was to have a nine square grid that when together acted as a climbable landscape and when separate acted as individual programs. The pieces houses programs such as kitchen, boom box, seating, storage, gallery space, and pissoir. When separate, the pieces can be activated by opening and/or tumbling.Studio Berlin 2012Studio Berlin Pavilion // 1920 // Studio Berlin PavilionWhen put together, the design has a recognizable pattern on top to make reassembling them an easier task. Each movable piece either has wheels attached, can tumble or it can open easily with handles.Studio Berlin Pavilion // 21The four pieces on the corners as well as the middle piece are each a specific program while the remaining pieces are used a storage.GalleryStorageBoom BoxSeatingStoragePissoirStorageKitchenStorage22 // Studio Berlin PavilionMy group was responsible for designing the kitchen which was the middle piece of the design. We made sure the top remained flat because the top pieces are removable to prop up as tables. The piece was split in half and then cracked open to create a long counter space. The space underneath is used as the prep and serving counter for the kitchen. The inside can be used as storage. The entire piece was designed with wheels and handles for easy maneuvering. Simple instructions were painted on the outside for future users.Studio Berlin Pavilion // 2324 // Smart Plant LabsWILDERNESS SMART PLANT LABSGARDENAGRICULTUREThe objective of this studio was to open up the world of architecture to a new form of building materials known as energies. The material energies were divided into four groups; chemical, acoustical, thermal and electromagnetic. The energies were then broken down more and compared to the human sensory perception of each. The concept of the studio was to take a current social trend and design a space where this trend is trajected into the future and built using energeis. Smart Plant Labs took on this idea of three landscapes, wilderness, agriculture and garden, and projected it into the future. These three conditions have gone through extensive transformations over the past centuries. Natural landscapes have differed for climactic reasons and zones have been set aside such as natural preserves to ensure these spaces maintain their natural conditions. Agriculture has become more controlled by using machines and have even moved indoor to enhance productivity. Gardens have also gone indoors to allow for exotic plants to flourish far from home. Greenhouses are a type of indoor agriculture or garden. The first greenhouses were built from glass and steel and were created because of population growth and urban reconnection with nature. Once the hype of greenhouses dwindled, they were mainly used for research. The Smart Plant Labs begin to explore this idea of bringing exotic local but in a different way. Instead of bringing exotic plants to a local setting and remaking their natural environment, these labs are meant to create exotic environments in which new plants may thrive. By adding new ingredients into the environment, new plant research can happen. The idea is that these labs will commit to new forms of plant research including plant evolution, genetically adaptable plants, extensive growth and yield in new conditions and an answer to agriculture extremes. These Smart Labs would explore the future world of plants. Smart Plant LabsSmart Plant Labs // 25Chemical, Odor & Sound SensorsChemiluminescence Visible Light RadiationChemical 15EaphycocyanobilinUltrasoundLeast Controlled Most ControlledUltrasound GrowingSound is vibrations that travel through air. Plants were exposed to extended period of ultrasound in their roots. Higher frequencies of sound stimulate growth from 20,000 to 50,000 CPS. One theory that the sound acts as a catalyst activating the plant production hormone called auxins.GlowingChemiluminescence, also known as chemical light, is becoming a common study in botany. Is it thought of as a future substitute for street lights. The process is being currently studied using bio-LED called Bacopa caroliniana and gold nanoparticles. Some experiments are even being done using pressure as the stimulant for chemical light (plants will glow when touched).Special Spectrum LightPlants are green on Earth is because of our location relative to the sun and the amount of light absorbed and reflected by organisms. Plants on Earth use red light to function because gasses in the air absorb other colors, and reflect the color green. On other planets, or if Earth ever shifted distance from the sun, plants may collect a different color strand of light, reflecting a new color from its plants.Grow in the DarkA new chemical substance called 15 Eaphycocyanobilin was created to activate the same photoreceptor that natural light would for a growing plant. This chemical provides plants with metabolic energy and activates plant processes like germination and blossoming. TalkingSensors have been invented to examine a number of plant processes, allowing plant communication to humans a possibility. Chemical sensors examine the chemicals a plant produces to warn other plants of nearby threats or updates. A noise sensor examines the roots of the plants where a ticking noise is believed to come from plants as another means of plant communication. Studies are also being done where sensors are connected to another form of technology such as a phone that will alert plant owners when a watering or feeding is needed with a phone call or text message.Ultraviolet RadiationThe ozone l a y e r s protecting the Earth are being d a m a g e d slowly and are allowing more UV radiation onto the Earth. Studies are being done in preparation for this change to occur in the hope that if plants are c o n s t a n t l y exposed to a small amount of radiation, they will naturally produce a tolerance to it.26 // Smart Plant LabsSmart Plant Labs // 27Special Spectrum PlantsThe plants in this part of the garden are grown with a special spectrum of light, causing the plants to grow in colors other than green. The color of the plants depend on the spectrum of light they are grown in. If plants are grown in between two colors, they grow in hues of both.Grow in the Dark PlantsThe plants in this part of the garden grow in complete darkness. A chemical is dispensed underground by their roots and this is what allows them to grow without needing light for photosynthesis. The lack of light makes the plants unable to hold pigment in their cells, causing them to appear translucent. In order for the viewers to interact with the plants, there is flash of light every couple seconds in different spots of the garden. This helps orient the visitors and show off the translucent plants. The visitors have an idea of where these flashes happen so they gather around that area and wait. The scientists in this are work with night vision glasses in order to see at all times.flashes happen so they gather around that area and wait. The scientists in this are work with night vision glasses in order to see at all times.Glow in the Dark PlantsThe plants in this part of the garden are treated with a special chemical that makes the plants glow.Because the plants glow, they are grown in darkness. The soft light given off by the plants illuminate the space enough to navigate through it. The older plants grow just as bright as the young. When the plants grow tall, the space they illuminate becomes crowded with glowing trees as well as viewers.The chemical making the plants glow is expelled underground and is in no way dangerous to the public.Ultrasound & RadiationAll of the plants here are being exposed to ultrasound through their roots. The vibrations make the plants grow faster than they normally would. These plants are double the size they generally grow to. The glass bells contain plants being treated with UV-A and UV-B radiation. The bells are there to protect the scientists and viewers from the radiation. Only when the scientists are wearing their protective suits can they enter the bells. The plants inside the bells grow at a slower rate than the plants only getting ultrasound. They are also a different hue because they are not digesting their nutrients as well as plants should.28 // Smart Plant LabsTalkingSpecial Spectrum LightUltrasound GrowingGlowingUltraviolet RadiationGrow in the DarkSmart Plant Labs // 29Smart Plant LabsThese labs are organized using an underlying grid system. This system acts as the labs infrastructure that the new ingredients, energies, are then worked into. The temperature and water for the plants will be controlled by this overall grid. It will also control the added energies that will be used for the plant research as well as their counter control elements. The typology consists of pockets within a field where energies will be deployed onto the plants while maintaining a neutral environment between specific pockets. All pockets will be controlled by the grid and can be varying sizes and programs. The neutral in between space is meant to prevent cross contamination between programs as well as circulation space for visitors and workers. This space is meant for research as well as gallery or museum for everyday visitors to experience the new plant life and future of plants.This research seminar focused on the technique of incusion. Incusion is a type of space making where the form of one object is carved out of another object. The remaining space is the impression of the first object. This intersection curve, as well as the remaining space was examined through a series of exercises using physical models, rhino 3D models as well as grasshopper definitions to ensure precision. A simple form was chosen to keep a constant within the changing methods. Most of the exercises used a nectarine or a pepper taking advantage of the cusps and gradual curves. The idea was that the better one can recognize the initial object, the more successful the incusion is. This is why using recognizable objects such as fruit can be helpful in reading features in the space created.30 // IncusionIncusionIncusion // 3132 // IncusionIncusion // 3334 // IncusionIncusion // 3536Julie GrismanauskasE-mail: jgrism2@uic.eduMobile: 773.343.5605