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SOVIET PROPAGANDA. A presentation by Dan Papperman. THE BOLSHEVIK ERA (1917-21). Posters helped spread Lenin’s vision of total cultural and political transformation to the illiterate masses 3,600 poster designs were created in roughly three years Images ranged from traditional to cartoons - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • SOVIET PROPAGANDAA presentation by Dan Papperman

  • Posters helped spread Lenins vision of total cultural and political transformation to the illiterate masses3,600 poster designs were created in roughly three years Images ranged from traditional to cartoonsMajor cartoonists:Alexander Apsit, Dimitri Moor and Viktor Deni Era ended with defeat of the WhitesTHE BOLSHEVIK ERA (1917-21)

  • For the Red Army There are No Obstacles, 1918 The Ten Commandments of the Proletarian, 1919 Workers to Arms! You are needed by the Red Army, 1920 Kochergin, Nikolai M. Capitalism and Company, 1920 Moor, Dimitri Starvation is strangling Russia, 1922

  • The New Economic Policy (1921-1927)NEP allowed some private enterprise to return Small farms and businesses flourishedState kept control of heavy industry, transport and foreign tradeMayakovsky and Rodchenko developed an agitational style of advertising shrill slogans, aggressive compositions, strong diagonals and colorState poster production headed by Yakov Ruklevsky Stenberg brothers, Georgii and Vladimir Nikolai PrusakovLosif GerasimovichMikhail Dlugach

  • Stenberg, Vladimir and Gyorgy A Difficult Role, 1927 October: Ten Days that Shook the World, 1928 Stenberg, Vladimir & Georgy From the Russian NEP will be socialist Russia-Lenin

  • The First and Second Five Year Plans (1928-1937)First Five Year PlanStalin called for vast production increases and massive construction throughout the country creation of collectives where the peasants worked for the State Mobilizationrealistic portrayals of Soviet life and Communist values.all forms of expression were mobilized to serve the stateGustav Klutsis praised collective farmers, Young Communists and women workers, demanded contributions for the air fleet or road constructionstressed the goal of the Plan and a classless socialist society

    Second Five Year PlanMade up for shortcomings in transportStalins party purgesPropaganda portrayed Stalin as greater than life

  • Soviet Airships accelerate the socialist advance, 1930 Mytnikov-Kovylin, A 14 Anniversary of the Great October! Under Lenin's banner towards new victories of socialism! , 1931 Great Stalin Banner of the friendship of the people of the USSR!Under Lenins banner, under Stalins leadership, forward to the victory of communism!

  • "The Great Patriotic War" (1941-1945)The themes of Soviet propaganda shifted dramatically as the Nazi threat grew. Less against Capitalism, more against NazisStylistic shift toward realism Major Artists:KukrynikskyIrakly ToidzeViktor KoretskyViktor Ivanov

  • Destroy fascists on land and on sea!, 1941 The enemy is insidious - be on the alert!Builder! Your work shift is for peace! Build the homes of Moscow quickly, soundly, and handsomely., 1950 Moor, Dimitri How have you Helped the Front?, 1941

  • The Cold War (1946 - 1984)Return to Social RealismStalin again focus of most posters Denunciation of religionResumed attacks on CapitalismHigh Stalinist Period (1946 - 1953) revealed images of utopian harmony Protest became a common theme in later years

  • Happy Soviet Science Day, Comrades!, 1967 We're tied by friendship, motherland!, 1984 The whole world follows the path of Lenin's thoughts, words and actions!, 1987 Don't wait for orders from above!, 1989

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