Skin disorders2003

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Skin disorders2013 by adnan

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<ul><li> 1. SKIN DISORDERS</li></ul> <p> 2. :COMMON DISORDERSACNE2.ECZEMA3. SEBORRHEIC DERMATITIS 4. PSORIASIS.1DERMATITIS 6.SKIN TUMORS. 5 3. ACNE.1 4. CH.CH BYAREA OF SKIN WITH SEBORRHEA.1 COMEDONES.2PAPULES.3POSTULES.4 NODULES (LARGE.5 5. ACNE VULGARISACNE IS A CORNIFICATION DISORDER OF THE HAIR FOLLICLES IN WHICH THE CONTENTS ARE RETAINED AND CAN BECOME INFLAMED (PUSTULE FORMATION). HORMONAL, HEREDITARY, AND EXTERNALFACTORS (VARIOUS MEDICATIONS, VITA- MINS B1, B6 AND B12) PLAY A ROLE. DIFFERENT TYPES AREDISTINGUISHED. IT IS NOT POSSIBLE TO PREDICT THE COURSE OF THE DISEASE, WHICH CAN PERSIST FOR SEVERAL YEARS. ALMOST EVERY CASE OF ACNE CAN BE TREATED WITH GOOD COSMETIC RESULTS,.PROVIDED THAT TREATMENT IS CONTINUED UNTIL THE ACNE ACTIVITY SPONTANEOUSLY CEASES 6. HERBAL TREATMENT OF ACNE 7. BURDOCK ROOTIS. 1 ROOTIS ONE OF THE BEST HERBS USED FOR DIFFERENT DISEASES. IT CLEANS YOUR BODY OF ANY IMPURITIES (ALSO KNOWN AS BLOOD CLEANSER). BEFORE STARTING PROCEDURES WITH BURDOCK ROOT,PLEASE MAKE SURE THAT YOU ARE NOT ALLERGIC TO IT AND INFORM YOUR DOCTOR ABOUT YOUR.TREATMENTTO USE BURDOCK ROOT FOR YOUR ACNE CURE YOU WILL NEED 1 TSP. DRIED BURDOCK ROOT, 2 CUPS OF WATER AND A MEDIUM SAUCEPAN. PUT BURDOCK ROOT AND WATER IN YOUR SAUCEPAN AND SET YOURSTOVE TO HIGH (OR MEDIUM). AFTER BOILING SET YOUR STOVE TO LOW AND WAIT UNTIL MIXTURE ISREDUCED TO ABOUT HALF. MAKE IT COOL AND DRINK ABOUT HALF CUP THREE TIMES A DAY. ALSO YOU CAN.APPLY THIS LIQUID TO AFFECTED AREAS OF SKIN IN THE MORNING AND AT NIGHT FOR BETTER RESULTS 8. GREEN TEA LOTIONS. 2Mechnism: reduce the skins oil production and clear upblemishes better than most medications.A.V: tannins .. caffeine 9. CALENDULA OFFICINALS.3A.V: 1.pentacyclic triterpenes2.Flavonoids 3.SaponinsMEC: 1.anti inflammatory 2.woundhealing 10. WITCH HAZEL.4 an astringent herbA.c: 1.tannins 2.primarily gallotannins 3.condensed catechins4.proanthocyanidinsMech: __tannins coagulate the surface protein of the cell leading toreduction in permeability&amp; secretion___anti inflammatory action .all that leading to reduceerythema 11. LAVENDER. 5Lavender soothes burning sensations in the skinby creating counterirritation.If you have acne, your skin may feel better even though irritation is worse. The net result of putting lavender on your skin is greater inflammation and morebreakouts. 12. LEMON OIL. 6Lemon oil smells great. Unfortunately,it also irritates the skin,and skin repairs itself by making even more sebum. Stay away from lemon oil in any and all skin careproducts if you have acne. 13. FACIAL MASKS FOR ACNECOVE POWDER 1/2GM + THYMUS POWDER 1/2GM +CHAMMOMIL PD 1/2GM +MAIZE STARCH+ OLIVE OIL CLOVE +THYMOL _____=ANTISEPTIC ACTIONCHAMOMILE _____=ANTI INFLAMMATORYOLIVE OIL _______=ANTI BACTERIAL 14. PSORIASIS. 2 15. :DEF PSORIASIS IS A CORNIFICATION DISORDER OCCURRING IN INTERMITTENT ATTACKS. THE DISEASE IS CHARACTERIZED BY THE DEVELOPMENT OF REDDISH PLAQUES COVERED BY GROSSLY LAMELLAR SCALES. PSORIATIC ATTACKS ARE PROVOKED BY CERTAIN MEDICATIONS, ALCOHOL, STRESS, AND OTHER SKIN-.DAMAGING FACTORS DIFFERENT TYPES OF PSORIASIS CAN BE DISTINGUISHED. APART FROM THE SKIN, THE NAILS AND .ESPECIALLY THE JOINTS OF THE HANDS AND FEET CAN ALSO BE AFFECTED 16. HERBAL TREATMENT OF PSORIASIS 17. ALOE VERA JUICEAction Aloe vera gel is the condensed juice of Aloebarbadensis leaves. The gel contains enzymes, minerals, vitamins, and saponins and has anti- inflammatory and .antibacterial effects 18. ECZEMA.3 19. A NONCONTAGIOUS TYPE OF DERMATITIS THAT IS USUALLY TRIGGERED BY HYPERSENSITIVITY TO CERTAIN .SUBSTANCESTYPESACUTE ATTACKS ARE CHARACTERIZED BY SKIN REDDENING AND SWELLING WITH PAPULE AND BLISTER FORMATION. CRUSTING AND SCALING DEVELOP AFTER THE BLISTERS BURST OPEN. ADDITIONAL SKIN DAMAGE OFTEN OCCURS DUE.TO ITCHING AND SCRATCHING, WHICH IS OFTEN LEADS TO PURULENT SECONDARY BACTERIAL INFECTIONS.CHRONIC ECZEMA IS COMMON AND CAN LEAD TO LEATHERY HYPERTROPHY OF THE SKIN, OR LICHENIFICATION : DIFFERENT TYPES OF ECZEMA ARE DISTINGUISHED ALLERGIC CONTACT ECZEMA IS PRECIPITATED BY CONTACT WITH ALLERGENS SUCH AS NICKEL, CHROMIUM, (PRESERVATIVES, PERFUMES, OINTMENT BASES, AND PLANT EXTRACTS (E.G., ARNICA TOXIC CONTACT ECZEMA IS CAUSED BY DIRECT SKIN DAMAGE DUE TO ULTRAVIOLET RADIATION EXPOSURE (E.G., . (.SUNBURN AND SO-CALLED SUN RASHCHRONIC CONTACT ECZEMA OCCURS DUE TO CONSTANT CONTACT WITH WATER AND SOAP, ACIDS, LYES AND/OR (.SOLVENTS (OFTEN JOB-RELATED 20. GENERAL AND HERBAL TREATMENT 21. . AVOIDANCE OF TRIGGER SUBSTANCES IS THE FIRST AND FOREMOST PILLAR OF TREATMENT STANDARD TREATMENT OF ACUTE CONTACT ECZEMA CONSISTS OF THE APPLICATION OF COOL, WET COMPRESSES WITH OR WITHOUT SHORT-TERM CORTISONE OR HYDROCORTI- SONE TREATMENT AS . NEEDEDGREASY OINTMENTS MAY ALSO BE NECESSARY IF SKIN THINNING OCCURS DUE TO CHRONICINFLAMMATION 22. CHAMOMILE FLOWERACTION CHAMOMILE EXTRACT CONTAINS ANTI-INFLAMMATORY COMPOUNDS(CHAMAZU- LENE AND BISABOLOL) AS WELL AS MUCILAGINOUS SUBSTANCES THAT. COUNTERACT IRRITATION 23. WITCH HAZEL Witch hazel contains hamamelitannins that reduce skin redness by de- creasing theblood flow to the skin and flavones that inhibit histamine release. Bacteriostatic action has also been reported 24. OAK BARK HAS A HIGH CONTENT OF TANNINS THAT REACT WITH PROTEINS IN THE SUPERFICIAL LAYER OF THE SKIN AND MUCOUS MEMBRANES TO PREVENT THE PE- NETRATION OF . HARMFUL ORGANISMS 25. DERMATITISCAUSES SYMPTOMS TYPES OF DERMATITIS TYPES OF MEDICATIONS PREVENTION 26. ?WHAT IS DERMATITISDERMATITIS IS THE INFLAMMATION OF THE SKIN CAUSED BY:FACTORS SUCH ASALLERGIESIRRITANTSULTRAVIOLET LIGHT FOODS MEDICATIONS HEREDITARY 27. TYPES OF DERMATITIS SEBRORRHEIC DERMATITISCONTACT DERMATITIS ATOPIC DERMATITIS 28. SYMPTOMS ASSOCIATED WITH DERMATITIS(( DEPENDING ON TYPE OF DERMATITISSEBORRHEIC DERMATITIS: SKIN ERUPTIONS ON FACE, SCALP, AND TRUNK OF BODY. THIS SYMPTOMS WILL PRODUCE GREASY,.DRY SCALES AND WILL APPEAR REDDISHCONTACT DERMATITIS: THE APPEARANCE OF SKIN VESICLES. THAT OOZE, BURN, ITCH,STING OR SCALE ATOPIC DERMATITIS: THERE WILL APPEAR LESIONS ON THE .FACE, NECK, KNEES, ELBOWS, TRUNK OF BODY 29. CONTACT DERMATITIS .CONTACT DERMATITIS WITH NICKEL REDDISH MARKING AND ITCHING WILL .OCCUR SEBORRHEIC DERMATITIS: Medications include but not limited to shampoos, creams containing ketocanzole or hydrocortisone. For severe cases use ultraviolet radiation. 30. ATOPIC DERMATITISREDDISH MARKS APPEAR ON FACE, .NECK ,ELBOWSTHIS CAN BE TREATED WITH A.SOAP-FREE CLEANSER OR CREAMSATOPIC DERMATITIS: soap-free cleanser, creams containingalphahydrox acid lotions. A person can also use topicalantihistamines 31. SEBORRHEIC DERMATITIS .REDNESS AND FLAKES APPEAR IN THE HEAD .ERUPTIONS ON SCALP MAY APPEARTREATED WITH SHAMPOOS CONTAININGKETOKONAZOLE OR HYDROCORTISONECONTACT DERMATITIS: use emollient creams, oral steroids,topical steroids. 32. HERBAL 33. GARLICUSES: IMPROVED LIPID PROFILES, CLAIMS FOR ANTIBACTERIAL, ANTITHROMBOTIC, HYPOTENSIVE, ANTI- INFLAMMATORY AND ANTI-CANCER ACTIVITIESACTIVE INGREDIENT: ALLICIN PROBABLY SAFE IN USUAL DOSES FOR UP TO 4 YEARS DOSING: STANDARDIZED EXTRACT 200-400 MG TID, FRESH-4 GM PER DAY = 1 CLOVE POSSIBLY EFFECTIVE FOR MODERATE 4-12% DECREASE IN CHOLESTEROL LEVELS AND BP, NO POSITIVEOUTCOME DATAINEFFECTIVE AGAINST H. PYLORI 34. HEAT AND ACID INACTIVATE ALLICIN, ENTERIC COATED PRODUCTS SHOW BEST RESULTS MAY INCREASE EFFECTS OF ANTICOAGULANTS, MAY INHIBIT THYROID PREPARATIONS PRECAUTIONS AND INTERACTIONS: INHIBITED PLATELET AGGREGATION (INTERACTION WITHANTICOAGULANTS), MAY REDUCE BLOOD SUGAR SO USE WITH CAUTION WITH VARIOUS HYPOGLYCEMIC AGENTS 35. ECHINACEAUSES: PROPHYLAXIS AND TREATMENT OF COLD AND FLU SYMPTOMS (STIMULATION OFPHAGOCYTES), IMMUNE SYSTEM STIMULATION LIKELY SAFE WHEN USED SHORT-TERM UP TO 12 WEEKSPOSSIBLY EFFECTIVE FOR DECREASING SYMPTOMS OF COLD AND FLUPOSSIBLY INEFFECTIVE FOR PREVENTING URIS 36. ECHINACEA MILLION SPENT ANNUALLY, MORE POPULAR IN EUROPE $14PRECAUTIONS AND INTERACTIONS: MAY BE IMMUNOSUPPRESSIVE WITH CONTINUOUS USE, CAN INTERFERE WITH CYCLOSPORIN 37. SKIN TUMORS.6 38. Skin cancer is the most common form of cancer in humansThere are three main types of skin cancer: basal cell carcinoma,squamous cell carcinoma (the nonmelanoma skin cancers), and melanoma.Ultraviolet light, which is in sunlight, is the main cause of skin cancer. 39. :TYPES OF SKIN CANCER:TYPES OF SKIN CANCER (BASAL CELL CARCINOMA (OR BASAL CELL CARCINOMA EPITHELIOMA (SQUAMOUS CELL CARCINOMA (THE FIRST STAGE OF WHICH IS CALLED ACTINIC KERATOSIS MELANOMA 40. : BASAL CELL CARCINOMATHE MOST COMMON TYPE OF SKIN CANCER, WHICH COMMONLY PRESENTS AS A SORE THAT SEEMS TO GETBETTER AND THEN RECURS AND MAY START TO BLEED. BASAL CELL CARCINOMA OFTEN OCCURS ON THEFACE AND NECK, WHERE THE SKIN IS EXPOSED TO SUNLIGHT. THESE TUMORS ARE LOCALLY INVASIVE AND.TEND TO BURROW IN BUT NOT METASTASIZE (SPREAD) TO DISTANT LOCATIONS 41. SQUAMOUS CELL CARCINOMACANCER THAT BEGINS IN SQUAMOUS CELLS -- THIN, FLAT CELLS THAT LOOK UNDER THE MICROSCOPE :LIKE FISH SCALES. SQUAMOUS CELLS ARE FOUND IN THE TISSUE THAT FORMS THE SURFACE OF THE SKIN,THE LINING OF HOLLOW ORGANS OF THE BODY, AND THE PASSAGES OF THE RESPIRATORY AND DIGESTIVE. TRACTS. SQUAMOUS CELL CARCINOMAS MAY ARISE IN ANY OF THESE TISSUES 42. MELANOMAIS A CANCER THAT DEVELOPS IN MELANOCYTES, THE PIGMENT CELLS PRESENT IN THE SKIN. IT CAN BE MORESERIOUS THAN THE OTHER FORMS OF SKIN CANCER BECAUSE IT MAY SPREAD TO OTHER PARTS OF THEBODY (METASTASIZE) AND CAUSE SERIOUS ILLNESS AND DEATH. ABOUT 50,000 NEW CASES OF MELANOMA.ARE DIAGNOSED IN THE UNITED STATES EVERY YEAR 43. HERBAL TREATMENT 44. VISCUM ALBUM(:VISCUM ALBUM LIPOPHILIC EXTRACT (VALE IT CONTAINS TRITERPENES :LIKE OLEANOLIC BETULINIC ACID LUPEOL:WITH APOPTOSIS INDUCING ACTIVITY OF IMMUNOMODULATING.1ANTI ULCER3.WOUND HEALING4.MISTLETOE .2BUT THERE ARE SIDE EFFECT LIKE ALLERGIC ACTION 45. GROUPE NUMBER 4.DONE BY :1.ABEER TAALT NUMBER (61)2.ABEER ABD ELKALEK NUMBER(62)3.ABEER MARZOOK NUMBER (63)(4.ADNAN AKRAM NUMBER (64 46. THANK YOU BYE </p>