session 1 introduction (basic photography)

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Introduction to Basic Photography


  • 1. MC310 Basic Photography An IntroductionMass Communications Department Ateneo de Davao University

2. Assignment Just What is a Camera? The Equipment: Basic Camera Primer Brace Yourself: Steadying You and Your Gear for Sharper Photos 3. Expecta(ons What motivated you to enroll this course? What do you expect to learn from this course? What are you worries in taking up this course? 4. Basic Photography Class Basic indoor and outdoor photography Major survey of camera parts Care and Safety: Tips on Camera First-Aid Film Speed and ISO/ASA Shutter Speed and Aperture Light Meter, Lighting and Photocomposition 5. Basic Photography Sessions Four Weeks @ three (3) hours per week Crash Course for AdDU Staff and Faculty Inclusion: lectures, workshops and actual photoshoot/ presentation of photos Earn a Basic Photography Certificate at the end of Program 6. Coverage Basic Indoor and Outdoor Photography Major survey of camera parts Care and Safety: Tips on Camera First-Aid Film Speed and Aperture Light Meter, Lighting and Photocomposition 7. BasicEquipment Basic Equipment: SLR or DLSR Camera Camera Body (with battery pack/ strap) Lens (at least a lens kit and cap) Camera Bag Tripod (optional) Flash (optional) Reflector (can be DYI) 8. OtherRequirements Reading Materials Exercises Photo and Photo Exhibit/ Presentation Photoshoot Activities in cluster/ group Practical Examination 9. Point-and-Shoot Cameras Fixed Focus: generally five feet (5 ft.) to infinity Fixed shutter speed: typically 1/125th of a second Fixed aperture: f/9.0 Good only for outdoor situations Secret of success is in the film speed 10. Digital P/S Cameras DigitalP/Sa.k.a.PhD (pushhere,dummy) Featuresinclude op=calanddigital zoom MovieMode SpecialImageEects 11. Direct Optical ViewfinderCamera with Direct Optical Viewnder: In lens shutter cameras, the viewnder is separate from the camera lens. It shows approximately the same image as the image on the lm. Digital PS may have indirect Optical Viewnder. 12. Indirect Optical ViewfinderSingleLensReex(SLR)Camera 13. Digital Single Lens Reflex (DSLR) Camera Useofpentaprism ManualSeKngsfor FilmSpeed ShuLerSpeed Aperture Interchangeablelenses Fasterframerates,less shuLerlagandfaster autofocussystem Largerzoomrangesand beLerop=cs 14. Basic Camera Parts 15. Cross Section 16. Front View 17. Front View 18. Back View 19. Top View 20. Base View 21. Lens 22. Lens DistanceScaleAperture/DistanceScaleIndexFocusingRingApertureRing ApertureDirect Readout(ADR)ScaleApertureValue 23. Digital Single Lens Reflex (DSLR) Camera 24. Basic Digital Camera Parts1. Body of the Camera1. Body - Made of high grade plastic or metal, this holds all the other parts together as well as provide protection to the delicate internal parts of the camera. 25. Basic Digital Camera Parts2. Lens 2.LensLensAssembly, - -consistsofseverallayersof lensesofvaryingproper=es - providingzoom,focusing,and distor=oncorrec=on - mechanicallyinterconnectedand adjustmentiscontrolled electronicallybythecamera's body 26. Basic Digital Camera Parts3. Shutter Release Button3. Shutter Release Button - This is the "trigger" of the camera. In most cameras, a half-press activates and locks the auto-focus, and a full press initiates the image capturing process. 27. Basic Digital Camera Parts4. Mode Dial4. Mode Dial - Contains several symbols (slightly different on various camera models), this dial allows you to select a shooting mode, automatic or manual or a choice between one of the pre-dened settings. 28. 5. Viewfinder5. Viewnder - A small viewing window; shows the image that the camera's imaging sensor sees; an optical view nder, which shows the actual image in front of the camera through a peep hole or through mirrors, or an electronic view nder which is simply a small LCD display 29. Basic Digital Camera Parts6. Aperture Ring6. Aperture Ring - Found around the old manual lens of SLR camera this is used to select an aperture opening. In modern lenses, the aperture is controlled electronically through the body 30. Basic Digital Camera Parts7. Focusing Ring7. Focusing Ring - This can also be found around the lens of a DSLR camera. This is turned to manually focus the lens. 31. 8. LCD Display8. LCD Display - In some compact cameras this acts as the viewnder. This is a small screen (usually 1.8" diagonally or bigger) at the back of the camera which can be used for framing or for reviewing the recorded pictures. 32. Basic Digital Camera Parts9. Flash9. Flash - Built-in on the body of most compact and some DSLR cameras this can either be xed or ip type, it provides an instantaneous burst of bright light to illuminate a poorly lit scene 33. 10. Control Buttons10. Control Buttons - Usually includes a set of directional keys and a few other buttons to activate certain functions and menus, this is used to let users interact with the camera's computer system. 34. 11. Power Switch11. Power Switch - Turns On or Off the camera. This may also contain a Record / Play Mode selector on some cameras. 35. 12. Zoom Control12. Zoom Control - Usually marked with W and T, which stands for "Wide" and "Tele" respectively, this is used to control the camera's lenses to zoom-in or zoom-out. For DSLR cameras, the zoom is usually controlled by a zoom ring in the lens. 36. 13. Battery Compartment13. Battery Compartment - Holds the batteries. Depending on the camera model, this varies in size and shape. 37. 14. Memory Card Slot14. Memory Card Slot - This is where expansion memory cards are inserted. The proper position of the card are often indicated. A mechanical catch usually holds the card in place and a spring helps it eject 38. 15. Flash Mount (Hot-Shoe)15. Flash Mount (Hot-Shoe) - Standard holder with contact plates for optional Flash accessory. 39. 16 Diopter Adjustment 16. Diopter Adjuster - Usually available in mid to high end subcompact cameras and DSLRs located besides the viewnder. This varies the focal length of the lens in the viewnder to make even people wearing eyeglasses to see clearly through it even without the eyeglasses. 40. 17. Tripod Mount17. Tripod Mount - Here is where your standard Tripod or Monopod is attached for added stability. 41. 18. Light Meter Lightmeters: knownasexposuremeters measurehowmuchlightisavailableinthe environment tondouthowlongthecamerashouldopen theshuLerfor. complexpieceofequipmentwhichconsiders yourlmspeed,apertureandshuLerspeed. Allofthisinforma=onisusedtocalculatethe exposureseKng 42. Light Meter in the DSLRViewnderwithLightMeter/Exposure IndexDigitalDisplay 43. Light Meter: Standard Exposure 44. Exposure Level Indicator 45. Underexposed or Overexposed