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A P P E N D I X III
LAND - MARKS IN INDIAN FILM STORY
1896 The Lumiere Brothers, French Pioneers, brought the cinematograph to Indiafor the first time and gave shows at the Watson's Hotel. Bombay. On July 14,1896 first show was given at Novelty Theatre, Bombay.
1897 First regular film show (Life of Christ) was held by Manek D.Sethna.
1901 The first topical filmed when Dr. R P. Paranjpye returned from England.
1912-13 First Indian film. Raja Harischandra (3700*) produced and directed by D. G.Phalke, was released at Coronation Cinema. Sandhurst Road. Bombay.
1918 Indian Cinematograph Act passed providing for censorship of films andlicensing of cinemas.
1922-23 Entertainment Tax levied in Bengal and Bombay.
1925-26 The light of Asia, produced by the Great Eastern Film Corporation incollaboration with a German concern. Emalka Film Co.
1927-28 Cinematograph Enquiry Commitee appointed by the Goveniment of Indiaunder the Chairmanship of Dewan Bahadur T. Rangachari.
1929 Formation of the Prabhat Film Co., Poona and Ranjit film Co., Bombay.Foreign Talkie (first Universals Melody Of Love) came to India.
1930 New Theatres Ltd.. eatablished in Culcutta.
1931 Alam Ara , first Indian Talkie feature produced by Ardeshir M. Irani(Imperial Film Co.).
1932 The Motion Picture Society of India formed.
'935 Pu ran Bhakt Devdas and Chandidas. produced by New Theatres,Culcutta, set a high standard in Film production. Playback introduced in films.
The first All Indian Motion Picture Convention was held at Bombay(Februry).Himansu Rai and Devika Rani founded the Bombay Talkies Ltd.,at Bombay.
936 The second All India Motion Picture Convention was held in Madras under th,ePresidentship of Chimanlal B. Desai. Amar Jyothi of Prabhat sent to theFourth Intenational Exhibition of Cinematograph Art at Venice.
I9*;6 Bengal Motion Pictures Association established in Calcutta
1937 Format ion of Indian Motion Picture Producers Association in Bombay.R e l e a s e of Kisan Kanya, the first Indian film in colour, produced byArdeshi r M.Irani after the first unsuccesful effort of Prabhat in Sairandhri.
Sant Tukaram. was ranked among the three best pictures at the FifthInternational Exhibition of Cinematographic A r t Venice.
1938 Formation of South Indian Film Chamber of Commerce in Madras and IndianMot ion Picture Distributors' Association in Bambay .
1939 Indian film industry celebrated its Silver Jublie in May.
1941 The Court Dancer, of Wadia Movietone, firt exclusively Indian Film inEnglish, released at Metro in Bombay and sent to the U.S.A. Formation of theMot ion Pictures Association, Delhi.
1942 Shortage in the supply of raw film and equipments due to war and govermentrestr ict ions on the length of film (11.000' for features and 400' for trailers).
1943 Government control on the distribution of raw film.
T h e Information Films of India and Indian News Parade set up byGovernment to produce documentaries and newsreels. Exhibition oGovernment Approved" films made compulsory under D.l.R 44A.
1944 Death of Dada Saheb Phalke.
Fi lm Advisory Committee set up by Government to advise them on thedistribution of raw film.
Increase in entertainment tax in Bombay, Madras, U.P. and C.P.
'945 Resignat ion of Industry's representatives from the Film Adxisory Board.Removal of control on raw film distribution (December)on the length of films.
'946 Restrictions on the length of films and obligations to show "approved" filmslapsed with the expiry of the Defence of India Rules.
Closure of the Information Films of India.
N e e c h a Nagar, produced by Chetan Anand was shown at the InternationalFilm Festival at Cannes. All India Film Conference held in Bombay under thePresidentship of Rai Bahadur Chuni Lal, President, MPSI.
1947 Indian Independece. IMPPA Produces Azadika Utsav. Death of K. L. Saigaland Master Winayak.
Increase in Entertainment Tax in L .P.C.P.. Bihar and Assam.
Stricter Censorship of Pictures
Ram Rajya. Shahjehan and the Story Of Dr.Kotnis. exhibited at theCanadian National Exhibition in Toronto. Dr.Kotnis sent to Venice Exhibition.
List of Important Hindi Films
Year Name of the Film
1913 Raja Harishchandra
1921 England Returned
1925 Gun Sundari
1931. The Light of Asia
1931 Alam Ara
1936 Acchut Kanya
1937 Sant Tukaram
produced in colonial India
Persons connected with
Dada Saheb Phalke(Bombay)(Producer)
Dhiren Ganguly (Calcutta)(Producer)
Chandulal Shah (Bombay)(Producer)
A German Indian projectorganised by Himansu RaiStars: Himansurai & Sita Devi.
Ardeshir Irani. Star:W.M.Khan,Zubeida; 1st Hindi sound film.
Himansurai's Devi ka Rani film.
P.C.Barua. A Bengali film;later produced in Hindi also.
Himansurai's film. Starring:Ashok Kumar and Devika Rani
A Prabhat film which wonVenice Festival Award.
New Theatres; Starring:P.C. Barua & Kanan Devi
Produced by Bombay Talkies
A Minerva Movie Tone Picture.
Shantaram (A Rajkamal film)in English & Hindi.
Shantaram's 1st Indian featurefilm screened in U.S.A.
"Source: Erik Barnouw and S. Krishnaswamy, Indian Film,pp.297-300.
194 0 Naya Sansar
194 5 Dr.Kotnis KiAmar Kahani
Some of the famous directors of the period
1. Dada Saheb Phalke2. Dhirendranath Gangopadhyaya3. Devaki Bose4. Shantarar.5. Himansu Rai6. Bimal Roi
Debaki Bose Devi ka Ranip.C. Barua Durga KhoteSaigal Kanan DeviPahari Sanyal GoharRanjit Uma SashiShantaram Chaya DeviPrem Adib Sobhana SamartPrithvi Raj Kapoor SulochanaAshok Kumar
Naushad Ali - Music WizardTalat MahammadShamsad Begun:Geeta Rai
(I) MALA PILLA (Harijan G i r i ) 1
No. of Reels : 15Black and White,150 minutes(16,000 feet)
Censor C.No. : 2 052Date of Censor : 01.09.1938MadrasReleased on 25.09.1938.
LanguageDirectorStory & DialoguesScreen AdaptationPhotographyEditingArt DirectionSound (Audiography)Lyrics
CharactersSundara Rama SastrySampalata (Heroine)Harijan girl, AnasuyaChowdarayyaNagaraju (Hero)Mallikarjuna SarmaMuneyyaRadhabayammaProductionProduced at
TeluguGudavalli Rama BrahmamGudipati Venkatachalam, B.A., L.T.,Tapi Dharma Rao Naidu, B.A.,Sailen BoseDharma Vir SinghS.V.S. Rama RaoP.K. ViswanathBasavaraju Appa Rao,Tapi Dharma RaoB. Narasimha Rao
CastDr. Govindarajula Subba RaoKanchanamalaSundarammaSuri BabuVenkateswara RaoV.V. SubbaiahRaghavanHemalata DeviSarathi Films Limited, MadrasMotion picture Producers CombineLimited, Madras.Late Mr. Kasinadhuni Nageswara RaoPantulu, the departed Andhra Leader
'The original film is available at National Film Archive ofIndia, Pune, [hereafter as NFAI].
(II) GRIHA LAKSHMI(Goddess like Housewife)
Censor Certificate : M 2000; Black and White; 35 mm; 16,500 feet;Running time : 185 min. Print not available even at Nationalfilm Archive of India, Pune. Data partially available.
ProductionStory & ScreenplayMusicPhotographySoundStudioDirectorAsst. DirectorProduction ExecutiveLaboratory
RadhaMadhuriSanthiRohiniManikyamGangaDr. Krishna RaoGopinathPrachandra Sastr iRamlal SethViswasa RaoRama RaoCrown ProsecutorVakil to the accusedLawyerMarwadi ClerkPolice InspectorCompounderCourt AmeenaConstablesEunuchSettings furnished by
Rohini Pictures LimitedS.V. RaghavacharyaPrabhala SatyanarayanaRamanathSekharKartikeya FilmsH.M. ReddyTangirala Hanumantha RaoD.L. RamachandranRamaswamy
KannambaKanchanamalaMiss SaralaKum. RohiniKantammaAnjani BaiRamanujachariNagaiahGouripathi SastrySubba RaoM.C. RaghavanKoteswara RaoDoraswamyHanumantha RaoNagabhushanamAppalaswamyJagadeeshRama RaoVenkateswarluAziz & Subba RaoDorasami RajaSpencer Company Limited, Madras
2The Songs Book of the movie, Griha Lakshmi and B.V.Dharap,Indian Filmography, NFAI, Pune, 1936-40, p.606.
MANGALA SUTRAM(HAIL MOTHERLAND)
or(Token of Marriage)1939
35 mm; 20,000 feet; 223 min.; Censor Certificate No. M 2081
ProductionDirectorStoryScreenplayDialogues & LyricsMusicPhotographyArt & Sound RecordingEditingProduction ExecutiveStudio
RaghuJanakiRamayyaParwathairanaVenkayyaDoctorGopalamAnand 1Anand 2Lakshmi DeviG. Subba RaoKalyaniKrishna Murthy
Vahini PicturesB.N. ReddyB.N. ReddyK. RamnathSamudrala RaghavacharyaChittoor V. NaqaiahK. RamnathA.K. SekharT.A.S. ManiK.V. ReddyNewtone, Madras
Chittoor V. NagaiahKanchanamalaDoraswamySeshamambaM.C- RaghavanMudigonda Linga MurthyGouripati SastryUsharaniMaster KrishnaKanthamPulliahJayalakshmiRajabahadur
(IV) MALLI PELLI(Re-Marriage)
R e l e a s e d on : December 17, 1939
Black & Whi t e ; 35 mm; 188 min; 16,842 f e e t ; No. of Ree l s : 16;C.C No. DT & Board : M 2129.
DirectorDialogues & SongsMusicProductionProduced at
Sundar Rao (Hero)Vakil Janardhana RaoLalitha (heroine)Kaliyugananda SwamySubhadraVenkata RaoOthers
Y.V. RaoBalijepalli Lakshmikantha KaviVogirala Ramachandra RaoSri Jagadish Films, MadrasNewtone Studio, Madras
Y . V . RaoBalijepalli Lakshmikantha KaviKanchanamalaBezawada Raja RatnamKakinadad RajaratnamKocharlakota SatyanarayanaVidwan Srinivasa Ayyangar, VidwanNatesa Ayyar, RmaChandra Murty,Rajahamsa Bhagavatar, Manikyamma,etc.
(V)RYTU BIDDA (A Peasant ;
Black & W h i t e ; 160 m i n s ; C .C .No . : 2 1 0