Punjabi dialects

Download Punjabi dialects

Post on 13-Apr-2017

80 views

Category:

Education

0 download

Embed Size (px)

TRANSCRIPT

PowerPoint Presentation

SociolinguisticsPunjabi Language Variation

Language Variation

The term linguistic variation (or simply variation) refers to regional, social, or contextual differences in the ways that a particular language is used.Variation between languages, dialects, and speakers is known as interspeaker variation. Variation within the language of a single speaker is called intraspeaker variation

2

Variable The linguistic variable term refers to a specific feature of a language which shows particular variation in a community and which is used as a tag for classifying a speaker's speech. For example / /and / / Phonological Variation in Majhi dialect.

variables include phonological, lexical, morphological, syntactic, semantic and pragmatic variation.

History

33001500 BCE: Harappa civilization326 BCE: Alexander's Invasion of Punjab322298 BCE: Chandragupta I, Maurya period711713: Muhammad bin Qasim conquers Sindh and small part of Punjab region 7131200: Raj put states, Kabul Shahi & small Muslim kingdoms15261707: Mughal rule15391675: Period of 8 Sikh Gurus from Guru Angad Dev to Guru Tegh Bahadur17081713: Conquests of Banda Bahadur1761: The Third Battle of Panipat, between the Durrani Empire against the Maratha Empire.18011839: Sikh Empire also known as Sarkar Khalsa, Rule by Maharaja Ranjit Singh 18451846: First Anglo-Sikh War 1846: Jammu joined with the new state of Jammu and Kashmir 1849: Complete annexation of Punjab into British India 18491947: British rule 1901: Peshawar and adjoining districts separated from the Punjab Province 1911: Parts of Delhi separated from Punjab Province 1947: The Partition of India divided Punjab into two parts. The Eastern part (with two rivers) became the Indian Punjab and the Western part (three rivers) the Pakistan Punjab 1966: Indian Punjab divided into three parts: Punjab, Haryana, and Himachal Pradesh

Punjabi Dialects Dogri / Pha:ri 9. Therparki 16. KhaitraniGojri 10. Khairpuri 17. Jadgali3. Dheni 11. Chachi 18. Malvi 4. Shah Puri 12. Pwa:di 19. Dwabi5. Ja:ngli 13. Bahawalpuri6. Multani 14. Bhtyani7. Markzi / Majhi 15. Hindko8. Pothohari

Dialects' GeographyDogri / Pha:ri Jammu, Kangra, Gurdaspur, Sialkot, Shaker Garh, NarowalGojri Rajasthan , Ladakh , koh Himalaya PothohariJehlam, Kahota, Sohawa, Murree, Gojar Khan, Margla, RawalpindiShah Puri Sarghoda, Jhang, Mianwali, Dera Ismail khanJa:ngli Sahiwal, Pakptan, Kmalia, Okara, DepalpurMultani Muzafar Garh, Multan, Dera Ghazi Khan, Khanewaal, Wehari, LodrhaanMarkzi / Majhi Lahore, Amritsar, Sialkot, Shaikhupura, Gujranwala, GujratDehniChakwal, Jehlam, Tala king, Khoshaab, Bhreera, Soon skaiser

VariablesMethodInterviewRecording

Analysis Types PhonologicalLexicalSemantic

Phonological Variation Name Muhammad Muddasar Age 22 Gender Male Education CA , CSS attemptedEthnicity Multan , Migrated in Lahore 6 years ago Occupation UnemployedSocial class Middle Class

Markzi Dialect

Multani Dialect

Phonological Variation Name Irfan Age 18 Gender Male Education uneducatedEthnicity Jhang , Migrated in Lahore 1 years ago Occupation WaiterSocial class Lower Class

Markzi Dialect Shah Puri Dialect

Semantic Variation Multani Dialect Markzi Dialect Name Muhammad Muddasar Age 22 Gender Male Education CA , CSS attemptedEthnicity Multan , Migrated in Lahore 6 years ago Occupation UnemployedSocial class Middle Class

Phonological Variation Markzi Dialect

Multani Dialect Name Muhammad Muddasar Age 22 Gender Male Education CA , CSS attemptedEthnicity Multan , Migrated in Lahore 6 years ago Occupation UnemployedSocial class Middle Class

Lexical Variation Multani / Hindko / Pothohari Dialects Markzi Dialect

Name Muhammad Muddasar Age 22 Gender Male Education CA , CSS attemptedEthnicity Multan , Migrated in Lahore 6 years ago Occupation UnemployedSocial class Middle Class

Phonological Variation Markzi Dialect Pothohari Dialect

Name Haseeb ur rehman Age 25Gender maleEducation GraduationEthnicity Jehlam , migrated to Lahore 3 years agoOccupation ChefSocial class Middle Class

Phonological variation Dehni Dialect

Markzi dialect Name Ikhlaq Age 50Gender maleEducation PrimaryEthnicity Chakwal , migrated to Lahore 18 years agoOccupation shopkeeperSocial class Lower class

Phonological Variation Name Faisal Age 28 Gender Male Education GraduationEthnicity MultanOccupation ShopkeeperSocial class Middle class

Markzi Dialect

/ Multani Dialect

Video

ReferencesBhatia, Tej (1999). "Lexican Anaphors and Pronouns in Punjabihttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=u-F6nFvIpSsHusnain, Bhatti (2011). Rah-e-Madinahttp://ladlapunjabi.blogspot.com/p/punjabi-language_1434.html