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Plant Nutrients . What are the needs of plants Guided notes. Part I. Photosynthesis and Respiration. Photosynthesis is the ability of green plants to convert _______________energy into stored chemical energy. . Solar. 1. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Plant Nutrients

Plant Nutrients What are the needs of plantsGuided notesPart IPhotosynthesis and RespirationPhotosynthesis is the ability of green plants to convert _______________energy into stored chemical energy.

Solar1Photosynthesis takes place in the ________which contains green pigment called ___________

Chloroplast Chlorophyll2In addition to sunlight, photosynthesis needs _________ and __________ to workCarbon DioxideH2O

3Photosynthesis produces sugar, water, and ___________.

4Stored energy from photosynthesis is in the form of __________

Glucose5Sugar created by photosynthesis maybe converted to _____________for longer term storage.

Carbohydrates (starch)6Starch - 1. A naturally abundant nutrient carbohydrate, (C6H10O5) found chiefly in the seeds, fruits, tubers, roots, and stem pith of plants, notably in corn, potatoes, wheat, and rice.

Carbohydrates - Any of a group of organic compounds that includes sugars, starches, celluloses, and gums and serves as a major energy source in the diet of animals. These compounds are produced by photosynthetic plants and contain only carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen, usually in the ratio 1:2:1.The process of breaking down stored energy is ______________.

7

Plant growth mostly takes place at _____________?

Night8In order to break down the stored sugars, plants must produce chemicals called___________?Four plant enzyme groups exist:Proteases - break long protein chains into smaller amino acid chains and eventually into single amino acidsAmylases - reduce polysaccharides to disaccharides: lactose, maltose, and sucroseLipases - break triglycerides into individual fatty acids and glycerolCellulases - digest specific carbohydrate bonds found in fiber

9The equation for respiration is the ___________of photosynthesis.

Opposite10Part IIPlant NutritionNutrients in the soil must first be ________ before being absorbed by the plant

DissolvedHow many essential nutrients are there for plants?16 (some sources cite 17 or 18)

Nutrients needed in the largest amounts are called?

Nutrients that are needed in low amounts are called.

MicronutrientsA shortage of a given nutrient needed by the plant is a .

DeficiencyWhat is another name for micronutrients?

Trace elementsThe acidity or alkalinity of the soil is its.

pHThe term for nutrients washing out of the soil is

LeachingPart IIIEssential NutrientsWhat are the 3 elements plants obtained from atmosphere and water?SymbolCNameCarbonSymbolHNameHydrogenSymbolONameOxygenWhat are the 6 macronutrients used by plants? List the 3 most important firstSymbolNNameNitrogenSymbolPNamePhosphorusSymbolKNamePotassiumSymbolCaNameCalciumSymbolMgNameMagnesiumSymbolSNameSulfurWhat are the 7 micronutrients plants obtain from the soil?SymbolBNameBoronSymbolCuNameCopperSymbolClNameChlorineSymbolFeNameIronSymbolMnNameManganeseSymbolMoNameMolybdenumSymbolZnNameZinc

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