Philological Approach to Buddhism: Buddhist Forum

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    The Bukky Dend Kykai Lectures 1994




  • Published by the School of Oriental and African Studies (University of London), Thornhaugh Street, Russell Square, London WC1H OXG

    This edition published in the Taylor & Francis e-Library, 2005. To purchase your own copy of this or any of Taylor & Francis or Routledges collection of

    thousands of eBooks please go to

    K.R.Norman 1997

    British Library Cataloguing in Publication Data A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library

    ISBN 0-203-98571-0 Master e-book ISBN

    ISBN - (Adobe e-reader Format) ISBN 0 7286 0276 8 (Print Edition) ISSN 0959-0596

  • Contents

    Foreword vii

    Abbreviations ix

    Bibliography xi

    I Buddhism and Philology 1

    II Buddhism and its Origins 18 III Buddhism and Oral Tradition 35 IV Buddhism and Regional Dialects 50 V Buddhism and Writing 65

    VI Buddhism and Sanskritisation 80 VII Buddhism and Aoka 96

    VIII Buddhism and Canonicity 111 IX Buddhism and the Commentarial Tradition 127 X Philology and Buddhism 143

    Word Index 158

  • Foreword

    The lectures contained in this book are slightly revised versions of those I gave as Bukky Dend Kykai Visiting Professor at the School of Oriental and African Studies from January to March 1994. My thanks are due to the Bukky Dend Kykai for instituting the Professorship and for the authorities of the School of Oriental and African Studies for appointing me to it.

    The lectures were intended for an audience which knew something about Buddhism but little or nothing about philology. The notes which I have added are intended for the general reader, rather than the specialist, to supply the sources for the information I give.

  • Abbreviations

    AMg Ardha-Mgadh AO Acta Orientalia

    B.C.E. Before Common Era BHS Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit

    BHSD Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary BHSG Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Grammar

    BSO(A)S Bulletin of the School of Oriental (and African) Studies BSR Buddhist Studies Review BUp C.E. Common Era

    CP IV K.R.Norman, Collected Papers, Volumes IV (199094) CPD A Critical Pli Dictionary, Copenhagen CUP Cambridge University Press

    DEDR T.Burrow & M.B.Emeneau, Dravidian Etymological Dictionary (revised edition, 1984)

    DPPN G.P.Malalasekera, Dictionary of Pli Proper Names (193738)

    EV I, II K.R.Norman, Elders Verses I (1969), II (1971) GD I, II K.R.Norman, The Group of Discourses I (1984), II (1992) GDhp Gndhr Dharmapada

    IIJ Indo-Iranian Journal IT Indologica Taurinensia JA Journal Asiatique

    JBuRS Journal of the Burma Research Society JOI(B) Journal of the Oriental Institute (Baroda) JPTS Journal of the Pali Text Society JRAS Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society m.c. metri causa MIA Middle Indo-Aryan

  • MRI Minor Readings and Illustrator MW M.Monier-Williams, Sanskrit-English Dictionary (1899) OUP Oxford University Press PDhp Patna Dharmapada

    PE Pillar Edict PED The PTSs Pali-English Dictionary Pkt Prakrit PTS Pali Text Society RE Rock Edict

    SBE Sacred Books of the East Skt Sanskrit

    SOAS School of Oriental and African Studies (London) SWTF Georg von Simson (ed.), Sanskrit-Wrterbuch der

    buddhistischen Texte aus den Turfan-Funden (1973) berbl O.von Hinber, Das ltere Mittelindisch im berblick

    (1986) WZKS Wiener Zeitschrift fr die Kunde Sdasiens

    Abbreviations of the titles of Pli texts are those adopted by the CPD. Editions are those of the PTS, unless otherwise stated.

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