Pakistan Movement

Download Pakistan Movement

Post on 24-Oct-2014




1 download

Embed Size (px)


<p>Brief History of Pakistan Movement (1857 - 1947) By Pictorial</p> <p>Personalities That were Involve In these Movements</p> <p>Pakistan Movement</p> <p>The Pakistan Movement or Tehrik-e-Pakistan refers to the successful historical movement against British and Indian to have an independent Muslim state named Pakistan created from the separation of the northwestern region of the Indian subcontinent. This movement was led by Muhammad Ali Jinnah, along with other prominent founding fathers of Pakistan including Allama Iqbal, Liaqat Ali Khan. The founder of that word Pakistan is Sir Syed Ahmed Khan. The movement ultimately achieved success in 1947 and it named Pakistan. Some movements that happen for the seprate homeland. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 1857 War of Independence Sir Syed Ahmed Khan 1885 Formation of the Indian National Congress 1906 Founding of the All-India Muslim League 1914-18 World War I 1919-23 Khilafat Movement 1928 Nehru Report 1929 Fourteen Points of Jinnah 1930 Allama Iqbal Address 1933 Now or Never Pamphlet 1939-45 World War II 1940 Pakistan Resolution 1946 The Cabinet Mission 1947 Creation of Pakistan</p> <p>These were the some movements through which Muslims passed for the demand of Islam or we can say for seprate country.Quaid was saya that Pakistan is the country in which the muslims can lead to their life through the Islamic rules.</p> <p>Explanation1857 War of Independence</p> <p>War of the independence was lastly fought by Indian muslims and hindus but after defeating war the muslims and hindus started thinking different.British army recruited the local Indians into their forces but with the passage of time the hindus ran away the british and hindus take the whole charge of the Dehli city. Bahadur Shah Zafar, the last Mughal King, was compelled to lead the freedom fighters.The initial success of the fighters gave the boost to the war of independence. The Indian army captured the important towns of Haryana, Bihar and Mahdya Pardesh. After the sometime the british came back and they war on the shahi and they defeat them.Bahadur shah zafar hide himself. British take the whole charge of the Dehli and they started to murder the peoples on large scale and they also caught the Shah and he led his last breath in the Jail. After the War of Independence in 1857, the British government assumed sovereignty over the lands of the British East India Company. The British thus became masters of India, where for nearly 800 years Muslims had ruled. However, their attitude towards the Muslims was that of antipathy. According to Hunter, a prominent historian, The Muslims of India are, and have been for many years, a source of chronic danger to the British power in India. The british make the policy against the muslims and they gave them no rights.In the Dehli the british snatch approximately 20,000 Inam commission and they ruined many familes of the muslims. The newly introduced English system of education had many drawbacks for the Muslims, mainly because it made no provisions for religious education. As a result, they stayed away from it. Thus, within a few years of loss of political power, the Muslims lost all avenues of employment, were dispossessed of their estates and deprived of the benefits of education.</p> <p>RefrencePakistan study (Qazi muhammad manzoor al haq , Imtiyaz Ahmed Khan)</p> <p>Sir Syed Ahmed Khan</p> <p>Sir Syed Ahmed Khan is also known as the Syed Ahmed Taqvi. They was the indian educator and politician and islamic reformer. They born in Dehli,Mugal Emperor. Movements done by the Sir Syed Ahmed 1. Aligarh Movement 2. Aligarh musllim theory 3. Two Nation theory After the war of independence 1857 the condition of the muslim was too bad. The muslims remain king for centuries before british. British were silent because they snatch the government. They damage the political and sociological condition of the muslims.Hindus were also against muslims and they were with the British. British Movements 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. They murder about the 5lakh muslims. They snatch their properties. Make bad economy. They occupied on trade. They drop the muslims from the army.</p> <p>Sir syed wwas the protector of the muslims.they make muslims heart strong.Sir syed put a movement "Movement Aligarh".There were two purpoes of it. 1. Education 2. Friendship of muslims and british. In the 1832 they make English language more important than persian language.Through the English the muslims cant get any knowledge. sir syed gave them idea to learn the english. 1st movement of the Sir syed is that they made the school in "Illah Abad". After this they made a new school in "Gazi Poor".In which they can learn english. Sir syed gave them the idea of the Two nation theory.They says that the hindus and the muslims are the two different religion their traditioins and cultures are different they cant live together.</p> <p>RefrencePakistan study (Qazi muhammad manzoor al haq , Imtiyaz Ahmed Khan) Pakistan Studies (Muhammad Hussain Chaudary)</p> <p></p> <p>1885 Formation of the Indian National Congress :</p> <p>Indian national congress is one of the two major political parties in india and it is also known as the congress and the other one is (BJP) bhartiya janta party.Is is the largest democratic party in the world. Economic reforms and wanted a larger role in the making of British policy for India. In 1920 the Congress began a campaign of passive resistance, led by Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, against restrictions on the press and political activities. Although the Congress claimed to represent all Indians, many Muslims, fearful of the vast Hindu majority, began to withdraw from the Congress.</p> <p>Refrence 1906 Founding of the All-India Muslim League</p> <p>1. The dec 30,1906 is the day in history of the indian muslims. 2. When the named seprate identity named all india muslims league.In the annual meeting of this about 3000 muslims present for their issues. 3. It was head by waqar ul mulk,nawab ul mulk and some other.sir agha khan who named is all indian muslim league they was declared as president. 4. First meeting of it was held in dec 20,1907 and it was succeded in getting freedom from british and hindus in later years.</p> <p>Refrence</p> <p>1914-18 World War I</p> <p>1. 2. 3. 4. 5.</p> <p>It says that it was the great war from 1914-1918. WWI saw the introduction of the machine gun and poison gas into battle. Was an extremely bloody war, with huge losses of life and little ground lost or won.. More than 9 million died on the battlefield due to growth of large army. US was also the major cause of has a bad impact on the economy and politics.</p> <p>Refrence 1919-23 Khilafat Movement</p> <p>The Khilafat Movement was clubbed with Non Co-operation Movement. For it was thought that an opportunity came for a Hindu- Muslim joint movement against the British government. In 1914 First world war peoples were against of English in which the Turkish was with the Germens.But they defeated with the ending of this war English try to disappear the Turkey through which Turkey become in danger.With the the Muslims started a movement in 1919 which is called the Khilafat Movement. Some purpose of this: Turkey Movement should remain.Muslims places should be in the protection of Turkish.Boundries of the Turkey remain those which were before the World War. The movement had thoroughly roused the country but made little impression upon the British. The British government attached no importance to the demands of the Khilafatists.</p> <p>Annoyed by the British attitude the Khilafat Conference at Karachi called upon the Muslim soldiers in the British Indian army to quit.However, abrupt suspension of the Non Co-operation and Khilafat along with it, created a different situation. The Khilafatists came to be sharply divided. A large number of them lost faith in Mahatma, and turned to the government for help. The Khilafat movement (19191924) was a pan-Islamic, political protest campaign launched by Muslims in British India to influence the British government and to protect the Ottoman Empire during the aftermath of World War I.</p> <p>RefrencePakistan Studies (Muhammad Hussain Chaudary) Pakistan study (Qazi muhammad manzoor al haq , Imtiyaz Ahmed Khan)</p> <p>1928 Nehru Report</p> <p>After the Failure of Simon Commission in 1927 , the minister of India Lord Birkenhead Challenged Indians by saying " IF THEY HAVE ANY POLITICAL CAPABILITY AND COMPETENCE THEN THEY SHOULD FORM A UNANIMOUS CONSTITUTION AND PRESENT IT TO US AND WE WILL IMPLEMENT IT " Answer the challenge of Lord Birkenhead First and Second All party Conference was Held at Delhi on 12 Feb and 19 May , 1928 It had only 2 muslim representatives , namely Mr.Ali imam and Mr.Shoaib Qureshi . The Head of the constitutional assembly was Pundit Moti Lal Nehru and his son Jawalal Nehru was the member of the commity . After Staying at allahabad for 3 monhs , the commity prepared a report . This report was called Nehru Report . SUGGESTIONS OF NEHRU REPORT 1. Ending of Separate Electorate . 2. Ending of more Muslim Seats than Population . 3. Ending of more Seats than Population . 4. Refusal to give 1/3 Representation to muslim in the center . 5. Separation of Sind From bombay (Mumbai) 6. Suggestions of Reforms in N.W.F.P province and Aviodness from Balouchistan . 7. Demand of Strong Central government . 8. Demand of ordering of the Colonial Rule</p> <p>REATION OF MUSLIM LEAGUE : The anti muslim suggestions of nehru report shattered the Lucknow pact and the Delhi proposal . Different muslim leaders expressed their views and feelings on the nehru report which are mentioned below : COMMENTS OF SIR AGHA KHAN : Sir agha khan said that " Any sensible person cannot think muslim will accept these insulting conditions " COMMENTS OF QUAID-E-AZAM : Quaid-e-azam on 22 dec , 1928 at a failure of calcutta convention and due to stubbornness commented on nehru report " From now the paths of Hindu and muslims are separate " In short all muslim leaders expressed great dislike to the nehru report , but it did not have any effect on Hindus.</p> <p>Refrence 1929 Fourteen Points of Jinnah</p> <p>1. All the people should be aware of their rights all the people have the freedom of religion freedom of sense. 2. All cabinets at central or local level should have at least 1/3 Muslim representation. 3. All legislatures in the country and other elected bodies shall be constituted on the definite principle of adequate and effective representation of minorities in every province without reducing the majority in any province to a minority or even equality. 4. In the Central Legislature, Muslim representation shall not be less than one third. 5. Representation of communal groups shall continue to be by means of separate electorate as at present, provided it shall be open to any community at any time to abandon its separate electorate in favor of a joint electorate.</p> <p>6. Any territorial distribution that might at any time be necessary shall not in any way affect the Muslim majority in the Punjab, Bengal and the North West Frontier Province. 7. Full religious liberty, i.e. liberty of belief, worship and observance, propaganda, association and education, shall be guaranteed to all communities. 8. No bill or any resolution or any part thereof shall be passed in any legislature or any other elected body if three-fourth of the members of any community in that particular body oppose such a bill resolution or part thereof on the ground that it would be injurious to the interests of that community or in the alternative, such other method is devised as may be found feasible and practicable to deal with such cases. 9. Sindh should be separated from the Bombay Presidency. 10. Reforms should be introduced in the North West Frontier Province (NWFP) and Baluchistan on the same footing as in the other provinces. 11. Provision should be made in the constitution giving Muslims an adequate share, along with the other Indians, in all the services of the state and in local self-governing bodies having due regard to the requirements of efficiency. 12. The constitution should embody adequate safeguards for the protection of Muslim culture and for the protection and promotion of Muslim education, language, religion, personal laws and Muslim charitable institution and for their due share in the grants-in-aid given by the state and by local self-governing bodies. 13. No cabinet, either central or provincial, should be formed without there being a proportion of at least one-third Muslim ministers. 14. No change shall be made in the constitution by the Central Legislature except with the concurrence of the State's contribution of the Indian Federation.</p> <p>Refrence study (Qazi muhammad manzoor al haq , Imtiyaz Ahmed Khan)</p> <p>1930 Allama Iqbal Address</p> <p>The Allahabad Address, notable for Conception of Pakistan, was the Presidential Address by Allama Iqbal to the 25th Session of the All-India Muslim League on 29 December 1930, at Allahabad, India. Here he presented the idea of a separate homeland for Indian Muslims which was ultimately realised in the form of Pakistan.</p> <p>1. I would like to see the Punjab, North-West Frontier Province, Sind and Baluchistan amalgamated into a single State. 2. The principle of European democracy cannot be applied to India without recognising the fact of communal groups. The Muslim demand for the creation of a Muslim India within India is, therefore, perfectly justified.</p> <p>Refrence study (Qazi muhammad manzoor al haq , Imtiyaz Ahmed Khan) Pakistan Studies (Muhammad Hussain Chaudary)</p> <p>1933 Now or Never Pamphlet</p> <p>Now or Never pamphlet is also called the Pakistan Declaration. Choudhry Rahmat Ali , one of the founders of Pakistan had designed a pamphlet. Now or never (28th January 1933) in which Pakistan and its provinces was used for the first time. He was living in England that time. Some of part of short letter 3, Humberstone Road, Cambridge, England. 28th January, 1933 Dear Sir or Madam, I am enclosing herewith an appeal on behalf of the thirty million Muslims of PAKISTAN, who live in the five Northern Units of India--Punjab, North-West Frontier (Afghan) Province, Kashmir, Sind, and Baluchistan. It embodies their demand for the recognition of their national status, as distinct from the other inhabitants of India, by the grant to Pa...</p>