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National Geographic For Teens
* Christianity, the largest religion in the world. * Hinduism: One or many gods? Find out know!
Inside The Issue Page. 4 __ Buddhism
Page. 6 __ Hinduism
Page. 8 __ Islam
Page. 10 __ Christianity
Page. 12 __ Judaism
Top: Statue of Buddha.
Bottom: Man reading the Quran.
Top: A Mosque where Islam believers
Top Left: The Eucharist taken by Christians.
Top Right: Young Jew-ish boy preparing for his Bar-Mitzvah.
Bottom: One of the gods of Hinduism.
Buddhism is one of the major religions that exists in our world today. It has existed for many years. This religion was founded by a man who went a journey to find the path to Enlightenment. Buddhism was founded in Nepal, located near the border of India. It later spread to other parts in the world. This religion is about following a spiritual path. This path is reached by mediation, worships, and many other practices. Buddhism is an important religion, and will continue to be important to people throughout time.
Siddhartha Gautama is a very important part of Buddhisms history. Gautama was born in 500 BCE, in Nepal, to a very wealthy family. He was the founder of the Buddhist religion. During his life, Siddhartha was kept inside the palace by his father. His father gave him everything he wanted so that he wouldnt have to suffer. One day though, Gautama went outside his palace and discovered the suffering others went through. After seeing this, he went on a journey to find the path to Enlightenment. During his journey, he discov-ered the 4 Noble Truths, which lead to less suffering. This discovery led too the begin-ning of Buddhism, which has existed for about 2,500 years. Even though Gautama is a very important part of the religion, he is not worshiped, or considered as a God. There-fore, Gautama is very important in Bud-dhism, and will always be an important part of the religion.
Nepal is the place where Buddhism was founded. Nepal is divided into three sections;
northern snow mountains, a hilly region, and a southern terrain. It lies 500 miles along the Himalayas, bordered by Tibet and India. In Nepal, about 26% of its population practices Buddhism. Believers of Buddhism mostly used to live in Nepal, but today it has spread all over the world and has expanded into other parts in Asia. There are 376 million Buddhist followers in the world today. More people will probably continue to join this religion through time. Just like Siddhartha, Nepal is also an important part of the relig-ion, because it is where Buddhism began.
The Buddhist religion does not believe in any god. This religion is not centered on a relationship between God and humans. It is centered more around an energy called karma. Karma is an energy that can affect you in a positive or negative way in the fu-ture, due to the actions you make through-out your life. People who believe this try hard to live good, moral lives in order to re-ceive positive things from karma. Buddhist people also believe that they are reincar-nated again and again. The way you acted in your past life decides who you will be in your next life. Buddhism is a very unique re-ligion and is like no other.
Buddhists worship in ancient temples, or in their homes. Going to temples is not re-quired. Worships consist of meditation, chanting, playing music, and mantra. Buddhist people believe that by meditation and wor-ship, they can reach the path to Enlighten-ment. As stated before, the 4 Noble Truths
are very important in Buddhism. These truths consist of Dukkah (the truth of suffering), Samu-dya (the truth of the origin of suffering), Nirodha (the truth of the cessation of suffering), and Magga (the truth of the path to the cessation of suffering). This is one of the important key be-liefs in the religion. Just like any other religion, Buddhism has many festivals and celebrations throughout the year. One of the most important festivals is Wesak. It takes place on the full moon of May, which marks the birth of Buddha, Siddhartha Gautama. As you can clearly see, worshiping and celebrations are an important part of this religion.
Buddhism is clearly a religion in its own way. Buddhism is not just practiced in Nepal anymore. This religion grew and spread to new places where it wasnt practiced. Siddhartha is still an important part of the Buddhist religion. It is said the founding of Buddhism dates back to his birth. Today, those who practice Buddhism still carry on with their beliefs and practices. Their beliefs and practices may be old, but they are still important to them. We can see that Bud-dhism is an important part of Nepals history.
Left: Siddhartha Gautama, founder of the Buddhist religion.
Right: Procession to the temple on Wesak.
Hinduism is one of the oldest religions in our world today, and is the third largest religion. No one really knows when this religion began. Some claim that it has always existed, but no one really known for sure. Hinduism began in an ancient civilization called the Indus Valley. This civilization no longer exists. Hinduism is a polytheistic religion, meaning that there is more than one god that is worshiped. Hindu people perform many different practices throughout their life, and they have many festivals during the year. One will know what the religion of Hin-duism is about while reading this passage.
Hinduism has existed for a very long time. There is no definite point of when this religion be-gan, but some people believe that it began around 600 BCE 800 AD. Hindus on the other hand believe that it has always existed. Hinduism has no single founder. Hinduism is a variety of religious traditions and philosophies that have developed over time. There have been many important people throughout this religion. One important figure of Hinduism is Mohandas Mahatma Gandhi, who promoted peace and tolerance among people of all religions. Clearly Hinduism has had no single founder, but many of its believers have contributed to its long his-tory.
Left: Brahman, the absolute God of Hindu-
Right: The Vedas, Hindus holy book.
Hinduism was founded in the ancient civiliza-tion of the Indus Valley. This valley used to be located near the river of Indus, in modern day Pakistan. This valley was very extensive, but it faded away throughout the years. Hinduism has over 9 million followers. Most of the followers today live in India. About 80.5% of people living in India are Hindu. Most of the believers of Hinduism lived around the Indus Valley during its formation. Through time, this religion spread to other places in Asia, and other places around the world. One can see that the Indus Valley is an important part of Hinduism, al-though it no longer exists.
Hindu people believe in one God, who they re-fer to as Brahman. Brahman is made up of other gods who represent different expres-sions of him. The 3 main gods are Brahma who creates the universe, Vishnu who preserves the universe, and Shiva who destroys the universe. There are also many other gods and goddesses. When Hindus worship the god or goddesses, they perform mantras, which is when they re-cite the name of a god over and over again. They also give offerings to images that repre-sent their gods. This religion is based on an in-dividual relationship between gods and the be-liever. It involves a lot of personal sacrifice from the follower. Clearly Hinduism is a very individ-ual religion that requires a lot of faith from the believer.
Hindus worship either in temples or in a home shrine. They perform all their worships here, which include a lot of prayer. They have many different rituals they perform, including wed-dings and baby rites. Pilgrimage is also very im-portant in Hinduism. Pilgrimages can be done in rivers, temples, mountains, and other places where gods may have been once. Some of the
most important places are the River of Ganges and Varanasi, which are considered very holy places. One of the most impor-tant scriptures of Hinduism is the Vedas. They believe that these texts were re-ceived directly by gods, and passed down by word. Hinduism has many celebrations. One very important celebration is Diwali, which is the festival of lights. It goes on for 5 days and includes lights, fireworks, and sweets. Hinduism has many festivals and rituals that go according to the cycle of nature.
Hinduism is the third largest religion in the world. It was founded by many groups of people, not just by one single person. Hindus will probably continue with their belief that Hinduism has always existed, but no one will really know for sure. There are many believers around the world today, and the number of believers will grow as time goes by. Although the Indus Valley no longer exists, it will con-tinue to be an important part of Hinduism. Hinduism has many rituals, and people have many beliefs. These rituals and prac-tices will continue to be passed on to fu-ture generations. One can see how impor-tant Hinduism and its history are to some people of the world.
Islam Islam is the second largest religion in the world. It began in Mecca, and has existed for thousands of years. The beginning of Islam is dated on Muhammads birth. Mecca, where Is-lam began, is located in Saudi Arabia, a place with many mountains. Mecca is Muhammads place of birth. There still many believers of Is-lam who live here. Believers of Islam are called Muslims. They believe in only one God, which they refer to as Allah. Their place of worship is called a Mosque. They also have many different practices, one of them b